Cactus leaves title of the photo

Cactus species picture with names

Cacti - outstanding representatives of succulents, plants, accumulating stocks of water in their bodies. The appearance of their unusual and diverse; they have fleshy stems and flat, covered with spines, hairs, glaucous. Different types of cactus help to create a miniature version of an exotic landscape on the windowsill or on a table. These hardy plants are of great interest for fans of indoor flower. In this article, readers will find a description of the most common and popular types of cacti for growing indoors.

Refer to the succulents - plants whose vegetative organs are adapted to the collection and storage of water in their tissues. They really could not be better designed to exist in extreme conditions:

  • their stems are covered fleshy thick skin, preventing evaporation of moisture;
  • waxy film on the stems protects precious moisture evaporation;
  • on the stems instead of leaves grow thorns;
  • grooves on ribbed stems morning dew slipping into a powerful thickened roots,
  • they accumulate in large quantities for many months;
  • cacti can themselves pritenyat from the hot sun, growing multistoried bizarre forms or covering themselves with thin blond hair;
  • the spherical shape of many species also prevents evaporation.

Since the cactus has no leaves, photosynthesis take the stems, a variety of form: cylindrical, spherical, flattened, creeping, hanging and others. Also have a different kind and thorns - from barely noticeable, very thin to large, straight or curved. There are very unusual perevidnye thorns.

Cactus flowers are found on the surprisingly small to huge sizes, various colors (there is only blue and black colors), very tender and beautiful, solitary or in groups, a pleasant aroma.

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The richest variety of cacti on Mexico, the most bizarre forms growing in the Andes mountains, a wide variety of beautiful species found in South America, which is considered the birthplace of cacti.

In appearance cacti conventionally divided into:

Desert cacti are especially ruggedness and adaptability to environmental conditions, they are endowed with strong stems and long, strong spines. These cacti are distributed into three types:

  • Echinopsis - they have a thick round stems, which are arranged in neat rows rigid spines.
  • Opuntia - a flattened, leaf-stalks resembling pancakes.
  • Astrophytums - having ribbed stems and developed, strong spines.

Opuntia - This cactus species is very rare in our conditions of existence. It has the ability to strongly expand, thus it requires considerable space. The spines of this species is, they have a high resolution, fine structure, in addition, they are very sharp. Prick this cactus is very unpleasant. At home, the cactus may not bloom. If you raise cactus greenhouse, then after he finished blooming, it appears the fruit, reminiscent of a pear, which is why this type is also called "prickly pear".

Mammillaria - this cactus is the most common, and of his father recites the largest number of representatives. A large variety of species and varieties are combined here. Externally cactus looks like a fluffy, it comes from the large number of hairs that are white in color and fine structure. This fluff is among thorns, cactus creating a unique appearance. Blossoms the cactus home in the spring, and held it long enough. From two to three months, you can enjoy the beautiful flowers of this species of cactus. Themselves flowers grow at the top of the plant and have the form of wreaths. The most common is a touch of pink, but there is also a variant of red blooms with a purple hue. Very rare to see a white flowers from representatives of this species. Thorns here, too, can be colored, the color of their changes to pink. This multiplication process using cactus children, in which a large amount of the plant.

Cactus spoof (Parodia), which is also called Eriocactus, is directly related to the family Cactaceae (Cactaceae). This race combines 50 different species of cactus. In nature they can meet in Uruguay, Central and South of Bolivia, Paraguay and northern Argentina.

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All of these species has a short stem into a cylindrical shape or bowl on which are arranged clearly distinguishable spiral ribs. They are not very high hillocks with areoles having dense pubescence. From each areola goes from 1 to 5 central spines in length is 4 centimeters, the case that one of them has a bent hook tip, and 10-40 korotenkih spines - in length is 0.5-1.5 centimeters.

Flowering plant starts at a young age. Small groups located in the upper part of the cactus multilobal florets have funnel-shape. Over time, a sufficiently small dry fruits. On the surface of the fruit or flower tubes a layer is not very large and rough hair.

This tiny plant has a pleasant appearance, incredibly beautiful flowers and quite unpretentious in care, as well as most cacti. Homeland plants - Argentina.

Two years after planting, you can admire the beautiful flowers of cactus, the shade of which depends on the species. In most species Rebutia flowering is in March-April, but some varieties observed again in the fall.

This plant has more than 40 different species. They differ in flower color, diameter and length of globular stem, shade stem length of the spines and other parameters.

Trihotsereusy - it's completely unpretentious plants that are found in the wild in the deserts of South America. These cacti for many years will delight you with its white tubular flowers.

Most recently trihotsereusy began to refer to the genus Echinopsis, but sales are still encountered under its old name Trichocereus. Like other cacti, nature has provided trihotsereusy everything necessary for growth in the adverse conditions of desert regions - these plants prefer nutrient-poor sandy soil, tolerate large temperature swings and lack of water.

Trihotsereusov flowers bloom at night, exuding a pleasant delicate flavor, so the plant in its natural environment attracts pollinating insects. It's not hard to make trihotsereusy bloomed each year - give them a period of winter dormancy.

Trihotsereusy should be planted in a good soil (a mixture of peat, coarse sand) on top of the soil sprinkled with stones. Put a plant on a bright sunny window sill, in the summer they provide regular watering. In winter, watering trihotsereusy as little as possible, give the plants a rest.

Wilcox (Wilcoxia) - Representative of the cactus that grows in arid areas, coming from Mexico and the US state of California, and Texas. This heat-loving and heliophilous representative. In Mexico, Wilcox called "sheep's tail." Wilcox has a long, thin stem that grows to a length of two meters, he gently pubescent. On a stem distinct visible edge, which has a silver-white and black thorn. Wilcox often grows next to a bush, which serves it as a support until the bottom of the stem is not odrevesnevaet. If support is not available, Wilcox "lie" to the surface. Wilcox root system is similar to the dahlia tubers, and it is no wonder: is building a plant root helps to survive in arid areas and resumes after the death of the stem. If Wilcox is grown at home, the main condition is the presence of a large pot.

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Cactus Hametsereus Silvestri (Chamaecereus) - cactus family, originally from Argentina. In the wild plant prefers rocky mountain slopes. Faced Hametsereus, you will see a continuous carpet with sharp spines that trail along the ground. Name hametsereus received from the Greek word that means "creeping along the ground." Hametsereus Silvestri also called "peanut cactus."

Description: cactus height 10 cm, diameter of the stem 1 cm long shoots light green color.. Flowering dark red color with a diameter of 3 cm. Flowering begins in the third year. Flowering period is very short, 2-3 days. Cactus has from 5 to 9 ribs. The spines are small, white 15 pcs.

Most succulent thrive in homes where low humidity (50%). They require a lot of light, a small amount of irrigation and appropriate fertilizers. Sunny window - the best location for cacti. If these conditions do not exist, you can use artificial light (cool white fluorescent lamp for 14-15 hours a day). Large cacti look favorably in large pots, spherical - Group succulents planted in a flat container. In making such compositions should be considered similar plant requirements to light, heat, moisture, and soil. can be decomposed into a clean shingle to simulate natural landscape rocky desert between the cactus in a pot or container.

The original cactus: popular species and their photos with names

Cacti still occupy a worthy place in the collections of many gardeners and is considered one of the most unusual plants. To determine the choice of the original succulents to grow, we offer a first look, what are the kinds of cacti and their photos with names.

Brief description and cacti

The birthplace of these exotic plants is America, although in nature they can be found in the desert areas of Africa, Asia and even Europe. Wild cacti usually have large dimensions. They grow in the torrid regions of the planet, it is widely distributed in Argentina, Mexico and Chile. Some species of cacti growing in the tropics, as well as in the coastal zone of the Mediterranean and Black Seas.

Hit the natural conditions of their habitat, which cacti are very familiar:

  1. Many species grow in desert areas with low humidity. Although there are species which prefer moist areas, so live exclusively in the tropics.
  2. Cacti adapted to sudden temperature changes, which in deserts sometimes up to 50 ° C.
  3. Most often the plants are found on loose gravel and sandy soils, with low humus content, but with a lot of minerals.

Cacti are unusual structure - a fleshy stalk and thick skin. This feature contributes to the adaptation of plants to water deficit. To prevent its loss cacti have particular protective properties:

  • thorns instead of leaves;
  • scalp, which pritenyat plants from the scorching sun;
  • wax coating prevents the evaporation of moisture;
  • ribbed stem, by grooves which flows to the roots the morning dew;
  • long roots protected from drying out.

To compensate for the lack of leaves, cacti have thick fleshy stems. Most of them are spherical, so absorb light in roughly the same amount as the leaves. Some cacti have edges that contribute to a slight shading from the sun.

Fleshy plant, saturated with water - is a perfect prey for desert animals. To protect yourself from them, an ordinary cactus has spines. In some species, they are a natural cover from the sun.

In appearance cactus mind distributed in the following groups:

We suggest you familiarize yourself with the most common among gardeners kinds of cacti on the pictures with names.

Depending on the place of growth distinguish two major groups of cacti: deserts and forests (tropical).

In nature, cactus deserts grow in the hot desert or semi-desert areas of America and Africa. They are characterized by a high degree of adaptation to the environment, are massive and elongated shoots, strong spines.

Desert cacti can be divided into three types:

  • Echinopsis - have thick stalks of spherical shape, which are evenly distributed thorn;
  • Opuntia - characterized by flattened stems, which in appearance resemble pancakes;
  • Astrophytums - have ribbed stems with thick spines.

At home, in the period October - March desert cactus better not to water in general. They require constant penetration of sunlight, otherwise they will not bloom. Therefore, plants are best placed on the south window.

Below are the most popular species of cactus in the photo and their name in Russian.

Most cacti are residents especially arid and semi-desert areas. But there are species that grow in tropical humid regions. The natural environment of growing forest of cactus - a tropical regions of South America, Africa and Australia.

Staying in the trees, they are supplied with organic decomposition. A rock clinging to the roots of the protrusions and stone content insignificant fraction of humus. Almost all tropical cacti characterized ampelnye shape and long, sheet-shaped, drooping stems. Instead of the usual rough they have fine hairs.

At home on a cold winter for the forest cacti recommended limited watering. A hot summer they need a mandatory shading. It is best to place them on the eastern and northern windows.

Approximately half of all species of flowering cactus flowering can expect when they reach 3-4 years. In the future they are able each year to please those around her flowers. Most cactus blooms in the spring. But you can successfully pick up a few species, the flowers that will decorate the interior throughout the year.

Unusual flowers that bloom in some species of cacti, are shown in photos with names.

To quickly cactus blossomed, he needs to create the most natural conditions. Most often, the flowers appear only on the new growth. And for his appearance the cactus needs proper care in the summer and winter rest.

  1. It should be very careful to take care of the plants, because even a damaged spine can significantly reduce the possibility of flowering.
  2. In the autumn period is necessary to reduce the number of watering, and closer to the winter completely stop them. Start watering only in March, first sprinkling water cacti.
  3. In winter, the plants should keep in a cool room with subdued lighting.
  4. At the dawn of the buds can not be transplanted and fertilize cacti, otherwise it is likely to remain without flowering.

Growing cactus in a pot close it accelerates flowering. In this case, it is advisable not to turn it towards the sun by different parties, otherwise it will lose a chance to bloom.

Types of blooming cactus with photos and names

Cactus mammillaria the stem has a spherical shape, with a bluish green tint, up to 25 cm. Its characteristic feature is the thin white threads, which connect the long spikes. The flowers are pink or purple color are placed on top of a cactus. Often it bloom resembles a wreath of flowers.

Cactus Opuntia has flat shoots coated sharp spikes. Therefore, caring for a plant, you need to be very careful. Its spines break off easily and get stuck in a person's skin. Summer orange blossoms Opuntia large flowers. They can tie the fruit of which in America cook various dishes. Opuntia grows in a wide variety of natural conditions: in tropical and pine forests, deserts and semi-deserts, savannas, on the shores of the seas.

Peyote cactus of the genus Lophophora small, gray-green, thornless. In nature, it grows in Mexico and some US states. Favorite habitat - pea gravel. The top of the cactus resembles a flattened molars and the lower part of the stem is underground. The flowers appear at the top, white or pink. The fruits are elongated red berries are produced throughout the summer.

Growing Peyote in Russia it is prohibited by law since 2004 because of the hallucinogenic substance mescaline, which is contained in the pulp plant stems.

Saguaro Cactus - a point of pride of many gardeners. Thick columnar stem protruding ribs sometimes has a height of 1 m. Long, edges are sharp spikes. In summer Saguaro flowering begins. Some of its species have flowers up to 15 cm in length. It is interesting that bloom in different varieties Saguaro unequal. Some varieties bloom in the afternoon, while others - at night.

Cactus Echinopsis in Greek denotes ezhepodobny. The plant is characterized by green globular stem with strong ribs and short spines. In the future, the stem can be cylindrical. Large funnel flowers may have a diameter of 20 cm, are white, red or pink color. They begin to bloom in the evening, and at midnight their delicate flavor is very intense. Flowering begins in spring and ends in the fall. The flowers are held on the stem for 2-3 days.

Cactus Gymnocalycium is translated from the Greek as naked calyx. Cactus spherical shape, whose peculiar apical flowers with long tube without hairs and spines. It stems not have chlorophyll, so they come in yellow, red, pink. On the ribbed surface are transverse tubercles. Cactus relatively early start to bloom in 3-4 years of age.

We should also be said about the succulent Euphorbia from the family Euphorbiaceae, which is also called cactus Euphorbia. It is a shrub with small leaves and bright original buds. If you properly care for your plant, it can flourish simultaneously 25-30 inflorescences. In nature, Euphorbia distributed on all continents. In Russia, it can be seen along the river banks, along the roads and in the fields.

The spurge contains a poisonous milky sap. It can provoke burns to the skin and mucous membranes, as well as a violation of the digestive tract function when released into the stomach.

Euphorbia unpretentious to the conditions of detention, at all times has a decorative appearance. In winter, the plant should be put in a cool place and not watered to prevent root rot.

Cacti pictures and names

Cactus species picture with names

Cacti are very common throughout the world, as it increases the number of people keen on growing and breeding of these amazing plants every year. There is a very unusual species, not spiny, exotic, original, extraordinarily beautiful flowering cacti species photos with the names of the different varieties are presented in the article.

Cactus family is very numerous and varied, so it is easy to choose among the variety of this type of cactus that have blossomed and developed well in home care. Choose from all the splendor and diversity of the plant on your taste will not be difficult.

The habitat of cacti and their varieties

The best natural habitat for such unusual plants are dry desert and semi-desert areas of Bolivia, Mexico, Chile, Argentina, Peru, where the greatest variety of forms and types of cacti. They can be found in some countries, Spain, Asia, Africa, Australia, and India. In the wild cacti grow in the Crimea, on the Mediterranean coast.

Having adapted to the harsh climate, they began to spread the high desert: on the high plateau of Peru and Bolivia there Escobar whole thickets, Mammillaria, thelocactus, neobessii. Winter temperatures there can drop to zero, the snow falls, the plants have to adapt to such difficult climatic conditions.

Brazil, Uruguay Savannah - suitable place for growing pear, Pereskia, Cereus, of the climate zone are inherent in long dry periods.

The richest variety of cacti on Mexico, the most bizarre forms growing in the Andes mountains, a wide variety of beautiful species found in South America, which is considered the birthplace of cacti.

In appearance cacti conventionally divided into:

The natural conditions suitable for the desert cactus:

  • large differences in day and night temperatures, when the day is very hot, and the nights are pretty cool (there are differences of up to 500 ° C);
  • humidity level sufficiently low (only can fall to 250 mm of rain for a year);
  • poor in humus, but very rich in minerals, sand and gravel soil, loose and acidic.

Desert cacti are especially ruggedness and adaptability to environmental conditions, they are endowed with strong stems and long, strong spines. These cacti are distributed into three types:

  1. Echinopsis - they have a thick round stems, which are arranged in neat rows rigid spines.
  2. Opuntia - a flattened, leaf-stalks resembling pancakes.
  3. Astrophytums - having ribbed stems and developed, strong spines.

Cacti of the family pereskievyh - only with ordinary flat leaves, hard spines located on the circular tree stems.

Despite the fact that a large part of humanity used to think cacti plants arid deserts, there are multiple varieties of plants of this family are found in the tropics, evergreen, where the average annual rainfall of 200 - 300 mm per year, the average temperature + 180º C.

It is interesting! In the tropical forest of cactus spines are absent, the shape of stems mainly - flattened.

Refer to the succulents - plants whose vegetative organs are adapted to the collection and storage of water in their tissues. They really could not be better designed to exist in extreme conditions:

  • their stems are covered fleshy thick skin, preventing evaporation of moisture;
  • waxy film on the stems protects precious moisture evaporation;
  • on the stems instead of leaves grow thorns;
  • grooves on ribbed stems morning dew slipping into a powerful thickened roots,
  • they accumulate in large quantities for many months;
  • cacti can themselves pritenyat from the hot sun, growing multistoried bizarre forms or covering themselves with thin blond hair;
  • the spherical shape of many species also prevents evaporation.

Since the cactus has no leaves, photosynthesis take the stems, a variety of form: cylindrical, spherical, flattened, creeping, hanging and others. Also have a different kind and thorns - from barely noticeable, very thin to large, straight or curved. There are very unusual perevidnye thorns.

Cactus flowers are found on the surprisingly small to huge sizes, various colors (there is only blue and black colors), very tender and beautiful, solitary or in groups, a pleasant aroma.

Cactus desert photo and name

Succulents are adapted to the local conditions in which they have to grow. For example, the ridges on the ridged stems under water deficit seen very clearly, but in the rainy period become almost unnoticeable, because swell from moisture stock thus plant surface is protected from cracking.

Some cacti root system can be reduced, others tap roots go deep into the ground, the roots of some specimens resemble radish, can accumulate a lot of water, and their fine roots are located beneath the surface of the earth to absorb the moisture from dew and fog. Area small roots can take up to 5 m2 around its plants.

All these devices help to a great many species of cacti grow well, blossom and stored in difficult conditions for many thousands of years.

Astrophytums - spherical, with a rather sparse ridges strewn hairs, this species has a nice variety, similar to the star and solid, long spines.

Ariocarpus - low, flattened stems, sinus elongated bumps are filled with down, stunningly beautiful flower.

Gymnocalycium - Some varieties of this kind of very unusual: due to lack of chlorophyll in the stems, they are pink, yellow, red color. There are cross-bumps between the ribs.

cleistocactus - have a cylindrical erect high stems, densely covered with white or light-yellow spines, flowers bloom at the very top.

mammillaria - one of the most common types, spherical stalks covered with tubercles, which grow thorns.

peyote - cactus unusual appearance, similar to a pumpkin has a smooth surface without thorns.

It is interesting! Juice peyote has hallucinogenic properties, it is forbidden to collect.

Tsefalotsereusy - unusual, atypical for cacti appearance: white spines, thin and very long, flowing, resembling stiff gray hair. But looks can be deceiving, such spikes can seriously injure.

Forest cactus picture and name

Forest (tropical) cacti are demanding to other conditions than the desert, they need high humidity, ambient light. In vivo it - shrubs, epiphytes, villagers in the trees or in rocky crevices.

Located on the trees, eat organic expansions, and on the rocks, roots clinging to the rocks, there is little available content of humus. Aerial roots provide them with moisture.

The stems of these cacti are long, soft, thin, drooping, instead of the usual rough - like bristles hairs.

rhipsalidopsis - low up to 20 cm bushes, stalks consist of segments of ribbed flat shape with scalloped edges. Stem hangs, as they grow older plants odrevesnevaet. The abundance of red or pink flowers laid at the ends of stems.

Rhipsalis - its numerous thin stems Similar to rods silnovetvyaschiesya without spines, are rounded, flat, ribbed, various green hues. The flowers are bell-shaped, very original look in hanging pots.

Epiphyllum - fleshy leaf-like stems, the edges serrated and spined. Flowers large, funnel-shaped, different beautiful colors and pleasant aroma.

Aporokaktus - ribbed stems of the original plants grow up to two meters in length, while having a diameter of 1.5 cm, covered with spines resembling the bristles, because their appearance is popularly known as "rat's tail". Large blooms, bright, elongated shape flowers. Multiple shoots constitute the entire bush.

Features cacti

Florist in the initial stages of entrainment can be difficult not to be confused with other cacti are succulents, because there are species without needles, leaves, do not like cacti.

In order not to be deceived, you need to look closely at the plant, to discover the areola - small bulges in the form of pads with the coming out of their hairs or spines. If the pads with thin hairs are found, then it is not a cactus and other plants.

Desert cacti are clearly defined by the presence of ribs of different shapes, which are located along the rows of needles and stems of columnar or spherical shape.

Cacti rainforest stems mainly hang down, they are leaf-shaped, consisting of small toothed segments with soft spines.

Blooming cacti on a window sill pet can be a truly fantastic spectacle, so they bloom unusual and beautiful. These flowers are in the hearts of gardeners gained a strong position, especially lovers of cacti bribes that the plant is not capricious, no need to imagine too much attention, it is very easy to care for.

It is interesting! Often practiced by planting different species of cactus in the total capacity to create original compositions, because caring for them is virtually the same.

A diversity of varieties and species of cactus just amazing, so lovely and quaint found items. But the most popular are those that do not need to create special conditions, they thrive on the windowsill or on a table near the window.

Types and names of domestic cactus

mammillaria found in homes and apartments, probably most often, the view is quite popular, famous for its distinctive feature - the presence of white needles between web, entangles the cylinder or ball. Begin to bloom from an early age, the flowers are very beautiful colors are located around the top of the stem in the form of wreaths.

Rebutia in the flowering period can remind mammillaria only her crown located at the bottom of the stem, round stem entirely covered with long, diverging in different directions spines. Blooming bright, plentiful, but this plant is necessary to provide winter dormancy in a cool, sunny room, extra watering and ventilation. Ribs replaced tubercles dwarf varieties reach only 2.5 cm.

Saguaro in the home reaches the half-meter height above meets with prickles and without them. Its interesting distinguishing feature - does not tolerate direct sunlight. Flowering in some varieties saguaro day, while others - the night, the flowers are white and large.

It is interesting! Stimulates blooming saguaro content in the winter in a cold room, without this mandatory flowering procedures not wait.

Notocactus It has the ability to bloom abundantly and periodically renew flowering. At the top of the stem appear spherical funnel-shaped, with several rows of petals in delicate shades of colors.

A large number of species and intraspecific diversity allow us to find the plants according to your taste and preference.

Ways to make cactus bloom

Growers, have long engaged in the cultivation and breeding of cacti, collected a lot of experience and a lot of ways to achieve earlier and more abundant flowering of these amazing plants.

It turns out that the flowers do not like to be turned towards the sun by different parties. Yes, if the plant is constantly inserts only one way into the light, it bends its stem, but it lays the opportunity to bloom.

Conversely, substituting different sides of the flower to the sun, the hosts forced the plant to lose this opportunity. Has to be determined: the correct form of the stem or beautiful flowers.

Brushing the dust with cacti, we must act very carefully, so as not to damage the thorns: broken thorn can cost flowering. But this does not mean that you can let the cacti pripadat dust, just need to work carefully. When loosening compact the soil must also be careful not to injure the roots.

In the autumn months, the volume and the number of waterings gradually reduced, and the beginning of winter stop at all, only with the approach of spring (mid-late February) starts spraying the plants with warm water in order to awaken them from their winter dormancy. The same cold months contain cactus in cool place with moderate lighting.

During the formation of flower buds prohibited transplant cacti and dirt, they immediately dropped their buds beginning to develop.

Even resorted to this method, makes not a flowering plant to lay the buds - to instill in his slice stalk of flowering varieties. The sections were connected so that their surface necessarily coincide completely, you can try to tie them to a thick thread.

Grafted plant should be moved into the warm, shaded room and cover glass jar. Approximately two weeks later to happen fusion of tissues.

To carry out this operation will need a well-honed thin knife to obtain a clean cut, the plant is not deformed.

Of the numerous family cactus some growers attract those species that at home do not bloom, but are particularly decorative. Among them:

  1. Tsefalotsereus senile having a cylindrically shaped stem, a plurality of entangled hairs silver length of 10 - 12 cm, the plant makes it very original.
  2. Echinocactus Gruson, the most popular in the indoor horticulture, having a spherical shape and very slow-growing, ribs densely covered with yellow spines.
  3. Cleistocactus grow more slowly, it begins to bloom only after many years, columnar stem has a plurality of ribs, covered with short bristles, creating the effect of the silver coating;
  4. Espostoa woolly, except silver bristles, has long, sharp spines can grow up to 70 centimeters.

Despite the lack of flowering, such instances are often found in home collections, as looked very nice and allow you to create the most interesting design combinations.

Features care of cacti at home

Caring for cacti at home is absolutely not burdensome for them will even take care of a novice grower. The main thing, from the beginning to provide plants with the desired conditions for them.

Most of the substrate should consist of large particles, ensuring good passage of air and moisture. The presence in the soil for desert cacti nitrogen large doses will be destructive, the amount thereof should be strictly calculated in the preparation of a mixture of:

  • ground sheet, stripped of branches - 2 parts;
  • turf ground clay - 2 parts;
  • coarse sand or gravel - 2 parts;
  • small broken bricks - ½ part;
  • Charcoal - ½ part.

Upon request by the volume of such composition is added teaspoon of superphosphate, and a teaspoon of crushed chalk.

To transplant successfully developed, a few days before her plant is not watered, then earthen room easily removed from the pot, the root system is not damaged. The best time for such a procedure - in March and April, a deadline - the beginning of September to the winter the plant has had time to settle down and do not need watering.

Pot must be purchased on size or two larger than the previous. Capacity for change must be disinfected, mold filling - too.

At the bottom of the flowerpot prepared to put a layer of stones for drainage, pour a little lightly moistened earth, put the pot extracted from cactus roots and gently sprinkle the ground to the top of the root collar. Buried in the ground stalk when watering will begin to rot. Watering can be only two days later. During this period, when the plant survives, it must be protected from drafts.

A place for a new pet is chosen so that it does not shift too often, cacti do not like to change the situation.

Cultivation of cacti by sowing seeds

The matter is very troublesome, but fascinating, so many growers are trying to plant seeds succulents.

It is important! If you decide to sow the seeds of cactus, require adherence to decontamination measures: all tools and containers must be steamed and ground calcined in the oven.

At the bottom of the container for sowing poured drainage layer then prepared moist soil which carefully leveled. Right on top of the seeds are expanded with a distance of 2 - 3 cm.

large size seeds only lightly sprinkled with sand, fine just left on the surface. Container covered with glass or foil and place in a warm, dark place with good air circulation for two weeks.

When the seeds hatch, and there will be shoots, the film is shifted, and the containers are transferred to a bright room, but cherish from direct sunlight. Land only moisturize, pouring it does not.

Only after there will be thorns, the film can be removed completely. Plants have reached the value of 5 mm, are in need of swordplay. During the first year the small kaktusiki growth will nosedive to 10 times, it is a prerequisite of this method of cultivation. It helps plants to form lateral roots, contributing to faster growth.

cactus requirements for humidity

If succulents will not get moisture, they will not be able to replenish their stocks, which need so much. Humidity allows plants to get out of the atmosphere necessary nutrients entering the plant through the skin, moisture accelerates metabolic exchange processes.

The most affordable way to increase the humidity around the plant - to spray it with warm water defended. Do it better in the morning, making sure that the cacti are not the sun shone directly.

How to water the cactus

Questions watering should be explored before buying new copies because incorrect watering can simply ruin the flower. Each requires a different type of soil moisture regime.

Frequent watering should ensure that specimens are in hot dry areas, and landing capacity at small flowers.

Forest species, growing in the home, it takes more water, because the climate of their natural habitat is much more humid than the desert. When the weather is rainy or cloudy, from irrigation is better to abstain.

Water should be taken to defend, without any impurities. Cacti poured in two ways: some growers moistened soil above, other water is poured into the tray.

It is important! During the winter young plants are watered once a month, long enough one watering colors for winter.

In the morning, while the sun shines softly, cacti are very fond of sprinkling, because in nature they are moistened every morning dew.

The most frequently exposed to cactus fungal diseases, the most dangerous of them - the late blight, able in a short time to destroy the flower. Also suffer cacti gelmintosporozom, Fusarium, brown spot, anthracnose and other diseases caused by, basically, improper care or poorly conducted disinfecting procedures.

To fight disease, plants are treated specifically for this purpose drugs. To save your favorite cactus from being infected, you should observe preventive measures: to plant and replant only decontaminated soil, feed only fertilizers for cacti, avoid watering with cold water, make sure that the upper layer has dried up the soil before watering.

These beautiful, is not devoid of originality of the plant is considered to be a cactus, they are quite fleshy stems, thorns are succulents. Its great variety of species, is growing rapidly, with appropriate care easily reaches a height of up to three meters (if space allows). Reaching large size, acquire a shape resembling a chandelier.

Adapt to different conditions of detention, durable, at all times able to maintain a decorative appearance. Most unpretentious - Euphorbia Trigona having a triangular shape stems.

As succulents, spurge to excess moisture worse than the lack of it. In winter, euphorbia do not should be watered when the flowers in a cool place (terrace, winter garden, etc.), so as not to provoke a root rot.

Refer to the spurge because of the milky juice that occurs in fractures, it is necessary with these plants handled with care: their juice is poisonous, causing burns of the skin. In connection with this circumstance spurge is better not to place in children's rooms.

Refutes the conventional wisdom that the cactus must be thorns Astrophytums. In Astrophytum Asterias areolas are covered with gray-white pubescence on the stem are white spots, typical of this species. No, this attribute in astrophytum myriostigma. Ariocarpus spines is very weak, which is lost with age, new in their place do not appear.

That's how amazing these thorny and prickly cacti are many types and names are represented in the photo, how positive emotions they give to their owners, with so much love to grow them. Cacti occupied and continue to occupy a strong position on the windowsills of many gardeners.

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