- 1 Plant goof Indian and Chilean whether there is wood?
- 2 Loh Chilean plant
- 3 Loch Chile: 6 kinds of plants
Plant goof Indian and Chilean whether there is wood?
Loch Indian - this is a common herb that has many useful properties. In the European part of the sucker has a close relative - a tree with the name "wild olive tree", or oleaster. What, then, the properties of this plant and how to grow it - read the article.
Homeland Lohan Indian is the Indian subcontinent. This tree-like shrub revered in ancient China. Locals considered him a tree, possess magical properties. It was believed that it has a certain magical properties capable of imparting strength and rejuvenate the organism. In Russia it fell originally from the island of Sakhalin, where he brought migrants from Japan. There they planted it around their homes.
Some users of social networks are looking for in a search engine plant loh Chilean, but unfortunately, this species does not exist.
There are many other members of the family of suckers:
- angustifolia. Distribution: southern regions of the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan and the region of Central Asia, the Caucasus countries.
- multiflorous. Found in Japan and China.
- Silver. The natural habitat of the eastern regions of North America.
- Barbed. The birthplace of this type is considered to be Japan.
- Umbrella. The natural environment can be found in the eastern part of Asia.
In Kazakhstan, on abandoned sites capable of forming thickets - "riparian forests." Its habitats are confined to the steppe and forest steppe zones, also goof plant prefers riverbanks. The shrub is undemanding to soils, can grow on saline, poorer soils. Thermophilic. Hard to tolerate frosts and cold winters.
There are about 40 species of suckers family representatives. The tree can live up to 60 years and grow up to 10 meters.
Loch - the plant, which is a low shrub or tree. It has wide crown, a brilliant red-brown bark coated with thorns up to 3 cm in length. For it is characteristic of a strong root system that penetrates deep into the soil. Leaves oval or lanceolate, narrowed at the base, acute apex, gray-green on top and white underneath. petioles length 7 cm.
Flowers are single, small, with a pleasant aroma, rich in nectar, are honey plant. Flowering begins in June and blooms 15-20 days.
The fruit of plants - small sweetish drupe spherical or oval in shape. Maturation in August - September. For Lohan characterized by uneven ripening and aging need for the full duration of the warm period and after ripening fruit crumble and uneven. Fruiting tree comes at the age of 3-6 years.
Meaning and application
The wood of this tree is used to make:
- musical instruments and furniture;
- used in traditional medicine;
- in landscape architecture.
The leaves and bark of plants contain tannins, in connection with which it is used for tanning and dyeing leather and fabric.
The fruits of sucker-like dates, used to make jams and wine. At room temperature, they can be stored through the winter. The fruit are rich Elaeagnus and potassium phosphate salts, up to 50% of sugars, amino acids and vitamins. They can be used both fresh and frozen, to use as a decoration of various desserts. Broths from fruits is used as an expectorant, at various respiratory diseases. Infusions and decoctions of flowers Elaeagnus Indian used in scurvy and gingival diseases, purulent wounds.
The fruits of plants contains many salts of phosphorus, potassium, and organic acids. Therefore, they can be used to improve memory. And preparations based on fruit a beneficial effect on the entire system of the heart.
Planted plant goof in single and group plantings contrasting parks, malls. High resistance to urban dust and gases makes it possible to use it in the creation of hedges, well tolerate a haircut. Silver leaf color looks spectacular in a planting. The presence of a deep penetration into the soil root system allows the use of wood in building a goof soil along the banks of various reservoirs. Additionally, nodules formed on the roots, containing nitrogen fixing symbiotic bacteria, so the sucker can not only rise, but also enrich the soil with nitrogen, thus improving their.
Propagation of plants is carried out both seed and vegetatively. However, the cuttings take root only in two years. In this connection, it is recommended seed multiplication.
Loh planted preferably on sheltered places at the beginning of the growing period or at the end of autumn. The distance between the planting of trees should be about two to three meters. The planting hole making pre-prepared compost and sand. Also make double superphosphate fertilizers containing nitrogen and wood ash. In the early days we need abundant watering. Subsequently watering should be moderate.
Subsequently carried annual feeding organic and nitrogen fertilizers, in terms of digging around-trunk. Hold annual pruning hedges, as a goof is growing very fast. In early autumn fertilized with a balanced content of potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus. As the young trees are sensitive to frost them shelter for the winter. In the spring pruning is carried out shrunken and damaged over the winter twigs.
Loh Chilean plant
Loch Chilean - shrub native to the southern regions of the European and Asian parts of the world. It is found on the American continent.
Loch Chilean (plant): photo and description
There are more than 40 species of deciduous shrubs. Some are small trees. Are short leaves of the plant can have color from silver to dark green in color. Small, similar to tubes flowers Lohan has a gentle, pleasant aroma.
Yellow inside and silver on the outside make this plant is extremely interesting. Lohan lengthened small fruits resemble sea-buckthorn berries. The root system is shallow and sprawling shrub, different high content of nitrogen, which is able to accumulate throughout the life of the plant.
Where you can sit and what should be the ground?
Gardeners appreciate the Chilean sucker for simplicity to the conditions of cultivation. Photophilous plant. Enough to choose the place where sunlight will come to the bush during the day, and he will thank bright full flowering.
Loch Chile, photos of which is presented in the article, the composition of the soil is unpretentious. He grows well even on poor maintenance of soil nutrients. But he is able to elevate the surrounding area, giving the accumulated nitrogen. The only requirement to the site - the soil is thoroughly drained. Excess moisture causes the roots of the disease and can kill the entire plant. Soil acidity for Lohan unimportant. It is equally growing and acidified, and alkaline areas.
Very popular loh Chilean to create groups and topiary hedges. He can easily tolerate a haircut and the formation of a bush. Leaf color allows you to choose for him contrasting plants. The unusual shrubs to create a unique ensemble of a combination of coniferous, deciduous and herbaceous plants.
Some varieties have spines Lohan. Planting these plants in an area where there are small children, stands with caution.
Lohan needles very hard and sharp. Injections can be painful too. In addition, the Loch - an excellent honey plant. Therefore, taken a liking to his bees can be dangerous for young children.
Despite its southern origin, the plant is easy to tolerate frosts. It is therefore possible to use it even in areas in Siberia, with its long winters. In especially harsh conditions sucker should insulate covering materials or brushwood.
for fertilizing requirements are not too high at the plant. only once a year is enough to feed the Chilean Loch. The spring is typically carried out work on the formation of the bush. Dry branches pruned and pruned - the ones that spoil the appearance. Rejuvenating haircut should be carried out not more than once every 15 years.
In the hot dry season should be watered loh Chilean. The plant does not require too frequent waterings. But a bucket of water once every 10 days to help him transfer heat without prejudice to the decoration. Tree trunks must be loosened to remove the shallow weed and mulch after watering.
Propagated by seeds and vegetatively goof. For spring sowing seeds need stratification for 3-4 months.
Loch Chile: 6 kinds of plants
Beautiful and useful plant is Chilean sucker, which also has healing properties Loch - beautiful and very useful plant which has longish leaves silvery color. bush flowering period falls on May-June, flower Lohan has four petals yellow or white. The flowers have a pleasant sweet smell.
Loch Indian or Chilean: a description of the plant
Loch, translated into Greek «elaiagnos», common in Europe, China, Japan and North America. This is a relatively low plant, depending on the species of shrub reaches 3.5 to 7 meters in height. Lohan leaves have a nice silver color, distinguishable from other trees, for which he was fond of landscape designers. Most often, the bush drops leaves, but there are some evergreen species. But even in winter the bare bush looks beautiful thanks to its dense branching.
Loch, which is also called the "Jida", "djigda" or "Pshat" grows in South America, respectively, of such plants as the Loch Chilean there.
In medicine and cosmetology use the fruits and leaves of Loja, himself a bush planted as an ornamental plant in gardens and backyards.
The most famous types of Loja:
The people goof has many names - oilseed willow, lohovnik, silver tree, lohovina, a wild olive tree. According to the beliefs of ancient peoples, this shrub protect home from evil spirits.
Oleaster: useful properties of plants
Olive, known as dzhida (dzhigida), a small tree, which in addition to outer beauty, has many useful properties. A description of all properties can be found in the drug reference, the most famous of its positive characteristics is to use berries in diseases of the heart and blood vessels, as well as the normalization of the gastrointestinal tract.
Billet raw Loja, the leaves are best harvested at the beginning of the summer, while the hot sun did not dry them. Blossoms in May, so it is important not to miss the flowering process and to prepare the flowers for the winter. And the leaves and the flowers do not need to be washed, they are dried in the shade, not in direct sunlight. Keep them can be 3 years. Fresh silvery leaves of bushes have been used in folk medicine as a wound-healing agent. Flowers uzkolistogo Elaeagnus broths are used for the appearance of worms, and in edema and colitis.
Berries Lohan uzkolistogo recommended for diseases of the heart, blood vessels, and for the normalization of the gastrointestinal tract
In September, when the berries are ripe, you can start collecting them, it is important not to crush the fruit.
As part of the berries are useful dzhida sazhara, phosphorus, potassium and amino acids useful.
Quite often, the berries used to make jams or as a base for homemade wine. Due to an extraordinary fruit taste, astringency and the workpiece have the sweetness.
Berries can be used both fresh and dried - medicinal properties are preserved in them about 4 months. Wood shrubs often finds application in the construction of furniture and the manufacture of musical instruments.
Plant goof: breeding bush
Many gardeners, gardeners know how to propagate fruit trees. Faced with the need to sit down in a decorative plant as sucker silver, you need to know that there are several ways of vegetation.
Loch silver - a bush, which is most often used by designers to landscape scenery portion.
It is best to plant growing in an unobscured position but landing amiss and penumbra. If the winter is snowy and frosty, it is necessary to cover the base of the bush leaves and branches, so little to protect him from the cold.
- cuttings. Pretty bad taking root, as this method of seedlings can be done only professional gardeners.
- seeds. Lay their worth in September, better if the seeds are fresh silver sucker. To protect the young shoots from frost and wind, the seedlings are covered with wood chips and humus.
- by layering. Folded fresh healthy escape the bottom of the tree tops. This strains need to bend down to the ground, covered with earth and well watered for a long time. As a rule, by the end of the season the plants are ready to separate from the main bush.
The plant is unpretentious, it can grow even on the sidelines. The longevity of the bush could exceed one hundred years.
Loch bush: recipes of traditional medicine
As already mentioned, the bush is widely used in medicine for various diseases. Traditional healers know when to collect the fruits of Loja, at which time its flowers are most useful for the organism.
In addition, the sucker - a great honey plant, so beekeepers often have their hives near the landing with the bush.
Usually people suffer bad fruit and herbal teas from flowers Lohan, but pregnant women and children should consult a doctor before taking this product.
- Jam. 1 kg of fresh berries rinse under running water, dry, each berry puncture needle. Boil in boiling water for 4-5 minutes. Boil syrup - 1 kg of sugar and 500 ml of water, boil, stirring until the sugar is completely dissolved. Pour them ready berries, let stand for 3.5-4 hours. Boil 15 minutes and then left for 4 hours at room temperature. Repeat this procedure twice, after which the hot jam packaged in sterilized jars, roll up and wrap up in a blanket.
- Wine. 1 kg of fresh berries dzhida rinse, dry and put in a 3L jar. Berries fill 1 kg of sugar, stir and add a little purified water. Jar hidden in a dark warm place for 25-30 days, and then merge the resulting wine and put it in the cellar.
- Broth from inflammation. 30 grams of dried berries harvested pour 200 ml of boiling water and boil for 30 minutes in a water bath. Strain and add boiling water to its original volume. After cooling, the broth in the refrigerator, store no more than 48 hours. Take three times a day for 15 minutes before meals for 2 large spoons.
- Tincture of Loja flowers. Per 1 liter of vodka or vodka, you need to take 100 grams of Loja colors (you can take fresh or dried). Insist liquor for 30 days in a dark glass container. In 100 ml of water at room temperature, diluted with 25 drops of tincture, taken once a day.
bush berries are also often cast in the usual juice, which can be given to children as a means to strengthen the immune system and improve efficiency.
Fruits of Elaeagnus silver: application in medicine
Silver Loh refers to the type of shrub, whose height does not exceed 4 m. The plant has a protective spines of 10-30 mm, which in combination with small berries, making it not the most convenient to collect. Edible fruit Elaeagnus silver matures by the end of September. Honey-colored berries are considered by the ripe and tasty. The taste of berries Lohan - sweet and tart, slightly astringent with a crumbly stuffing around the seed.
Fruits of Elaeagnus silver is good to use in writing to those who suffer high blood pressure
In addition to the pleasant taste, the fruit of this shrub have a number of useful features.
Fruit silver Lohan is useful for those who suffer from cardiovascular diseases. Consume berries and people with high blood pressure as a prevention of hypertensive crisis. If you have problems with the gastrointestinal tract, doctors recommend to drink a decoction of dried fruits Elaeagnus silver.
Children are very helpful to eat fresh berries and honey, as they improve memory, have a tonic and tonic effect. They can also be used as an antibacterial and antiviral agent. Bronchitis and respiratory diseases broths berries used as an expectorant.
Loch silver in landscape design
Shrub with silvery leaves, known as the goof, brings originality to any garden. This plant is worth almost till the frost and drops leaves usually in November. Bush does not change its silvery-white color of the leaves during the whole period.
Thanks to its original color, a bush can be used for the original design of the landscape - combine well silvery leaves with leaves of red or golden brown.
The plant grows quite slowly, it can be used as a hedge. Shrubs can be cut to form the low bushes with thick branches. Good looks Loch silver in conjunction with coniferous trees and shrubs in the gardens of the city, and in the autumn of golden maple adds a special flair.
Loch silver angustifolia and impresses with its unique and useful. Traditional healers are used not only the fruits of the plants, but also flowers and leaves. Used as a shrub and decorative gardens and city parks.
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