- 1 7 little-known facts about the Faberge eggs
- 1.1 1. The first egg was made in 1885 by the order of Alexander III
- 1.2 3. All Faberge eggs have a surprise
- 1.3 4. The Bolsheviks underestimated the Faberge eggs, and thereby saved them
- 1.4 5. The fate of several eggs is unknown
- 1.5 6. One of the Imperial eggs bought buyer of scrap of precious metals for 8000 pounds
- 1.6 7. Queen Elizabeth II owns three imperial Faberge eggs
- 2 Faberge eggs. How much is a Fabergé egg? Faberge eggs - Exhibition
- 3 The best works of Faberge (15 photos)
- 126.96.36.199 9 photo stories, which will change your view of the world
- 188.8.131.52 Bodrov, Choi, Nikulin photos, which depicted the Soviet celebrity during feasts
- 184.108.40.206 The first photographs of nudes in the USSR: the photographer rimantas dichavičius
- 220.127.116.11 The beautiful actress, who had to play the "moths"
- 18.104.22.168 From a poor emigrant to the legend: "My name Vigie. I have the greatest photographers in the world ... "
- 22.214.171.124 The first photographs of nudes in the USSR: the photographer rimantas dichavičius
7 little-known facts about the Faberge eggs
Faberge is today, perhaps one of the most famous jewelry brands. And all thanks to the precious eggs, which were issued this jewelry house for the Russian imperial family. Today these works of art are a great rarity, enveloped in mystery, and their value comes to tens of millions of dollars. In our review of the little-known facts about the world's most famous eggs.
1. The first egg was made in 1885 by the order of Alexander III
The tradition to paint Easter eggs existed since ancient times in Russia. He followed her and the royal family. But in 1885, King Alexander III of, without knowing it, this tradition somewhat transformed. Having decided to surprise his wife, the Empress Maria Feodorovna, he gave her a special gift - an egg with a secret.
It was a precious egg, covered with white enamel, across which was a golden streak. It opened, and inside was a golden "egg yolk." In it, in turn, sat a golden chicken inside which were ruby crown and suspension. Empress of such a gift has come to a complete delight.
Actually Faberge not himself invented this Easter matryoshka. As planned by Alexander III of, easter egg with a secret should have been a free interpretation of the eggs produced at the beginning of the XVIII century, 3 copies of which are known today.
They are: the castle Rosenborg (Copenhagen); in the Kunsthistorisches Museum (Vienna) and in private collections (previously - in the art gallery "Green Vault", Dresden). In all these instances chicken eggs hidden, revealing that, you may find the crown, and in it - the ring. It is believed that the emperor wanted to please her husband a surprise that would remind her familiar product from the Danish royal treasury.
3. All Faberge eggs have a surprise
The Empress was so fascinated by the gift that Fabergé made the egg immediately turned to the court jeweler and received a life order. He had to produce an egg every year. The condition was only one thing - the egg should contain some kind of surprise. That it should be done in a single copy, not even discussed.
Since Alexander III on every Easter touted his new wife a precious egg. He continued the tradition of the son of Alexander III, Nicolas II, who in the Easter holidays gave precious eggs of his mother and wife.
Each Faberge egg was hidden a tiny miracle: a miniature replica of the royal crown, ruby pendant, mechanical swan, elephant, gold mini-replica of the palace, 11 tiny portrait on the easel, model ship, the exact working copy of the royal carriage, etc ..
4. The Bolsheviks underestimated the Faberge eggs, and thereby saved them
After the October Revolution the Bolsheviks were trying to replenish the treasury "of the communist state in the world's first" sold out Russia's artistic treasures. They looted the church sold the paintings of the old masters of the "Hermitage" museum and took up the crown, tiaras, necklaces and Faberge eggs belonging to the Emperor's family.
In 1925, a catalog of the imperial court of values (crown wedding crowns, scepter, orb, tiaras, necklaces and other jewelry, including the famous Faberge eggs) were sent to all foreign representatives in the USSR. Part of the Diamond Fund was sold to the English antiquarian Hormanu Weiss.
In 1928, seven of the Diamond Fund "low-value" Faberge eggs, and another 45 items were seized.
However, thanks to this unflattering for the creator of jewelry masterpieces assessment, Faberge eggs were saved from melting.
Thus preserving one of the most incredible creations of Fabergé - egg "Peacock". Inside masterpiece of crystal and gold was enameled peacock. And this bird was mechanical - when it was filmed with a golden branch, the peacock raised his tail like a real bird, and even able to walk.
5. The fate of several eggs is unknown
Finding a few Imperial eggs is not known. For example, the mystery of the fate of eggs fanned-travel bag, created in the workshop of Faberge in 1889.
The last time the egg was allegedly seen in a London shop in 1949. According to rumors it was sold for $ 1,250 to the unknown.
6. One of the Imperial eggs bought buyer of scrap of precious metals for 8000 pounds
One of the lost imperial Easter eggs have been found quite surprisingly. It is an egg that belonged to Empress Maria Feodorovna, and then disappeared without a trace more than 90 years, was purchased at a flea market in the US buyer-precious scrap.
Last time it saw Faberge in 1922 in Moscow. Egg, made of gold and decorated with diamonds and sapphires, a height of 8.2 cm, was confiscated by the Bolsheviks. His fate remained unknown for a long time, until in 1964 a unique piece of jewelry did not go under the hammer at a New York auction called "gold watch in the shape of an egg" - 2 450 dollars.
American, bought a golden egg for 8,000 pounds ($ 14,000) could not know its true value. For several years, he tried to sell the egg, keeping it in his kitchen. Tired of unsuccessful attempts, he tried to find out something about the manufacturer and typed in a search engine's internal clock engraved name. So he came across an article Kieran McCarthy, director of "Vartski" royal jewelry house (Wartski). He called McCarthy, and then came to London with a photo of your purchase.
Expert immediately recognized them one of the eggs created by the famous jeweler to the Russian imperial family members.
"Probably similar feelings experienced Indiana Jones when he found the Lost Ark" - so described his emotsiizhurnalistam head of jewelry at home.
7. Queen Elizabeth II owns three imperial Faberge eggs
In the collection of the British royal family has three imperial Easter egg Faberge "Colonnade", "Flower Basket" and "Mosaic". Flower basket - the most famous masterpiece in this trio. Miniature nosegay incredibly realistic!
British collection of Fabergé is one of the largest in the world. In addition to the legendary eggs, it has several hundred masterpieces of jewelry: jewelry boxes, frames, figurines of animals and personal ornaments members of the royal houses of Russia, the UK and Denmark. Despite the size of the British collection, it is only a small part of the 200,000 jewelry, Faberge jewelry house issued.
Faberge eggs. How much is a Fabergé egg? Faberge eggs - Exhibition
Luxury, splendor and magnificence - the words that can accompany the talk of Faberge eggs. Amazing collection created by renowned jewelers for the imperial court, is now known all over the world. History of Faberge eggs, numbering more than 100 years, is shrouded in mystery, and contains a lot of facts, secrets and mysteries.
Carl Faberge was born in 1846 in St. Petersburg. At a young age, he moved with his family to Germany, where he found his calling. He received lessons of jewelry with the most famous masters of Germany, England and France. At the age of 26 years Faberge returned to his homeland, where he married and began working in the family jewelry firm. While his company is engaged in the restoration of various exhibits from the Hermitage. Karl planned to expand his company's activities and decided on the production of original jewelry. In 1882 he made cufflinks commissioned by Alexander III, as well three years later - and the first egg that has made him famous all over the world. In 1918, fearing arrest, the wizard escaped from Russia, first to Riga, then to Germany. Great jeweler was unable to recover from the turmoil that he had to endure, and in 1920, died of heart disease.
How did the famous collection?
Collection of Faberge eggs began with the establishment in 1885 of the first model. In those days, it was decided to present expensive gift in the day of Christ's resurrection. And, of course, did the rulers of the Russian Empire to their spouses royal gifts. Ordered first job was Alexander III as a present for Easter wife, Maria Feodorovna. Contractor work was Carl Fabergé, known at the time the Petersburg jeweler of German origin. Charming egg yolk with gold, which was hidden inside the chicken with ruby crown Empress accounted for the shower, and was left at Faberge yard as court jeweler. Since then, the masters make new egg with a surprise every year. After the death of Alexander III kept the tradition of Easter gifts, and until 1917, Nicholas II gave every spring Faberge eggs to his wife and mother. Until today, there are numerous of such products in the treasuries of various private collections and museum collections. According to various documentary sources, only 71 had made a copy of the original relics. Of these, 52 - for the imperial family. However, how many of them actually, remains a mystery. The fact that the work made by the order of the Emperor, were made in official documents. Products also performed for private collections, remained unrecorded. Therefore, many of the author's work for a long time remained unknown. A similar story is related to "Rothschild egg" stored more than 100 years of family property among customers. The whole world has learned about the new works of famous artists until 2007, when it was put up for sale.
Where rarities are today?
Of the 71 model has survived only 62. The rest of the work, known from old photographs, was considered lost. Most of the famous eggs stored in public museums around the world: USA, Monaco, Switzerland. After the execution of the royal family, many Faberge were resold, fell into private collections. The greatest number of works managed to buy jewelry for years of his life to the American billionaire Forbes. Later, in 2004, the collection of eggs collected magnate, bought Russian Vekselberg. Today, Faberge eggs in Russia can be seen in Moscow, in the Kremlin Armory. Here you can meet not only the Easter gifts of the emperor, but also other products created by Faberge: jewelry, watches, cigarette cases and a variety of miniature figures. Also you will find an exhibition of works by the famous masters in St. Petersburg Shuvalov Palace. Faberge Eggs presented here are part of the private collection of Mr. Vekselberg. famous series of eggs purchased from Forbes tycoon replenished annually.
The works of the famous masters are kept in museums in different countries, as well as private individuals. Collectors all over the world watch the auction, which exhibited the work of the popular jeweler and treasure hunters dream to find lost imperial jewels. Let's see what Faberge considered the most well-known to date.
Egg, made of gold, with the original surprise - chicken and ruby crown - was commissioned by Alexander III as a gift at Easter 1885 the queen. Faberge created a copy of the model, which itself saw Maria Fyodorovna, while still at an early age. Danish egg was made of ivory, and as a surprise it was within the ring. In memory of these childhood memories and new work was performed. Unique Faberge figurine of chicken has a complex mechanism by which offers access to a surprise hidden within the product. The first - a miniature imperial crown, and the second - a chain with a pendant. To date, the second surprise is considered lost. After the death of the royal family egg roamed through France, Germany and America. Today, the work of the famous master in the collection Vekselberg, purchased by them in Forbes. Thus, a unique rarity returned home.
Another work of the eminent master. It is made in an unusual style for its time - neoclassicism. Inside the egg is hidden rosebud. Faberge work was done by order of Nicholas II to his wife Alexandra Fyodorovna, a native of the city of Darmstadt. Her hometown was famous for the wonderful rose garden, in which a bored young Empress. The good memory of loved ones heart images and was conceived original Easter gift. The petals of the bud was hidden miniature crown and pendant with ruby. Both surprise was considered lost. Egg with the other instances of the Forbes collection was bought by Vekselberg nearly $ 100 million.
Egg, made in the Art Nouveau style of pink enamel, on a gold stand with lilies of pearls and gold, was presented to Empress Alexandra Feodorovna in 1898 as an Easter gift. Like all works of the popular masters, it has its original surprise. When you click on the pearl of the eggs appear medallions with the image of Nicholas II and his sisters, Princess Olga and Princess Tatiana. Medallion Emperor crowned crown with ruby and diamonds. Egg, presented with a collection of Forbes, was purchased and Viktor Vekselberg. Today "landyshi9raquo; and other Faberge eggs, the exhibition which is organized oligarch can look anyone in St. Petersburg.
The largest of the Faberge eggs. Commissioned by Nicholas II as a gift to his wife in 1906. Easter figure white painted bottom and top decorated with gold dome. Holder is formed as a tower Spassky Kremlin, and can be seen through the windows of the interior of the cathedral. Surprise eggs is a music box made of gold, which plays Easter melodies. This music is very fond of the emperor himself. "Moscow Kremlin" - one of the few works of the great masters, never left Russia. Today you can see a masterpiece in the Kremlin Armory.
Jade egg, decorated with gold and precious stones, as well as miniature portraits of children of Nicholas II, the emperor's wife was given in 1908. Above each portrait diamonds lined caps names Tsesarevich. Surprise gift - a miniature model of the Alexander Palace, the country residence of Nicholas II. The palace made of gold, silver and rock crystal, gold is mounted on the table. Today, the work is stored in the Kremlin Armory.
Works of famous artists are constantly becoming more expensive. For more than 100-year history of the jewelry masterpieces of their price "podskochila9raquo; on average in 1000 - 3000 times. For example, from documentary sources it is known that "the Rothschild egg" in 1902 was estimated at 6,500 rubles. Through 106 years, in 2008 it was bought for 12 million dollars. The most expensive is today considered the Coronation Egg. Made of gold and diamonds, with a surprise in the form of a miniature of the imperial carriage, it was made for the wife of Nicholas II in 1896. Then it will cost 6700 rubles. In 2004, the egg was sold Vekselberg for 24 million dollars. Russian oligarch bought the Forbes family and other Faberge eggs, the price of which in total amounted to 100 million dollars.
How much are copies of Faberge eggs?
There are many craft works of the famous company. Some of them are made by talented craftsmen. However, only nominal stamp of Faberge increases the market value of the product. In 1990, New York was even an exhibition of counterfeit jewelry works of the author. One of these copies egg "Hen Kelekh" was purchased and Malcolm Forbes. Only after many years, researchers have been able to prove the true authorship of the work. Today, copies of works by the famous masters can be purchased at many online stores. Visually, these models are exactly repeat the work of Faberge. Eggs, which are presented here for the photo, in this case, you can buy much cheaper. The cost of copies "Kurochki9raquo ;," Landyshey9raquo; or "Moscow Kremlin", depending on the material and the complexity of the work, ranging from 1000 to 10 000 rubles. Another interesting fact is that it was decided to restore the Faberge company and start production of new collections of famous eggs in 2008. At the moment, new products under well-known brand lets a talented French master Frederick Zaavi. Today, Faberge eggs are examples of high art and prized by collectors around the world.
The best works of Faberge (15 photos)
May 30, 1846 in the Russian Empire was born one of the most renowned jewelers of the world, Peter Carl Faberge Gustavovich. Most of all, he became famous for his series of "Faberge Egg". It was created between 1885 and 1917. for the Russian imperial family and private buyers. Best known for the creation of 71 copies, of which 52 are imperial.
In 1882, at the National Art and Industry Exhibition in Moscow products his company attracted the attention of the Emperor Alexander III. Peter Carl received the patronage of the royal family and the title of "His Imperial Majesty's goldsmith and jeweler of the Imperial Hermitage." In addition, the company famous for Faberge in Europe. Many relatives of the imperial family in the UK, Denmark, Greece and Bulgaria received the product for free. In 1900 in Paris, Faberge got the title of "Master of the Guild of Goldsmiths of Paris", and he was awarded the Order of the Legion of Honor.
"Coronation", 1897. Copy Imperial carriage when crowning Nicholas II. Jeweler - Michael Perkhin, Georg Stein. The most famous of eggs. (The Victor Vekselberg "Link of Times")
"Renaissance", 1894. Jeweler - Michael Perkhin. Agate. Used type of casket Le Roy 17 in. Are stored in the "Green Vault" in Dresden, the home of Faberge. Surprise is unknown, there is speculation that it was a crystal egg "Resurrection". (The Victor Vekselberg "Link of Times")
"Blue snake egg-clock", 1895. Egg-clock, made in the tradition of Sevres porcelain. Fixed snake is an arrow. (Collection Prince Albert II)
"Hen Kelekh" 1898. Repeats the iconography of the first emperor "Chicken" eggs. Inside - a chicken. (Collection Vekselberga)
"Pansy", 1899. It made of jade. Inside the "easel" with medallions in the form of opening hearts - a family tree with portraits. (Cleveland Museum of Art)
"Gatchina Palace", 1901. Image of the main country residence of the Empress Dowager. It can not be removed. (Walters Art Museum)
"Rothschild egg". Michael Perkhin master. On the front side there are miniature clocks, surprise - rooster automatic precious stones inside the egg. He spreads its wings, flaps them four times, then three times bowing his head, opens its beak and sings. This is repeated every hour; duration of the "performance" - 15 seconds. Thereafter concert bell clock beats punches. (Russian National Museum)
"Egg bars and roses", 1907. Jeweler - Henry Wigstrom. Surprise is lost, presumably, it was a medallion with a portrait of the Tsarevich Alexei. (Walters Art Museum)
"Alexander Palace", 1908. It made of jade. Jeweler - Henry Wigstrom. Surprise - a model of the Alexander Palace in Tsarskoye Selo. On the egg depicts five portraits daughters. (Shakko / Wikimedia)
"Yacht Standart", 1909. The image of the emperor yacht Alexander III (Shakko / Wikimedia)
"Equestrian monument of Alexander III», 1910. Inside the model of the monument to the Emperor by Paolo Trubetskoy. (Shakko / Wikimedia)
Part of the egg, "Bay Tree", 1911. Also known as the "Orange Tree". Inside - a clockwork bird. (Collection Vekselberga)
"Catherine the Great", 1914. Also known as "grisaille" or "Pink Cameo". Cyurpriz lost - miniature stretcher with a model of the Empress Catherine the inside. (Hillwood Museum)
"Mosaic", 1914. Surprise - cameo with children profiles. Anna Pihl is a designer, jeweler - Albert Hallstrom. Last egg prewar time. (Collection Queen Elizabeth II)
"Constellation of blue prince", 1917. Not done, not given. Precious stones is not only blue glass and crystal stand. Engraving - the position of stars in the sky at the time of the birth of Alexei. Watches and diamond stars have disappeared or have been made. It was found in 2001 in the collections of the Mineralogical Museum, where, apparently, fell due to lack of raw material value. According to Alexander Nikolayevich Ivanov, authentic (and finished) the egg belonged to him, and is in display in the museum of Faberge in Baden-Baden, Germany. However, there are some obvious differences with the exhibits kept in the Mineralogical Museum Fersmana. Unlike exhibit Fersmana Museum, egg, located at the Museum Faberge, is a sphere of blue glass, diamond encrusted with rotating dial and a clockwork mechanism inside, on which is engraved lion constellation by which born Prince Alexis. The pedestal for the sphere is made of a single piece of rock crystal, located on a jade base. (Shakko / Wikimedia)
it is necessary to buy himself soon Easter
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