Lily of the valley Description

Description flower lily of the valley. Lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis L.)

The first spring flowers please tired of winter cold heart. Lilies come to us, together with the spring, which is now fully come into its own and melt the snow with his breath. Description flower lily of the valley can not be glossed for a simple reason - it's perfect! Lasting fragrance of spring lily of the valley is able to turn the head of any in the truest sense of the word.

Lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis) - herbaceous plant. It has no persistent woody stems. In lily stems are soft, which together with the leaves die back after the growing season.

This miracle of nature can not but arouse admiration. Graceful little bells with a beautiful unique flavor - it flowers forest handsome. Description flower lily of the valley as a fragile and defenseless is not quite true. Lily of the valley at first glance it does seem very soft and weak, but in fact he is a strong, able to capture large areas easily tolerate temperature fluctuations and abrupt changes in the weather.

Description flower lily of the valley does not take much time. There is probably not a single person who would not know what it looks like this flower. In unilateral racemosa peduncle densely arranged from 6 to 20 little bells white or pale pink. Although European gardeners have long been able to grow purple-red with large double flowers and leaves in yellow striped sunflowers. Flowering begins in May and lasts for 20 - 25 days.

After ottsvetut flowers on the stalk formed tiny berries in the fall, they become red. Birds and rodents like to eat these berries.

Lily of the valley leaves are large and beautiful even without flowers serve as decoration flower garden. They are quite broad and resemble deer ears because of this similarity the plant got its name "landushka9raquo ;, which means that in Stavropol" eye doe ". Although it is not the only version of the origin of the name "landysh9raquo ;. Frankincense incense by burning smell from very similar to the fragrant aroma of lily of the valley, and this justifies the consonance of both titles.

Botanists have identified only one kind of lily of the valley, but a variety of subspecies is striking in its beauty. Plants belonging to different sub-species, differ significantly from each other. Thanks to the work of breeders today are derived varieties with different colors and sizes of flowers.

On the territory of the former Soviet Union there are three types of lilies of the valley:

All of these types are used for the treatment of diseases. The most common is the color of lily of the valley. It got its name in 1737, the same year was the first time published a description of this plant. Translated from the Latin, lily of the valley means "lily of the valleys."

Lily of the Valley listed as endangered due to a sharp reduction in its distribution area. This spring flower is considered to be aggressive and can create entire colonies fragrant bells, but by tearing only one flower, you can lime the whole colony. If you look at the surface, it would appear that the lilies are growing everywhere, but in fact the plant inevitably disappears. Such a deplorable situation has led to deforestation and construction in their place of settlements. Illiterate picking flowers lily of the valley as a medicinal plant also brought significant damage to the forest beauties. Fans of color by planting sunflowers in their fields, are spring delicate beauty of these plants and at the same time saving the endangered species.

Where on my site "poselit9raquo; lily of the valley

White Lily of the Valley - is a perennial plant, quite unpretentious, but if you dare "poselit9raquo; in his garden are the flowers, then you need to choose a place that is hidden from the sun. Obzhivshis in the shade, lily of the valley for decades will please owners plot their beauty. Being in the shade, the plant will bloom for five weeks.

Lily of the valley through the underground stems, roots forms dense colonies. Therefore, in order to avoid unwanted growths, the landing area you are highlighting a solid border, using stones or bricks, half-buried in the ground.

Lily of the valley is used as a decorative flower beds and alpine in containers or flower pots. Thus, they can be easily moved to a shaded place, and after flowering to replace other plants, although in addition to beautiful flowers lily flower decorate your least attractive leaves that serve as an excellent base high background colors.

Lily of the valley can live in one place for about 10 years, as mentioned earlier, this plant is unpretentious, it feels good in any cool place. Land on a bed of lilies of the valley should be rich in organic matter. Before planting the plant, the soil must be dug to a depth of 25 cm and fertilize decomposed manure or peat compost humus (2 kg per 1 sq. M). Lilies are planted in early spring and autumn, while adhering to the main rules - reinforced watering immediately after planting.

Multiply fragrant beauties seeds and division of rhizomes. When dividing the roots take a length of 6-8 cm, while they must be somewhat apical buds. Planting processes, care must be taken so that the roots are not curled and rostochku were above the surface at a height of not more than 2 cm. Need to be planted linearly with distance of 8-10 cm.

Using seminal method of reproduction, it is necessary to take into account the fact that the first year of seedling hiding underground. On the second spring plant shows its first leaf, which is tightly coiled and resembles a spear, peeking out of the ground. As the sheet unfolds lily, giving place to the second. Formed leaves the water collects in the funnel created by them, which feeds the roots. For the second autumn plant already has a plump rhizome from which grow new shoots.

Just take care of the lilies of the valley, the main thing - in a drought watering in summer. The plant is not afraid of the winter cold, so wrap up its frost is not necessary. With the onset of spring bed of lilies of the valley should be cleaned from the dead leaves. New shoots grow themselves.

Lily of the valley - this plant is poisonous when in contact with it must adhere to safety regulations, not to harm their health.

Lily of the valley flowers can be both a poison and a medicine. In order to use the plant for the health benefits, you need to know all of its healing properties, they have a lot of this beauty. Officially entered the lily medicinal medicine only in 1861, when his healing power was used in the treatment of Botkin SP

It is appreciated medicinal plant for chemical composition, in which there are substances such as sugar and cardiac glycosides. They enhance the healing power of lily of the valley. In folk medicine, it is used to treat nervous system, arrhythmias, cardiovascular disease. Fever can be eliminated from powder lily root. Flowers and leaves are used to relieve physical stress and for the treatment of neuroses. Recommended for rheumatism bath of broth.

In modern medicine, medication, created on the basis of lily of the valley, is successfully used for headache, epilepsy, dropsy.

Lily of the valley - is, of course, useful plant, but if you use it carelessly, you can hurt yourself. Medicines from the lily of the valley must not be used when the diseased liver and kidneys, and lily of the valley contraindicated treatment for people suffering from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. It is recommended to consult with your doctor before starting a treatment this plant, and in any case not exceed the dosage. It must be remembered that all parts are poisonous lily of the valley.

Spring flower called lily of the valley, for centuries considered the flower of the German goddess Ostara rising sun. When the spring is fully come into its own, the young girls collected fragrant bouquets of lilies of the valley, and carried them to the temple to propitiate the goddess of the sun. In the era of Christianity with lily flower, symbolizing love and happiness, sadness turned into flower for the holidays it is no longer touted instead constantly portrayed in the paintings of the Virgin Mary. In the mythology of lily of the valley - is the loss of the flower. Its description is identified with communication blood. Leonard and tears of the Blessed Virgin, who is mourning the death of his son.

In the sixteenth century, thanks to the French aristocracy lily regained the honor and glory. Flower appreciated and began to be used to decorate the front gardens and parks. Today, on the first Sunday of May is celebrated the feast lily of the valley. In the Russian Empire only in the eighteenth century began to grow and be planted in the flowerbeds is a great tender plant.

Lily of the valley: the composition, properties, benefit and harm, the use of and contraindications

The family of lily of the valley

Gathering lily of the valley

The chemical composition and properties of lily of the valley

  • strengthen the capillaries and increase their elasticity;
  • regulation of CNS functioning;
  • normalization of blood pressure;
  • normalization of heart rate;
  • resorption of atherosclerotic deposits;
  • bile amplification process;
  • removal of edema;
  • alleviation of allergy;
  • lowering of intraocular pressure.
  • an increase in stroke and cardiac output;
  • CNS stabilization;
  • vasodilation;
  • amplification of urine;
  • elimination of pathogens;
  • dilution and removal of phlegm.
  • increased secretion of bronchial glands;
  • increased synthesis of corticosteroids;
  • excitation cough center;
  • regulation of water and salt exchange;
  • activating activity of hormones;
  • removal of inflammation.
  • eliminate constipation;
  • normalization of digestion;
  • improvement of blood vessels;
  • strengthening of view;
  • stimulating the formation of red blood cells;
  • normalization of metabolism;
  • stimulating digestion of fats and carbohydrates.
  • increased appetite;
  • acceleration of metabolic processes;
  • lipolysis;
  • elimination of toxins;
  • cell regeneration;
  • increased skin elasticity;
  • strengthening the immune system.

Act:

  • normalization of the central nervous system;
  • normalization of hormone levels;
  • increased secretion of glands;
  • regulation of the brain;
  • normalization of the functioning of the cardiovascular system;
  • improving gastrointestinal work;
  • reduce inflammation;
  • regulation of immunological responses;
  • promote wound healing;
  • removal of pain;
  • slowing the aging process;
  • excretion of carcinogenic substances.
  • strengthening the walls of the heart muscle;
  • strengthening the blood vessels;
  • normalization of the heart;
  • Support of the metabolism;
  • preventing the accumulation of carbohydrates;
  • increased immunity;
  • to hasten the recovery of the body after intense physical and mental stress.

It starch representing legkousvayaemy carbohydrate that converting to glucose, helps to ensure that the organism produces the energy needed for normal functioning of all the systems and organs.

  • decrease in blood clotting;
  • inhibition of tumor cells;
  • promote wound healing;
  • prevention of thrombus formation;
  • strengthening the excretion of urine.
  • normalization of blood circulation;
  • relief of crises that are caused by hypertension or endarteritis;
  • elimination of pain;
  • lowering blood pressure;
  • calming the nervous system.
  • reduces inflammation;
  • accelerating wound healing;
  • neutralizes germs and bacteria;
  • slows blood clotting;
  • dissolve intravascular blood clots.

Lily of the valley comprises a plurality of macro and micronutrients that beneficial effect on the organism.

  • Choleretic.
  • Antispasmodic.
  • Diuretic.
  • Antifebrile.
  • Soothing.
  • Diuretic.
  • Cardiotonic.
  • Vasodilator.
  • Anti-inflammatory.

Benefits and harms of lily of the valley

1. Regulation of energy and fat metabolism in the heart muscle.

2. Improvement of myocardial perfusion.

3. Soothing central nervous system.

4. Increasing the strength of heart contractions at slowing their rhythm.

5. Slowing atrioventricular conduction.

6. Decrease in venous pressure.

7. Strengthening of urination.

10. Normalization of blood circulation.

eleven. Removing cyanosis and edema.

12. Strengthening the nervous system.

14. Prevention of infectious diseases.

15. Reduction of stagnation.

Lily of the valley - a poisonous plant

Lily of the valley: description, composition, collection and drying, the benefits and harms plants - Video

Treatment with lily of the valley

Leaves (grass)

That treats lily of the valley?

Tincture

Korglikon

  • bradycardia (an extremely low heart rate);
  • beats (arrhythmia, which is characterized by extraordinary contraction of the heart);
  • bigeminy (one kind of arrhythmia extrasystole in which takes place after each normal heart beat);
  • dissociation of the heart rate;
  • violation conduction function;
  • nausea;
  • vomiting;
  • abdominal pain;
  • diarrhea;
  • violation of color vision.

Korglikon is contraindicated in:

  • acute myocarditis;
  • endocarditis;
  • expressed cardiosclerosis;
  • bradycardia;
  • atrioventricular block II-III degrees;
  • hypertrophic cardiomyopathy;
  • unstable angina;
  • Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome;
  • ventricular tachycardia;
  • cardiac tamponade.

Important! Cardiotonic effect of the drug is reduced while the use of barbiturates, while when combined with propranolol can cause retardation of atrioventricular and intraventricular conduction. In addition, antihypertensive drugs reduce the excretion Korglikon, thereby increasing its toxicity. When taken with other drugs such as verapamil, adenosine, inosine and aminophylline, Korglikon reduced toxicity.

When these symptoms the drug is stopped.

  • organic changes in both the heart and blood vessels;
  • acute myocarditis;
  • expressed kardiosklerosis;
  • endocarditis.

Important! The drug is administered slowly (over a five - six minutes), since the rapid introduction can cause shock. Between patients receiving digitalis preparations and convallatoxin need to take a break for at least two days.

  • functional heart disease;
  • mild heart failure;
  • neuroses of the heart;
  • cardiac disorders during menopause (it is the phase of menopause, which occurs after the last menstrualnopodobnoe bleeding).

Accepted kardompin 12 - 15 drops in the morning on an empty stomach, and 20 - 25 drops in the evening (before going to bed).

Contraindications and side effects of overdose

  • acute liver and kidney;
  • myocarditis in acute phase;
  • diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • endocarditis;
  • sudden changes of organic heart or blood vessels;
  • expressed cardiosclerosis.

Overdose of drugs lily can cause the following side effects:

When these symptoms should be rinsed immediately stomach and clear the body by enema.

2 tablespoons collection pour half a liter of boiling water and leave to infuse for half an hour. Strained infusion received 60 ml three times per day.

Tincture in convulsions and fever

diuretic decoction

Tincture eyewash and friction with rheumatism

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Lily of the description for kids

Lily of the valley a short description for the children described in this article.

Lily of the Valley, I believe a miracle of nature. Each flower is individually - is a masterpiece, which you can enjoy and admire.

Yellowish-white bells perfect shape on a thin green stalk that rises among quite wide elongated leaves. It seems that touch them - and will ring a thin, pale, announcing that spring is in full swing.

On Landysheva clearing stands a wonderful aroma, not comparable with any other. Slightly sweet, he turns his head, envelops us pleasant dope.

Lily of the valley there are very few, it is a rare flower, listed in the Red Book. Therefore, one can not understand the people who make up these bouquets of flowers and sell them. And those who go to the forest to enjoy the wonderful pictures - white and fragrant green glade, there are often trampled by poachers bald lawn.

Let us take care of this gift of nature - a beautiful flower with mellifluous name "lily"!

Lily of the valley description for kids

Lily of the valley - is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the lily family. Plant height of about 30 cm, it has a horizontal, thin and creeping rhizome.

Lily blooms in late May - early June, and the fruits ripen in late summer - early September. The whole plant is completely toxic.

Lily of the valley germinates on wet ground and mixed in deciduous woods is usually between bushes. In winter, the plant is completely hidden from the cold under the earth, and in the spring blooms are very unusual and beautiful, but, unfortunately, quickly fades. Flowers lily of the valley drain unique and wonderful flavor. But again - be very careful! After all, this flower is very poisonous.

With the arrival of spring and the heat, lily of the valley are beginning to break out of the ground, releasing the sharp arrows. Closer to May on their stalk appears a large number of tiny flowers that look like bells gentle, milky-white color. Legend has it that in these tiny bells really like to settle the wood elves, who rubbed the flowers at night by moonlight, that they may be even more beautiful and whiter.

As we mentioned, lily of the valley at the time of flowering is not long. After ten and a maximum of twenty days, the flowers begin to fall. In their place appear bright, small berries, which can not try in any case. After the May lily of the valley berries are poisonous, too!

Despite this, a lot of lilies of the valley are the benefits of the people. With a pleasant fragrance, allows their use in perfumery for the preparation of delicious flavors.

Also, the plant is widely used in the medical industry. On the basis of lily of the valley made a very useful drug for calming the nervous system and stimulate the activity of the cardio - vascular system.

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