When to plant tulip bulbs in the fall

Planting tulips in autumn: the terms, rules, recommendations

Tulips one of the first to open the Spring Ball on garden plots and urban flowerbeds. After flowering, the bulbs need to dig and to provide them with proper storage. At this time, launch new flowers. Planting tulips in autumn begins a new phase of their lives: they give roots and freeze to show its splendor with the arrival of a new spring.

Planting tulips in autumn carried out on flat areas, hollows and slopes of them will not work. They are very fond of moisture, and in Holland during the growing season is artificially maintained a high level of groundwater. But during the winter and melting snow tender bulbs in waterlogged soils may rot or vymerznut. The location should be sunny and protected from the winds. Tulips and reconciled with the shadow, but the magnitude of buds and their colors will be more modest.

These bulbous like a light sandy loam, rich in humus ground. The soil reaction should be neutral or slightly alkaline. In the acidic medium is formed defective bulbs buds incapable of flowering.

Fertilizers are made for 1-2 months before the date when the planned planting tulips. In the autumn when digging laid well decomposed humus or fertilizer.

At one place can grow tulips are not more than 4 years. Good precursors for them - cucurbits, beans, dahlia, marigold, wild strawberry. Worst - plants of the family Solanaceae and bulbous.

Sorting and planting tulips

In the fall of bulbs are inspected for damage and disease. Worthless specimens discarded, healthy material is sorted by size. Different varieties bloom at different times, so each of them is decomposed in a bag or container.

On the flower beds and ridges are large bulbs, and small landing on the beds for the further development and a set of weight.

Immediately before planting material is soaked in the "Maksime9raquo; or potassium permanganate solution. planting depth is 3 bulbs height, and the distance between the plants -. 15-20 cm With the onset of cold ridge mulch.

Planting the bulbs should be in such a way that they could well take root before the onset of cold weather. Do tulips it may take 3-4 weeks. Best rooting takes place at a high soil moisture content and air temperature +4. 6 C. The times vary from late September to mid-October, depending on the terrain and weather conditions.

How important it is to comply with the terms of planting tulips in the fall? If the bulbs planted too early, they can not only take root, but also have time to germinate. In winter, there is great risk of freezing tender young shoots.

With late planting tulips do not have time to give the roots in spring they bloom later and produce small bulbs.

Not all can be calculated in advance. Sometimes sending with rare varieties comes too late, when the time of planting tulips already happened in the fall. Situations are different: A not planted tulips, there was a grand sale of flowers and so on. How to deal with these bulbs?

Firstly, the strong items can be left in the distillation. But this does not fit all sorts, and to such an event, the bulbs are prepared in advance.

Second, you can take the risk to plant tulips in the winter. They should be sunk with no less than 20 cm and cover bulbs ordinary garden soil. Place planting should be well zamulchirovat crop residues and cover with foil. To bulbs not vyprevayut, the film should be removed in early spring.

When best to plant tulips?

Tulips - a symbol of spring, one of the first flowers that can be seen in the garden area. They are bulbous plants, so their growing number of distinguishing features. Like most bulbs, tulips recommended to be planted in the fall, this is due to the fact that in the winter the plant will store the nutrients needed for healthy growth and flowering in early spring. Gardeners often wonder when to plant tulips. Date of planting depends on the climatic characteristics of the region, as well as a number of other factors.

Features of the autumn planting tulips

In the wild tulips grow on rocky and sandy areas, in the crevices of the rocks in the arid steppes and semi-deserts. Under such conditions, plants have adapted to bloom in early spring, when the air is still quite cool and fresh. With the advent of the scorching summer sun, stems wither and die off, and the bulb continues to live his life, gaining strength for flowering next year.

Correctly calculating when to plant tulips, gardeners do not have problems with their cultivation. Considering that the landing of the bulbs can be carried out, since the second half of September and ending October, should pay attention to some points.

Optimum soil temperature for planting tulips - from +7 ° C to +9 ° C, when the warmer weather conditions in chive will increase (appear green shoots), that on the eve of the winter is extremely undesirable. Sprouted bulb is more susceptible to frost and much worse root. Sometimes pre-winter planting practiced at lower soil temperatures. In this case, it should be noted that in the late Bedding plants worse than root, and with the advent of spring markedly stunted. To bulbs less affected by the cold, to warm a bed covered with materials: spruce branches, straw, dry leaves.

When to plant tulips, depending on the climatic characteristics of the region? Below are the data that can be guided, planning planting date:

  • from 5 to 25 September inclusive - it is recommended to work landing the residents of the northern regions;
  • from 15 September to 7 October inclusive - in the central part of Russia;
  • from 1 October to 15 November - residents of the southern regions.

Preparation of tulip bulbs and selection of places in the area

How to plant tulips in the fall, whether pre-treatment of planting material required? Before planting the bulbs carefully inspect and discarded all the small, sick and rotten. To prevent fungal diseases and parasiticides bulbs treated with a solution of low concentration of potassium permanganate (hue should turn light pink). Immediately prior to planting in soil they can be further processed in a growth factor.

Considering that in the wild tulips growing in arid areas, a place for a bed should pick appropriate. It should be well lit, but at the same time protected from drafts and cold wind. It should not be planted tulips on the north side of the house.

Well, if the flower is a bit on the hill, so the plants do not suffer from the stagnation of water in the soil. Tulips prefer loose earth and nutritional, so making mineral or organic fertilizer before planting. However, the important thing is not to overdo it, excess nutrients will not benefit. Experienced growers dig site, adding fertilizer for a few weeks before the planned landing. As a dressing, you can use wood ash or purchase a complex structure designed specifically for bulbous plants. If the soil is too hard, add humus in the amount of one 10-liter capacity per 1 m ridge.

Many gardeners are wondering how to plant tulips in the winter? To begin to outline a plan for future flower beds and determine which will be planted or another variety. In regions with moderately warm climate ridge height should be at least 12 cm, so the soil will warm up faster. The wells or grooves are dug to a depth of 18-20 cm, which spread on the bottom of the calcined river sand (sufficient layer of 2 cm). If the soil is heavy, it is possible to plant the bulbs above. Furthermore, professionals recommend determine planting depth based on the size of the bulb, it is smaller than, the higher should be located. When landing tulips necessary to observe the distance from 5 to 15 cm, depending on the size and grade of bulbs. Onion lightly pressed into the soil and then sprinkle the ground.

What else you need to know the gardener, how to plant tulips in the fall? After landing work with tulips flower bed covered with a layer of mulch. In northern use peat or humus (2 cm), they will protect the bulb from cold. In the southern part of the country is recommended to sprinkle the ground polupereprevshey leaves or rice husk, it will protect the soil from drying out and overheating in especially hot days. If autumn was arid, then on the tenth day after planting a flower bed a little watered.

Learning how to plant tulips in the fall, it is necessary to consider the way of planting bulbs in special baskets. The advantages of this are obvious landing - a basket provide a reliable protection against rodents and save time gardener, because when grown this way is much easier to carry out excavation work with seed material.

The landing of the basket is performed in the same manner as in the open ground. At the bottom of the substrate layer is poured, sand, and then placed bulbs. Next, put in the basket at the site excavated pit and covered with earth. After flowering basket of tulips can be quickly dig up the bulbs to sort and prepare them for the next season.

Sometimes circumstances do not allow the gardener to plant tulip bulbs in the fall. When to plant tulips in the spring time and how to do it? It is known that the specimens planted in the spring, bloom a little later, but, following a set of rules, you can significantly speed up the process.

Before planting, the seed was placed in 12 hours in a refrigerator, on the shelf, where the temperature is kept at + 3-5 ° C. The next day, the bulb is etched with a solution of potassium permanganate, slightly dried and planted in open ground. The best time for planting - the 20th of March, even if the expected frost, the bulbs can be planted in a container, and in April, carefully transplanted with a lump of land on the prepared flower bed.

Video how to plant tulips in the fall

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Tulips: when to plant the bulbs in the ground in the fall?

After the winter monotony look greedily clinging to the first green in the flowerbeds. As if on purpose to please those tired of the cold people, nature has created a bright and elegant decoration spring flower beds - tulips. Their colorful buds like a flipped the calendar page, which indicates the year riot of colors. But take care of such beauty would have long before the first warm days during the autumn fading. The theme of today's conversation - Planting tulips in autumn, when and how to plant flower so that the result was the occasion for a well-deserved pride.

photo from http://vogorode.com site

Why do we plant tulips in the fall?

Novice gardeners often make the mistake of believing that the natural time for planting this perennial is a spring. Obviously confused churning mass appearing in retail bulbs. To land in the spring, you also get the seedlings and flowering, but believe me, the result will be much to lose to those for whom it is axiomatic planting tulips in the fall to the ground.

The reason for such an algorithm action becomes quite clear, if you think about the natural life cycle characteristic of wild plants:

  • Early spring is formed by the aerial part, and it is for this part of the cycle of tulips got a well-deserved international recognition. Large, tender buds soloist on the background has not yet awakened landscapes.
  • As soon as the sun's rays are gaining strength and bring with them the heat, delicate petals soon wither, the leaves wither, and the bulb becomes the only living part.
  • When the temperature starts to fall, and the whole nature prepares for the winter period, bulbs, on the contrary, wake up and begin to form a root system, through which the stockpile nutrients for subsequent growth.

photo from http://barmani.ru/ site

Thus, planting tulips in the fall ensures that after heating the ground, they will be transferred immediately to the formation of the aerial part. This means that the flower ball at the site will begin as soon as weather conditions permit.

A reasonable question, but why dig up the bulbs if natural vegetative cycle that does not involve? On the one hand, yes, a perennial plant, and you can often hear from truckers that in the spring tulips beautifully ascended without much fuss in the past year. Believe me, this is a temporary situation, and without complying with the rules of care with the result of each year will be worse due to the following factors:

  • Leaving the plant in open ground, you expose his contact with the infection, the effects of excessive humidity and temperature changes, resulting in replacement bulb is formed low.
  • Digging tubers, you control the quality of planting material, small or culling the affected instances. This prevents the transmission of infection through the soil to healthy bulbs.
  • If you do not withdraw the tubers, many formed around the daughter bulbs leads to degeneration and degeneration of grades.
  • Annual procedure allows to form the desired thickness and shape of the finished beds, unlike chaotic natural growth.
  • Ability to self-reproduction favorite varieties of saving the cost of buying the planting material.

photo from http://vremena-goda.su/ site

As you can see, planting tulips in the fall before winter fully justified, and worth the time and effort. In addition, it frees up time during the spring garden hassle, and in April you will remember with gratitude of his hard work.

Tulips: when to plant bulbs in the fall

In order to fully rooting occurred, and in the spring the plant was ready to grow is necessary to observe a number of conditions. Of course, not everything is in our hands, and the weather can present various surprises, but in general, you should focus on the following aspects:

  • Optimum soil temperature at which the root begins to form, is in the range from 6 to 9⁰S at depth measurement 10 cm. A certain deviation of this parameter is not critical, and will still increase, but the root system will be weaker.
  • Rooting process takes about four weeks, and therefore it is desirable that during this period the soil is not frozen. Otherwise, shoots and blossoms are late and weak.
  • If zero temperature will last much longer period of establishment, there is a risk that the tubers sprout, which will soon freeze.

photo from http://yagodka2012.blogspot.com/ site

If the soil temperature to determine quite realistic, to accurately predict the weather for the next month can not afford even the Hydrometeorological Center. Therefore, like it or not, it is necessary to determine the timing of planting tulips in the fall based on average climatic parameters for a specific region:

  • The landing of tulips in the fall: the timing for the suburbs. In central Russia the most suitable weather is typical of the period from the last week of September to mid-October. Plan to work on those terms, if the weather will not make its own changes. Stable steady-night temperature + 3⁰S - a signal to the fact that postponing work on impractical.
  • The harsh conditions of Siberia is not a hindrance for growing beautiful flowers, just the time constraints are slightly shifted. The first frosts the inhabitants of this region are met before the others, so the landing tubers already starts in the last week of August. If the set is zero temperatures, it is permissible to carry out the work until the middle of September.
  • Planting tulips fall in Ural directly connected with the direct site location. Middle Urals better to complete it before the twentieth of September, and in the South, you can count on suitable weather conditions until the second decade of October.
  • Climatic features of the Kuban allow postpone all activities planting bulbs on the second or third decade of October, without fear for their safety.

photo from http://gotonature.ru/ site

But what if you miss the deadline, when the tulips planted in the fall, in what month to land? If there is time until the beginning of winter, gardeners are advised to still not postpone it until spring, and immediately after the excavation of land covered with dry leaves, pine needles or straw, and if the first snowfalls are the slim - náměstí snow on a flower bed by hand.

How to plant tulips in the fall: preparing soil

The significance of this step is not necessary to clarify, and if you grow flowers is not the first year, that's nothing new for themselves, most likely, will not open. But for those who do not consider themselves ace floriculture, say all the key points still needed.

To start preparing the ground for the best couple of weeks the estimated time of landing events. Tulips like a loose, fertile, well-fertilized soil with sufficient sunlight. Select a suitable site on the basis of floral preferences:

  • Digging up the ground to a depth of about 20 cm is easier to do it in moist soil, so if there was no rain for a long time -. A couple of days good pour selected locations.
  • If the soil is very dense, heavy, it makes sense to add to pit sand, before you plant tulips in the fall, as the land around bulbs compacted under the influence of melt water. And thanks to the sand tender young roots will be easier to grow in the loose environment.
  • Properly smooth out portion, as the dimples and recesses will drain the water, and after freeze ice with a high probability of damage plant.

photo from domcome.com site

  • The sun's rays are vital to these colors, because without them, the stems will elongate, thinner slender rows with large buds you will not get.
  • Blown leave the place better than other green pets. Fragile thin stalk easily damaged by wind.
  • If you decide to grow tulips, planting in the fall, landing time and care it can be wiped out by ignoring the chemical properties of the soil. This flower prefers alkaline environment, so that the introduction of the ash directly into the hole not only fertilize, but also the ground limp.
  • Superficial shallow water table is not desirable, since the roots of which reach half a meter in length, will rot and spoil the rest of the plant. If you are familiar with the problem - choose sites on the dais.
  • Pipette organic or inorganic fertilizers - well suited compost, dolomite powder, potassium nitrate, or wood ash.

photo from gardening3.ru site

How to plant tulips in the fall?

Regardless of what you aim at - even floral carpet or small islands, compliance with the rules will provide perfect, smooth and large flowers. Do not confuse an extensive list of all the items in it are very simple and will not cause difficulties even for novice gardeners:

  • Select the quality planting material. Immediately after digging bulbs sort affected by rot, seed large and medium items, and soak them in a 0.5% (slightly pink) solution of potassium permanganate as an antiseptic treatment. Deciding when to plant tulips in the fall, remove the bulb from storage and process their growth stimulants, if you wish.

photo from http://kiev.kv.besplatka.ua/ site

  • When deciding how deep to plant tulips in the fall, should focus on the bulb size. The golden rule is considered that the depth should be three times the height of the tuber. Of course, the accuracy of you, no one needs, and if the size of a large planting material or medium, the depth of planting tulips in the fall will be about 15 cm.
  • In terms of botany and aesthetics of future beds, large bulbs should be placed in the center, and small - on the periphery. Thus high large flowers will not overshadow the minor from the sun and admiring glances.

photo from http://mapio.net/ site

  • The distance between the colors have to be taken into account, so that the roots do not compete for nutrients and moisture. Larger bulbs must be separated from each other by 10 cm, and small at 6. For uniform carpet drop them in a staggered manner, and note that to 1 100 m2 need bulbs. If you prefer a symmetrical rows, the row spacing should be 20-25 cm.
  • Make notes on the boundaries between the different varieties and colors - so it will be convenient to extract them from the ground, without fear that they messed up. In addition, different varieties differ in terms of flowering, and look after the flower bed will be easier if they are well delineated.
  • The hole bulbs place without indentation, so as not to damage them. But it definitely sure that under them do not form air pockets.
  • After the wells are covered with earth, you need to very carefully smooth the surface, so it does not subsided after the rain, forming a cavity with stagnant water.
  • If you get dry weather, 10 days later pour their future flowers, and in the rainy autumn will make it for you nature.

Special lattice basket greatly facilitate the work. Dig up the plant can be safely damage the bulb or to mix plants of different varieties. But even such a convenient device does not negate the knowledge how to plant tulips in the fall.

photo from http://moidachi.ru/ site

In this issue it is important not only when, but what to feed so carefully cultivated plants. Based on this, pay attention to them in the following points:

  • As autumn feeding ammonium nitrate works well, especially if after planting site will immediately nestled;
  • First shoots, before the sheet forming appreciated respond to nitrogen fertilizer, realizing itself in a strong green mass;
  • Two of these sheets formed - a signal for making the complex fertilizer;
  • Period tying mass flowering buds and require high concentrations of phosphorus and potassium in the soil.

photo from sadogorodsad.ru site

Now you know exactly when and how to plant tulips in the fall, and will be able to confidently apply the useful information in practice. A delightful view of a portion spring flower-inspired for further achievements!

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