- 1 Correct formation of the crown at the Ficus benjamina
- 2 How to form a crown at Ficus benjamina
- 3 Features care, transplant and the formation of the crown of Ficus Benjamin
- 3.1 How to Care for Ficus benjamina
- 3.2 Watering and fertilizing Ficus benjamina
- 3.3 Transplanting ficus Benjamin at home
- 3.4 Ficus benjamina: formation of a crown and regular pruning
- 3.5 Bonsai ficus Benjamin with his own hands
- 3.6 Ficus benjamina: signs and superstitions
Correct formation of the crown at the Ficus benjamina
Ficus benjamina (Ficus Benjamina lat.) - indoor evergreen in the form of a small bush. Rubber plants of this kind are very popular among fans grow bonsai. All due to the fact that the plant is able to quickly build up a lot of hardwood, which is very easy to give the desired shape. Another undoubted advantage of the plant - its simplicity in cultivation.
Formation of the crown needed to grow beautiful ficus in a pot. Bush are best cut in the spring. At this time, the kidney wake growth of the plant and it is most ready for cutting. Well-formed crown of ficus can be a good decoration of the interior.
Pruning is an essential part of the plant treatments.
It must carry out competently. The best result is achieved when cutting during bud swelling, ie, when it leaves the update. In the rest period, from October to February, subject procedure pruning the ficus is not necessary.
Trim at the ficus can not only be the crown and branches, but also the roots. Often in the bushes, facing many years, the roots protrude above the surface and may even oplesti pot. This is bad for the power plant. These roots must be neatly trimmed, so that the plant continues to delight you with its evergreen species.
When pruning ficus observe the following rules:
- Cutting spending sharply procedure of ground with a knife or shears.
- Blades hold in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection.
- The biggest cut shoots to 20 cm, thus leaving them for at least five sheets;
- Thick shoots cut at an angle;
- Sprinkle slices place crushed charcoal.
Pruning is needed for healthy growth rasteniya.V course for experienced gardeners are several types of pruning.
With the emergence of a bush of dry twigs and dead leaves is carried out with removal of their plants. This is done to improve the growth of new leaves and to avoid contamination of various infections and fungi.
Sanitary pruning ficus can be carried out at any time. There are no requirements on the seasons.
After a harsh winter, some part of the crown plants can dry up. Then the required renewal pruning a bush.
Ficus shoots are cut very short, almost to the base of the trunk. This will allow the plant to quickly ramp up new shoots.
Pintsirovkoy called regular shortening of the bush shoots. Such shortening provides more luxuriant plant crown. At the expense of cutting the shoot apex are activated lateral buds.
shoots pinched carried out in the period of active growth of fig. This period runs from February to July.
To achieve consistent results pintsirovat bush should be regularly.
Skilled florists identified a number of ways to form the crown at the ficus.
Such a crown shape in fig achieve topping main shoot. It stimulates the growth of lateral buds and foliage. When the side shoots grow to 10 cm, they also cut.
This method produces a dense lush crown of the plant.
Formation of a crown practiced on small-leaved varieties, which include Ficus benjamina.
When pruning can be given any shape. For example, the shape of a sphere or a cube. To create simple geometric shapes quite trim. For more complex shapes, such as figures of birds and animals, used wire frame.
Very unusual and original way of cultivation and bush crown barrel on the arc.
The pot with the earth wire put the foundation in an arc shape. There also are planted sapling ficus roots. As the growth of the bush every 5-7 leaf shoots pintsiruyut and arc already sent the young shoots. In order to shoots were kept on a wire arc, they should be well secured.
For the formation of such a crown, it is necessary to take a young plant with a straight trunk. When the bush will begin to grow actively, all the side shoots are removed from it, leaving only the top few. Ficus doraschivat to a certain size. If it is assumed that the bush will be located on a table or other horizontal surface, it doraschivat up to 30-40 cm in height. Ficus mounted on the floor, should be grown from 50 to 100 cm in height.
To sapling was more stable, it is tied to a stick, which is subsequently removed.
To crown did not develop one-sided, it is necessary to constantly turn pot with a plant in the sun different sides. For the best coverage and provetrivaemosti bush remove side buds, directed inside the crown.
For formation of a multi-tiered crown bush initially grown to a desired size. Arbitrary size, but not small. For a two-level crown trunk is divided into three parts. The middle part is freed from all branches and shoots. The bush is cut in the shape of a sphere.
Three-level shtamb formed like a two-tiered. Only the crown does not divide by 3 and 5 parts. Then the second and fourth portions freed from the branches. Give the plant form of a sphere.
To maintain the levels do not forget to clean in time freed from the branches and leaves of the stem from the growing shoots.
It is very convenient to grow ficus varieties Benjamin in bonsai style.
For this purpose, a small flat pot planted several cuttings Ficus benjamina. Cuttings have so close to each other as possible. As growth shoots are interdigitated with one another, strengthening them woolen yarns.
When root cuttings firmly enough, the top layer of soil removed, exposing the roots. You can use the stones, moss, and other attributes to make more decorative.
Once the shrub will grow to the desired height, the tip should be prischipnut and thin out the foliage.
Give a beautiful form is not only the crown of the bush, but the trunk. Since trunks in fikusovogo trees are flexible, they can be easily shaped.
For the formation of the stem in a pot a few cuttings are usually planted plants. They should not be mixed ages. Otherwise, the older shoots begin to overwhelm younger.
Root formation can only stem after bush grows up to 20-30 cm. It is necessary to make the first coil and secure thread. After some time, repeat the procedure.
Usually form a trunk in two ways. It fikusopletenie and splicing trunks.
Fikusopletenie - it perepletanie between a few barrels of ficus planted in one pot. Depending on which weave is selected, you need to plant the plants in a circle or in a row.
Plaiting "pigtail" only three trunks of plants. Twisting, they should be gradually as the growth of the bush. Each new round consolidate woolen thread.
Fix it wickerwork best woolen thread. It is soft and will not damage the delicate bark of trees.
In the weaving of "spiral" is used a single tree trunk. Close to the trunk of a stick is inserted and gradually trunk wrapped around it. To achieve the desired height stick is removed.
In the weaving of "grill" involved 6-7 trunks. They are put in a line at a certain distance from each other. In the middle of the paper tube is placed. The scheme resembles a lattice weave. Trunks crisscross each other, forming a kind of cell.
As a result of matching trunks turns a kind of "hedge", which looks very impressive.
To achieve fusion of several stems, you need to carefully cut the crust in that place, which turned to the other trunk. Then firmly tie trunks notched together.
Formation of a crown at the ficus will create at home a unique interior decoration. A correct approach to pruning and timely care will enable Ficus pleasing to the eye for many years.
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How to form a crown at Ficus benjamina
Ficus benjamina - charming decorative foliage flower that lives in many homes. Grow a Ficus is not difficult, the main thing to observe the basic rules on care and maintenance, and here is how to give the plant a beautiful shape, knows not every grower. Therefore, today we will talk about the way that the formation of a crown at the Ficus benjamina at home.
Formation of a crown of Ficus Benjamin
Mowing Ficus benjamina, as its other counterparts, early spring, when the flower is still in a resting stage. This procedure is done with the aim of:
In order to properly make the formation of a crown Ficus benjamina is necessary to become familiar with its physiological characteristics.
This green pet new branches grow from buds - apical or lateral. Activity of vegetative buds depending on their location. This top grade vegetative bud grows much more active than the side shoots.
Otschipnuvsamuyu top bud, you prostimuliruete growth and development of lateral buds.
It is worth remembering that form the crown of Ficus benjamina young is much easier than in adult specimens, as the buds on the shoots of woody wake up much more difficult.
In the process of cutting and shaping of the crown Ficus benjamina should take into account some details, namely:
- Complete trimming of skeletal stem a couple of centimeters above the kidneys.
- On thin stems straight cut is made on thick - at an angle.
- Trim the side branch is made taking into account the direction of eye, over which the cut is made. To get a branch growing out of the crown, it is necessary to choose the eye, growing away from the trunk.
- If a flower grows in a room with high humidity, it begins to develop aerial roots, which are not cut off, and sent with the growth and development of the land.
How to form the crown of Ficus benjamina as a bush? For the forming of such best fit young specimens. Produced pruning of the main stem at a length of 15 cm. In this case, on the trunk should be at least 4-5 leaves. After pinching green pet begins to rapidly develop side shoots from the axillary buds. Once the lateral branches reach 10 centimeters long, it's time for them topping. Thus, you get a flower bush.
To prevent this type of infection after shearing, slicing space on each shoot is rubbed with a cloth or washed in running water, and then sprinkled with powdered charcoal.
To the plant in the form of a bush was compact and symmetrical crown, it is necessary to periodically rotate around its axis on a window sill. If the bush is too dense branching, pruning is done shoots that grow into the crown. Thus, you will improve the light- and air plants, and prevent the emergence of parasites and diseases.
Forming stam plants
How to form a Ficus Benjamin in a trunk? To do this, you need an instance of a young rovnenko and strong trunk. flower trunk periodically released from the lateral shoots from the bottom, and leaving a few branches on top as long as the plant reaches the desired height. The optimum height for table two feet of the trunk, to the plant floor - about one meter. When the flower reaches the desired height, its apical escape cut off, thereby stimulating the growth of lateral branches.
As in the previous case, place slices are washed and disinfected.
To form a beautiful crown of Ficus benjamina in the form of trunk, cut the trunk at the time tied up to the anvil. For these purposes, you can use wooden or metal peg. Once the plant is stronger, the peg is removed. In the video you can see how the process of the formation of crown green pet as a trunk.
Such ficus Benjamin crown formation in several tiers and looks very impressive original. For the forming vzroslyyekzemplyar you need a sturdy trunk. As soon as the flower reaches the desired length, its top crop.
In order to create a two-tier shtamb, the plant need to be divided into three parts: the first and third are taken as a basis, the second is located in the middle is cleared of leaves and shoots. The size of each level, you define yourself.
Caring for such a plant is a regular formirovke spherical portions of the crown, and the timely removal of the shoots and leaves in the area between the spherical crown.
For a beautiful, lush bush or tree f
For a beautiful, lush bush or tree f
Form the shape ficus trunk. Form the shape of the trunk of ficus.
Form the shape ficus trunk. Form the shape of the trunk of ficus.
About sanitary pruning ficus Benjamin I am telling
About sanitary pruning ficus Benjamin I am telling
Also, you can form a crown Ficus benjamina two-level or three level by planting a few plants in one pot, and make them stam plants.
This variety is very responds well to such formirovke because it has a magnificent gustooblistvennuyu crown. From this plant, you can do any geometric shape - sphere, triangle, or in the form of animals or birds. To do this, you need to follow the simple rules: if you want to create a simple form in the form of a ball, enough to make a normal haircut sharp shears. To create complex compositions require a frame made of wire, which will give the necessary form the crown.
Shtamb sculpture ficus benjamin decorate any room and will always attract its unusual appearance.
Fikusopletenie very popular among gardeners. Using this method the forming, you can give the plant the most extraordinary and unique look.
To make at home a weaving, put enough in one pot, two young flower, and twisting their main trunks as they grow. Thus, you get a spiral flower.
To make the stem of the plant is necessary to put plait three flowers in a flowerpot. Weave braid done without stretching trunks, to get a small gap. In places weaving all the young shoots are removed.
Four or more barrels can make the composition in the form of lattice. To do this, the flowers are planted in a row and secured on the same level with string. Thus obtained flat lattice. As growth weakens fixing to prevent the formation of scars on the bark.
In order to give the plant a circular lattice shape is necessary to land the young flowers in a circle, and also to fix the twine or plastic wrap. In the video you can clearly see how the process of weaving figs in different variations.
Another way to create a modern green compositions at home - ficus in the bowl. Formation of a miniature can be done even from cuttings. Broken escape immersed in water for rooting. Then rooted cutting planted in a nutritious substrate for rubber plants, using a miniature container - bowl, tray, etc. The main thing is that the capacity of the landing was wide but not very deep...
When formirovke bonsai Ficus benjamina is necessary to simulate all parts of the plant - the crown, roots and stem.
The first step is to give an interesting shape at the roots. Through repeated shearing of the main escape can be the most bizarre form of this part of the flower. Then you need to cut off the main trunk to a height of five centimeters of soil. After such a manipulation of the roots of the plants will grow and thicken. This procedure can be done several times until the root system will not get the desired shape and form.
You can then be taken for the formation of crown and trunk. To give the right kind of trunk require wire insulated to eliminate the risk of damage to the bark. Stalks wrapped wire and bend or align in the right direction. Just over two months to take the shape of a flower, which you have given to him, and then lock can be removed.
The final stage will be the forming of such a crop of leaves and shoots. This type of ficus is very well tolerated and such manipulation is quickly restored after. Trimming is done from the bottom up. The shoots are cut with leaves. On 1 stalk should be no more than two pairs of leaves. All places of slices treated with carbon powder or garden pitch.
Cardinal haircut of thumbnails held in early spring, and adjustment - throughout the summer. This is the follow-up care for miniature tree bonsai.
Features care, transplant and the formation of the crown of Ficus Benjamin
In South and South-East Asia, as well as in Australia, Ficus benjamina - a familiar plant, which can be found in the wild, and on city streets. Wild specimens in tropical conditions grow up to 20 meters high. Their indoor counterparts are much lower, but no less remarkable.
Ficus benjamina - are large shrubs or trees with erect stems and drooping, pretty graceful branches, forming a spreading crown. The shoots are covered with smooth pointy-elliptical leaves are uniformly green or variegated. The length of the lamina varies from 6 to 12 cm. The central vein and pushed well noticeable. On the branches of a grayish or light brown, smooth bark leaves sit alternately. Young foliage is thinner and lighter than mature.
Many fans of indoor plants may seem strange that their Green's favorite flowers and even fruits. As a close relative, figs, Ficus benjamina forms more similar to the fruits of flowers - Seacon.
At home, it happens very rarely, and at home, and when the content in the greenhouses, after pollination to mature ficus rounded inedible fruits reddish-orange hue.
Species described over a century ago, has attracted the attention of gardeners:
- elegant green foliage and variegated colors;
- the possibility of using a crown formation Ficus benjamina obtain the most fanciful outline tree or bush;
- simple and not burdensome care.
How to Care for Ficus benjamina
Like all tropical plants, Ficus benjamina loves warm, indifferent to the high humidity and soil, require a long stay in the light, but it is afraid of direct light and not tolerate drafts.
As a rule, variegated varieties little more picky than plants with green leaves. This is especially true flower illumination. If the usual content of rubber plants tolerate partial shade, then for instance with foliage, decorated with a white border, spots or smears, need a little more set, or contrasting patterns fade and disappear.
In evergreen no pronounced period of rest. Therefore, light, heat, water and Ficus provide power throughout the year;
- In the warm season, since the spring and autumn to the end of the plant comprise at temperatures from 22 to 28 ° C.
- In the winter in the room where the Ficus benjamina, may be 5-7 degrees cooler, but if the temperature falls below 14 ° C, a tree feels uncomfortable and may discard the foliage.
Also long but very little ambient light and temperature conditions suitable, Ficus need high humidity. On summer days, additional measures are required.
We can only wash the crown warm shower and water the ground in a timely manner. But in winter, when operating heating devices, for Ficus benjamina is useful to include an electric humidifier or daily watering the leaves with an atomizer.
Watering and fertilizing Ficus benjamina
Ficus does not tolerate drought, in response to dry soil yellowing and defoliation. On summer days the plants watered frequently and abundantly so between waterings the soil surface dries almost. It is important to avoid water stagnation. Its surplus flowing into the tray, be sure to remove after half an hour. If this is not done, even in summer, you may encounter symptoms of root rot.
In cold weather, or when the content of a flower in a cool room rate irrigation is slightly reduced. It is often only enough time in the week to water the soil under the Ficus benjamina, to maintain a normal state of health of the indoor pet.
Wondering: "How to Care for Ficus benjamina" many novice growers forget about such an important stage of care as a top dressing. Ficus grows quite quickly, and to support the formation of the crown of leaves and juicy, it needs not only moisture, but also the whole complex of nutrients and trace elements.
Therefore, from spring to early autumn in the care of Ficus benjamina, pictured, at home be sure to include regular fertilizing. It is best to use a liquid complex tools for decorative foliage plants. Fertilizers are applied at intervals of two weeks.
Transplanting ficus Benjamin at home
Looking like his favorite growing and prettier, a lover of indoor plants should not forget that added not only to the branches and leaves. Month after month, ficus increases the volume of the root system and the soil, even under constant dressing gradually is lacking.
Remedy the situation will change ficus Benjamin, her home is carried out in the spring, and young specimens often have to transship in new pots than adults.
Sign that the roots are fully braided earth feeds can assume their emergence from the drain hole or settling topsoil. But it is better to avoid this and to hold elective transplantation, preventing harmful to plants "half-starved" existence.
Before transplanting Ficus benjamina in another pot, suitable container has to choose. The younger instance, the more it increases root mass. Therefore, these plants are rolled over annually in pots with a diameter of 2-3 cm more than the first. Adult figs transplantation requires 2-3 times less, and if the green pet reached solid sizes, the transplant can be replaced by replacing the top of the substrate layer.
The best soil for Ficus benjamina - specialized, ready. But at home, if desired, can be a mixture of equal parts of turf and ground sheet, bottom peat and sand.
Ficus benjamina: formation of a crown and regular pruning
Ficus benjamina young shoots are characterized by high speed growth and are very flexible. The first circumstance obliges the owner of a flower to master regular pruning. It is practiced in the spring, when the plant is only awakened to growth. Spend the summer pinched out from the general rhythm, rapidly growing shoots. At the end of the growing season in the fall, subject Ficus benjamina formation of the crown is not worth it. All incorporated in the leaves and shoots of the substance will be useful to him during the winter.
Culture easily tolerates pruning, so do not be afraid of a radical change in appearance of the plant, while it is young. Much more difficult to form a crown of Ficus, when he will turn into a shapeless giant.
Spring is removed not only dried and shorten excessively lengthen the branch, but also cut off branches, directed inside the crown. If you do not, they will prevent the penetration of air than increase the risk of developing fungal infections and pests of settlement. With the same purpose, large sections of the branches treated with garden pitch or powder of activated charcoal.
Videos about pruning ficus Benjamin at home will tell in detail how to perform this complex procedure and branches to achieve uniform growth throughout the growing season.
Bonsai ficus Benjamin with his own hands
Most often when growing Ficus benjamina shaped tree. If there is support plant easily becomes accustomed to shtambovoy form and maintain it helps trim the side and basal shoots. But today you can see some very unusual trees based on ficus with delicate, wicker trunks.
At first glance, an incredibly complicated structure can be reconstructed and at home. To do this in one pot planted several young plants of the same age and liked intertwine their flexible trunks. It is important that the weaving is not too tight and not hurt ficus grow evenly. In this case, after a few years stems grow together, turning in original green home decoration.
Growers who have the patience and skill formation of woody plants can grow their own hands bonsai ficus Benjamin. Using braiding, layering receiving air and a conventional bush cutters converted to a miniature version of the banyan secular.
Ficus benjamina: signs and superstitions
On many plants, especially those that fall into the collection of flower growers from remote corners of the planet, walking weight legends and superstitions. Some of them can be trusted, but most of these will - idle fiction.
What are the signs of Ficus benjamina, and whether you can keep the house is an ornamental plant?
In the century before the person who wants to get a ficus, warned that the plant contributes to family quarrels, troubles in life and may even bring death. The same or similar warning should the acquisition of monstera and other Araceae plants.
Even in the 20-30-ies of the last century ficus owner would have suspected of adherence to the bourgeois way of life that brought down a lot of trouble. Today, the place is not so absurd inventions. A unpretentious, fast-growing and very attractive Ficus benjamina can be seen in residential and office buildings around the world.
All the stories that reveal the plant with the negative side, not lack any basis in reality. But on Ficus benjamina home, he is very honored.
In China, it is a perfect gift, symbolizing a wish of longevity, good health and every success. In Thailand, the plant is recognized as an official symbol of the nation's capital. A 150-year-old ficus quaint Sri Lanka is one of the local attractions and is visited by many tourists.
Modern superstitions and omens of Ficus benjamina, too, have a positive attitude. For example, it is considered a good omen to bring the plant into the house, where the dream of having a child. If the flower take root, grow well, then the couple will soon be the heir.
Rejuvenation pruning ficus Benjamin - video
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Hello. I want to spring transplanted ficus in a large pot and spend pruning, whether these procedures are done simultaneously, or need the interval between them and what to do pnrvym transplant or cutting?
Definitely between transplant and pruning should be a break of at least a couple of weeks to ficus acclimated to a new place and caught in the open ground. But you can do otherwise: spend pruning now, when the growth processes of the flowers fade. A transplant can then be done in the spring.