- 1 Calla in pot: care at home, planting and cultivation
- 2 Calla in pot: care at home. Secrets of successful breeding and flowering calla home
- 2.1 Calla: Care at home - reproduction, transplantation
- 2.2 Callas in pots: Care at home - soil, light, temperature and humidity conditions for the flowering
- 2.3 Conditions for flowering calla why not bloom?
- 2.4 Calla: Care at home - feeding and watering
- 2.5 Callas in pots: Care at home - why did they die?
- 2.6 Why calla home leaves turn yellow?
- 3 Planting bulbs and calla care at home
Calla in pot: care at home, planting and cultivation
Calla - a herbaceous perennial plant that belongs to the family Araceae. There are other names: calla and arum. The birthplace of the plant is considered to be the African continent. In the context of this climate of calla can grow up to two meters in height. The plant has a rather large, in shape resembling a heart, arrow-shaped leaves. Blooms calla small flowers, neatly wrapped in a large "blanket", which creates something like a funnel. This makes it attractive to many flower growers.
Home Calla in pot, taking care that the power of each, usually does not smell. But those plants that grow in the garden in warm weather exude a pleasant and delicate flavor reminiscent of pineapple combined with vanilla. So, calla lilies in pots: how to care?
Many believe that to grow these plants are very difficult at home, as they require careful care. However, it is not so. According to experts, calla lilies in a pot, a photo which proved their beauty, unpretentious, and their cultivation does not need any special tricks. The main thing - to create optimal conditions to be as close to natural for this plant. Actually grow calla not so hard. To plant feel comfortable, you just need to follow some rules.
So Calla in pot, care in the home for which does not require much effort, it is very demanding on the light. In addition, this heat-loving plant. These two facts to consider when choosing a location. This is one of the basic rules of success. Calla lilies grow well in places where there is scattered sunlight or partial shade. There is another feature. Cullen in the evening need a small portion of the direct rays of the sun. For the formation of stems, these plants need a light day duration of more than 12 hours. This is one of the important conditions. After flowering, day light should be at least 8 hours and not more than 10.
Calla is a moisture-loving plants. This should not be forgotten. This is especially important when growing Calla Ethiopian. After all, this plant grows on almost a swamp, where very high humidity not only air, but also the soil.
Flowers in pots of calla outer calyx may have different tones. This makes them popular among gardeners. Plants with colorful bract not so demanding to moisture. But do not forget about the regular watering. The amount of water depends on the period. For example, during flowering watering should be more abundant, and during the rest - a moderate. Overdry not recommended for this soil in the pot.
The room must be high humidity. Of course, to do this very difficult. To plant feel comfortable, you can spray it more often.
Cultivation calla lilies in a pot - it is a simple process. Of course, if you follow certain rules. Do not forget that usually grow calla is in the southern latitudes, where constantly high temperatures. These plants are very difficult to transfer, when it is reduced to 8 ° C. Therefore keep on the balcony Kallu is only in the warm season. In winter, the plant should be transferred to a room where the heater. The most favorable temperature for the growth of calla - from 20 to 25 ° C.
Pot must be chosen correctly
Not the least role in the cultivation plays a container in which to grow calla lilies. For Ethiopian better to use a pot or container large enough. If the capacity is small in size, the calla just will not bloom. Even when fertilizing the plant will develop only the green part and the new leaves appear. But would not bloom calla in a pot. Care in the home of this plant is not only a timely watering, but also in the proper selection of temperature regimes for landing and ground capacity. It is worth noting that the Ethiopian calla prefers to grow in splendid isolation.
For a single plant pot is to choose a diameter of more than 20 centimeters. As for the material from which the container, it is better to give preference porous. This will allow the plant to breathe and excess moisture will go faster.
To grow red calla lilies in a pot, you do not need to be an inventor. In terms of space, these plants are not particularly picky. For them, it is quite suitable container volume of three liters.
How to grow calla in a pot? Care in the home of this plant should be implemented throughout the year. It is not necessary to plant calla lilies in ordinary soil. They grow best in a mixture that consists of sand, rotted manure, peat and garden soil. It is worth noting that the acidity of the soil should not exceed the value of 6.
Planting calla lilies in a pot - is another crucial moment. It is not necessary to repot the plant weak or damaged shoots. To calla quickly got used to their new place, you should not use a conventional earth and soil, which the composition is as close to natural.
Before transplanting the plant, wash the roots. This should be done with extreme caution. Otherwise, you can infect flower new disease or introduce bacteria into the wound. As a result, a new place Calla will suffer from a new disease.
After that, the pot should pour a little soil and place the plant. At this change does not end there. The roots should carefully sprinkle the soil, and then - to water. Calla - is a plant that requires large amounts of water. Therefore, watering should be transplanted sprouts profusely. Of course, it is not necessary in this respect too zealous.
Let's look at how to put Cullen in the pot and raise it from the bulbs. First of all, the use of this material is the most simple method of growing these plants. Calla is very easy to breed roots and bulbs. The main thing - to create optimal conditions for their growth.
For those who do not know what the onion: this is the place where we start growing new plants. It's not quite root. But in their structure bulb calla it is very similar. To be precise, it is thick and large enough appendix of the main root, from which later shoots appear.
Once the bulb calla accumulates enough moisture and mineral components, it begins to produce new shoots. In the process of photosynthesis, the bulb will deliver the plant all the necessary material.
Planting calla lilies in a pot - a simple process. To the bulb has not started to deteriorate in the pot, it is advisable to make holes for drainage. Thereafter, the vessel do well depth of at least 10 centimeters. The hole can be obtained to plant onion. Place it is necessary so that the tips of the germinated looked up and placed horizontally. After that, the roots can be covered with earth and pour Cullen.
So, How to grow calla in a pot? Care at home for these plants is not only a timely watering, but also in the quality feeding.
If the climate in your country is mild and the temperature never drops below zero, then you have the opportunity to have in your garden blooming calla throughout the year. Of course, this requires a lot of time and effort. Feed the plant once a year should be mandatory. However, this is not enough to calla blooming all year round. To achieve the desired, apply fertilizer costs often. It should do so on a regular basis, approximately twice a month. The fertilizer can be added to the compost in the ground or mixed with the slurry water intended for irrigation. Care calla lilies in pots on forces to even a novice. Resorting to various tricks, you can grow a lovely flowers, which will please not only the eye, but also the soul.
However, with the introduction of fertilizer should be careful. After all, the plant can overfeed. In this case, calla may die. Signs of excessive amounts of fertilizer application are burnt leaves edges. This indicates that the plant has received a lot of nitrogen.
In addition, there is another rule, without which the growing calla lilies in a pot is not possible. So, the smaller the plant receives the sun's heat and light, the greater the need to make fertilizer into the soil. This positive effect on the flowering calla. It is therefore very important to correctly place the pot with the plant and to calculate the necessary amount of fertilizer.
Calla - is an elegant and very beautiful flower. Care for this plant is not so difficult. The main thing - to observe all the rules and carefully take care of Callie. The only way to achieve an abundant flowering, which will delight any gardener. It is worth noting that the calla lilies can be grown not only in pots, but also in the garden. These plants are perfectly decorate the site and the house. Besides, they just look delicious in bouquets.
Calla in pot: care at home. Secrets of successful breeding and flowering calla home
Calla - one of the most elegant plants from the family Araceae, flowering in the indoor environment.
Her "narodnye9raquo; name: calla, arum. She comes from the swampy forests of South Africa.
In nature, there are 8 species of calla lilies, which are divided into 2 groups: tuberous and rhizomatous.
Apart form root systems, they differ in size and color curtain (calla tuber varieties have different coloring and blooming rhizomatous mostly white flowers).
Of them to grow in the home are suitable:
• Calla Ethiopian (Zantedeschia) - the largest species, cultivated in indoor horticulture. Large leaves are heart-shaped form. Blossoms funnel-shaped white flowers. Unlike colored calla lilies in a period of rest and keeps the leaves remain green. The most popular varieties: Green Goddess, Pearl, Nicholas, Chayldsiana; Albomaculata.
• Calla Elliott It reaches a height of up to 50cm. It has large variegated leaves, covered yellow flower. Known varieties: dark-eyed beauty, Yellow Corner, Vermeer, Black Beauty, Captain Chelse.
• Calla Rehmanniae - Tuberous compact form (70 cm tall). On this basis derived varieties with red, pink, purple, black shades covered. Popular varieties include Chameleon, Vecherok, Indian summer. Anneke, Black Forest, Bolero.
Callas in pots, care at home, which have not as complicated as it seems at first glance, yet require a special approach. That they not only grew but also bloomed in the indoor environment, from grower is required to establish the optimal combination of conditions most similar to natural.
Calla: Care at home - reproduction, transplantation
calla lilies are propagated vegetatively mainly at home. In Zantedeschia rhizome is divided into parts. Each of them must have at least one kidney. The sections were dried and dusted with powdered charcoal or disinfected zelenkoj. The division of the rhizomes should be carried out at least 1 time in 4 years. Otherwise the parent bush formed around the small side shoots, which will not allow flowering. Thereafter delenki planted in a separate pot.
At colored callas separate nodules child from the parent.
Effuse tuber calla ready to divide
Seed propagation - the most sophisticated way. This is due to the low percentage of germination. If you managed to get the seeds mature, they should be soaked before planting in a growth stimulator (Kornevin, Appin, Geteroauksin, Etamon, zirconium) and then left to germinate in a warm place on a damp sponge or gauze. After the seeds hatch, they can be planted in the ground. However, this raises another difficulty: the planting material is often rots. In order to reduce losses to a minimum, moisturize shoots better than the top, and a wick. Planting grown at + 22 ° C. Seedlings dive in 2 months after sowing.
Calla transplanted annually in the spring after the end of the dormant period. At the same time you can spend the division of rhizomes or tubers. Pots use broad, not too deep. At the bottom of the drainage is required up to 5 cm thick. Callas in pots planted no deeper than 5-10 cm.
At colored callas selected tubers should be resilient, lively, smooth, yellowish skin. Before planting, they are recommended to sustain a weak solution of potassium permanganate or treated with fungicide.
Delenki white calla planted at a depth of equal to 3 times the diameter of the rhizomes.
Initially strongly watered land is not worth it - the probability of decay (it is better to spray from the sprinkler). After the appearance of germs (about spustya14 days after transplantation) begin active watering and fertilizing.
Callas in pots: Care at home - soil, light, temperature and humidity conditions for the flowering
For tuber varieties calla suitable primer composition would be: sheet, turf ground, humus, coarse sand in the ratio 1: 2: 1: 0.5. For rhizomatous varieties can use a universal primer for flowering plants, or to replace it with a mixture of: equal parts humus, ground sheet, coarse sand, 2 parts of humus, ¼ parts of clay. In both embodiments, to 3 liters total volume of substrate added 1 tablespoon superphosphate.
Lighting and location
Cullum need a bright diffused light. The duration of daylight should be 10-12 hours. In autumn and winter it is necessary to provide additional lighting with an intensity of at least 700-800 Lux. The lack of light leads to the loss of ornamental plants: drawn petioles, no flowering tuberous at callas observed blanching color bracts covered.
In the summer the best location for the Zantedeschia are west and east window. In winter, on the contrary, to obtain additional sunlight it is better to be moved to the south side.
Temperature and humidity
It has some differences for different types of callas temperature and humidity in the room.
Rhizomatous plants during the active growing season feel well at + 17-21ºS. After flowering in the rest period they are kept at + 10-13ºS at least 2 months.
"Belym9raquo; Cullum need high humidity (70-80%). To this end, their leaves are sprayed with soft water, put the pots on trays with damp moss, expanded clay. Better yet, use special humidifiers.
The optimum temperature for development "tsvetnyh9raquo; callas will 20-24ºS +. During the "otdyha9raquo; plant it is raised to + 25-28ºS to matured tubers and formed flower buds. Tuberous Cullum sufficiently moderate humidity (50-60%). Every day, they wipe the leaves with a damp sponge.
Conditions for flowering calla why not bloom?
It often happens that bought at the store blooming calla not at home. One reason for this behavior - impaired mode "vegetation-pokoy9raquo ;. Available for sale plants "nakachany9raquo; phytohormones to save a presentable appearance. To send in arum "spyachku9raquo ;, it is necessary to reduce watering and place the pot in a cool room.
Wrong irrigation regime as "tormozit9raquo; the beginning of flowering. Calla as a tropical plant likes to actively "quench their thirst" during the growing season. This is especially true for the Ethiopian calla. It is important to remember that water the cold water of the "green African women" can not be - it is likely root rot. It is better to use this soft warm (+ 20-25C) to defend the water.
Improper size of the pot - still one of the probable reasons for the lack of flowering in callas. This à on pretty quickly growing. When she becomes close to the pot, it stops growing and is in no hurry to please its elegant flowers. After the rest period in the swollen "semeystva9raquo; it is necessary to separate the weakening mother plant "detok9raquo; and transplanted into individual pots. The soil at the same time changing to fresh.
Wrong mode feedings adversely affect the ability to bloom calla. With an excess of nitrogen plant "zhiruet9raquo; - he develops a leafy mass at the expense of flowering. It is therefore necessary to make phosphorus-potassium fertilizer, "otvetstvennye9raquo; for flowering.
In case of insufficient depth of planting tuber or rhizomes in soil is an active growth of side shoots. If they are not separate and replant, it will not bloom.
Calla: Care at home - feeding and watering
The watering calla also impose different requirements. So, "tsvetnye9raquo; calla watered sparingly: water stagnation in the soil can become lethal to (formed on the tubers rot). Excess water is drained from the pallet. Next watering is carried out when the upper layer of soil dries 2-3 cm depth.
"Belye9raquo; callas like abundant watering, especially during active growth. The soil in the pot should always be moist.
After flowering of all species of this plant reduce watering to 1 times a week, and tuberous copies after 1-2 months of this regime, and stop watering altogether.
With the release of the rest period calla her fed every 2 weeks, alternating organic and mineral fertilizers. In carrying out foliar fertilizing plants are sprayed so that the liquid does not hit the bracts covered (they form unsightly stains and the flower loses its decorative effect).
Callas in pots: Care at home - why did they die?
Callas in pots at home more often die if not properly maintained, resulting in weakened plants are exposed to pests and diseases.
The most malicious "lyubitelyami9raquo; are calla spider mites, whitefly and aphids. To destroy them apply miticides (Aktelik, Sanmayt, Vertimek) and insecticides (Fitoverm, Biotlin, Akhtar, Akarin).
At wrong irrigated and temperature calla mode frequently affected by various bacterial and fungal infections. root rot can be found on such grounds: mass wilting of leaves and stems, necrosis of the root system. Its occurrence contributes humidity and air temperature, the excess nitrogen in the soil. To help the plant, in this case, it is necessary to temporarily stop watering, partially replace the wet primer dry, treat the plant with a solution of fungicide (fundazol, Previkur, Rovral).
gray mold, caused by a pathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea, is distributed through the contaminated soil, water, wind. A characteristic feature of it is a gray powder on the plant.
With the defeat bacterial rot stalks, roots, leaves the base darken over time the plant dies. Patients calla should be destroyed.
When the leaves are round-shaped brown spots, gradually merging, which means the plant anthracnose hurt. Damaged parts calla removed, the plant itself is treated with fungicidal agents.
Why calla home leaves turn yellow?
The leaves of calla lilies with the content in the home yellow for 2 reasons: Preparing for a period of rest and errors in care.
Once the plant is withered, it begins to prepare for a "deserved rest": the "tsvetnyh9raquo; callas all the leaves turn yellow and die, but "belye9raquo; Zantedeschia retain green foliage.
Improper care of calla lilies affects the appearance of the plant form. As tropical plants it needs high humidity of air, which in a domestic environment is difficult to maintain at a proper level (especially during the heating season). Therefore, it is necessary to calla often defended sprayed with water, move it away from heating appliances.
Waterlogging or overdrying substrate also leads to a change in the color of leaves and wilting.
Although the feces and requires long daylight hours (10-12 hours), too much light inhibits it. Therefore, if the plant stands on the south window, it must be pritenit or relocate to another place.
Burn to calla leaf
Prolonged growing calla lilies in a pot without a transplant and replacement of soil leads to its depletion, and as a consequence to the yellowing of leaves. Nutrient deficiency also causes an increased brittleness of petioles. With a lack of nitrogen leaves lose their gloss and their ends droop, while potassium grip lifted upward.
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Planting bulbs and calla care at home
Not all city residents can go to the cottage in the summer, and staying close to nature, they arrange a flower garden on the windowsill. Planting calla at home will give the room the solemnity and style. The part of the plant, which is usually called the flower is actually a veil, a large bract enveloping the ear, on the shaft of which there are many small flowers. Grow calla lilies can be on the street, in the regions where the temperature does not fall below 0⁰, they can bloom all year round, even if to provide proper care. The flower is nice and the house in a pot on a bed, and in bouquets.
Calla tuber quickly overgrown kids. If the home is not to transplant a flower every year, soon the whole area of the pot is covered with new young shoots, and care of plants will be impossible. When transplanting from one instance you can get a lot of planting material. When eject the bulb out of the ground, his hands gently separate each piece with a bud. It can be planted in the house a new container or on a bed. If you're a little late, and the kids are not separated from the mother tuber, simply Break the rhizome into pieces. Wound sprinkle with powdered charcoal.
Available planting flower seeds. The room does not always have the pollinating insects, sometimes at home you will have to arm themselves with a brush and start transferring pollen from flower to flower. Do not store the grain: the fresher they are, the better will sprout. Immediately after collection, place them in a damp cloth and keep the house in a warm place. Usually the seeds begin to break the eggshell after 2 days. Sow swollen specimens in a pot with soil for planting. Until you see the seedlings, planting easily rot. The best care - not water them from above, and fill the pan with water, moistened the soil through the drainage holes. Parched land surface spray from the sprinkler.
When will the shoots, put the container on the light and keep the house at a temperature of about + 22⁰. After 2 months raspikiruyte seedlings into individual pots, and a year later set him on a permanent place. Some growers prefer not to engage in sparring, and immediately planted to 2 swollen grain in glass. Postemergence leave the strongest plant, and the second copy is removed or transferred to another container. All care of the young plants is reduced to watering as the soil dries.
Normally, planting and cultivation of seeds at home it possible to obtain a new kind, not like the parent plant. There are different colors of covers:
Perhaps you have received seeds after 2 years will give an unexpected result, and at home on the windowsill will be very unusual flower color. Try to transfer pollen from black to white or red flower and see what happens. On a warm day you can put the pots on the street and to entrust the work of breeding insects. If you do not like surprises, buy in the store the seeds of the desired variety.
To calla home is well developed and gave large inflorescences, you need to properly equip the place where will be growing, and to ensure good care of the plant. Roots should be roomy, so choose pot is not less than 0.5 m with a diameter of 0.4 m or more. Check drain - although it is a plant in his homeland lives in swamps, stagnant water is harmful to him. The bottom cover or expanded clay pebbles for drainage. You can buy special soil for callas and can prepare the composition of equal parts of leaf soil, humus and compost.
The bulbs can take with friends, when they will replant your flower. When buying the planting material pay attention to his appearance.
High-quality bulb has certain characteristics:
- large, smooth, firm;
- have uniform peel color without wounds and damaged areas;
- have a healthy kidney.
The houses are well survives calla planted in March. Before planting, soak the tubers in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate, and then examine each instance. All the sore spots, growths and other defects remove and treat the wound with a disinfectant solution. Good idea to hold the bulbs in a solution of growth stimulants, then planting and cultivation will give the best results.
Bedroom Calla produces large leaves, long stem and inflorescence difficult. Rhizome to cling to the ground, landing at home bury it at a depth of 6 to 12 cm. Long from the ground not sprout appears, hold the pot under the film to the inside it was warm and humid. At this time, care is required, just open the container every day for ventilation and make sure that the soil does not dry up. After the appearance of the escape you need to put the pot in place with temperatures from + 15⁰ to + 18⁰, where the maximum coverage is in the afternoon. Very suitable south-west window at home, only pre-need to close up the gap, so that the plant does not suffer from drafts.
If you purchased a bulb of a rare variety, read the instructions carefully. Perhaps they need to fit shallower or special care.
Care Calle home
These plants are accustomed to the conditions of the African swamps, so care Cullen in the home should be special. When the plant is actively growing, he needs a constantly moist soil. Not to walk every day with a watering can, set the indoor plants watering system. Blossom end, and a great need for liquid disappears, watering, only when the upper layer of soil dries.
Above-ground parts of the flower when grown, too, need moisture. If the home dry air, set next to a pot with a tray of wet pebbles. In warm weather, spray the leaves with an atomizer.
Calla alert you to weather changes better than the meteorologists with the precision instruments. When the leaves and bedspreads appear dewdrops - wait for rain.
Feed plants need special fertilizer for Cullen. During the period of growth and flowering requires more care, you need a flower to fertilize every 2 weeks. If you are using other drugs, choose a composition with a low content of nitrogen. From excess nitrates flower can become sick. If you notice that the edges of the leaves appear dry areas to completely eliminate nitrogen from fertilizing.
From pests Cullen in the home can attack aphids and spider mites. You can simply wash with soap and water the leaves, and if these measures do not help - treated bednet.
At high humidity flower sometimes affect fungal infection.
- Gray mold. On leaves and flowers appear gray patina. Bush to be treated with fungicides.
- Brown rot. Dry up the leaves and flower stalks. Stop watering, fill the ground hydrogel and treat plant fungicides.
- Bacterial rot. Darken the flower stalks and the base of the leaves. Gradually, the entire aerial part withers and turns yellow. The disease is almost impossible to treat, the affected items must be destroyed.
- Anthracnose. Appear on the leaves brown spots, which gradually increase and become red circle with a light center. Cut away the damaged parts and the whole flower treat with fungicides.
seed maturation weakens tuber plants. If you do not intend to harvest seed into the home, cut the stems when the veil starts to receive a green tint. After that, some varieties the leaves wither and fall off, and some are green. Usually keep the aerial part of calla lilies with a white blanket and throw colored green and immersed in a period of rest. At this time, the plant should be transplanted and bulb free of small children. When repotting remember that the tubers are poisonous. Do not allow children to them, and after work wash your hands thoroughly.
Naughty African calla lilies can bloom even in the home area on the windowsill of the far north, if the plant to provide proper care. Large shrubs need a lot of nutrients, do not forget time to feed and water the flower. Especially should be treated carefully to humidity: bog plant does not tolerate dry air and soil, but of excess water may be ill.
If the leaves do not fade on their own, some growers cut them and give the bulb to rest until the next growing season. Other fans of the indoor plants are grown for years calla home like evergreens. Can select that option, only carefully watch your pet. If you notice that, in spite of the good care, the plant has been oppressed, flowers - small, then do not torture him, cut the leaves and allow to rest.
At home, difficult to grow calla lilies for bouquets: each plant produces one flower. To collect a few songs for a wedding or anniversary, you need to make the pots all the window sills. Plant flowers for cutting help planting and cultivation in greenhouses or conservatories, and houses some beautiful vases decorate the interior will create a good mood and guests of the inhabitants of the dwelling. Do not try to buy the amount of the pot with 2-3 huge colorful petals create a cozy atmosphere, even in the gloomy room.
and it will soon be published.
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