How well do pie with his hands
2. Reliance counterweight.
Geometric designs sizes are directly dependent on the depth of the well.
Sump crane - functional decoration area
Raising water from the well by means of a lever and counterweight known since ancient times. Over the past century the construction of the mechanism was improved, but still simple and accessible for self-production. Well crane has become quite rare, so its structure on the site will bring to the landscape of special originality and romance.
Design features the well crane
The earliest models of the crane well with nearby trees as a support were known to the ancient Egyptians. Later, they were used for irrigation in Mesopotamia. Hoist device principle remains the same - this lever having, on one arm of the counterweight and at the other bucket of water. With proper calculation of the mass of the counterweight bucket full of climbs without physical effort.
and - with the help of the gate; b - with the help of a crane; 1 - gate; 2 - chain or a rope; 3 - preponderance crane; 4 - counterweight; 5 - Baba crane (pole with a fork)
The basis for the design is the balance bar, a pole or beam, which is suspended with one side chain (hex) from the bucket, and on the other - advantage. The whole structure is mounted on a woman (pole with a fork). Using a crane easier to extract water than using the gate circuit to wrap on a cylinder. The only drawback of the design is to limit the depth of the water table. At a distance of up to 8 m of water will require the use of parts of considerable length, to make such a lifting mechanism with their own hands will be quite difficult.
Table ratio well parameters
The design for lifting water is made up of the following parts:
Geometric parameters of the well crane depend on the depth of the mine. Before proceeding with the manufacture of the mechanism, it is better to make a drawing, which all determine the dimensions of the structural parts.
The lifting mechanism has its own advantages:
- unusual design;
- quick and easy lifting of water;
- simple and durable construction.
- on the well depth limit;
- no cap or the use of non-hermetic design, which leads to water pollution.
The first step is selecting a location for the source equipment. It can not be arbitrary, for your own safety, you must follow the health standards and regulations:
- distance from contamination sources (manure piles, cesspools) - 30 m;
- from home - 10 m;
- on highways - 30 m;
- Wells can not hold in wetlands on the flooded areas.
The design can be any suitable shape, including common versions - round and square. Well consists of three parts:
- headroom - should act to 50-70 cm above the ground and protect the mine from the debris and freezing;
- barrel - serves for the passage of water-lifting products (buckets, tubs);
- rainwater part.
Attention. All the existing rules on the construction of centralized water supply source determines SanPin 18.104.22.1684-96.
Lining the walls of the well performed lumber or concrete rings. Shaft depth and type of strengthening the walls thereof depends on the type of soil at the site.
To build a log house need wood of various breeds. Rainwater is collected from the logs of the oak, alder, larch. These trees are resistant to moisture. The upper part of the freeboard can be made from pine or spruce. Timber must be cleaned of bark, sanded until smooth. The job logs are 200 mm in diameter without cracks, wormholes, fungus and bugs.
Well made of wood
Council. For digging wells selected dry season (summer, early fall), when the water table goes depth.
Log cabin can be assembled into finished mine well or slowly lower the trunk undermining method. For a better water inflow at the bottom of the crown is set to form the tent. At the bottom poured coarse sand and gravel to filter incoming fluid. After the end of the installation log a few of the well pumping water, while the quality will not meet sanitary standards.
Well equipped with a crane often Concrete collars. Easier to work with them than with logs, because for log installation required skills with an ax. The mine is dug 20 cm larger than the diameter of rings purchased. This distance allows to easily lower the rings in the trunk and run external filling with sand or gravel, which will be an additional filter layer.
Council. For installation it is recommended to use concrete ring mark KS 10-9. Choose products with the lock, it will improve their dock and the strength of the seams.
Can gradually build well, undermining the soil under the ring, and loading structure for the next element sagging. Second Embodiment - excavate the mine to the desired value, pump the water and lower the rings, bonding them with each other. Products with lock should promazyvat solution of sand, cement and water glass, conventional ring clamps tightened further. The top ring should protrude above the ground, it will be well head of the well. At the bottom is required to filter gravel is poured.
Installation of concrete rings
Ground part close decorative boxes, operate from frame beams or use other finishes. The roof over the well crane does not fit, so the next stage - the construction of the hoist.
<h3 "9gt; Health and Safety in the regeneration of the source
- You can not do the job alone, should always be a partner that fear and help.
- The man sank to the bottom of well shafts must be secured by a safety rope.
- It should control the air in the barrel at the first gas inlet symptoms (dizziness, nausea) must rise to the surface.
- Incoming water pump regularly pumped or buckets to prevent collapse of soil.
Manufacturing technology of well crane
To work needed materials:
- studs and nuts;
- metal chain;
- wooden bar section 50 × 100 mm;
- duralumin tube or a thin pole;
- a weight of 18 kg;
- bucket 9 l;
- steel angles;
- tube section 50 mm.
The first step - the installation height of 2.7 m for a support strut timber crane used 50 × 100 or 100 × 100 mm.. The strength of the foundation will ensure the absence of contact of the tree to the ground. For this support is connected to the "stepchildren." - two metallic pipes or a channel length of 2.5 m "Pasynky" fixed pins on both sides of the beam.
Pit is dug to a depth of 1 m, into which a rack. A support mounted aligned vertically. Between the beam and the ground should remain a distance of at least 15 cm. Metal parts concreted. For 2-3 weeks, until the solution attains strength installed props.
Council. Excellent material for durable and strong support - larch.
Drawing Pit Crane
Second phase. The arm or boom is made of the balancer beam 50 × 50 mm. To a well depth of 4 m crane required bar 3.1 m long. The boom is mounted on a support after drying cement. The attachment point is recommended to strengthen its grip. The hinge assembly with which the balancer is attached to a support made of two metallic parts and the mounting studs M10. Steel angles are fixed at the front with four studs M8.
The third stage. Pole to lower the bucket into the trunk must perform the movement without touching the walls. The material for this part may be hollow dural tube pasted waterproof film or a pole. a pole length of 2.2 m, if it is made of wood, the pole surface is polished with sandpaper carefully to avoid damage when using the hand mechanism.
A bucket (top) and a chain of pole (below)
To the top of the pole is fastened galvanized chain length of about 1 m, it connects the item with an arrow. At the bottom of the pole is fixed the same chain, only half as long. To it is fixed a bucket volume of 9-10 l or bucket.
Council. Recommended heavier upper portion of the bucket load, then in contact with water, it will sink faster and roll.
The fourth stage. The second end of the rocker - a short arm, which is mounted to the counterweight. As cargo can use metal bars, their weight was 14-18 kg. To counterbalance the boom mounted M8 mounting studs.
Sump crane is ready, it remains to decorate the structure.
To support nondescript metal Channel bars turn into a prosperous hill, you will need fertilizer and seeds. Around the post digging a ditch and filled with compost. Climbing plants the best way to not only hide unsightly buildings and poles, and to make them attractive, pleasing the eye. It can be planted sweet peas, hydrangea, clematis or decorative beans for decoration support. After a few weeks, the place near the well will become a little fragrant garden.
Variant design of the well
One of the options - to place around the well vases and flower pots. These craftsmen with golden hands made of rocker shapes crane, painting wooden or steel frame under the bird, complementing design decorative elements.
Sump crane is an echo of the past, but its functionality and decorative appeal and demand these days.
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Alexey Alekseenko, but seven reknuvshih. whether they see differently?
Alexey Alekseenko, but seven reknuvshih. whether they see differently?
Malakhov, they have their own atmosphere
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