Heat-resistant tile adhesive, fire and metal
Heat-resistant adhesive is a very popular building products, widely used for many works: ceramic tile, stone, marble, glass plates, insulating materials, etc. There is a huge range of his... It is used not only for bonding, but also for sealing, for example, bath cabins. Applying it to the surface can be carried out in various ways. Apply the necessary amount of glue or pointwise or continuous layer.
The main components of dry glue - cement-sand mixture, as well as synthetic and mineral additives, which give the composition of elasticity, heat resistance, high strength. In addition, they protect the masonry surface from cracking. A heat-resistant adhesive can be used for masonry and facing works at temperatures from -10 to +35 degrees C. After curing, it has a good adhesion, frost resistance and fire resistance (up to 1200 degrees Celsius).
Glue for work on laying the tile is mainly used for tiling in places with regular significant temperature changes. This heat resisting adhesive is applied for lining chimneys, stoves, fireplaces, barbecue grills, fireplaces. It is also used for laying bricks, facing fireplaces and furnaces with natural and artificial stone, ceramic tiles. Very often used when working with floors having a display.
Select the necessary material for the construction work - a great art. To prevent unnecessary loss of money, time and effort, it is necessary not only well-versed in the quality of the product, but also have the necessary knowledge for its use. Choosing a heat-resistant adhesive, you must specify the maximum temperature that can withstand this kind of product, but also pay attention to where it is supposed to use it. Think also about the materials that will stick together, about their composition. Heat-resistant adhesive should dry quickly, you need to be sufficiently flexible. We must bear in mind its degree of adhesion: the higher it is, the better. High-quality heat-resistant tile adhesive must withstand temperatures of up to one hundred and twenty degrees. It is clear that the harmful substance is released during drying the product in the air, so you need to remember about the selected glue toxicity. In addition, such a product will be used at high temperatures. It is best to stay on the glue with minimal toxicity. The next stage of your choice should be the characteristics of water resistance. Adhesive ability to provide exactly this feature. Experimenting with the heating of the surface following the expiration of forty-eight hours after complete drying of the product.
The fireplace in the house is the epitome of comfort, comfort, beauty, elegance. For its construction, as a rule, used brick, and a mixture of glue. The choice of material for the masonry fireplace stove - quite an important stage. Savings can sometimes lead to unpleasant consequences. Qualitative Adhesive fire - resistant composition, which has the following characteristics:
- flexibility, which helps to preserve the masonry structure;
- fire resistance;
- It is composed of a binder fiber material.
These qualities allow the use of a heat-resistant adhesive for tiling, as well as for mounting plaster mesh and the outer stone processing. Galvanized plaster mesh is attached with nails to the surface, and the top is tightened composition. The result is a rather smooth and stable surface.
Heat-resistant adhesive for stoves and fireplaces can withstand fairly large temperature differences.
Adhesive for metal - heat resistant unique adhesive composition having high durability. He is not only the composition but also the method of application. It can be point of application and the solid, the whole surface area. Good metal resistant adhesive can withstand temperatures up to four degrees. When you select should pay attention to the time it dries, and the number of allocation of toxic substances that are uniquely important.
The metal surface is usually sufficiently different radicals contaminated paint, oils or corrosion. Get rid of possible mechanical and chemical means.
Mechanical restoration - cleaning the surface by abrasion (abrasion) exposure, for example by using sandpaper, sandblasting or shot blasting installation or a simple metal brush. The use of such type of processing not only cleans the surface, but also makes it more rough, thereby increasing the surface area of adhesive interaction with the metal, and accordingly, the bonding strength.
chemical treatment - effect on the cleaned metal surface with a solution of alkali, acid or a special composition for the cleaning and rust removal. Purification in this manner is more rapid, less expensive, and also due to the formation on the metal surface is chemically resistant layer significantly increases the strength and durability of the adhesive bond.
Working with glue requires compliance with safety regulations, as it contains cement that can irritate the skin. In case of contact in the mouth, nose or eyes must immediately rinsed with water. When working with heat-resistant glue to dry as it should be to protect the respiratory system from dust respirator.
- The use of glue
- Use for:
The most universal means to interconnect the various adhesive materials considered. The process of sticking between the surfaces of the bodies occurs at the expense of adhesion. The industry produces many kinds of adhesive, which differ in purpose, composition. So, the basic types of adhesives are considered drying, non-drying, thermoplastic, thermosetting and heat-resistant. The latter type is characterized by an excellent indicator of adhesive exposure while cooling to a temperature below the polymer conditional zero. In addition, a heat-resistant adhesive protects all its properties even after prolonged heating at high temperatures. This is its main characteristic - Stable resistance to thermal shock.
Thermal adhesive made from various kinds of metals, silicon, organic boron compounds. It can be used to work with graphite, metals, heat-resistant plastics. Heat-resistant adhesive for a metal can distinguish its popularity and ease of use. Plastic manufacturers offer heat-resistant water-resistant adhesive that does not have delamination and increased strength. Found wide application and heat-resistant adhesive for glass. Therefore we can say that this type of glue is used in almost all spheres of industry.
In the home and industrial applications it is often necessary to apply for the installation of a special material, which would be characterized by resistance to various types of external and natural influences. The main such means is considered to be a heat-resistant adhesive, because of its chemical and physical parameters, it is widely used for assembly work by installing floor heating, finishing steam rooms, fireplaces, saunas, stoves. Components of adhesive components can for a long time stably make influence from temperature fluctuations, while maintaining their original mechanical strength. For better performance in adhesive production using special organic and artificial elements that create the joint interaction of durable material.
Often for the production of heat-resistant adhesive use special fillers and refractory clay. Due to the presence of the chemical composition is achieved reliable fixation of the materials, their endurance to high temperature conditions. In the process of applying the adhesive does not need to worry about that stuff later finishing time will fall off or be displaced. Manufacturers for this type of product offer a guarantee of more than 10 years, but glued products using heat-resistant adhesive can last for much longer.
The main areas of use of glue.
Basically it bought at painting and decorating heat-resistant adhesive for stoves and fireplaces. Though at present almost everywhere the house supplied with gas, but many people prefer the old finish, made with registration of stoves and fireplaces. Besides this, ovens and fireplaces will be able to perform not only as decoration, but they can be used for its intended purpose. Therefore, for the design of such a design requires finishing works, installation of which no special glue is impossible. This will help the heat-resistant adhesive, after using it do not have to worry about then that the fire fueling something of decorative elements fall off.
Process final drying and solidification of the adhesive is very fast, but the effect of maximum strength material glued withstand recommended during the day.
The properties of heat-resistant adhesive:
- Used for further processing, it can be painted.
- Maximum resistance temperature of not less than 800 degrees.
- Display surfaces bond strength of 1.2 MPa.
- It is produced in white, in the process of applying the color does not change.
Table. Norms of physico-mechanical properties of the heat-resistant adhesive, which he must comply
The adhesive has excellent adhesion thanks to ingredients - polymer. In applying the heat-resistant adhesive for plastic, one must also take into account that he glues the material should likewise be thermally stable, since the adhesive performs exceptionally gluing function rather than protective. Therefore protect from simple plastic deformation can not at high temperatures.
By means of a heat-resistant adhesive can be connected to almost all kinds of materials, regardless of their structure. For example, this adhesive is suitable for bonding of the metallic elements in the decor, as well as for the bonding of bricks, wood, concrete, painted surface. Regardless of the type of surface it will be the same level of adhesion. The only condition to work with heat-resistant glue is considered to be pre-glued surface preparation material, namely its thorough removal of foreign elements. After application of the adhesive is possible to perform priming, but this is often not necessary.
Modern finishing works are based on the installation of underfloor heating, thanks to which, regardless of the weather conditions in the house will always be warm and cozy. For installation work in this case and use a heat-resistant adhesive. In addition, he will need for the finishing works in the toilet and bathroom. Heat-resistant adhesive, its characteristics, increases the heat transfer surfaces by 17%, which is important in matters of energy efficiency.
Indispensable active type adhesive and when working with rubber, glass, metal. The only thing that will need a pre-read before you buy it with the possible modification of the embodiment, since the adhesive has a lot of options for release. It can be used immediately after opening the package. The material is a kind of thickened paste, so during the work process is easier, since the adhesive will not spread along the bonding surface. Before the application of the surface to be cleaned, clean it, degrease, and then connect the parts of the material and firmly press them.
Previously lining of furnaces and fireplaces, other heating surfaces was performed using the prepared solution of the clay. This is due to the fact that in itself a material such as clay in comparison with the cement is characterized by a high rate of thermal expansion similar to bricks, however, with the possible cooling / heating furnace, a solution prepared from clay, it does not crack. Because of these properties, and clay nowadays in great demand in the finishing of the heating surface, its replaced by a more modern material - heat-resistant adhesive. He is practical, convenient, and clay is problematic enough to do the job, because you need to find the right concentration to be able to make the solution of a special technology, in violation of at least one item of technology solution quality is lost. Therefore, the clay finishes more suitable for experienced craftsmen, but the simple novice masters indispensable option would be a heat-resistant adhesive.
Heat-resistant adhesive has a lot of variations in their composition, as a rule, is made ready-made for use. It is very easy to finish, has a high thermal characteristics, so in no way inferior clay. A heat-resistant adhesive for finishing tiles in its composition has a sand-cement mixtures, in which plasticizers are added, various synthetic additives to promote increased tack and resistance to temperature. In addition, the adhesive is very plastic, protects the surface from deformation during thermal expansion.
Before the start of high-quality masonry stoves, fireplaces, other finishing works primarily have to choose reliable material and, of course, very adhesive mixture. Therefore preliminary it is necessary to define the upcoming work view, to explore the availability of types of glue, which would be characterized resistance to high temperature and comply with all technical norms and standards. It will also need to know the size of the planned finish area, adhesive properties of the material, select external or internal execution of works.
All kinds of heat-resistant adhesives are resistant not only to differences in temperature, but also have a water-repellent effect. Therefore, they can be used in areas where high humidity (bathrooms, toilets, kitchens). You do not need to worry that their chemical composition adhesive further harm to health. Even at high temperatures and with heating the adhesive does not emit fumes that are very important in the course of its operation.
Through the use of special equipment, scientists were able to create a unique painting material. He is particularly strong and it turns out in the laboratory. Surprisingly for the moment in order to bond almost all types of material surfaces using a special substance. In composition, it is an adhesive which is applied to a particular film, retaining all of its properties and functional characteristics.
Currently it produces a large number of industrial products, producing paints and varnishes, which are necessary to make the surface look. Thermochromic ink is one such product. It is used to create interesting souvenirs and household items. it is also very necessary for the manufacture of dishes for children, as it gives information on whether the food is hot.
Heat-resistant adhesive for metal - types, costs and tips on choosing
There are several ways to bond metal parts with each other, but they all have a number of drawbacks. For example, thermal effect causes the material to overheat and violation of the integrity of its structure, which in some cases reduces the durability of the "contact". In addition, not all metals can be joined using a certain type of welding. The use of rivets and "weakens" the treatment area, and the time required is much greater.
About half a century ago, a new way to secure the metal compounds, called "cold welding". This technology involves the use of special adhesives, and is characterized by simplicity and affordability.
- It does not require special skills and equipment.
- In operation do not change the properties of metals at the joint.
- The load on the foundation is evenly distributed.
- Fully sealed "seam".
- For the bonding of metals (alloys) are no restrictions on their types.
- This work can be done almost anywhere.
- There is no need to expose additional seam "finishing" treatment (leveling, grinding), as, for example, after the electric or gas welding.
- The minimum time to process the operation.
- In addition, a significant advantage is the ability to reliably bonding metal compounds with other materials, which can not be implemented (or very difficult) in other ways.
Pricing is mainly dependent on the manufacturer and the characteristics of the particular composition. The range is so big that list all types of metal adhesives does not make sense. To get an idea of the cost of production, with just a few examples.
"Super grip" - the domestic structure of an epoxy-based tubes in 50 + '50 can be used for bonding various materials. However, the time for complete drying - 36 hours. Price - 45 rubles.
"Spike" - is equally well suited for non-ferrous, and ferrous metals. Often used for the repair of cast iron radiators, various tanks and pipes. 50 g of such a "plasticine" cost about 30 rubles.
What guided the choice of
In the market you can find lots of different formulations designed for bonding metals. Including, and heat-resistant. Good adhesive or not - is another question. The final conclusion can be drawn only after practical use, making the experience.
In this regard, it should be noted that it is necessary with some caution relate to compositions, which is positioned as a universal. From the point of view of the author, with the same success can be advertised and "perpetual motion." Nothing is absolutely perfect in every respect does not exist in principle, and it is a fact.
Perhaps this is indeed characterized by excellent adhesive properties and can be used with success in different types of work. Still, some limitations exist, which is not to say aloud. Therefore, knowing exactly what we buy, we should read carefully not only the instructions for use, but also to the composition of products (used during the manufacture of the components).
The maximum temperature at which the adhesive does not lose its properties. The refinement of this indicator should take into account such things. Firstly, the conditions under which it will be operated by the resulting "assembly". Secondly, whether the details of the processing is expected after bonding. If so, in what way and to what extent it is thus warmed up?
Time and drying conditions. It all depends on the specific place of work. With this in mind, whether the composition is right for us, even if it is good in all other respects?
deposition process. Manufacturers recommend a variety of methods of bonding. Some compositions are applied to the "point", in other place bonding is processed completely. Clearly, in the latter case, the material consumption is much greater.
bonding technology. They may be different. For example, the method of thermal activation. You need to evaluate, easy to be part of use, taking into account the specifics of the application.
Resistance to liquids, corrosive substances. This is particularly important for items that will be installed in some mechanisms or outdoors.
From what materials can be bonded metal. If the instructions given to the huge list of them, it is worth remembering about the problem of "universality" of any product. Therefore, it is desirable to acquire glue "narrowly focused", for example, metal + plastic. That is to choose the composition of a specific task.
Recommendations over details, but it is necessary to take into account a number of points.
- If the label says "cold welding", it does not mean that the composition is suitable for metals. This technology can be stapled products and other materials - porcelain, ceramics, wood, and so on.
- Taking into account some specific use of such adhesives, do not buy them with the stock. Basically, the shelf life is limited to one year.
- People who have not previously faced with "cold welding", make a typical mistake - focus on the manufacturer's brand. That there is advertising, to explain is already unnecessary. The best way to find out about the really high-quality adhesives for metals - turn to professional practitioners.
You can talk to, such as auto-service employees. These guys are daily dealing with "iron", certainly sometimes engaged and gluing of parts. And since they are not involved in the "manufacturer - buyer" chain, their opinion can be regarded as the most objective and impartial. By the way, many Russian adhesives have a good reputation and no worse than their foreign counterparts, and they are much cheaper.
Using glue for metal, we can not forget that the strength of such a connection is still worse than when welding. If the item is subsequently subjected to dynamic loads, no part of the joint will not provide durability, whatever the claimed advertising.