- 1 Canna: planting and maintenance features
- 2 Features of cultivation of Cannes, the rules of storage and care
- 3 Cannes: how to care for and grow a flower
Canna: planting and maintenance features
Process kann planting in open ground
And the multitude of self-respecting gardener who are actively engaged in the cultivation on their plot of land a variety of colors, have eland. This is a very beautiful flowers, which have a large bright flowers.
Depending on how early planting canna carried out in the open ground flowering can last from early summer to the onset of the first frost.
flowering period depends on the variety. In order to please his flower blooms more than one year, it must be for a period of winter cold to dig out from the soil and store at a special temperature in a suitable place.
Care Cannes simple enough. In addition, this plant is resistant to diseases.
1. Site selection and soil preparation
In order to grow a flower fully, I enjoy their flowering is necessary to choose the right location for its landing. In the process of selecting a suitable soil must proceed because the plant loves the heat, and does not react to the cold.
Therefore it is better to choose the place where you constantly get sunlight. If there is insufficient sunlight foliage color will become pale, unnatural, in addition, the volume of the flower will be much less than when the heat is enough.
Flower must under sunlight about 6 hours. You can even conduct an experiment, that is to note the time on the clock.
Throughout 6:00 selected location must be illuminated by sunlight. It is also important that there were no drafts.
Cannes do not like the cold, so it is essential to select a suitable time period for their landing in the open ground. Most often it is the end of May, but if there is a risk of frost, it is best to wait a little bit with the landing.
Picking a place to land the plant is necessary to properly carry out the preparation of soil for planting itself.
Preparation involves the following stages:
- Digging area soil around the site of Cannes landing.
- Removing weeds rhizomes that may remain on the plant, previously growing on the site.
- Fertilizer using special organic or inorganic substances.
- Abundant watering.
2. Preparation of plants for planting in open ground
Once the location is chosen, and the soil is prepared for planting in the right way you need to prepare for planting the plant itself. For a start it is recommended to place a slight germination of the plants.
germination procedure is carried out as follows:
- Take the clean sawdust or peat, placed in a shallow large container and put in a room-temperature room.
- Moisten material prepared water.
- On the surface of the material is uniformly moistened to place the roots of Cannes.
- At least gradual drying sawdust or peat to hold their repeated wetting.
- Stand rooted to the appearance of the first sprouts.
- Clear the root system of the dry and damaged areas.
- The division of the root.
3. Procedure for planting in open ground
- Digging wells. The optimum depth of the wells is considered equal to the depth of 7 centimeters.
- Watering wells using clean water. The water temperature should be cold. It is best to use water at room temperature.
- Warming bottom wells. Carried out by means of laying on the bottom of the wells formed small layer of compost, manure or fertilizer. Manure will provide the desired amount of heat for proper growth and will also enrich the useful substances. special fertilizer can be used if necessary.
- A layer of compost or manure is necessary to sprinkle a small amount of soil and carry out the procedure again watering.
- Placed in the hole the root system of the plant, covered with earth. On top of the soil is not necessary to stamp, you can only press down lightly with his hands.
If planted in the ground is not one eland, but several, it is necessary to adhere to the distance between plants 30 to 70 centimeters. This is because the flower will grow gradually and soon reaches large volumes and need to adhere to the correct range, so they do not interfere with each other.
In addition, if you are very close to kannoy put smaller plant, it will not be able to fully develop and blossom, because it is constantly shadowed by a large flower.
From cultivation and planting Cannes depends on many things, but also a lot depends on so correctly, quality has been carried out taking care of plants when it happened cultivation.
In fact, the process of care kannoy not mean anything heavy or the abstruse.
Care includes such things:
- Regular moderate watering.
- Removing weeds growing next to a flower.
- Fertilizing of plants with the help of fertilizers.
- Systematic loosening the soil around the stem.
Uniform watering is very important as watering in small amounts leads to the fact that the plant is not enough moisture, and it just starts to dry up, and if the moisture above the norm, then there are fungal diseases, which can lead to complete destruction of the flower.
To grow large plant with bright colors and volume necessary to carry out periodic fertilizer into the soil where it grows eland. This is done during the growing season of the plant. It is best to use mineral fertilizers in liquid form.
It is clear that over time, the flowers wither, and the dried inflorescences need to pluck the time. This will keep the aesthetic appearance of the plant and prevent unnecessary waste of juice contained in the stalks, to maintain a faded flower.
As soon as the flower end of flowering period, you need to fill in a circle stem mound of earth. This procedure will prevent damage to the root of the neck during the onset of the first frost.
As you approach the first frost, you must first cover is not very dense layer of soil or sand.
After the first frost occurs small procedure Cannes digging and preparation for winter storage, which consists of the following stages:
- Digging Cannes. It occurs in dry weather. It should be as far as possible to withdraw from the stem and root sap evenly on all sides, so as to do no harm.
- The above-ground part of the flower stalk is cut and left at a height of about 20 centimeters.
- Roots with soil that has remained on the stem after the digging should be placed in a container with holes that provide air flow. Earth on the roots is important to leave, because it will help prevent drying out the roots.
- If there are several varieties need to hang on the stems of labels with inscriptions.
- The best place to store is considered to be a basement or other cool place.
- It is necessary to maintain the temperature at 10 ° C.
- humidity should be at 70-90%
Of course, it would be desirable not only to admire the beauty of Cannes flowering, but also multiply this beauty.
Reproduction of Cannes one of two ways, they are:
- Propagation using seeds.
- Propagation by division of the root system.
Grow cannas from seeds quite troublesome, but the result gives incredible pleasure, joy.
Growing plants from seeds need to be alert to the possibility that the end result may differ significantly from the parameters of the varieties of which was to take planting material. Only a small number of flowers grown from seed may correspond to the parent variety.
Seed size is large enough, in addition, they have a sufficiently strong shell and brown. In order to give more seeds first sprout, you must carry out their germination. We need to scarify shell.
This is done as follows:
- Soak planting material in cold water and let stand for 2 hours.
- Take the seeds out of cold water, put them in boiling water.
- During the 4:00 to sustain material on a warm place.
In order to achieve flowering in Cannes as soon as possible it is necessary to seeding in prepared boxes with soil in February. Instead of the usual soil is best to use a mixture of humus, peat and sand. Thus it is necessary to maintain the proportion of 1: 1: 1. Doing this, it is better at a temperature equal to 22-23 ° C.
If done correctly, the first sprouts appear within a month. When the stem 2 is formed of high-grade sheet, it is possible to start seating plants in separate containers and put on the shelf greenhouses or the room where the air temperature is 16 ° C. Where the flowers will stand before their planting should be enough light.
If there will be a lack of light, the seedlings will be drawn up. This will lead to the fact that the seedlings will be very thin and fragile. When the weather gets warmer, you can transplant the seedlings outside.
2. Reproduction kann by dividing root system
The division of rhizomes - is the most popular, easy way to color reproduction. By dividing the roots of the procedure necessary to start when the eland were recovered from the spot where they were stored in the winter and carried out the procedure which resulted in the sprouting shoots appeared.
The division carried out in such a way that each of the separated parts must be 2 full buds, but if it is possible and can be a little bit more. The division is conducted using a sharp knife, which is desirable before the procedure to process any suitable antibacterial agent.
In addition, it is necessary to process the formed sections:
- Prepare a weak solution of potassium permanganate and treat them slices.
- Sprinkle the treated area with ash wood.
- Gently dry the slices.
In order to promote the growth of each of the parts necessary to place the roots in a warm room on a flat surface to hold their regular spraying with warm water. If the roots are young enough, you can hide them on top of a thin layer of earth or sand.
Cannes can be attributed to the category of plants that are not susceptible to pests and diseases.
But in the process of plant growth following negative aspects can be observed:
- The appearance on the surface of plant leaves white spots, which will eventually become black.
- Blackening of buds.
- Abscission of buds.
This is due to the fact that the plants are infected with a bacterial disease caused by excessive watering. When the state of neglect of the infected plants may lead to its complete destruction.
It is important not to abuse the watering, as this will lead to the development of bacteriosis, for the removal of which will have to spend quite a lot of time.
Often on the leaf surface butterflies lay their cocoons, which will eventually become the tracks, and then begin to hurt the flower. In order to get rid of these pests is necessary to carry out processing by means of special funds, better known as insecticides.
The root system damaged by such pests as nemadody. To save the plant and get rid of this type of pest is necessary to conduct appropriate tillage. You can use special preparations.
To grow beautiful canna should:
- To choose the right place to land. This should be a place with plenty of sunshine and lack of drafts.
- A qualitative landing.
- To provide the necessary conditions of care in order to grow large plant with bright and large flowers.
Features of cultivation of Cannes, the rules of storage and care
Hard to find the words to describe the emotions and feelings that you experience at the sight of these fascinating beauty of flowers. Proper cultivation of Cannes: planting, timely care of it - it will allow everyone to enjoy the stunning views and continuous flowering.
Canna - monoculture, that is the only member of the family Konov (Cannaceae)... Under natural conditions it grows in South and Central America, China, Indonesia, India.
The flower has fine erect stems which grow in height in some varieties to 3 m. Leaves lanceolate or oblong, rather large, can grow to a length of 80 cm and width 25 cm.
Its splendor reveals eland at flowering. The main color of its blossoms - red, although breeders managed to bring varieties of yellow, white, orange, pink and even bi-colored petals - speckled or border. The flowers are grown to 8 cm, are bisexual, asymmetrically arranged on the flower direction and arranged in the inflorescence - broom or brush.
Deficiencies in flower only two: not tolerate in our winter outdoors and has no odor. Among its advantages are the following growers:
- very rarely gets sick;
- It is growing rapidly;
- easy cultivation;
- easy maintenance;
- decorates the land their flowering until late autumn.
If the buds were pollinated by insects, they have time to ripen large brown seeds. They can be used for breeding.
Flower cultivation comes from seeds or rhizomes, divided in the fall. Sprouting tubers in the home or growing plants from seed is a mandatory procedure for our climate.
The best time for sowing is the end of January or beginning of February.
Cultivation canna similar method is more suitable for breeding because the obtained seedlings from seed in most cases do not retain varietal and species peculiarities.
To germinate the seeds well, they should destroy the strong shell. You can use one of these methods:
- pour over boiling water;
- hold for 3-4 hours in a thermos with warm water;
- for 2-3 hours put into the snow or 1 hour in a freezer;
- destroy the mechanical action.
If you ignore this procedure, the germination of seeds deteriorate and seedling emergence is delayed.
Then the seeds are soaked for 24 hours in growth stimulator and then planted in a container of soil before sowing which the temperature should not be below 22 ºC. They are sealed to a depth of 7-10 mm, watered, covered with film (glass). The first shoots will appear in about a month. When they grow 3-4 leaves, they dive (seated) of individual pots in which flowers are before planting in open ground.
After picking young seedlings placed in a room where the temperature does not exceed 16-18 ºC.
Flower Growing from the roots is the most simple and reliable way. In late March or early April, laid on the storage roots are cleaned from the ground, dried up removed parts. Dividing by the number of passes tuber buds. When finding near their kidneys 2 should remain together.
The resulting sections should be treated manganese solution, diluted in a ratio of 0.2 g of manganese powder in 1 liter of water. For the same purpose can take wood ash. Processing is carried out to prevent contamination of tubers fungal infections.
Divided rhizomes planted in shallow prepared potting soil consisting of sand, peat and humus, taken in equal parts. The first leaves appear quickly - in 2-3 weeks. After germination flower is removed to a cool but sufficiently lighted place at a temperature 16-18 ºC. These conditions are necessary to the young plant can not be withdrawn. Caring for them is timely watering and maintaining the right temperature.
If the spring is supposed landing of Cannes in the open ground, in the middle of April, it should get and prepare for it to new conditions. To do this, every day in sunny weather it is necessary to make the fresh air.
Planting is carried out after the frost. Flower prefers sunny portion protected from drafts, with light fertile soil. Before landing in the hole is placed drainage, consisting of the following components:
Such a "cushion" will warm the roots, stimulate the rapid growth and flowering canna. To put it can after intensive watering hole. Planting Depth - 20-25 cm spacing bushes planted -. about half a meter. From planting time until the beginning of flowering usually takes up to 2 months.
Further care is watering, hoeing the soil, weed control and fertilizing.
Care involves the introduction of feeding three times a day during the season. Every 10 days when watering flower placed under each pellet manganese (or diluted in water in an amount of 2 g per 10 liters of water). It is necessary to stimulate flowering.
Best modes considered mineral fertilizers (containing nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus) and organic.
Their introduction is carried out root method: fertilizer granules after watering scattered around the bushes, and the soil is friable. Before flowering at an interval of 2 weeks is possible to feed a chicken droppings, diluted in water 1:10.
Water the plant regularly, but sparingly. Abundant watering needs a flower just before blooming.
Pouring eland, do not overdo it. Oversupply moisture provoke development of bacterial and fungal diseases.
Care includes storing a decorative kind eland. To do this, it should be cut regularly withered flowers.
Cultivation canna possible and at home - it is diluted as the Pot (kadochnoe) plant. That she felt well and grew in the winter, it is important to know some of the features of its cultivation in the home.
To flower grown at home, it is sufficient to dig out of the ground and put in a pot for houseplants diameter of not less than 50 cm, pre-watering of garden soil insecticide. This procedure is necessary in order to avoid resettlement in the premises of insects.
Caring for the plant at home is even easier than in the flower garden. It is not necessary to spray, remove weeds and loosen the soil. Enough to put in a lit room, watered and fed fertilizers. Eland room only 2 months is in a resting period, and all the rest of their beauty pleases.
Proper and timely care at home will keep the beauty of Cannes even after flowering.
Indoor flowering canna after a while needs a rest. It is necessary to reduce the daily watering, and then completely stop it. Then the leaves are cut off, and the pot with the plant is put in a cool place, wherein the temperature is at least 10 ºC. In the spring the roots are removed from the soil, divide, and sit in pots or open ground.
If eland growing in the garden after flowering, it also does not need abundant watering. He is gradually reduced and then stopped. As soon begin the first frost, cut stems, and rhizomes with soil dug.
Nutrients are located in the rootstock only after cooling. If you dig the flowers until frost, the roots will not receive the necessary reserve for wintering substances.
Before laying the canna rhizomes for storage should be dry in the shade for 2-3 days. It is better to decompose under a canopy or in a shed.
Save to spring the plant in two ways:
If the first option, it is necessary to prepare the soil before digging was selected: Mix equal amounts of peat, sand and sawdust. After removal of rhizomes from the ground and dry, they are stacked in a container, pour soil and lightly moistened if necessary. Best storage temperature is considered + 8-10 ºC.
The entire period of storage of tubers should be viewed. Rotten parts are cut, sprinkled with charcoal, cinnamon or ash.
In a second embodiment, the storage can be stored at the flowers to spring and enjoy their views of the winter at home. The main thing - it is necessary to have time to dig them up to the frost. Care at this time is a little different. Cannes should be placed in a bright place, fed and watered.
If storage are laid at the same time several varieties of canna, each rhizome is recommended to attach a label with his name. This technique will help with spring planting to create a unique composition, taking into account the characteristics of each variety.
To grow a flower, it is important to create conditions similar to the native. In the summer this heat and moisture abundance, winter - moderate watering and coolness. Reward florist for the timid and the right care and patience will be healthy and strong plant species, abundant flowering.
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Cannes: how to care for and grow a flower
Seeing once this tropical perennial, every grower wants him to move into his garden. No wonder that the Cannes attract the eye variegated leaves and bright lush colors. Compared to other plants, they seem to be giants, as favorable conditions are extended to two and a half meters. Even in retirement are not choosy. Only their whim - intolerance to cold. What is love and what is the role of Cannes in landscape design, try to understand.
Where such exotica grows, there is always the effect of the color show. He created thanks to the colorful spectrum of wax-coated leaves from emerald green to blue, burgundy and bronze, as well as magnificent blood-red, yellow, orange inflorescences. The plant is unpretentious, easy to tolerate drought, blooms from late June until the first frost, rarely sick. Another advantage - widely ramified rhizome Cannes accumulates reserves of nutrients.
Culture is home to tropical and subtropical America, the Caribbean, India and China. Direct tall stalks, elliptical leaves 80 cm long and 30 cm wide, asymmetric flowers are large plants like the Portuguese sailors who brought him, and in the XV century in Europe.
If you look at a flower, you can find similarities with banana, irises, gladioli, and even an orchid. Canna is not a hybrid, and belongs to a single genus, which charges about fifty species. Deficiencies in the tropical little guest: no flavor at flowering and weak frost. But such small nuances - is no obstacle to get a unique culture.
Procured coveted sprout growers immediately puzzled: where and how to plant cannas. But everything is simple. When choosing a landing site is sufficient to take into account features of a tropical climate and a poor cold resistance of plants. He will be comfortable in the open, sunny area. A tall varieties (shoots up to 90 cm are considered undersized) need protection from wind and drafts - strong gusts can break succulent stems. For such instances in the future may need garden supports. At home, these herbaceous perennials chosen raw clearings along the fields and ponds. In our latitudes, they fit well-lit place and loosening. In the shade they also take root, but the flowers will delight unlikely.
Gangnam is not finicky plants, special conditions is not necessary. The rapid growth and flowering they provide a moist, rich in organic matter and drainage, loose soil. But if this could not be found, the seedling will get accustomed to any permeable ground. Experienced gardeners, OPEC culture, stimulate its growth. We managed to collect the most useful advice:
- before boarding a deeply dug up the flower beds need to make humus (approximately 4 - 5 kg per square meter);
- of equal parts coarse sand, leaf and peat lands to make a special blend of culture;
- loosen ground to 40 cm and mixed with the compost layer of about 7 cm to moisture retention after planting necessarily zamulchirovat.;
- Alternatively, you can prepare for the "hot pad" roots: the bottom 70 cm of deepening pour more than 15 cm of manure and top generously sprinkle the ground.
In order not to lose time, when you can plant flowers in an open ground, no need to rush. If the culture survive the sharp temperature drop, it zasyadet long delay in growth and budding, and in the worst case inflorescences did not appear. And for reduced escape is fraught with sensitivities to various diseases. Some growers believe the second half of May the ideal period. But in fact, solve all weather conditions. Planting kann occurs in the spring after the frost in the prepared beds. There is an opinion that this is necessary to plant perennial overnight with cucumbers, as they have many common requirements.
Sprouted bulbs dipped to a depth of 10 - 15 cm, and those that did not have time to put roots are planted no deeper than 9 cm distance between instances define particular varieties.. For undersized species often utilize an 40 x 40 cm or 40 x 60 cm, and for the tall -. 70 x 70 cm As an exception in small areas permitted density of 30 x 30 cm technology that determines how to put eland, it depends on the way. their reproduction. To this topic we shall return.
How to properly care for Cannes in the open field
For growth and timely flowering of culture requires certain conditions: heat, regular watering, loosening the soil and weeding. If all this is to ensure that one and a half - two months after planting, will appear the first buds. Unfortunately, they are short-lived. The abundance of flowers wilted activates the truncation of buds per spike.
Since the planting to flowering bush need moderately watered. Young seedlings appropriate first ten days after planting in open ground watering solution of potassium permanganate.
Invalid surplus moisture. To this end, when the plant flower eland, watching a sufficient amount of drainage in the substrate and loosen his time. The wet environment are actively developing various fungi that can harm Gangnam. Infected stems are cut without sparing. The plant will grow poorly in the parched soil. Herbaceous perennial evaporates moisture, releasing dew on the leaves.
During flowering watering increases, and with the arrival of cold weather in the autumn, is reduced. When cannes ottsvetut cease altogether. Water for irrigation should be warm. It is better to advance to dial into the bucket and let it settle.
Cannes in planting and care in the open field is not troublesome. They need fertilizing during the growing period of not more than three times. It is better to be performed immediately after planting, when the ovary and inflorescence during flowering. To this mixed nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus fertilizer in a ratio of 12:10:25 g and scatter them around the bush after rain or watering. To the granules is highly soluble, loosen the soil. The first feeding can be done only nitrogen fertilizer, and the next - phosphorus-potassium, or every time to reduce the amount of nitrogen. For flower is useful to alternate mineral and organic fertilizers. As an organic chicken manure diluted with water, manure domestic fowl.
Start with Cannes cleaning and winter storage is necessary in the early autumn. When cold, flower carefully hilling to keep from freezing.
Autumn frost to heat-loving tropical guest murderous. Its leaves immediately turn black and become lifeless. Stems shear of 20 - 25 cm from the ground, and the tuber with roots carefully dug.
Knowing how to care for Cannes in the winter, you will be able to safely keep her roots until spring. Important conditions in which they will wait heat. To do this, florists advised several alternatives:
- roots dug place in a plastic bag and at least ground water spray drying;
- Lay earthy tubers, not allowing them to come into contact, in a box with peat moss (you can substitute peat or perlite);
- pour the roots in the box damp sand or sawdust (conifers do not fit).
In all cases, in the basement, where you define the eland, the air temperature must not exceed 13 ° C and fall below 7 ° C. Preferably, a well-ventilated room with diffuse light, keep the humidity level corresponds earthen coma 50%. From time to time inspect the tubers. If the counterfoils see rot, cut off the affected area to live and treat survivors with iodine edge.
Some florists, for lack of a cellar, store canna until the spring on the balcony. In the autumn, after excavation, rhizomes, carefully freed from the ground, can be washed with a potassium permanganate solution, thoroughly dried and stored by wrapping each separate flap in the paper, in the refrigerator. Others, to avoid trouble with roots, planted them in a pot and keep in the apartment.
To propagate a culture in two ways: to grow the seed or divide the rhizome.
It is used rarely, since the process is labor intensive and time consuming. Before planting seeds eland, for softening the hard shell they are treated with boiling water and kept warm for more than five hours. Also, the shell breaks down under the influence of cold. In this case, the grains are placed in the refrigerator for one hour - the two. After the procedure, can be planted. The best period is February. Prepared seeds buried in the fluffy and warm (up to 23 ° C) ground. During the multiplication of Cannes, so the first shoots appear not earlier than three weeks. All this time, with the "beds" box should be in the penumbra. Top box can be covered with glass or film, creating a greenhouse effect. When young shoots appear 3 - 4 leaf, they are seated in separate containers and maintained at a temperature of 15 ° C. In the second half of May, the seedlings can be relocated in the open ground. The disadvantage of this method is poor saving varietal characteristics.
Method of dividing the root system
This method is simple and convenient. In the spring, making sure that the rhizomes Cannes no rot, they can be divided for propagation. For this powerful selected tubers.
Cut them with a sharp knife, leaving a one-point increase on each cut pieces. The edges of the cuts treated wood ashes or potassium permanganate solution (0.2 g in 1 l water). For reliability delenki placed in pots with warm sand, watered and put in a room. Very good use for such a purpose transparent plastic boxes with lids. They will quickly show the first roots. Flowering Gangnam ensure cultivation under greenhouse conditions of young shoots. Before the appearance of the leaves on them should not rush to planting culture in the open field. In this manner, enjoyed by most gardeners, adding to their beds with new sprouts every three years. If you have spent the winter flower in the pot before the articulation of his roots shake and leave for a day to lie down.
Canna leaves occasionally may lose its decorative effect due to the fault of caterpillars, slugs, spider mites, snails. In the fight with them are proven insecticides.
Different fungi, bacteria, viruses, hitting bushes, make themselves known pronounced rusty, yellow or black spots. Risk are all part of the plant. Spoiled leaves and the buds break off and burn, saving the neighboring bushes. In order to prevent the scourge them watered with a solution of manganese. Rust treated fungicidal sprays. Also they can be used as a prophylactic measure. The cause of disease is in the excess of moisture.
The roots of tropical Guests love eating nematodes. Moribund specimens discarded. A soil around treated with special means for preventing that a wide range is on sale.
This flower is perfectly gets on a bed with other cultures. Moreover, in conjunction with them to create a magnificent contrasts. The flowerbed Cannes look with almost all plants. The main thing - especially when considering landing growth and maintenance.
In landscape design perennials used as tall hedges frame the garden paths or create a contrast against the green lawn. In the flower garden eland never be superfluous. Its decorative designers often disguise any unattractive places in the garden. Very impressive look eland near a pond, by the way, these conditions are similar to those in which their ancestors grew.
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