- 1 prayer for plant care - Maranta tricolor
- 2 Arrowroot: photos, views, secrets of growing and care at home
- 3 Maranta tricolor prayer plant photos
- 3.1 Description prayer plant arrowroot and photos
- 3.2 Reproduction prayer plant arrowroot
- 3.3 Air humidity and temperature conditions for growing plants prayer arrowroot
- 3.4 Pruning plants prayer arrowroot
- 3.5 Fertilizing plants prayer arrowroot
- 3.6 Watering plants prayer arrowroot
- 3.7 Disease prevention prayer plant arrowroot
prayer for plant care - Maranta tricolor
Tropical forests of Central and South America abound bright extraordinary plants that have become in the middle lane indoor residents. Such is pictured in the photo arrowroot tricolor - prayer plant, styled like the flower of the people.
Bright colors, it can compete with any kind of flowering. But the main advantage of arrowroot - it is not flowers and variegated foliage. From the outside it has an asymmetrical colorful pattern, and the rear trim colored magenta hue.
Maranta tricolor - a plant from the rainforest
Like most of the tribesmen, belonging to the family marantaceae, Maranta leuconeura erythroneura - this spectacular decorative foliage plants in nature live under the shadow of a tropical forest and throughout the year pleasing fans of a cap similar cultures of painted leaves.
But why are presented in the photo arrowroot tricolor - prayer plant? The matter of unusual cultural abilities, which is a change in the external environment responds by raising, as if in prayer, folded sheet metal plates.
Of wild arrowroot tricolor - the indigenous inhabitants of quite moist shady undergrowth. And this feature of the leaves is very useful if the plant for a long time falls under the scorching rays of the sun, or the coming dry season.
With raised leaves much less moisture evaporates, and sunburn is not so terrible. Instead, they find themselves in a comfortable environment, flower, foliage down, and all around is possible to admire the colorful ornaments, combining all the shades of green, white and yellow and magenta colors.
Conditions of arrowroot tricolor
Attracted by the beauty of the Maranta tricolor, growers have to remember that for the active growth and well-being of the native of tropical ornamental special conditions are needed. First of all, it concerns the location of the flower.
If the majority of indoor crops claim to well-lit areas of the sill, it is better to take arrowroot area away from direct sunlight, but in deep shadow, where leaves will lose their brightness and acquire a grayish hue. Summer Maranta tricolor, as in the photo, it is sufficient natural light, but the Mid-Autumn florist better take care of the additional illumination.
Arrowroot is necessary to heat and moisture. soil drying in a pot, as well as a stay in a cold room, it is a serious risk to plants, accustomed to a very different nature.
combination of excess moisture and cold substrate is especially dangerous. Maranta tricolor coolness perceived as the start of the rest period, so the plant reduces the consumption of water and nutrients. An excess is not consumed and poorly evaporated moisture in the soil multiply harmful microorganisms that develop on the roots of putrefaction.
The plants of the rainforest is not only well treated to moisture in the soil, but can not exist in the dry air of apartments. To ensure that the plant or prayer Maranta tricolor, as in the photo, complete comfort, have to take care:
- the frequent irrigation culture;
- to maintain high humidity by using all available means;
- on the protection of the flower from the hot air from the radiators or cold drafts.
Best of all culture feels being at home teplichke. But the creation of acceptable conditions of care for the bright natives of the tropics does not end there.
Care Maranta tricolor at home
Due to the complexity of the implementation of all requirements of arrowroot flower growers believe that the culture capricious. But if you find a way to the flower, it will answer the rapid growth, the constant emergence of new foliage, and even tri-colored blooms.
Compared with leaves prayer arrowroot plant tricolor photo of her flowers is not admirable storm. Some growers do not even suspect that their favorite forms a rosette of leaves rising above the sparse spike inflorescence with whitish or lilac with small flowers.
In caring for Maranta tricolor sure to include in the home:
- fertilizing plants in the spring and summer;
- spring transplantation conducted with a two-year interval;
- hygienic foliar dust and removal of dead or damaged parts of the plant;
- maintaining humidity.
Watering should be regular and abundant, while useful to use soft water at room temperature. Between waterings substrate should dry out a bit. In the summer and have heating in the winter the soil is moistened frequently. If the room is cool, irrigation schedule is corrected.
Maranta tricolor perfectly perceives feeding the mineral composition and organic matter. Such procedures in order to maintain the growth rate and decorative foliage is carried out in the warmer months, with two week intervals. In parallel, care about cleanliness leaves, regularly rubbing them with a damp cloth. This will give the plant the brightness, helps maintain the desired humidity and activates the foliage breath.
If a flower is a long time in dry air, significantly increases the risk of infection tricolor Maranta spider mites. Pest settles on the back side sheet plates and leads to the depletion of the indoor pet.
With the growth of transplanted arrowroot. To choose moisture-loving culture extensive plastic pots from which the longer irrigation evaporates moisture, and surface roots are placed comfortably. In order to avoid rotting of the root system on the bottom of the container makes a powerful drainage and planting tricolor Maranta take nutritional slightly acid mixture of equal proportion of peat, humus and leaf soil. For acidification of the substrate it is added crushed conifer bark and charcoal.
During transplantation arrowroot can be expanded, spent the division of adult plants so that received outlets had their own roots and healthy growth point.
Arrowroot: photos, views, secrets of growing and care at home
Flowering plant arrowroot family marantaceae perfectly grows, multiplies and blooms for a long time at home. Arrowroot its name was in honor of the botanist and Italian physician Bartolomeo Maranta, who lived in the XVI century. Today, there are about 26 species of this plant, which is valued for its diminutive size and very beautiful large leaves. An exotic ornamental plant requires some care about the features which we will cover in this article.
Arrowroot: general description, views, photos
Flower is home to exotic tropical South and Central America and the Caribbean. Thumbnail plant grows up to 30 cm high and different tuberous roots, erect or creeping stems and growing leaves on petioles broadly. Depending on the type of sheet plate decorated mottled brown spots or bright spots double row strips along the central vein.
On the upper side of the leaves background can be dark green, light green or reddish. The bottom side of the top color is very different. Located on the leaves of the color combination of spots and veins is very similar to the patterns of leaves decorative codiaeum. Blossoms white and pale lilac flowers in spring or summer.
Flower arrowroot many known that under favorable growing conditions it leaves deployed, and if the plant lacks light or moisture, leaves are added to the closed outlet and drawn upwardly. In this regard, the flower has a second name - "Praying grass". Due to this there is a belief that is grown in a house of prayer flower is able to protect the family from conflict, to create a favorable atmosphere and clear of negative emotions.
At home, most often grown two kinds of arrowroot. It arrowroot tricolor, known as arrowroot tricolor and two-tone. But many fans marantaceae family of plants are grown and other species of this tropical flower.
Maranta tricolor (tricolor). Ornamental foliage plants is a bush, whose dimensions in width and height are 30 cm. Hairy leaves attain a length of 12 cm and have an oval shape. Background of the upper side of lamina dark or light green. Figure leaf veins consists of red and green dark spots along the side and light green spots along the central veins. Bottom sheet plate have a crimson color and pink veins. Blossoms arrowroot tricolor flowers light purple hue.
Arrowroot two-tone. This is a fairly rare plant characterized in that it does not form roots. Its leaves are up to 15 cm differ short petioles, wavy edges and oval shape. On the green sheet against the top plate arranged brown spots. The bottom leaves are covered with hairs and have a reddish hue.
Thatched arrowroot. Ornamental plant is a shrub little more than a meter. Its tuberous roots are thick and long leaves are egg-shaped and grow to 25 cm. Pointed at the top sheet from the bottom plate is dark green in color and covered with hairs. Spring or summer on the plant appear white flowers.
Arrowroot Kerhovena. Herbaceous perennial 25 cm tall characterized by short leaf roots, oval leaves up to 15 cm, and the white-white flowers zhilchatymi. Sheet top plate has a bright green background, which along the central vein is located the dark green spots and white stripes. Bottom sheet is rolling out the red to bluish.
Arrowroot: care at home, photos
Maranta loves bright diffused light, so it is desirable to place a flower on a windowsill or near the windows facing the east or west side of the house. During the summer, be sure to plant pritenyat from direct sun rays midday. Otherwise lamina reduced in size, image contrast fades and leaves rolled. Winter flower need additional coverage that can be achieved by Photolamps.
Humidity and temperature control
C. home late May to October arrowroot should contain air at temperatures in the range + 21 + 26 degrees. Autumn and winter temperature must be lowered to + 18- + 23 degrees. Temperatures below 12 degrees detrimental effect on the plant. By the death of the flower can cause temperature changes and drafts.
Growing in the building arrowroot retain their decorativeness in moderate humidity. However, in the care of a plant is required two - three times a day to spray the leaves with warm water defended. To increase the humidity of the air around the flower, you can take the following actions:
- Put on pallet pot wet pebbles, expanded clay or peat. It is necessary to ensure that the roots do not come into contact with the filling.
- Place near flower container filled with water or a humidifier.
- On hot days, and in rooms with working radiators arrowroot can wash in the shower, after covering the soil in the pot polyethylene.
If in the house the air is too dry, the drawing will cease to be distinct, the leaves lose their tone, and their tips will dry.
In spring and summer the plants abundantly watered defended water at room temperature. In autumn and winter, the plants watered only when the drying of the topsoil. When care is necessary to monitor arrowroot, to the sump had no water. Drained after watering water should be drained at once.
Arrowroot fertilize every two weeks. For this purpose, mineral and organic fertilizers for ornamental deciduous plants, which should be alternated. Solutions made baits flower only after watering.
The soil for growing arrowroot can be made at home by mixing for it in equal parts:
The resulting mixture was added little earthen ground and softwood charcoal.
The soil can be of a different composition. To make it, use:
- garden soil - 3 parts;
- coarse sand - 1 part;
- peat - 1.5 parts.
To this ground mixture is added quite a bit of charcoal.
When caring for arrowroot at home once in two years, the plant must be transplanted to larger pots. Flower grows slowly, therefore often requires direct. Transshipment is carried out in March or April in the new pots, which should be a couple of centimeters more than the previous ones. At the bottom of the pot is poured necessarily drainage.
At home, the plant is propagated by cuttings or by division.
For cuttings in late spring or early summer of the young part of the shoot is cut to two - three leaves. The segment length should be approximately 7-8 cm. The cutting is placed into the vessel with soft water at room temperature. About a month later he must put down roots, and then it can be planted in a pot with peat. To create a greenhouse effect and a better survival rate, petioles are covered with a transparent top container or plastic bag. Caring for them is keeping the soil moist.
When transplanting plants grown shrub can be divided into 2-3 parts. This should be done very carefully so as not to damage the roots. Delenki planted in individual pots filled with peat. Flower watered, put together with a pot in a plastic bag and tightly fastened. This mini Teplicka be contained in a warm room. The package is removed after the emergence of young leaves. Before their appearance care of plants is a daily airing the soil and keep it moist.
Possible problems when growing arrowroot
In cold areas, and with frequent heavy watering plants begin to rot the roots and stems. His urgent need to rearrange in a warm place without drafts and reduce watering.
Dried up leaves with sticky cobweb say that the flower amazed spider mites. If the plant is not treated, the leaves begin to fall off over time. From spider mites rid folk remedies or using special chemicals. As a folk remedy used daily infusion of garlic, dandelion, yarrow or bow. If this fails, the plant processed "Aktelikom".
Dry ends and yellowed foliage is likely to indicate that the flower needs in humid air. In this case, the leaves need to spray more often and use other methods of increasing the humidity in the home.
With a large amount of sunlight arrowroot leaves may turn white. That they have purchased again a decorative color, flower shading is put in place. If this fails, the plant is necessary to fertilize during the growing season.
Called arrowroot undemanding houseplant impossible. To tropical flower for a long time please owners and decorate the house with their decorative leaves, he It requires constant attention and care according to the rules.
Maranta tricolor prayer plant photos
South American tropical plant of medium height with decorative oval leaves called arrowroot. Its leaves are spectacular shades of green, from light - to very dark. Against the background of symmetrically arranged bright spots, dots or veins. Stems arrowroot, while she is young, directed upward and begin to travel along later if it is grown without support. for prayer plant care Maranta tricolor in the home must be correct, then it blossoms. The flowers are collected spikelets, inconspicuous and small, appear in late spring or summer.
Description prayer plant arrowroot and photos
The leaves are oval-shaped, with rich green color (which, incidentally, does not leave them for a whole year), inseparably connected with the base of the stem. Leaves fall day and straighten out only in the evening - hence the name of the second flower arrowroot "prayer plant." The following is a description of the prayer plant arrowroot and his photos from different angles.
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Arrowroot - a terrestrial plant, flowering and also vertically. During the dry season, it is likely that the first thing the flower begins to dry rhizome and not the foliage (as is often the case). Stems very branched. They have basal leaves with silnovetvistym and an elongated rod-interstitial and a small amount of basal leaves (which may not be available at all).
Flowers have arrowroot have three small and two large lobes. Arrowroot flowers at home are grown for ornamental purposes, because the plant has a tendency to rapid buildup of leaf mass and active budding in the early period of its development.
Arrowroot used to produce edible starch. Some species, such as Maranta leuconeura and Maranta arundinacea, grown for indoor flower decoration in the home, in a warm environment. Look prayer plant maratanta on photos, which show the beauty of this flower for the home environment.
Reproduction prayer plant arrowroot
Soil cultivation substrate arrowroot should be slightly acidic, consisting of ½ part river sand, peat and parts of two or three pieces of garden soil with addition of a small amount of crushed charcoal.
In order to get more plants, there are 2 options: buy them in a specialty store or reproduce at home the most. There are some methods of reproduction in the home:
For the first method using cuttings with 2-3 sheets, and depends on what their length, which for a good rooting merely stuck into the wet sand and peat soil (1: 1). As the use of cuttings cut shoots, which can also be put into the water just before the appearance of roots. If the plant has grown enough, then for the purpose of reproduction using root division. For this arrowroot root divided into two, sometimes into 3 parts. Simultaneously with this operation, and transplantation is performed, the best time for which it is considered autumn or spring.
Seeding is carried out at a temperature of from 16 ° C to 18 ° C, which was maintained throughout the growing period. Diving seedlings after the appearance of the second leaf.
Air humidity and temperature conditions for growing plants prayer arrowroot
Arrowroot does not tolerate direct sunlight. Lighting should be bright, but diffused. Summer suit east, west, and even north window. The best option - to put the arrowroot at about 2 meters from a bright window. In winter, the plant is better positioned closer to the light. In poor lighting conditions often use artificial lighting with fluorescent lamps - 16 hours a day.
Arrowroot does not tolerate as overheating and overcooling. In summer, it is desirable to maintain the temperature of 22-25 ° C, at higher temperatures, require high humidity (cm. Below). From the middle to late autumn and spring the optimum temperature 18-20 ° C, while it must never fall below 10 ° C, otherwise the plant will die. Arrowroot enough thermophilic. Because of too cool content of stems and leaves may begin to rot, and if not change the situation, the plant will die. Overheating is also dangerous for the plants. It is very poorly tolerate extreme temperatures and does not tolerate drafts. Therefore, it is not recommended, even in the warm season pass on the street, or in the extreme case, to choose the place, completely protected from the wind, sun and drafts.
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Pruning plants prayer arrowroot
As the arrowroot some shoots are pulled strongly, so they require removal. In this case, the operation of cutting the lateral overgrown parts of the plant not only improves the aesthetic perception, but also has a positive effect on its further shaping as triggers the growth of new young shoots from the central part of the flower.
Fertilizing plants prayer arrowroot
Maranta loves dressing, but their excess reacts very negatively. Therefore, the nutritional formula should be a low concentration. Fertilize plants in early spring, with the start of active growth. In autumn all the feeding is stopped, the plant is preparing for a period of rest. Fertilize arrowroot liquid fertilizers for ornamental deciduous houseplants.
Watering plants prayer arrowroot
Arrowroot in nature grows near water in wet areas. Therefore, in the summer it is necessary to moisturize frequently (every other day) to the ground at all times was a bit damp. With irregular watering plants may dry out. In winter, it is desirable to reduce the frequency (1 every 5 - 7 days). The surface of the substrate should be given to dry for a couple of centimeters. Excessive soil moisture can cause the root rots. When watering is necessary to prevent the ingress of water on the leaves, so as not to arise fungal diseases. Plant it is only necessary to humidify soft water (boiled, rain or defended).
Disease prevention prayer plant arrowroot
Although Tricolor arrowroot and not very capricious, but it can hurt, and it may damage the plant parasites. Most suffer from those plants that do not receive proper care:
- Lack of moisture and shrinkage leads to fall off the leaves;
- Oversupply of moisture and low temperatures lead to decay of aerial part of the plant;
- Insufficient irrigation behaves spots on the leaves, which then begin to curl;
- If the pot with a flower placed against a bright spot, the leaves begin to fade and wither.
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The most dangerous pest of arrowroot is spider mite. He settles on the inside of the leaves and begins to entangle gossamer thin. As a result, the leaves begin to fade and fall off at all.
To avoid this, the plant must be frequently sprayed with water. If a tick has already appeared on the plant, it is sprayed with a soap solution or special insecticides.