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- 2 The best works of Faberge (15 photos)
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- 3 Foreign Faberge collection (Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, USA)
Faberge eggs (pictured): luxury is time
Faberge eggs - a term which has already become a household name. This jewelry, which are valued far above their true value. Faberge eggs - it works by the great Russian masters of Faberge, which became known due to the fact that Easter eggs made for the imperial family. Each of his works in its own interest, they are all executed with professional precision and accuracy and impress with their unprecedented beauty.
Photo 1 - Faberge Egg "Hen Kelekh"
Carl was born in 1846 in St. Petersburg in a family of German and Danish. The boy followed his father, who owned a jewelry shop in the city. In 1870, Karl led his father's firm, and in 1882 Emperor Alexander III of, seeing the wizard at an exhibition in Moscow, became interested in the inimitable art of Faberge. In 1885, Emperor Charles ordered a jewelry egg that gave his wife for the holiday of the Great Easter.
Photo 2 - Faberge Egg "Mosaic"
Later imperial family every year to book with a new unique Faberge egg, the design of which was kept secret until the moment of delivery. Although other Faberge were impressive, it is the master jeweler eggs brought him worldwide fame, he even received the title of "Master of the Guild of Goldsmiths of Paris" in France. In 1920, the great master dies in Switzerland, where he emigrated after the revolution in Russia.
Photo 3 - Faberge Egg "Bay Tree"
The first Faberge egg for Maria Feodorovna - wife of Alexander III was the size of 6.5 to 3.5 cm egg was covered with white enamel, gold held in the middle of the strip -. Line at which the egg is opened. Within the article was another egg of gold - a kind of yolk, and in it was a golden hen. Inside the chicken was a ruby crown with a ruby pendant.
Photo 4 - Faberge Egg "Hen"
The design of the eggs was not the idea of Karl - was a prototype of the product. In XVIII century some jewelers produced eggs with surprise, made on the principle of dolls, with chicken inside, which was a crown, the crown and the inside - the ring.
Continued Easter tradition
Each year the emperor went on to give his wife on Easter egg by Faberge. Production of gifts involved not only a great master - work on each egg led team of craftsmen and apprentices under the guidance of Faberge. After the emperor's death, his son Nicholas II continued the tradition. He gave jewelry eggs like his mother, and his wife, Alexandra. Only 54 eggs were made for the imperial family.
Photo 5 - Faberge Egg "Blue Serpent Clock Egg»
Not only for the Emperor Faberge created a similar product. Another 17 eggs were purchased by individuals, almost all of them copied the imperial instances. But before the mass production of jeweler eggs is not reached - Faberge valued his exceptional work, all the eggs were made to order for wealthy families.
Each Faberge egg is a unique piece of jewelry. For example, "Egg rotating thumbnail", offered to a Empress Alexandra her husband was made from mountain crystal, and inside rotated 12 miniatures with scenery and memorable places for the emperor.
Photo 7 - Faberge Egg "Egg with rotating thumbnail"
Imperial "Winter" egg made of diamonds, opals and crystal with a basket anemones inside.
Photo 8 - Faberge Egg "Winter"
"St. George" Egg Nicholas II ordered in 1915, when he was awarded the "Order of St. George." The egg was a gift for the emperor's mother, and inside was a picture of Nicholas.
Photo 9 - Faberge Egg "St. George"
Egg "Memory of Azov" green heliotrope with diamonds concealed in itself a model of the frigate made of gold.
Photo 10 - Faberge Egg "Memory of Azov"
Unusual egg "Coronation" with the imperial carriage within striking precision production - spinning wheels of the carriage, opened the door.
Photo 11 - Faberge egg "Coronation"
Egg "Kremlin" - the largest of Faberge, made in the form of a music box.
Photo 12 - Faberge Egg "Kremlin"
Pink egg "Lilies" keeps a photograph of Nicholas II and his two daughters.
Photo 13 - Faberge egg "Lilies of the Valley
The most famous of neimperatorskih eggs - "Rothschild egg".
Photo 14 - Faberge Egg "Egg Rothschild"
Its existence became known only in 2007, before the product was stored in the Rothschild family. Egg represents clock inlaid with precious stone cock inside that sings every hour and flaps its wings.
Photo 15 - Faberge Egg "Equestrian monument of Alexander III»
Faberge Easter eggs today
Not all Fabergé survived to this day - now you can enjoy all 62 eggs, out of which emperor - 46. The missing items were lost during the revolution. Until 1930, eggs were considered Russian cultural heritage, preserved in the Kremlin. The authorities then sold the work, customers began to Armand Hammer, Bertie Forbes, Emmanuel Vartsky.
Photo 16 - Egg Faberezhe "Yacht Standart"
In 2004, Viktor Vekselberg bought the Forbes from his 15 jewelry eggs, returning their way home. In 2011, Russian businessman Vekselberg even tried to buy back the brand Faberge, but to no avail. Now the brand is owned by Brian Gilbertson - South African businessman.
Photo 17 - Faberge Egg "Renaissance"
View on Faberge eggs can be in the Armory, the Museum named after A. Fersman, in the Russian National Museum, to fund an exhibition titled "The Link of Times". Many of the pieces are in private collections - in Russia, the USA, England, Monaco.
Photo 18 - Faberge Egg "Gatchina Palace"
Regardless of their location works great jeweler valued many times higher than their real value. Carl Faberge made a significant contribution to the development of the cultural heritage of Russia. Ensure a fantastic skill Faberge you can with the help of the proposed video.
The best works of Faberge (15 photos)
May 30, 1846 in the Russian Empire was born one of the most renowned jewelers of the world, Peter Carl Faberge Gustavovich. Most of all, he became famous for his series of "Faberge Egg". It was created between 1885 and 1917. for the Russian imperial family and private buyers. Best known for the creation of 71 copies, of which 52 are imperial.
In 1882, at the National Art and Industry Exhibition in Moscow products his company attracted the attention of the Emperor Alexander III. Peter Carl received the patronage of the royal family and the title of "His Imperial Majesty's goldsmith and jeweler of the Imperial Hermitage." In addition, the company famous for Faberge in Europe. Many relatives of the imperial family in the UK, Denmark, Greece and Bulgaria received the product for free. In 1900 in Paris, Faberge got the title of "Master of the Guild of Goldsmiths of Paris", and he was awarded the Order of the Legion of Honor.
"Coronation", 1897. Copy Imperial carriage when crowning Nicholas II. Jeweler - Michael Perkhin, Georg Stein. The most famous of eggs. (The Victor Vekselberg "Link of Times")
"Renaissance", 1894. Jeweler - Michael Perkhin. Agate. Used type of casket Le Roy 17 in. Are stored in the "Green Vault" in Dresden, the home of Faberge. Surprise is unknown, there is speculation that it was a crystal egg "Resurrection". (The Victor Vekselberg "Link of Times")
"Blue snake egg-clock", 1895. Egg-clock, made in the tradition of Sevres porcelain. Fixed snake is an arrow. (Collection Prince Albert II)
"Hen Kelekh" 1898. Repeats the iconography of the first emperor "Chicken" eggs. Inside - a chicken. (Collection Vekselberga)
"Pansy", 1899. It made of jade. Inside the "easel" with medallions in the form of opening hearts - a family tree with portraits. (Cleveland Museum of Art)
"Gatchina Palace", 1901. Image of the main country residence of the Empress Dowager. It can not be removed. (Walters Art Museum)
"Rothschild egg". Michael Perkhin master. On the front side there are miniature clocks, surprise - rooster automatic precious stones inside the egg. He spreads its wings, flaps them four times, then three times bowing his head, opens its beak and sings. This is repeated every hour; duration of the "performance" - 15 seconds. Thereafter concert bell clock beats punches. (Russian National Museum)
"Egg bars and roses", 1907. Jeweler - Henry Wigstrom. Surprise is lost, presumably, it was a medallion with a portrait of the Tsarevich Alexei. (Walters Art Museum)
"Alexander Palace", 1908. It made of jade. Jeweler - Henry Wigstrom. Surprise - a model of the Alexander Palace in Tsarskoye Selo. On the egg depicts five portraits daughters. (Shakko / Wikimedia)
"Yacht Standart", 1909. The image of the emperor yacht Alexander III (Shakko / Wikimedia)
"Equestrian monument of Alexander III», 1910. Inside the model of the monument to the Emperor by Paolo Trubetskoy. (Shakko / Wikimedia)
Part of the egg, "Bay Tree", 1911. Also known as the "Orange Tree". Inside - a clockwork bird. (Collection Vekselberga)
"Catherine the Great", 1914. Also known as "grisaille" or "Pink Cameo". Cyurpriz lost - miniature stretcher with a model of the Empress Catherine the inside. (Hillwood Museum)
"Mosaic", 1914. Surprise - cameo with children profiles. Anna Pihl is a designer, jeweler - Albert Hallstrom. Last egg prewar time. (Collection Queen Elizabeth II)
"Constellation of blue prince", 1917. Not done, not given. Precious stones is not only blue glass and crystal stand. Engraving - the position of stars in the sky at the time of the birth of Alexei. Watches and diamond stars have disappeared or have been made. It was found in 2001 in the collections of the Mineralogical Museum, where, apparently, fell due to lack of raw material value. According to Alexander Nikolayevich Ivanov, authentic (and finished) the egg belonged to him, and is in display in the museum of Faberge in Baden-Baden, Germany. However, there are some obvious differences with the exhibits kept in the Mineralogical Museum Fersmana. Unlike exhibit Fersmana Museum, egg, located at the Museum Faberge, is a sphere of blue glass, diamond encrusted with rotating dial and a clockwork mechanism inside, on which is engraved lion constellation by which born Prince Alexis. The pedestal for the sphere is made of a single piece of rock crystal, located on a jade base. (Shakko / Wikimedia)
it is necessary to buy himself soon Easter
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Foreign Faberge collection (Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, USA)
The museum, founded in the thirties of the last century, the famous American banker William Walters and his son, is a world-class gallery. It exhibits works by Raphael, El Greco, Monet, and also includes such artifacts as the Quran 15th century, art of the Roman Empire, Ancient Egypt, Medieval weapons and armor.
Photo 1 - Walters Art Museum in Baltimore
However, the most famous exhibits gallery Walters are two masterpieces of imperial Easter eggs Faberge.
The first in the collection of Faberge Easter Egg - "Gatchina Palace."
Photo 2 - Easter Egg "Gatchina Palace"
This egg made in 1901 leading jeweler firm Michael Perkhin of gold, enamel, pearls, crystal and diamonds. Meant as an Easter gift to the emperor Nicholas II to his mother - the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna.
Photo 3 - Portrait of Empress Maria Fyodorovna
Surprise eggs are brilliant miniature replica of the summer residence of Maria Feodorovna - Gatchina Palace near St. Petersburg.
Photo 4 - Surprise egg
The second egg, the master of the company of Henry Vigstrema dates back to 1907. This "Egg bars and roses"
Photo 5 - Easter egg with bars and roses
Emperor Nicholas II gave it to his august wife Alexandra in commemoration of the third anniversary of the birth of Tsarevich Alexei.
Photo 6 - Emperor Nicholas II's family
Golden egg covered with pale green enamel and decorated with a diamond lattice. Rosebuds with emerald - green leaves are covered with a matte light and dark pink enamel.
The top and bottom of the egg decorated with large diamonds. the inscription "1907" at the bottom is visible. It is assumed that the top was a diamond monogram.
Photo 7 - fragments of eggs
According to archival research surprise eggs was a diamond medallion with a portrait of the Tsarevich Alexei, executed in watercolor on ivory. Currently, the surprise is lost.
How are Faberge eggs
* Video taken from the site of the museum of Faberge in St. Petersburg http://fabergemuseum.ru
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