- 1 Lutrasil - what is it? What is better to use a covering material: lutrasil or spunbond?
- 2 Non-woven covering materials and spunbond Lutrasil, and their differences
- 3 Covering material
Lutrasil - what is it? What is better to use a covering material: lutrasil or spunbond?
A huge number of modern materials enables maximum comfort and functionally to equip our life. For example, there is a material such as lutrasil. That is, aware of those who have to work in agriculture or in their backyard. This synthetic material is a nonwoven structure, which is made of polypropylene, are widely used in the agriculture and garden sectors.
Film lutrasil There are two types of structure - fibrous and mesh, but in terms of color scheme - black and white. The main purpose of this material is to protect the plants from the effects of environmental conditions, especially frost. Depending on the thickness of it can be used for the following purposes:
- hide early spring crops;
- protect plants from frost and fog;
- cover greenhouses and greenhouses;
- to hide in the country, young pine trees and rose bushes and rhododendrons.
Choosing covering material lutrasil, you need to pay attention to its density. For example, figures of 18 g / m² and 23 g / m² say that it can be used to protect plants and crops at a temperature of up to -3 ° C. The beds need to cover immediately after the seeds or seedlings are planted in the ground have been sown. The edges of the material can be fixed with stones.
The density of 30 g / m² and even 40 g / m² can be used in frozen lutrasil to -7 ° C. Such a film can cover both plants and externally covering greenhouses. But the material density of 60 g / m² assumes that it will be used as a windshield in the open areas, provided that the film strength.
That it is very necessary for the garden material, known to many amateur gardeners. For example, if necessary, mulching is better to use the material in black, since it will contribute to the warming of the earth. But most of the material it uses for shelter plants for the winter, for example, a favorite with many roses. Such a method has many advantages shelter. Firstly, the material is very inexpensive. Secondly, the storage it occupies very little space, thus you can use it for long enough. However, to apply lutrasil also need to competently.
To begin, it is worth remembering that the roses can bravely withstand temperatures down to - 8 ° C. But if the cold worse, it is already possible to take shelter plants in November. To do this, they are first cleaned of unnecessary leaves. Use film needed two, and then three layers of very high density. So you can be sure that plants successfully spend the winter. Another important point is that the larger the area you will be hidden, the warmer will be your plants. Minimum needed to cover one square meter, but it is better to extend the area: in this case, the earth will give more heat, and your roses exactly stand up even during severe frosts.
If climbing roses, they must be neatly tie beams, and then bend down to the ground. However, on bare soil necessarily need to put, for example, boards or logs, so that when the thaw branches do not get wet, and do not spoil in a puddle. Some roses hybrids do not bend, so they should be trimmed slightly - up to 50 cm from the ground max. Ideally lutrasil need to lay on the arch or props to under the weight of snow your deck does not flex and does not put pressure on the plant.
Lutrasil (that is, we have already identified) is an optimal solution for use in a covering purposes. It is lightweight, soft and dense at the same time, which was created back in Germany just for spring and summer cover different cultures in agriculture. Properties of this film are far superior quality of its peers:
- Excellent protection against frost from -2 ° C to -7 ° C when the cover in the two layers.
- Promotes the growth of plants, if observed the so-called physiological drought of the soil.
- Well lets air and moisture, ensuring the growth of plants.
- The plants are well protected from overheating.
- It possesses high translucency.
- It serves as reliable protection against birds, insects.
- It does not require the use of frames and edges during installation.
The beds are covered lutrasilom immediately after the seedlings planted or sown formed. The edges of the material to be sprinkled or laid stones to film not the wind blew. If the plants do not need to pollinate, it can be left on the ridge right up until harvest. Only occasionally can lift the edges to allow the plants to grow. At the time of pollination film is removed. By the way, you can water the plants directly through lutrasil without removing it.
Material and may be used for covering hothouses, greenhouses unheated stationary, as well as an additional coating plants. This will protect the crops from frost and get an earlier harvest. Using a greenhouse, you can achieve savings on heating. Lutrasil black fleece is perfect for the heating of the soil and growing crops that require careful maintenance.
As already mentioned, today offers a huge number of materials that can be used in agriculture. For example, many gardeners do not know what to choose - or lutrasil spunbond. Their doubts are understandable, since the majority of the characteristics of these materials are similar. But, for example, lutrasil often comes in white color and is mainly used to cover beds and crops. At the same time spunbond - a material of black color, which is often required for mulching the ground directly before planting in her plants.
In Europe lutrasil film has been used for 20 years and it is popular just because of environmental friendliness and natural fibers. Using it, you can create a closed space above the plants, which in this case would be to provide them with everything necessary - light, air and water. Thanks to the creation of a favorable microclimate of vegetables, fruits and berries will grow much faster, providing their hosts early harvest.
It is a robust material that is able to protect plants from pests. Non-woven fabric - a guarantee that sheltered the plants will not be infected by various diseases. Owing to the homogeneous structure fibers in the space under the shelter of the favorable microclimate for crop growth, the precipitation distributed evenly, and the air is circulated continuously. Many gardeners have noted that the use of black spanbord in the beds of strawberries, you can forget about such a problem as weeds.
Where to buy lutrasil and spunbond?
As we have learned, both materials are well suited for use as a covering. Buy this film can be in specialized stores, which sell a variety of goods and materials for the home and garden. In addition, you can always order the delivery of the company-manufacturer, which produces lutrasil. It is a very good and high-quality material, it is already understood everything. In addition, this material is economical because you can buy it at a low cost. Thus, depending on the fiber density lutrasil cost an average of from 2 to 24 rubles per meter.
Thus, as a covering film can be used lutrasil and spunbond. Each of these materials has its own characteristics, and therefore when choosing should take into account the purpose for which you buy it.
Non-woven covering materials and spunbond Lutrasil, and their differences
In the spring of each summer resident there is a new reason to worry - the purchase of a suitable covering material, which would provide crops and young plants the optimum temperature.
In the market of agricultural support materials, this category of products is represented by a great variety. Leaders among the species considered to be non-woven and spunbond Lutrasil.
1 Types of covering materials
Covering materials for summer cottage perform 2 functions:
- optimize temperature control, when it comes to equipping greenhouses and greenhouses;
- prevent the spread of weeds, minimizing their growth.
As the covering material gardeners and horticulturists use roll and sheet materials, including: a film sheets of cardboard and old floor coverings. Most of them absolutely do not allow sunlight -etim due to their ability to inhibit the growth of weeds. Despite the high efficiency in the fight against weeds traditional covering material, more truckers prefer a functional coating, such as a nonwoven agrovoloknom.
Black mulch covering material Lutrasil spunbond and to protect against weeds
Non-woven fabric has a light, breathable texture - and is used to solve a wide range of agricultural applications.
Basic type classification divides the pavement into 4 groups depending on the density of the web:
- light - the material density is 30 g / sq.m, is the perfect solution for the open ground plants;.
- average - has a density of 40-50 g / m² and used for arranging arc greenhouse, protecting the plants from severe frosts and unlike film provides an effective air exchange;
- white cloth weight of 60 g / sq.m. It has excellent functional characteristics and longer service life, suitable for use within a few years;
- Black fabric has a high density (60 or more g / sq.m.) and is considered an effective means for the protection of young plants from weeds, and also has the ability to store heat.
The process of using agrovoloknom simple. The producers of such brands as Lutrasil, spunbond, Agril, Agrotex, Agrospan et al., Offer models with already provided holes in the cloth, intended for transplanting.
This is useful for growing plants with a volume of above-ground part - tomatoes, pumpkin and melons, peppers, eggplant, as well as low-growing berry bushes. Stack agrovoloknom it recommended to dry and is already prepared for planting plants ground fixing pegs functional garden.
1.2 Planting strawberries on mulching agrovoloknom (video)
2 agrovoloknom nonwoven advantages and distinctions between products
At a cost of and demand for nonwoven agrovoloknom not inferior to film, but has a quality advantage over her. The film is considered the best material for producing greenhouse conditions in greenhouses equipment. Depending on the thickness of it can also be used to protect plants from an open ground spring frosts, but when laying over negopodavlyaet weed growth.
Unlike film, nonwoven covering materials have excellent air- and water-side capacity. Due to the dense texture, they accumulate heat at the surface of the ground, at the optimum temperature for plant growth and at the same time do not interfere with wetting of the soil during irrigation or rain.
The structure of the nonwoven agrovoloka
The advantages of the use of agrovoloknom include:
- reduction in time and labor costs for weed beds;
- the possibility of early transplanting;
- there is no need for herbicides;
- protect fetuses from contamination due to contact with the ground, especially after rain.
The most popular and accessible considered agrovoloknom spunbond grades or Lutrasil. Each brand has fans that are not without reason to praise their own experience or that material, we also find out what are the differences and what is better to choose Lutrasil or spunbond.
The structure of this species nonwoven agropolotna visually resembles a cobweb and has a significant advantage over analogues - no condensate is formed under its surface. This is especially important if the covering material used for an extended period of time.
For example, does not possess such properties bandwidths film contributes to the development of mold and fungi in the case of their occurrence agrovoloknom risk is reduced to zero. Cost per square meter of the material depends on the density of the features of production. Lutrasil represented by the following groups depending on the density - light, medium and denser webs models for the protection of plants and during the winter.
Spunbond as Lutrasil, represented by all major groups covering material and used for protecting plants from weeds (black fabric), and as a covering material for providing optimum temperature and atmospheric mode.
Greenhouses under agrovoloknom
Excellent pass moisture, air, suitable for frameless shelter vegetable and berry bushes. Denser varieties are displayed, the winding trunks of fruit trees in the winter, as well as everything for greenhouses.
As you can see, the key characteristics, it is no different from Lutrasila. Therefore, what exactly cover plants - lutrasilom or spunbond - mainly depends on what kind of material is more readily available at the time of purchase.
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The modern summer resident today there is a huge selection of different ukryvnyh nonwoven materials for protection and shelter of their plants, but they do not get lost in this variety. Let paint main features and differences protective nonwoven materials.
Lutrasil - This non-woven fabric that looks like a spider web. Its advantage is that there is no condensation. If necessary lutrasil can be left on beds for a very long time. lutrasila is different density.
Most thin and light - termoselekt (Density 17 g / m2). Such material is able to protect the plants in frozen to minus 2 degrees.
Denser - frostselekt (30 g / m2), a cover will protect against hail, birds, frost to minus 6 degrees. Lutrasilom density of 42 and 60 g / m2 can cover the greenhouse.
A lutrasil 60 UV (black light and elastic cloth) which is used in planting of plants. To do this it is spread over the ridges, edge press down with stones or boards. Plants are planted in the ground, cutting a hole in the material. This material suppresses weed growth and creates the plants roots favorable thermal regime. 1 sq. m lutrasila can range in price, depending on the density, the destination and the service life of the material.
spunbond - a non-woven material which is well breathable, moisture, sun rays and creates a microclimate for plants. The material does not rot and retains heat. Its only drawback is fragile, easily broken.
Spunbond is of two kinds:
Black is designed to protect the soil from weeds).
The thinnest of white spunbond SUF-17 is designed for frameless shelter and protect plants from drought, heat and pests.
SUF-30 protects the plants from the night temperature drops. This material can be used in the arc-shaped frames.
Denser - the SF-42 is designed for greenhouses, it can withstand freezing down to minus 3 degrees. If you need a more dense material, which will save the plants at temperatures below 6 degrees - choose the SF 60. It is ideal for greenhouses in the winter they can fasten the tree trunks from rodents saves podzimny crops.
Agril - a material with high permeability for sunlight, but at the same time, he scatters them. Therefore, the plants are not worn out in hot weather, and frost does not supercool. It is well pass moisture and air which is sufficiently durable and easy to use. Agril will protect the soil from erosion, compaction and formation of a crust, reduce the time to crop maturation 7-25 days.
Y transparent agrila density of 17 and 40 g / m2. A black agril density of 50 g / m2 for mulching vegetables and strawberries. He does not transmit light, and eliminates from the gardener weeding. Air and water to penetrate through it, without disturbing the biological processes in the soil.
Agrospan - material which has all the advantages of the materials listed above, but thanks to special additives far exceeds their lifetime. In addition, this material creates a good gas exchange, which prevents overcooling and overheating of plants, and therefore the period of harvest is prolonged to late autumn.
Agrospan marks M-17 and M-30 is designed to cover the beds without strain (edges should press something heavy). The bags, made of agrospana can be used for protection against pests of cabbage.
Against severe frosts and hail, strong winds and the scorching sun used agrospan brands M-42 and M-60.
Lumitex - the material is transparent to blue and red light, as it has the ability to convert ultraviolet light into green and blue, thereby increasing the total flow of active light. Thus Lumitex delays and reflects the infrared radiation, protecting the plants from overheating. This material passes carbon dioxide and moisture. This looks nonwoven unusually he fluted, pink, soft to the touch.
Lumitex is particularly suitable for covering cucumbers and strawberries. The fruits ripen under him 2 weeks earlier, and yields increased by 30-40%. Lumitex often used in combination with the film (it harboring greenhouse roof and wall Lumitex).
All non-wovens are used for a long time. They can be washed in a washing machine, and small holes, and the incision is closed.
Comments to "covering material"
Yeah, good stuff. Eats something and the greenhouse? Stretch, that would not be broken.