- 1 Calculating the number of brick masonry
- 2 Online calculator for ordinary brick facing and
- 3 Calculator for building bricks
- 4 to work with a calculator Instructions
Calculating the number of brick masonry
Building calculator can help accurately calculate the need for brick, knowing the original data. Determination of the amount of material required is made based on the type of masonry and bricks. The calculations used or area of the walls and partitions or volume.
To avoid interruption of the process of the construction due to lack of brick and unwanted spending of funds for delivery of materials to buy more, better bring everything at once. Excess material significantly increase the cost of construction. Therefore, if you need to calculate the brick masonry, kalkulyatoronlayn on the construction site - the best modern tools for accurate calculation.
The principle of determining the flow rate based on the volume of brick walls
The methodology put determining the quotient of the total volume of the walls (corrected deducting openings for windows and doors) by the volume of one brick. The result is a need for its number of pieces of masonry.
In practice, the problem is solved with the passage of several stages:
- determining areas of internal walls and partitions, outer supporting walls differing thickness;
- calculation of the areas of window and door openings;
- subtracting the size of the openings values wall area;
- calculating the volume of their walls corrected by multiplying the area by the thickness;
- calculation brick masonry external, internal walls and partition walls dividing a volume per volume of a single brick.
The task is complicated by the fact that between the bricks are the seams, filled with a solution. They received standard thickness of 10 mm, but may be less if the brick is characterized perfect geometry. A few millimeters of mortar between the bricks within the building, growing up in a fairly impressive value, reducing consumption of bricks.
A simplified calculation is based on standard size single-brick "normal form" (1NF) - 250 x 120 x 65 mm (length, width, height). In a cubic meter of masonry of bricks placed exactly 512.82 pieces. Given seams (10 mm), the difference will be 118 bricks that the whole object is a mountain of waste material. Using the calculator online, buying excess building material will be removed.
Any party brick initially has a certain defect rate. Losses are inevitable during the loading, transport and unloading. This damage increases the calculated amount of 5 - 8%.
An example of calculating the required number of bricks per unit area
Project design floor house (ceiling height - 3 m) assumes its rectangular shape with 15 meters long and 8 meters wide. The initial data are also:
- Distances of the bearing walls - 22 m;
- partitions length - 26 m;
- number of doors in the outer walls - 2 pcs. (Size 1.3 x 2.15 m);
- the number of door openings in the inner walls - 4 pcs. (Size 1.25 x 2.1 m);
- number of windows - 7 (size of openings of 1.4 x 1.85 m);
- type masonry exterior walls - 2 bricks (double);
- internal bearing walls perform projected 1.5 brick (0.38 m);
- partitions thickness - 0.5 brick (0.12 m).
The calculations are reduced to the determination of:
Using the lookup table, the value is determined by how many bricks in 1 m2 of masonry:
. Based on the fact that for a unit area of the masonry in 2 bricks (with double brick) they must be 104 pieces, the nanaruzhnye wall of the building must be:
119.86 x 104 = 12466 pieces. double bricks.
For internal bearing walls 1,5 brick (brick bonder) requires 78 x 55.5 = 4329 pieces where 78 - average value showing how many sesquihydrate 1m2 masonry brick in thickness of 0.38 m..
For partitions in 0.5 brick material need 78 x 51 = 3978 units single brick.
Thus. single bricks will need to purchase 1.08 3978h = 4296 units, one and a half -.. 4329 x 1.08 = 4675 units, and double brick - 12466 x 1.08 = 13463 pieces - based on 8% of the waste from the battlefield and marriage.
Applying calculator brick masonry, its calculation amount is reduced only necessary to input the original data.
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Online calculator for ordinary brick facing and
measurement units - millimeters. Size (L * W * B), or appearance of bricks
Information on the purpose calculator
By irpichny online calculator is designed to calculate the amount of building and facing bricks for the house and the cap, as well as other related parameters and materials, such as the amount of masonry mortar, masonry grid and flexible connections. The same calculations can be taken into account the size of the gables, window and door openings the required number and size.
Irpich For a long time the most popular, common and familiar building material for the construction of durable and reliable constructions. This situation persists for a number of reasons, despite the emergence of new, modern and cheaper building materials. There are some of the most common types of brick for any construction needs:
- Samal - clay and various fillers
- Ceramic - (the most common), in baked clay
- Silicate - of sand and lime
- Hyperpressed - lime and cement
- Clinker - from special baked clay
- Refractory - (chamotte) from fireclay
By eramichesky brick (Clay) as directed divided into front, series and clinker. Brick series (zabutovochny) can have no ideal geometry and in most cases is used for rough masonry walls of houses, plinths, garages, which subsequently plastered, painted and protected facing materials and coatings. Its color is various shades of red.
About blitsovochny (Front) used for the erection of walls without any additional finish them later. There are also a variety of special types of brick facade, capable of withstanding high mechanical loads and adverse weather-resistant, and are commonly used for paving, construction of retaining all kinds of fences, stairs, walls.
To the linker has an ideal smooth surface, different shades of red and black colors and has a high density.
With ilikatny It is a lime-silicon artificial stone light color. Different silicate brick from ceramic that in the manufacturing process was not fired. It is quite hygroscopic, and therefore is not used for the construction of facilities that will be used in wet environments, such as the basement and basement.
T ak are not same silica brick used in the construction of furnaces, chimneys, the chimneys and foundations, as rather weak withstand external destructive load.
About gneuporny divided into several types and is used for construction of structures subjected to high temperatures, such as furnaces, fireplaces, chimneys and foundry. The most common is the fireclay brick, has a yellowish hue, made of special refractory clay (grog), and unlike the conventional clay can easily tolerate high temperatures (up to 1400 gr.), As well as multiple heating and cooling cycles without loss of strength.
By irpichi are full-bodied (void volume not exceeding 25%), hollow and porous-hollow. It is believed that the recesses and cavities in the material not only reduce the weight, but also greatly increase the overall strength of the masonry by increasing the contact area between the brick and masonry mortar.
W hen calculating the number of bricks required for papers typically use a rule called "format", in which the dimensions of the bricks is increased to 10 mm (the thickness of the seam is standard), i.e. is obtained: 260x130x75 mm.
D Alley is a complete list of calculations performed with a brief description of each item. If you do not find the answer to your question, you can contact us via the feedback.
Calculator for building bricks
Brick online calculator is used to calculate the amount of building and facing bricks and masonry mortar and masonry grid, needed for the construction of the house, garage, garden. In addition, the calculation takes into account the size of the gables of construction, windows, doors and other openings. to work with the calculator manual.
At work, pay special attention to the data insertion unit!
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to work with a calculator Instructions
Step 1: The calculator is designed to calculate the building and facing bricks of any kinds. To begin, select a brick size from the dropdown list. If the required size is not listed, specify its size by selecting the appropriate item. Be careful here: the length, width and height of the brick to ask about how the brick will lie in the masonry. Then write such construction parameters such as the height of the walls and the total length of the wall along the outer perimeter of the building.
Step 2: Then specify a method of laying bricks. From these data, the future depends directly on the thickness of the walls. This can be a design in half brick (wall thickness will be equal to the width of the bricks) in one brick (wall thickness will be equal to the length of the brick), 1.5 brick (wall thickness = length + width brick) and 2 bricks (wall thickness = 2 brick length). Choose a method of laying depending on the projected number of storeys of the building, the type of floors and other structural features.
Step 3: To obtain a more accurate calculation it is necessary to take into account the thickness of the masonry joint, consisting of a solution. Sometimes the thickness of the horizontal and vertical joints is different.
Step 4: To calculate the masonry grid you need to decide, after a number of rows you laid her. data on it, you can not make, leaving the point of the column "Ignore." Or count it, indicating that it is through the N-th number of rows.
Step 5: Weight brick - optional. But if you want to calculate the approximate weight of the finished walls and the load from the walls to the foundation, it is still desirable to specify it. Price - also optional. Specify it if you want to calculate the total cost of the brick.
Step 6: To take into account in the calculation of construction gables and windows, doors and additional openings - mark the appropriate boxes and specify the desired options in the list that appears.
Step 7: After filling in all the fields, click "Calculate". The obtained results, you can print or send via e-mail.
For convenience, the various construction elements are better considered separately. For example, external walls and partitions mezhkomnatye may vary in height, and the method of laying bricks. In this case, carry out two independent calculation.
Deciphering the calculation results
Despite the fact that there is now a large variety of new building materials, brick is the most popular, common and familiar building material for the construction of durable and reliable constructions.
Here is a list of the most common types of bricks for all construction needs:
ceramic brick (Clay), depending on the destination is divided into front, series and clinker. For ordinary brick (zabutovochnogo) allowed not ideal geometry, so it is mainly used for laying the blank walls of houses, basements, garages, which are then plastered, painted and protected by cladding coatings. Its color is also no mandatory requirements.
facing brick (Front) intended for the construction of walls without any additional coating them further. Front bricks capable of withstanding high mechanical stresses and adverse atmospheric influences, so it is generally used for paving, building sorts retaining fences, stairs, walls.
clinker brick characterized ideal smooth surface may have various shades of red and black colors and has a high density.
silicate brick It differs from the ceramic by the fact that in the manufacturing process it is not calcined. It is a lime-silicon artificial stone light color. He has a high water absorption and therefore the foundation and basement. Furthermore, it is not applicable in the construction of furnaces, chimneys, the chimneys and foundations, as not capable of withstanding the external loads destructive.
firebrick used for construction of structures that are subjected to high temperatures, such as furnaces, fireplaces, chimneys and foundry.
For reference: : The most common standard size bricks: 250-120-65 mm (Length - width - height), so-called first "normal form" (1NF).
Bricks are full-bodied (void volume not exceeding 25%), hollow and porous-hollow. In this case, recesses and voids in the material not only reduce the weight, but also greatly increase the overall strength of the masonry by increasing the adhesion area between the brick and masonry mortar.