- 1 motion sensor to turn on the light
- 2 Install motion detector: general recommendations, and wiring
- 2.1 Choosing the best location for the sensor
- 2.2 Important recommendations before connecting
- 2.3 How do I connect an infrared motion sensor - detailed instruction
- 2.4 Determine the appropriate motion detection circuit
- 2.5 How to check if the connected devices
- 2.6 Setup and motion detectors for lighting
- 2.7 Video on how to properly connect the motion sensor
- 3 Why do I need a motion sensor lighting
- 3.1 motion sensor to the luminaire wiring diagram
- 3.2 Is it possible to connect the sensor with the switch
- 3.3 Connect the motion sensor with a switch - how to do it and why?
- 3.4 Setting the motion sensor lighting
motion sensor to turn on the light
Light has always been one of the most important roles in human life. In primitive society, producing fire, people started to level up in the struggle for existence. Featuring high technology is now lighting creates increased comfort. Surround your home devices svetoobespecheniya: they will help to enter the room, immediately feeling the warmth and comfort.
Electric volnoiskatel fixing various movements in the area of its activity, and is that a motion sensor to automatically turn on the light. In other words, the object entering the reaction region, triggers a sensor system, which transmits the received data to the mechanism to which is attached. The design provides security, allowing considerable savings on energy resources.
The use of gauges movement has a number of additional advantages:
- If you have a basement, garage, or any storage room, this type of lighting fixtures definitely make your life easier. Often in places such switch is not at hand. If you love creative chaos, there is a danger of tripping and expose his life to danger.
- motion sensor to turn the light multifunctional. Besides the fact that it is compact and fits perfectly into any interior space, it may be wireless.
- The use of alarm installation is in a variety of planes. Apply it is possible to access systems in the room (as a protected area, and entrance into a building), in the security system, the object which manages communications (air-conditioning, lighting, ventilation, automatic open door and gate).
Depending on the location of the proximity sensor to turn the light is divided into:
- Interior. When there is a need to connect the device in the room. This type of home receivers can be installed in any place where there are no sharp heat drop.
- Street. Device for switching light that captures an extensive portion (100 to 500 m). Such sensors will work well in the yard, on large industrial facilities territories.
Installation can be:
- Ceiling. motion sensor to turn the light is mounted in the ceiling, floor panels, etc. Often diagram of the device registers with the range of motion of 360 degrees.
- Wall and corner. The advantage of the mechanism is more limited response that considerably reduces the number of false positives.
Given the equipment energy meter, can be divided into:
The first - is more practical, because after the installation work reliably. This is because the sensor supply wires are attached. The downside is the automatic shutdown without electricity. Stand-alone motion sensor lighting is powered by internal batteries. More upgraded models have solar charging. However, it requires constant monitoring of the serviceability and the amount of stored energy.
Essentially overhead mounting mean (external) and embedded devices. The former include mechanisms that are easy to install and include. It should only take electrocommunications without preparation. The second type of device has a huge advantage: it is made under the design of the room. This will allow it to integrate seamlessly at the design stage. Distinguishes these instruments the principle of their action.
Ultrasonic Motion Sensor
The apparatus operates according to the Doppler effect: motion object reflects sound waves that is read at volnoulovitele. This type of equipment is considered to be very long-playing and practical. It has reasonable price and environmental sustainability. However, the switch with a motion sensor has its drawbacks:
- Responding to noise limited. For example, the device may not respond to unhurried movement.
- The ultrasonic sensor has a negative impact on the animals.
The operation of such apparatus arranged so that the detection of certain thermal radiation (e.g., 36-37 ° C) within its coverage area activated lamp. This function depends on a number of lenses (20-60 pieces) installed in the system. The more, the higher the range of coverage. Mounted infrared motion sensor to turn on the light in the kitchen is not desirable, because there are frequent temperature fluctuations.
The apparatus is considered harmless to others and can be used as a passive (as a receiver). With settings can adjust the viewing angle and sensitivity. Infrared measuring instruments are working well in the rooms and outside. Disadvantages:
- false response to heat from room equipment;
- the impact of rain and sun to work volnoiskatelya;
- ignoring objects emitting heat waves.
Driving such action is similar to the ultrasonic detector. The only thing that uses microwave motion sensor is not audible, and the electromagnetic wave of 5.8 GHz. To advantage the device includes:
- miniature meter;
- reaction to the slow movement of various objects;
- large scope of action.
- rarely used to illuminate the area;
- high price;
- gaffe response to the microwaves coming from outside the application areas.
Today, there are countless different motion devices. For example, the same brand of Legrand gives their customers to choose the model that best suits their requirements. At the same time, practical and popular is the lamp with motion sensor for the apartment. He is easy to install, easy to use.
Once the territory of the unit exposure there will be any programmed actions, the detector will start the relay and immediately transmit electricity through the circuit to the unit lights on. The sensor will be active as long as you hand him ask (from 5 seconds to 10 minutes). If the room will be no movement, it triggered an automatic shutdown. In the settings you can set the degree of illumination.
Choosing the installation, you must be defined in advance with his placement. This will determine the preference of the form of the motion sensor. For example, the infrared device does not react to the man until he shall not enter the premises. To automatically turn on the light only when you open the door it is best to stay on the ultrasonic unit. Keep in mind the rules of operation of the mechanism, study the manual. It is not necessary to choose the location and angle of view, if the instructions are given clear installation boundaries.
Assessment of the work of regulators teplodvizheniya produced on their properties. When buying a bipolar devices must bear in mind that they serve only to incandescent lamps. Three-pole - with all kinds of lighting fixtures. The angle of motion can be establish in a horizontal plane (60-360 ° C) and vertical (15-20 ° C). In the house where installed volnoulovitel, important good power capacity. Sometimes the installation is necessary to put an intermediate relay or more light switching mechanisms.
Wiring diagram of the motion sensor lighting
Establish a mechanism is easy - there are two simple circuits with supply 220V without switch with him. nuances:
- If desired, specify how to connect the motion sensor at the expert.
- When choosing a product, always ask in advance as necessary volts, and what the propagation distance to suit your space parameters.
- The volume of work takes a little time. More spent force in the analysis device location.
- It is important to consolidate the detector fixed seats and a separate switch at any time to turn the system off the usual way.
- In no case do not mount the motion sensor near devices that radiate heat or cold. This also applies to direct sunlight and drafts. In addition, the sensor will record false data, he can still soon fail.
- Before installing, make sure that the surface on which the device is attached, does not transmit vibration from the outside.
Install motion detector: general recommendations, and wiring
Connecting via the motion sensor lighting not only saves energy, but also add comfort and convenience in our homes. Selecting a location, wiring diagrams and check does not require a high level of qualification, so it can do virtually every handyman.
Choosing the best location for the sensor
Ceiling sensors mounted around visibility generally in the center of the room, or in its highest point. Much more has mounting options for wall-mounted appliances.
The apartment building, it is best to agree with all the tenants entrance and set the overall lighting system for all its spans. If such an agreement has not been attained, it is possible to make a personal lighting the front door to the apartment, setting it over the sensor and set it to the minimum response sensitivity, only the direct approach.
In a country house or cottage, you can mount a stairway lighting system series includes lamps on it with motion. In the embodiment requires only a minimum two devices: the top and bottom.
In the technical room of the house, garage, closet or other similar places is most advisable to install the light switch, combined with a motion sensor, which is best to mount the front door to have it worked on its opening.
At the entrance to the room lighting will be switched on for a time sufficient to switch it to a permanent regime. You can organize a separate system from the sensor turns on standby lamp low power, and the main lighting is switched on independently of his switch.
Outside sensors and lighting devices can be installed above the entrance gate, the entrance to the house, garage, sauna, gazebo or other premises. You can put a separate sensors for each street lamp in the garden or on the footpath near the house. For street lighting purposes should use sensors having outer luminance analyzer operating only at dusk.
Now on the market of lighting devices can be found variants of LED lamps for outdoor lighting, combined with solar panels and motion detectors. They do not require an external electrical supply lines. There are also models of wireless, battery-powered or battery. For the same purpose of rational use of energy in the home is set photoelectric for street lighting.
Important recommendations before connecting
The sensors have a plastic housing, which should be protected from impacts or other damage. Especially careful should be treated with a plastic Fresnel lens, which is an important component of the optical system of the instrument.
For outdoor installation it is necessary to make sure that the device is not exposed to direct sunlight and precipitation. Better in this case to provide for the installation of these protective visors. Also note that in windy weather sensors can be actuated by movement branches located near trees.
Indoors, these devices do not place near heaters. It is desirable that the hot stove or battery and do not fall into their field of vision. This can suitably adjust the height and angle of vertical inclination of the device.
Also, when the motion sensor to turn on the light in the bulb, if it falls into his field of vision, it can cause a parasitic feedback: the thread of such a lamp is cooled immediately, after switching off the sensor is triggered again by changing its temperature, then off again, going to work and more and is periodically switched-off.
When working with a mains voltage should strictly observe the safety rules. During connecting the power supply wires to the devices, they must be de-energized circuit breaker on the power panel or by removing the plug fuses. If there is no confidence in the correct, accurate and safe execution of all procedures for installation of devices, it is better to entrust the masters professionals.
How do I connect an infrared motion sensor - detailed instruction
For the installation of the device is necessary to choose a location that provides the best viewing angle both horizontally and vertically with a maximum area of coverage area. Most infrared motion detectors have a dead zone, the location of which should be considered when choosing the height of their location and angle. If the sensor is arranged in the stationary housing and has no positioning adjustment, it is necessary to consult the data sheet for the correct placement of the device.
A seemingly very simple process to connect the switch to the ordinary light bulb needs to take into account many different nuances - from installation to installation of wiring and bulbs in the wall. All items can be explored here.
Determine the appropriate motion detection circuit
Inside the device there is usually a terminal block to which the withdrawn standard painted and designated contacts:
- L, brown or black - the phase wire.
- N, blue - neutral wire.
- A, Ls or L ', red - a return phase to lighting the lamp.
- ⊥, yellow-green - protective earth.
Connecting lighting should be performed between the terminals A and N. Food mains supplied to the L and N, strictly observing Phase connection.
Classical standard wiring diagram.
It bypasses the sensor by applying voltage directly to the lighting unit.
Typically used for facilities of complex configuration, long corridors and passageways, staircases.
In addition to connecting contacts, many models have infrared sensors control elements:
- DAY LIGHT or LUX - threshold of illumination.
- TIME - trip timer.
- SENSE - sensitivity.
How to check if the connected devices
The efficiency of these devices is best to check before installing them by connecting on a temporary basis. This is especially true of simple models that do not have any bodies adjust. If after installation, they do not work as expected, most likely the case in improper installation.
Setup and motion detectors for lighting
All settings are set in each room is strictly individual. Usually, after the initial installation requires a more precise adjustment of parameters during the operation, has not yet determined the most suitable values.
Ordinary limits adjustment timer operation time set in the majority of devices from several seconds to ten minutes. sensitivity response threshold can be set only in devices with a corresponding light sensor. It determines the brightness of fluorescent light, in which device stops supplying power to the lighting fixtures.
Setting the sensitivity of the sensor - the most delicate and whimsical setting. In any case, the sensor must respond to the appearance of a man indoors and not pets. If you change the device viewing angle is often also required adjustment of its sensitivity.
Video on how to properly connect the motion sensor
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Why do I need a motion sensor lighting
As a rule, the term "motion sensor" in everyday life is determined by an electronic infrared device that can detect the presence and movement of a person and helps to switch the power of lighting devices and other electrical appliances.
If you want to make your home safer, buy motion sensors, which will be for you not only comfortable assistants, but also help to save energy by enabling or disabling it at your entering or leaving the premises, respectively.
The motion sensor has a simple operating principle - the appearance of movement in the area of its sensitivity include all attached devices. Turn off all appliances occurs when the circuit is opened automatically, and this occurs in the absence of movement.
In this article, a closer look motion sensor lighting brand ultralight ask 1403 having a viewing angle of 180 c.
Normally motion detector is used to turn on lighting, but these devices can be used not only for this purpose. I note that there are sensors with a viewing angle of 360 degrees.
That is, the sensor is able to detect any movement or from either side. So if you have a shop, office or some object which need alarm in this case can be applied burglar alarm.
motion sensor to the luminaire wiring diagram
Connect the motion sensor - a simple process which has many similarities with the conventional connecting switch. Indeed, as the switch, a motion sensor closes (or opens) an electrical circuit in series with a lamp included in it, what is the similarity of sensor circuits and lamp connection through the switch.
If you do not know how to connect motion sensor connection circuit the luminaire must necessarily be accompanied with an instruction to connect. A qualitative company manufacturers also depict diagram of the sensor of the housing.
By purchasing the sensor, you should also get the standard instructions on how to install, setup and connection. Another version of the study scheme - see it on the body of the device.
The back cover is a terminal block and connected to it three colored wires that go from the cabinet. Wiring is made to the terminal clamps. If you are using to connect the stranded wire then it is better to use special insulated ferrules NSHVI.
Next, tell about the features of the concept of connection of the motion sensor.
Power to the sensor comes from the network on the two wire: phase L (brown wire) and zero N (blue line). After the release phase of the sensor, it arrives at one end of the incandescent lamp. The second end of the lamp is connected to the neutral conductor N.
In case of movement in the control zone sensor triggering occurs, and then the relay contact closure, which leads to the arrival phase at the lamp and, accordingly, to include the lamp.
Since the connection terminal block has screw terminals, wires to connect the sensor using NSHVI tips.
It should be noted that the connection of the phase conductor is best carried out in accordance with the concept, which complements the instructions.
After the wires are connected dress cap and proceed to the next stage - the connection wires in the junction box.
In box come seven wires, three of the sensor, two of the light, and two supply phase and neutral. In the feed phase the cable has a brown coloring, zero - blue.
We understand with wires. In the cable which is connected to the sensor wire is white phase is zero green, red, to be connected to a load.
Wiring occurs approximately thus: live wire of the supply cable connect together with a phase wire from the sensor (brown and white). Then connect together the neutral wire of the supply cable, neutral conductor from the sensor (which is the green) and the neutral wire of the lamp.
Two remain unused wire (red and brown from the sensor from the lamp) - joining them together. All the connection is ready, as you can see nothing complicated.
I show closer connecting a motion sensor in the box. I think understand the connection will not be difficult (if not then write will analyze the comments). Now it is possible to supply power.
The motion sensor is connected to a lamp. After that supplies power, a sensor responsive to motion, and closing the circuit includes a lamp.
Is it possible to connect the sensor with the switch
It often happens that the motion sensor must be connected to a lamp with a switch. It would seem that the two devices are virtually one and the same task - to include lighting.
Indeed switch off the lamp (lamp) and a motion sensor in certain circumstances (motion detection) performs the same task - supplies power to the lamp. Why these two devices to connect together many do not understand. So let us analyze, how to connect a switch with a motion sensor and why do it?
If you want to you over a period of time included lighting, regardless of the level of ambient light and movement, try connecting the sensor circuit with the switch, connecting a conventional switch with a key circuit, parallel to the sensor.
Through this connection you can when you turn on the switch to keep the lighting switched on for a desired period of time. At the same time, other lighting control should switch completely to the sensor, which should open the circuit breaker.
Connect the motion sensor with a switch - how to do it and why?
A switch which is connected in parallel to the sensor, may be added to the circuit for permanent operation in a room lamp, regardless of whether there is or there is no movement in the room. When this switch may duplicate the work of the motion sensor, whereby the force can be controlled lighting.
I'll tell you my situation for which I need connect a switch with a motion sensor. I live in a private home, and often come home late at night, especially in winter when it gets dark early.
To do this, I set motion sensor lighting aimed at the front gate in the yard. That is, when I was in the evening I go to the yard, the sensor should work and switch on the light. I configured the sensor so that the light is a sufficient amount of time to walk from the gate to the gate of the house door.
Now imagine that I was in the evening or at night need to go out into the yard to the street, well, for example in a shop or say, I hear a rustling in the yard, and there is no lighting (by the way the sensor does not cover the entire yard). To do this, I need to go out in the dark and waving his arms until the sensor work?
That's why I had the need connect a switch with a motion sensor. And when I leave the house in the yard, I just turn on the switch and the light is on, regardless of the sensor. Make the connection with the motion sensor switch is absolutely not difficult.
Now the circuit in which the circuit breaker with a motion sensor connected together but powered by a lamp switch (not dependent on the sensor).
Setting the motion sensor lighting
Setting the motion sensor - is another important nuance of this device. Almost every sensor that can be used to make lighting control, has additional settings to ensure correct operation.
These settings are of special form of potentiometers for adjusting - setting off delay «TIME», adjustable illumination threshold «LUX» and sensitivity adjustment knob to infrared radiation «SENS».
By setting «TIME» you can set the time during which the lights will be turned on from the time when the motion has been detected for the last time. Setting the value may vary from 1 to 600 seconds (depending on model).
Controller «TIME» setpoint can be set by time delay included motion sensor. The extent to which there is response setpoint range from 5 seconds to 8 minutes (480 seconds). The speed of movement of the person in the sensitivity of the sensor plays a very important role.
At relatively rapid person passing this space (e.g., corridor or staircase entrance door) setting «TIME» desirable to reduce. Conversely, when in a certain time in a given space (e.g., in a closet, parking area, back room) setting «TIME» better to increase.
2. Operation Setting up the level of illumination - «LUX»
Adjusting «LUX» is used to work correctly in the daylight sensor. The sensor works when motion is detected at a low ambient light conditions as compared to a threshold. Accordingly, the operation of the sensor is not fixed at a higher level illumination as compared with the established threshold value.
Drawing which shows the how to set up a motion sensor with your hands. For setting on the reverse side of the sensor there are three controls: a sensitivity control actuation time controller and dimmer. Experiment and succeed.
Regulator «LUX» exhibited by setting the level of ambient light response of the medium (from twilight to sunlight). The division of the scale on which to put the setting «LUX», in the presence of your room a large number of windows and the predominance of natural light, should be minimal or moderate.
Put setpoint «LUX» at the greatest scale division recommended when your natural light indoors or under a small amount thereof.
3. Adjust the sensitivity to the triggering of the sensor - «SENS»
Adjust the sensitivity to triggering, depending on the amount and range of the object, by using the «SENS» regulator. Sensor reaction to the movement depends on the level of sensitivity. With a very large number of sensor response sensitivity it is desirable to reduce and adjust the brightness of IR light, which should respond to the motion sensor.
Should increase the sensitivity in the absence of response to you sensor. When spontaneous inclusion of lighting can reduce sensitivity. If the sensor settings are made in the winter season, it is likely to need it perenastraivaniya in the summer, and, conversely, when the year setting will need to reconfigure the winter.
And last, but by setting the maximum controlled area, you can get a guarantee that it will be you "see". To do this, adjust the optimal position of the tilt of the sensor head. There will be sufficient verification of the sensor response to the movement of any point located far away.
And that set the parallel call, and do not really want to hear ringing until the sensor will go into operation.
And that set the parallel call, and do not really want to hear ringing until the sensor will go into operation.
2) What is the load? Light bulb?
3) What is your understanding of the load switch? load switch is electrical switching device for closing and opening circuits under load, a kind of mini circuit breaker
4) "established parallel call" - you want to when the sensor is triggered, turn on the lamp and worked call? If the call works when DD is in sleep (waiting) mode means the motion sensor wiring diagram is assembled correctly
Prompt and can be very sensitive to remake the scheme and that this place was one of the two pushbutton keyboard. The first mandatory button turns on the light, the second button turns off the motion sensor (so in the daytime you can disable the sensor to just not include a constant light)
At work, put in motion sensor "ultralight ask 1403", use the call as a load. Minimum time load feed is 15 seconds. When the human sensor in the control zone the bell rings. But 15 seconds turned out a lot and was not comfortable.
Is it possible to reduce the time the power supply to reduce to 3-5 seconds?
Maybe something inside you can tweak? Or any budgetary shemku advise?
1. If the supply of power to the bell goes for 15 seconds, then both relays will be ready for use again the next time the sensor is activated?
2. Do adjustment potentiometer TIME possible to put in such a position (or a jumper middle pin of the potentiometer to the extreme), to the time of the sensor supply limited exposure time objects on the sensor?
But I have a question: I dvuhklavishny switch, a button connected to both the article and the second how to do the same Tell me please!