- 1 Learn how to make and Venetian carnival mask made of papier-mache
- 2 How to make a mask out of papier-mache
- 3 The mask made of papier mache with his own hands: step by step instructions how to make carnival masks for any occasion
Learn how to make and Venetian carnival mask made of papier-mache
The master class outlines the basic techniques of manufacture of masks at home in papier-mâché.
Make masks out of papier-mache is very exciting and interesting. From simple and available materials can be made not only to the New Year's mask for children's matinees, but also masterpieces repeat the makeup of Hollywood movies.
Novice masters should be trained on a small hand-made articles in the form of mysterious Venetian masks. Familiar with the papier-mache firsthand you can try to create your first masterpiece with embossed detailing all the features of the "second person". Skillfully fashioned and painted mask will be the main decoration for any theme party.
Mask paper mache with his hands, step by step master class
creating the technology is simple and complex at the same time. Simplicity is the minimum amount of action. In fact, you only need to choose the right shape and pasted her paper. The difficulty lies in the proper application of the material, especially when it comes to detail. Let us try to understand all the intricacies of creating your own hands.
The first step is to choose the appropriate form, which is pasted over a mass for the papier-mache. Ideas for the shape of the metal blank may be several, all depends on the intended end result.
Consider a detailed description of the possible forms: the simplest that can be used as the layout - ready element of plastic. Such preparation can be purchased in the store for creativity or fancy dress. It is well suited for the Venetian and simple, not requiring a large relief elements. A plastic preform can paste both outside and inside:
Tape as a form can be your own person. A first layer of paper pieces must be wetted with water, the following layers in the wetted paste of flour and water. Exactly glued to the newspaper scraps quite difficult, so it is best to perform work with an assistant. After the application of 5-6 layers leave a design on the face until dry. The workpiece in an exact repeats the anatomy of the face, but can be inconvenient to prepare:
Foil - an alternative to the previous version. Crumpled foil is applied to the face, repeating its relief. After obtaining the necessary impression foil is removed and matched either hand. You can now paste preform newspaper fragments:
Plasticine - an excellent material to sculpt the desired shape from it. In this case, to fashion individual large items do not have to: all the features and twists can be made from clay. Such a blank is well suited for a large nose masks, such as plague or doctor Baba Yagi. Before layers applied, it is recommended to cover or preform polyethylene fluff fat cream to a finished product easily withdrew from clay:
Gypsum face element requires careful preparation. First future preform fashioned from clay, and then poured gypsum. Pasted over with plaster on the inside. The main advantage of gypsum blanks - reuse.
Plastic bottle or a wooden block to fit in if not important anatomical accuracy. Plastic bottle - ideal for creating decorative African.
Balloon suitable for children, which is unimportant detail. Balloon is inflated and glued paper or on one side of the face shape, or from all sides. After drying the paper layers are removed from the pellet. If the ball was plastered on all sides, it is necessary to remove and burst through the hole. The hollow round billet is cut into two halves:
Simple can be formed from a crumpled newspaper. To consolidate newspaper design, it must be wrapped with tape. Also, the side that will later glued must be protected with several layers of tape.
If the form has been prepared, then you can proceed to the next step.
It would seem that everything is simple: there is a form that must be pasted soaked in PVA pieces of paper and leave to dry. However, papier-mache - a long process, does not tolerate haste. Furthermore, because of its shape and thickness it has performance nuances.
There are several options for the preparation of the material, each of which has its own advantages and disadvantages. Consider the basic materials for the masks.
The weight is obtained from the egg trays and the paste (starch or flour). To do this: break the trays into small pieces, add water and put on a slow fire. When the mass is smooth, remove the pan from the heat and cool, stir the resulting mass with a mixer, and then overcome:
Boil 500 ml of water and add 3 tbsp. tablespoons of flour (starch); stirring the mixture to boil until clear. When the paste is cooled, it is necessary to introduce into the dried mass and knead the raw materials prepared earlier:
The paste can be replaced wallpaper paste or PVA, and trays - toilet paper and napkins. In this case, you can do without cooking. However, it has for a long time to soak the paper in water, and then an adhesive.
The main drawback of this material - porosity. In addition, the mass is ill-suited for fine detail. For example, to fashion a neat little sponge will be difficult, but do fleshy nose, cheekbones, eyebrows - it is possible. Papier-mâché in the final stage is primed, painted and varnished.
In order not to be tormented with the preparation of their own weight, you can use ready-made dry mix. Knead it easy, relying on the insert sheet. The finished mass is very flexible, easily amenable to modeling, applied to the surface evenly. However, suffered mass is best to dry naturally away from heaters. Otherwise, there will be cracks and strong deformation. After drying, grinding and need a primer.
Use newspapers, napkins and toilet paper involves overlaying the substrate layer crosswise (layer 1 - along 2 - breadth etc). However, there are some nuances:
- the first layer is applied without glue: strips are soaked in water;
- so she looked inside velvety and pleasant to sit on your face, it is necessary to lay the first layer of strips of paper towels or napkins dense (not paper!);
- for the strength and elasticity of the papier-mache (to avoid burst) strips of newspaper should be alternated with bands or gauze;
- stacked layers gradually after drying (3-5 layers - drying for a day, etc.);
- as a binder is used PVA wallpaper paste or adhesive in pure form (divorced adhesive makes soft structure).
Thus, the method of application allocated 2 material - molding and mashirovanie (sticking layer). Consider phased how to make a mask in every way. For modeling is well suited African. To create a need:
- basis (newspaper, bottle, board, foil);
- capacity with water (to wet and rinse the hands);
- PVA glue;
- acrylic paints;
Step by step guide: zameshennuyu mass distributed on the basis, giving the desired shape. Focusing on the sketch, do hands nose, eyes, cheeks, ears.
Detailing via stacks all elements (moistened with water if necessary), cover fashioned form PVA and allowed to dry:
Coloring dry preform acrylics cover lacquer.
Carnival mask at home
Forms may be the most incredible and fabulous. For children's matinees, and performances suitable animal masks, which are easily made on the basis of clay piece. Muzzle desired shape by mashirovaniya strengthened, and the components (ears, beak, feathers) are formed by molding. In this case, you can create a mask covering the entire face and half masks:
Not a bad idea for Halloween - zombies. As a form suitable plastic preform. Teeth, eyes, skin pieces fashioned from mass. As the sample is recommended to use still pictures of zombie films.
The inspiration for the creation and registration can be obtained from the photo:
That it turned out pleasant to the touch, with no sharp edges, it is recommended before painting it with gauze pasted on both sides. In this case, the edges of cheesecloth tuck inside.
To create a more robust design is recommended to use both techniques: the base form mashirovaniem and terrain - modeling:
Final stage: building and painting
It remained the most creative stage, after which the mood appears. But first, it must be thoroughly dried and primed - it will give strength and discolor it. The surface is painted papier-mache acrylics:
Depending on the subject matter, it can be painted with patterns and ornaments, to draw her eyes, cheeks, lips, teeth, and more. To decorate Venetian crafts curlicue, it is recommended to take advantage of the finished scheme, which must be carefully moved to the foundation. Beautiful fancy accessories to look spot painting. It is also possible to arrange in decoupage style. For the final decoration fit ribbon, sequins, rhinestones:
And now we offer you a look at the work of professionals, and find out what are the varieties of these festive accessories.
Video: Making of Venetian masks
African mask their own hands
Mashirovaniem creates a Venetian mask. you must prepare to step MK:
- foundation (face, a plastic preform or plasticine);
- paper, napkins, paper towels;
- bandages, gauze;
- PVA glue;
- Capacity for the adhesive;
- fat cream or petroleum jelly;
- Scissors and stationery knife;
- acrylic paint and varnish;
Progress: lubricate fat cream base (if the base - the face, the skin must be lubricated cream and stick on top of the food film) .Vylit glue into a container (if thick, dilute a little water). Tear wide strips (about 3 cm) from the paper towel moistened with water and stick along the workpiece (glued forehead, nose, upper cheek). Tear strip from paper, dipped in glue stick across the workpiece:
A third layer of paste along the gauze and leave to dry. After drying to continue work, alternating layers along and across and not forgetting prokleivat gauze (total should have 8-9 layers). Leave a papier-mache to dry completely. To draw the contours of the eyes, the forehead and cheeks. Remove the workpiece from the base, cut all the excess, cut eye:
Paint preparation, paste inlay:
What masks can be made with your own hands
Christmas mask papier-mache (for the dog of the year):
Owl made of papier-mâché:
Papier-mache fairy-tale hero:
Videos clearly show how to step by step to create elegant and unusual mask for a holiday or a party.
How to make a mask out of papier-mache
"Papier-mache" in French sounds like "torn paper". This technique has long won popularity among lovers of needlework. With the help of papier-mache material can be any shape for fancy dresses, masks, as well as elements of the room decor. In this article you will learn how to make their own mask made of papier-mache. Depending on the case (Halloween Masked Ball) and your imagination, you can make absolutely any form of mask or make the image of your favorite character.
Materials for masks made of papier-mache
Before you start, it is especially important for beginners to remember a number of features. Respecting the basic principles of working with the material, you can make a beautiful mask. So, one of the key materials in this technique - paper. You must use newsprint, although in some cases for the first 2-3 layers of thin paper napkins are used. Napkins are compressed when wet, it forms after drying lines and wrinkles on the finished product. It just fits for some kinds of masks, for example, Baba Yaga. Paper can not be cut, but it is necessary to tear by hand. The edges of the torn paper thin, which allows to form a smooth product.
Making the finished mask can only be done after drying the material. Solidified papier-mache about 2 days. Drying time depends on the size and thickness of the mask. With regard to the basis for the masks, there are a couple of options. If you have a simple mask on face shape, the task is simplified. Just before lining material grease or wrap the film surface of the mask. This is to ensure that the material is not stuck to the form.
You can also use a balloon. Subsequently, it is very convenient to remove - the ball breaks itself when drying material.
There is another option - the formation of a basis for a mask foil. To do this, add up the foil into several layers and put on face. Now you need to give your fingers a foil shape of the face, in other words, make an impression.
Ready foundation for the mask is removed, and then fix our bumps and cut out holes for the eyes and nose.
Adjust the shape, you can use plasticine. For such a basis is also required lubrication.
mask manufacturing technique of papier-mache
In order to make a mask, you will need the following materials:
You need to pick the paper into strips, their size depends on the size of the finished product. For standard masks required pieces of 2-2.5 cm in width and 8-10 cm in length.
Now you need to cook the glue. You can use an ordinary PVA glue or wallpaper paste. At home, most often cooked paste. For this half cups flour or starch is mixed with a glass of cold water. Ingredients needed to mix until smooth. When there will be no lumps should pour weight in a pan of hot water. Water should be about 5 cups. Clay cook until thick, stirring constantly to avoid lumps formed. Cooking time - about 2-3 minutes. After cooling, the glue is ready to use.
Now you can make a mask itself. On the previously prepared form, apply a layer of paper soaked in water. One layer is enough.
Then Dip pieces of paper in the glue and put on the form.
Make 2-3 layers, razladte paper, removing air and leveling irregularities, and leave to dry. Then you can continue to spread the remaining layers.
Make a mask of sufficient thickness that it is dense and strong. The last layer can be made of thick paper or white pieces of cotton cloth.
Holes in the mask for the eyes and nose, if they have not previously done by the need to do it at this stage, until the mixture is wet.
The same applies to the openings for ribbons.
Finished mask dries approximately 1.5-2 hours.
Now you can do the final design of the mask. First you need to even the edges. Opilio them with sandpaper or a file and smooth. You can seal the edge masking tape. Itself as a mask can be corrected with the help of sandpaper.
Now it's time to apply the primer. To do this, use latex paint or putty is water-based. It must be applied with a brush. If you need several layers, each subsequent applied after drying the previous one.
After drying, you can do the decoration of the finished mask. To paint, you can use gouache or acrylic paint. The basic tone easier to cause a foam sponge and fine details and patterns easier to draw a thin synthetic brush. For decoration is most often used rhinestones, sequins, small chain, beads, ribbons and lace. Decor elements are mounted on an adhesive or small sewing pins. Venetian masks are often cased with a velvet cloth. Mask for Halloween will be enough to paint with colored inks.
Great idea for a theme party mask. All in great detail painted.
Thank you very much for sovetiki. Thank you so much)))
Everything is clear thank you, wonderfully painted all clear Respect)))
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The mask made of papier mache with his own hands: step by step instructions how to make carnival masks for any occasion
If you are lucky enough to become a party to the upcoming carnival party, then a suit should be considered in advance. You can choose from ready-made options - the good, now this should not be a problem, but you can take a moment to create your own masterpiece. Let's start with the masks of papier mache with their hands!
simple components needed for the foundations of a carnival mask:
- Newspaper (or any other paper that soak, but does not become liquid gruel)
- Napkins (paper towel)
- Cut-off denim or writing paper
- PVA glue (or welded manually paste)
- Tools: scissors, brushes
- Petroleum jelly or fat cream
- As well as decor for decoration (for the base fabric, beads, sequins, ribbons, lace, feathers. You can be inspired by the example of the decor classic Venetian mask)
Prior to the step of creating products from papier-mâché need to get the foundation, which will be convenient to make an impression. Among the possible options waiting for the most successful, perhaps, will be a hockey mask. Its shape is polished over the years and there is no doubt that after the removal of the cast homemade mask will sit on his face like a glove and the eye socket will not appear in the nasal area.
But not always at hand there is a stray hockey mask. And to be precise, for most people it is a rarity. We will use the option of manufacturing the mask of his own face. On the example of half-mask look at how it's done.
But first check all the materials and tools. If the hand is turned PVA not the best quality (stationery is sometimes too thin, and the building is sold in cans too bulky), then come to the aid of an old recipe of my grandfather paste. It is cooked flour or starch.
For the manufacture of the starch paste will need: 2-3 tablespoons any starch per liter water. For the mask will be enough small circles (the proportion of restated to reflect your volume). The desired amount of starch diluted in a small amount of cold water, stirred to a uniform consistency and any remaining water is poured boiling water. Cook over medium heat, stirring constantly, until thickening.
The proportions of flour paste 1 cup per gallon of water plus 50 grams of wood glue, previously diluted with water. Then the same thing with starch paste - the flour diluted with cold water, pour boiling water and cook.
Before the start of manufacture of masks made of papier mache with his hands on his head must be put on a scarf or wrap so as not to stain the hair.
On the face with a thick layer is not particularly skromnichaya need to apply Vaseline (or cream). Soaked paper (better to choose the pieces, which is less than the entire printing) lay out the future shape of the mask.
The next layer is applied with addition of adhesive. Each slice must be well pressed against the surface, increasing the coupling layers and squeezing, thus air.
These pieces need to cover the entire surface evenly, leaving no gaps. In order to not get lost in layers, they can somehow mark or just the first layer to use a sheet of newspaper from the inside tabs, black and white, and for the second to take a color reversal.
After the first two layers of paper towels add.
Slowly alternate napkins and paper. We print up to five layers.
When the mask is sufficiently dense, carefully and slowly begin to dry her hair dryer. If it does not cause much discomfort, you can just for a while like a homemade mask on her face as a cosmetic.
The final step. The final layer, a decorative front, glued or white writing paper or cloth, but do not bandage - it will damage the unsightly view of the final stage. When the glue dries, your hand or a damp cloth is necessary to go through the joints of the pieces to smooth nervousness.
Well dried mask is removed and evaporated to dryness leaving at least for the night. In a battery with good temperature can overdry the product, so it is put near the heater, and not directly on it. For the integrity of the form can be placed inside the roll of fabric to mask, not twisted.
After drying cut off all unnecessary, trimming of the eyes.
In this master class as a basis for making masks over.
Remained creative process of decorating. To this end, the mask is tensioned fabric (preferably choose the most precious pieces: velvet, velvet, crepe, satin and other elastic materials, which will not allow the folds).
In the area of the eye holes are cut with an allowance to bend, if you do not plan to decorate the eye socket (this option is possible, as with the fabric in the photo).
Glue the fabric to the base and sizing kinks in their sockets, and the entire mask.
Instead of PVA is better to use a special glue for tissue or superglue.
The inner part of the same sizing fabric, pleasant to the body. Better if it will be c / b. Before sizing the inner fabric, attach straps or elastic band.
And then just need to decorate the spectacular décor!
registration options can be found in this video: