- 1 Oil for wood flooring - what oil is better to choose, how to use?
- 2 Types of oils and waxes for coating parquet
- 3 Parquet Floor oil: advantages and disadvantages
Oil for wood flooring - what oil is better to choose, how to use?
Gentle parquet oil penetrates deep into the layers of the wood enhances its natural color, creates a protection for the floor. Wanting to use this type of impregnation treatment for his wooden cover, it should become familiar with all the nuances, the pros and possible cons of this important decision.
Parquet board - lacquer or oil?
Varnish has a solid and durable structure, it is with due care for more than ten years. His rival advantages associated with high environmental performance and ease of restoration in case of accidental damage to the decorative coatings. If there is a choice, buy or varnish for parquet oil, it is necessary to weigh the advantages and disadvantages of each option. Otherwise, it will be difficult to change the type of protective material without additional costs for repairs.
Cons varnished parquet:
- If you find the surface worn out, you have to grind the whole floor and varnish it again.
- Thick film of lacquer protects the wood, but hides the natural texture and warm natural material.
Considering all kinds of wooden floor protection, it must be admitted that the parquet oil - the most eco-friendly material. His main drawback - the regular cost of remediation work which should be done every 2 or 3 years. Having decided to use oiled floors, you can not go to the nail again. The oil is so deeply pervades the board that to remove it would not help even a thorough Scratching.
Pros use of oil for home flooring:
- Oiling is faster painting.
- For the application of the oil does not need special skills.
- Repair damaged flooring to do at times easier.
- Oiled wood breathes and less afraid of moisture.
- Oiled floor more pleasant to the touch.
- Oils for parquet favorably emphasize the natural structure of wood.
Proper processing of flax oil parquet flooring can help save many more expensive antiseptic. It is cheap and is 100% from natural completely harmless components. If the home has allergies, it is better not to take risks with artificial additives, trusting only linseed oil and beeswax. It dries up to 3 days, the flow rate - from 10-20 l / m 2 depending on the wood species.
Oil for wood flooring with hard wax
Use oil for flooring wax needed to finish processing step for imparting semi greater density and hardness. A drawback of this coating - high slipperiness. Wax is perfectly absorbed into the smallest pores and closes them against the ingress of water droplets. Using oils with wax makes parquet durability and resistance, permits beautiful coating lay even in comparatively damp rooms.
for a two-component parquet oil
Wax has many fine qualities, but he eventually starts to shine and has an increased slip ratio. Two component oil for oak parquet and other wood coatings help solve these problems. Hardener speeds up drying time, reduces the consumption of the working fluid, helps without problems mechanize impregnation process, which is important for the treatment of spacious rooms. The two-component formulations expensive, but expenditures are 30% less, when used flooring is durable, reducing costs for periodic cleaning.
Impregnation with toning it makes sense in many cases. It helps to return the worn-out floor pristine color or slightly tint material. Colored oil for parquet boards color can change beyond recognition. According to the coating method can impart or Noble exotic aspect, the standard change its hue on honey, amber, graphite, black.
color saturation depends on the amount of pigment introduced in the working composition. This component is commercially available and its proportion in the amount of oil ranges from 7% to 10%. Dyeing gently envelop particles of wood fibers without altering their pattern visually. You can achieve the surprising result that the domestic breed will look like overseas timber.
The purpose of this oil does not cover the natural structure like paint and create unusual podbelivayuschy effect. This variant is advantageous to use in the case when you want to get a spacious and bright atmosphere. When using these compositions in different wood species different result is obtained. It is interesting to look after processing oak flooring, white oil gives it a noble shade of silver. The coating of ash and maple becomes bright and matt preserving natural picture.
Oiling parquet - a serious procedure that requires attention and patience. In this case, undesirable to hurry, skip some milestone or poorly prepared surface. Working with color oil for parquet care must be taken not to leave the unpainted areas, otherwise you can get instead of a uniform beautiful matte layer quilt.
How to produce oil coating of parquet:
- Parquet sanding machine or by hand with sandpaper P100 and P150.
- Surface carefully wiped off the dust.
- Work oil needed at a temperature of between 5 °.
- parquet humidity should be 12%.
- The oil is applied to the parquet a convenient brush, roller, squeegee, rags.
- You can dunk brush in oil or pour a little on the surface of the working solution, then to stretch it along a plane thin layer.
- Rub into the wood structure is better in a circular motion.
- Finished parquet reserve for a few minutes to impregnate the wood.
- After 7 minutes the excess solution is removed cotton cloth.
- We produce work in a circular motion.
- If any roughness, then two days later they remove the sanding sponge of grain P240.
- The finishing layer is applied with the wax oil similar manner as priming was performed.
- After 7 minutes parquet dry rag wipe, removing excess oil.
- Dry oil with wax up to 12 hours, but the full load to the floor is permitted to give 7 days.
Care of the parquet covered with oil
If you have used for the treatment of parquet oil, it should be remembered that your floors need special treatment, protection and care. There are some simple rules as to preserve intact the delicate wooden surface. In fact, how to care for parquet covered with oil during wet cleaning procedures, it is desirable to use special tools - ParkettSoap, CareCleaner. A couple of times a year are treated with special coating solutions, closing the pores, protecting the wood from dirt and Glow - ParkettOil, ParkettWax and others.
Preventive measures to protect the hardwood floor:
- Is glued to the legs of furniture, felt pads.
- Try not to walk on the floor in shoes with sharp spikes.
- Near the entrance door, use pad delays dirt.
- Wring the cloth to wet cleaning.
- Do not use cleaning abrasives.
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Types of oils and waxes for coating parquet
After laying parquet it raises the question of how to handle it properly to protect from moisture. Usually apply a special varnish for parquet or oil, depending on the operating conditions and personal preferences. In this case, it should be noted that after the oil parquet coatings in the future will have to use it only as a varnish in this case did not lie down to the surface, even after deep tsiklevaniya.
In oil has its drawbacks, so before using it need to firmly convinced of its necessity
Types of oils used for the coating of parquet
Oil used to cover the parquet and parquet boards can vary considerably in their properties, depending on the composition, so some types of wood protection is better, others worse. In addition, depending on the thickness of the oil, moisture and the tree species, consumption can vary considerably.
Parquet oil in its composition is divided into the following types:
- On a natural basis. Made on the basis of linseed and tung, but found using other vegetable oils.
- On an artificial basis with polyurethane additives. Oils of this type are ecologically clean, but the surface being treated is preserved much better.
Before selecting and using a particular type of oil, it is best to consult with experienced professionals
In addition, natural oils are produced with the addition of wax, and without it. Wood impregnated with oil with the addition of wax, much better resists the aggressive action of the external environment and better preserves treated surfaces.
If oil is applied to the floorboard without adding wax require an additional operation - waxing. Such oil penetrates deeper into the wood and provides the most dense protection from moisture.
Advantages and disadvantages of processing oil parquet
Unlike varnish, oil and wax for parquet increase not only the strength of the uppermost layer, but also the whole depth of penetration. Oiled parquet is often used for the resinous wood. This ensures the best pickup protective layer.
Oil used for the coating of parquet, has the following favorable characteristics that ensure its spread and compete lacquers:
- free moisture out of the inner layers of wood;
- increased strength and durability of parquet;
- large selection of colors and shades to help enhance the decorative qualities of wood;
- touch parquet, oiled, very pleasant;
- possibility of restoration of individual damaged areas without complete removal of the protective coating;
- in the absence of mechanical damage to the tree structure easily it recovers the original appearance of the coating without tsiklevaniya;
- excellently resists temperature changes, so can be used in unheated rooms;
- It lies well to the resinous wood, while the lacquer can flake off;
- It can be used for parquet, susceptible to flooding, under conditions of variable humidity;
- not require further polishing the surface to greatly speed up operation;
If you choose oil - another part of the floor will not cause
But there are also some disadvantages, which limit the use of some oils:
- after processing the oil tree will not be able to varnish even after tsiklevaniya;
- pre-treatment of parquet is somewhat more complicated than in varnishing;
- for glossy surfaces required for applying a special wax parquet;
- cleaning of parquet treated with oil more difficult.
In order to ensure deep penetration of various solvents, diluting oil applied to various types of wood.
Before proceeding to the oil spray to the floor, it needs to be carefully sanded the surface. This may apply different grinding machines, since the entire surface of the original first processed coarse sandpaper (20 grit), then a thin (60 to 150).
After the process, the entire surface is treated even more delicate materials, such as felt or microfiber. Thus it is obtained a polished wooden surface.
The process of applying to the prepared oil parquet
Upon completion of work necessary to carefully remove all the resulting dust without using wet rags. You can use an ordinary vacuum cleaner.
can be purchased already painted oil or give it a color of their own to get the desired shade flooring by adding the necessary pigments. Colored oil will help highlight the texture of wood is best to create the desired effect.
Oil on prepared or parquet floorboard must be applied immediately after preparation. This will help prevent clogging of the pores in the wood resins, available in wood and provide more in-depth impregnation parquet.
Apply the oil by using the construction spatula, brush or cotton fabric. The main thing with this quickly and evenly distribute it across the surface. The resulting excess should be immediately removed using a soft dry cloth.
For any type of work should be followed instructions: precisely because of this surface acquires the desired look, and it will not arise in the future to unforeseen problems
Depending on the recommendations set forth in the manufacturer's instructions should wait 20-30 minutes before applying the second layer. The second layer is applied just like the first one, wherein immediately after the application must be carefully remove all pools, drips, clusters oil.
At the end of the second coat should give an extract according to the manufacturer's instructions, providing a denser oil penetration in the tree structure and its drying. Shutter speed can be 1-7 days, depending on the type of oil.
The resulting surface is matte, but if you want you can make it glossy If grate flooring wax.
Note that oils having in their composition a wax, typically rather expensive, but are more easy to apply. The technology of applying such oils is slightly different. Thus, the first layer may be correct within 30-40 minutes after application. Thereafter, necessary to give from 4 to 12 hours before applying a second impregnation layer.
Ease of application - it is always a plus
The second layer is usually ready for use after 2-3 days, but it is better to read the manufacturer's instructions, which more accurately the dates dry.
A feature of this type is that while the absorbed oil, the wax forms a protective film. Therefore, to obtain a glossy surface does not require additional treatment.
Waxing flooring, processed oil, carried out in order to reduce wear, better standoff moisture and create a glossy surface. In some cases, the surgery is necessary to repair damaged parts of the damaged layer of wax. Furthermore, the surface without the wax layer will be heavily polluting longer damaged during the operation.
In addition, in the case of oil with wax in their composition for the restoration of the surface, use only materials recommended by the manufacturer in order to avoid separation of the treated section of the border.
Roller - handy tool for quick and high-quality application of liquid formulations
The wax should be applied with a roller or microfiber, excluding any materials whose particles may remain in the wax. The wax should be applied as evenly as possible, creating a thin protective layer.
Excess wax is removed with a soft cloth, with all the irregularities are smoothed. Upon completion of work, wait time required for solidification (typically 12-36 hours). Optionally further polish the surface after complete solidification using grinder or other mechanical devices.
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Parquet Floor oil: advantages and disadvantages
In many old buildings you can see the hardwood floors, the age of which is several hundred years old. If such coatings are subjected Scratching every few decades, parquet have long been worn. antique floors keep a secret - parquet oil. Lubrication oil-impregnated wood - a real alternative to varnishing.
Oiling parquet - it is environmentally friendly and practical solution for its protection
Oiling wood has a number of significant advantages over spraying.
- work on impregnation are carried out expeditiously than in the case of varnishing;
- oiled floor is more resistant to moisture (for example: before the oil is treated with a ship's deck);
- impregnating the treated floor can restore in parts, whereas in case of lacquered surface is impossible;
- wood "breathes", which has a positive effect on her appearance and useful life;
- the total repair cost is lower than in the case of lacquer.
Not devoid of processed oil floors and disadvantages:
- Restoration work should be done regularly - every 2-3 years;
- the first time this floor is contaminated more than lacquered.
Oil compositions to be used in the following cases:
- wood breed itself contains a significant proportion of natural oils;
- the material from which is made parquet, sensitive to temperature variations and humidity (e.g., beech);
- under the flooring is a system "warm floor";
- parquet located outside the premises (for example, on the terrace);
- there exists a regular contact with water (e.g., near the reservoir, or in the bathroom).
Oiled floors painted a much nicer if the walk on them barefoot - such surfaces are more natural. Lac conceals the structure of the tree, its roughness. Impregnation also leaves everything as it is.
Parquet oiled lacquered much more pleasant, even to the touch
The painting material creates a thick membrane on the treated surface. The membrane provides a measure of traction with the floor covering. Unlike varnish, oil permeates the timber, penetrating the pores of the material. But on the surface is a small amount of oil. While no protective film is not created, the wood attains the necessary strength.
Compared with oil varnishing treatment seems preferable. The fact is that any wooden structure exchanges moisture with the external environment. And lacquer, oil and approximately equally resisted moisture admission - neither one nor the other composition can not fully replace waterproofing, and can only provide some level of protection against moisture. A completely different situation with dedication moisture: oiled material easily it gives, but the lacquer film prevents moisture care. As a result, suffer from both wood and lacquered membrane - they gradually come into disrepair.
The decision on the application of impregnation of the floor requires a responsible approach, as if the wood is oiled, in the future to cover floor varnish will not work. If the old coat of varnish can ottsiklevat and sand, the oil leaves a much deeper footprint - it penetrates into the internal structure of the tree. As a result, even the most thorough Scratching does not give the desired effect, since many woods are very responsive to oiling.
Oiled parquet, will already be impossible to varnish as the oil is absorbed into the wood
To go with the oil on the varnish can be applied in several layers of primer - it will block oil output. But in reality, such actions can not give the desired result, as a consequence of varnish will peel off quickly, especially when the mechanical load on the cover.
Oils can be categorized in a number of signs.
Adhesives for flooring treatment may be of natural or artificial origin. Natural products can be based on mineral or vegetable components.
Can increase the effectiveness of oiling the wax. In many compositions he included initially. When the wax is absent, as a constituent component, it should be used in addition. If we are talking about an artificial product with the addition of polyurethane in the wax is not necessary.
All solutions contain solvents (e.g., mineral spirits). Therefore, ecological impregnation - a question relative. Some manufacturers add as a solvent de-aromatised gasoline without giving an unpleasant smell.
Note! Icon "Blue Angel" suggests the possibility to use the product in places of permanent location of children.
To obtain desired hues in oil pigment may be added. If it is not in the original composition, the pigment can be purchased separately. The higher the pigment component (usually about 7-10%), the darker will be saturated and floors. In this case, the decorative effect is noticeable immediately - it does not need to wait.
Different varieties of oils produce different gloss levels. This is measured in%. Typically, the oil gives the floor a matte finish, although there are compositions that form a glossy shine. And the glossy parquet, despite its visual appeal, is more difficult to clean. Furthermore, even small defects are clearly visible on the glossy surface.
There are not only colorless but colored varieties of oils (eg, white). Unlike paint, oil color does not hide the natural structure of wood.
Parquet can impart any color or shade using pigments
Impregnation produced in various concentrations, depending on the amount of solvent added.
- thick impregnation - from 80 to 90% natural component;
- impregnating medium viscosity level - the proportion of the natural component is around 50%;
- impregnating liquid, wherein the solvent fraction reaches 60-75%.
The density of the composition directly affects the amount of oil required layers. And the thicker the impregnation worse absorbed into the wood. But products with a significant proportion of the solvent penetrates into the wood better. To obtain a balanced result, the compositions combine (especially if the oil is applied for the first time): impregnation is first used with a great deal of solvent (as a primer), and finish with dense solution.
Subsequently, surface care, need periodic processing parquet liquid impregnation. The solution penetrates deep into the wood, resulting in a composition of updating and maintaining its protective capabilities.
The wear resistance of impregnation is differentiated by the degree of stress to the floor. There are compositions for a heavy load (such processed flooring in hallways, living rooms, kitchens), as well as for a small load (used in the bedrooms and other places is not very heavy traffic). Oils for heavy load are in the higher price category.
This detached category impregnation, is used for the treatment of floors in the showers, saunas, bathrooms. Application specific composition is linked to a standard temperature conditions in the room. If it is characterized by high fever, only natural oil used. compositions with the addition of preservatives used for toilets.
Oils are also classified by location application: outside or inside a building. If the wooden floor is located on the terrace, you must use specially designed for such conditions impregnation.
For outdoor applications there is a special oil, it is more resistant to natural influences
First of all, you need to prepare the floor - to hold it grinding scraping or sanding machine. Then you need to remove all the dust.
Impregnation well stirred in a container (especially with regard to color formulations). For surface treatment optimally suited wide brush with long bristles. The average consumption of the solution - liter two dozen square meters.
Application of the oil composition can be accomplished in two ways: a cold or hot.
The impregnating composition is applied a good layer of the floor. Rub it need not. After 15-20 minutes, the wood will take all the oil that it can take. solution residues are removed with a cloth of x / cotton fabric. Then be treated parquet polishing machine, and once again wipe the floor.
The second layer is brought to the surface after drying of the first, but not earlier than 5-12 hours (specific parameters listed in the bank). Before applying the second layer, it is necessary to make the surface mat, treating it with a grit sandpaper 230. The principle of the second layer is the same as that of the first, only the oil consumption is significantly reduced, since the floor already contains a fair amount of it.
Final crystallization surface is completed within 3-14 days. It is important to well wipe off the surface after application of the oil, and also observe the temperature regime (ideally around 20 degrees Celsius).
Note! Qualitatively treated floor is slightly shiny. This gloss is often called "satin".
The hot composition is better absorbed by the wood. The solution was heated to 80 degrees in a water bath with a spatula and then applied to the floor.
Important! Before treatment is necessary to warm up parquet termopadom - it is better absorbed by the oil. The second layer is applied after 2-3 hours. In the method of hot surface must happen without matt stains.
If you want to make a wax coating, you can start work no earlier than 2 days after the last of the oil layer. The secondary polishing hard wax is allowed after 3 hour or later.
Hot oiling method with a spatula
The first 7-10 days need to be regularly cleaned using a broom or vacuum cleaner, dry cloth. Floors can be cleaned with soap solution or by special means for cleaning parquet treated oil. To acquire gloss parquet periodically lubricated hard wax or putty.
Applying oil to the floor - the process is fairly simple. you can spend all the work yourself. We just need to show the accuracy and follow the instructions.