- 1 The selection and application of rules for oil timber
- 2 Choosing oil for wood impregnation. Mineral oils for wood
- 3 Oil for wood impregnation: application methods. Rubbing and digestion
The selection and application of rules for oil timber
Protect the wood from mold, rot and bugs - the primary task of any holder of a wooden house or a log. This question is important if you are working with wood products, which will continue to be used on the street. Home homemade furniture also needs to be protected from moisture and other negative factors.
It is considered the best means of coal tar oil treatment equipment. But it is used only for the impregnation of sleepers or other facilities operated in harsh environments. use more accessible and pleasant smelling compositions for independent work.
Both of these substances are used for work on the protection of wood against moisture, mold, mildew, rot and bugs. And oil and wax applied from time immemorial and always show good results. They improve the appearance of wood and increases its strength and durability.
Impregnating oils for wood have high antiseptic properties, penetrate deeply into the wood structure, making it elastic surface. They protect the wood from drying out, do not clog the pores, allowing the surface to breathe, regulate humidity. Oil timber are harmless to humans and are considered the most environmentally friendly way to protect it on a par with wax.
Of oil, the most commonly used for self-impregnation of wood, we can note:
Some prefer to use for the impregnation of wood sunflower oil. However, it gives the worst effect. The reason of polyunsaturated fatty acids: they are in the sunflower is extremely small.
Waxing - the most ancient way to protect woodwork from moisture. Wax fills the pores of the wood and gives it a matte color. His only negative - it's lack of a "breathing" in the treated wood.
Important! Work with pure wax is impractical, however, it is dissolved in a vegetable oil, for example, in linseed, plus include the composition of other additives (turpentine). This work is quite lengthy. Therefore, oil-impregnated compositions tree is considered the best option to protect it from moisture, rot, mold.
Pros and cons of oil-impregnation
wood processing compositions based on oil has many advantages. It:
- environmental friendliness;
- aesthetic appearance of processed products: good oily surface after polishing become dull luster become velvety to the touch;
- ease of handling;
- availability of material;
- the relative cheapness;
- rapid restoration of mechanical damage. It is enough to expose the furniture or floor / ceiling / wall reprocessed as scratches disappear immediately.
Oiling is an ideal choice for the protection of products from luxury / exotic wood, houses / buildings from logs (log-house), furniture that is exposed to moisture.
However, the oil impregnating there are also disadvantages:
- Surface is sufficiently demanding to care for. This applies to both the furniture and floors, ceilings and walls. They need to impregnate every 3 - 4 months, and then carefully polished.
- Oiled surface vulnerable to fat. Stains from it are clearly visible. Reprocessing eliminates them.
It is the oldest product used for protection of internal surfaces of the timber against moisture, rot and borer beetles. They can be impregnated boards, ceilings, wooden furniture, frames and even the dishes.
Important! When the king's reign tung oil was used for the finishing of valuable wood, which make up a unique interior. This is due to its remarkable ability to rapidly penetrate into the surface layer of wood, revealing its maximum texture.
Before working tung oil carefully mixed. Work best when the air temperature + 15 ° C. At a lower value composition thickens accordingly increases its flow rate (standard amount per square meter - 100 - 150 g). Application is made very thin layer with a brush. Then allowed to soak in the oil (20 minutes), take a sponge or soft cloth and rub the remains into the wood along the grain. The excess is removed. To increase the absorbency can be diluted with tung oil percent to 40 White Spirit. The product is ready for use the next day.
Important! All used oil-soaked rags disposed of as household waste. Hand-held oil can be washed with warm soapy water.
It is a versatile product. They can be treated as internal wood surfaces (floors, ceilings, decorative items, railings, stairs, etc.) and outdoor (facades, garden furniture, garden furniture, decorative figurines for landscaping). Ideal for the treatment of products made of oak, mahogany, beech and other valuable wood.
Teak oil - an environmentally friendly product. It consists of tung oil and linseed oil, turpentine, pine purified. No relation to the eponymous wood (teak) it has not.
Important! Never dilute teak oil! Before his job well Stir and / or shake the jar.
Important! Means proven itself in wet areas, so they can be treated with fine wood in the bathroom.
It is one of the strongest natural antiseptics for independent work on the tree. It consists Pnev resin, turpentine, pine oil and linseed. Turpentine improves the penetration of the composition of the planks, linseed oil keeps, giving to the surface. Composition is actively used for processing the bottom of boats and moorings. Also it is used for the external impregnation of wooden houses, garden houses and garden furniture.
Tar oil properties similar to teak and tung. It provides excellent protection for wood surfaces against moisture, rot and bugs carpenter, at the same time giving the tree transparent texture. The technology works is the same as that of tung oil and teak: 1 m2 well sanded surface requires only 100 - 150 ml of product. To impregnate the walls need to log 5 to 10 liters per square meter.
Impregnated surface dries up to 7 days. drying duration depends both on the quality of the wood and the surrounding conditions. When applied in one layer while drying the entire day. Thinning is not allowed before use thorough mixing!
Tip! Keep tung, teak oil and tar in tightly closed lid containers in a dry and cool place. They are not afraid of freezing and retain all their properties in the cold.
It is considered the best and cheapest tool to protect wood surfaces. Linseed oil has good waterproofing properties and intended for processing external and internal surfaces. They can be impregnated wooden facades, walls, ceilings, trim, furniture and other wooden decorative items, it exhibits excellent texture of the wood, penetrates into the smallest cracks, preserves the wood, creating a durable water-repellent layer on its surface.
During impregnation linseed oil under the influence of environmental factors (low temperature oxidation processes) thickens. Actively promote the triglycerides contained therein - linoleic and linolenic acid.
Important! Linseed oil dries longer than all the above - up to three weeks depending on the number of layers. If we add to it the tar, wax and turpentine, the process can be accelerated.
Impregnation of wood in the home
Consider the example of the process of flaxseed oil as the cheapest and most affordable for the average wizard. To work need a small list of useful things:
- from natural hair brush, a sponge, soft rag, cloth;
- oil, stick to its mixing;
- Building a hairdryer, a metal brush - for the removal of old coatings;
- nazhdachka surface perfectly smooth driving state;
- broom to remove dust from the surface;
- gloves, so as not to soil oneself.
Oiled wood can be different. Someone like promazyvanie and further rubbing, some prefer soaking. However, the second method is suitable only for small items - decorative pottery, figurines. Utensils, among other things, can be used (as a container for bread, salt / sugar, fruits), because it is absolutely not afraid of water.
An important stage of the work before the impregnation will preconditioning exterior / interior surfaces. For digestion require careful sanding dishes or figurines. It is assumed that they had just cut from the tree and nothing on top are not covered. Otherwise it is necessary to remove and paint and varnish, and it is very dreary task.
Large surfaces (walls, floor, ceiling) will have to do much more actions:
- Tear old coating. These include paint, paint. Use for cleaning a metal brush, spatula. If the paint does not want to scrape, heat it with a hairdryer construction. When it bubbled, hook and remove the layer spatula.
- Sanding the surface. Use the two types nazhdachek - large and small. Sweep can be stopped when the hand will feel a smooth surface without flaws.
- Remove dust. Whisk it with a soft (Vietnamese) broom or use ordinary cloth. Before oiled dust remains on the surface should not be.
The easiest way to protect the wood from moisture and rotting - oiled it. This is best done with a rag. But you can also use a brush with natural bristles. This is true for small areas (frames). Impregnate the inner / outer walls, ceiling or floor should be soaked in oil with a soft cloth. This is done as follows:
- Stir and pour off of the agent in a separate container.
- Dampen a cloth and proceed to the impregnation. Apply along the grain structure.
- Leave the oil for 15 minutes - 20. Then, remove the remnants of cloth.
- Allow the surface to dry, then repeat the processing.
This method is used for small products. Pour the oil into the vessel and place the pre-cleaned wood product. aging period is not limited. Ideally you should keep a bowl, figure, handle a knife or a gun as long as the wood will not cease to stand out any air bubbles.
After that, take out the thing put on the table, the laid paper, clean, in a tilted state to the excess oil drained. Then take the cloth and polish. Pure linseed oil with no additives dries for a long time - up to 3 weeks. In this there is a plus - the depth of such a great impregnation, and the tree gets excellent protection against moisture, rot, mildew. If you can not wait to see the finished product, add linseed oil beeswax. This will significantly speed up the process.
Recipe composition oil / wax based on linseed oil (suitable for external, and internal surfaces):
- Heat the oil until smoke.
- Stir it grated beeswax.
- Stir. When the wax is dissolved, pour the composition in the jar.
- add a few drops of juniper oil to impart a mixture pleasant aroma.
The ratio of parts in oil-based compositions may be different. To get a thin layer (treatment of floors), taken 9 - 10 parts of oil and 1 part of wax. The treatment with such a composition is carried out 3 - 4 times. The formulations based on oil and wax 3 to 1 or 1 to 4 are suitable for impregnation of the walls. Oil / wax in a ratio of 1: 1 is acceptable for the ceiling treatment. The layer obtained therefrom thick protection from moisture is maximum, but the resistance to mechanical damage is very weak. But the ceiling no foreign exposure will not get any. Therefore, the composition based on linseed oil with the addition of wax to 1 1 - the most suitable option for him.
Impregnation wood oil compositions - an inexpensive option to protect it from various unfavorable factors. Compared with industrial preservatives obtained cheaply, efficiently and completely safe for health at all stages of the work.
Choosing oil for wood impregnation. Mineral oils for wood
commonly used high-quality wood for wooden structures. Therefore, to improve its quality and protection against various factors using a variety of impregnation.
During the manufacture of wood treated with special substances to prolong the life and prevent rot problems, cracking and mildew. All these actions are attributed to the primary wood processing phase. The second involves the coating of wooden surfaces a special varnish or oil.
Oil is different from nail penetration depth. Coating means of the substrate creates a kind of protective film, which eventually erased. The oil is able to penetrate deep into the structure of the product, thoroughly soaking all the wood fibers or other components of the timber. Also, a significant advantage of oil is its ability to change the color of the wood, creating unique shades.
Today, the market represented a huge selection of oils of different brands and formulations. But all of them can be divided into 2 groups, which are then we will look at in more detail.
Mineral oils for wood got its spread decades ago. With the new technology created the development of science and technology, allowing to make artificial materials with desired characteristics. Like any other material, wooden board needs further treatment. Half a century ago, the popularity enjoyed transformer oil. Of course, it was not intended for such purposes, but the effect of such treatment proved quite another that will bring the mineral oil for wood in the broader market.
When using the transformer oil, wood products able to preserve the original appearance and to eliminate processes of putrefaction. Mineral oils for wood often raises questions about the production technology. It is important to comply with the environmental factor in this case. This is why many manufacturers prefer to combine with natural mineral oil.
This type of infiltration has been used hundreds of years ago. With the introduction of innovative technologies have become increasingly popular artificial refined products. It took a while to realize the benefit of a person, which has the natural oil in the treatment of wooden surfaces. Also, the determining factor was the high cost of the product, which gradually managed to solve due to the borrowing of modern production technologies.
The main advantages of natural oil - its vegetable origin. No harmful impurities and additives makes its use safe to human health. The most popular wood and linseed oil. Last cheaper, but in terms of quality plays first.
for wood Linseed oil is considered the best. It is also widely used as sunflower oil and olive oil. It should be noted that of all the sunflower dries faster than the others. But we should not forget that the general background of mineral oil for the wood dries much faster, but with the natural need to tinker. To somehow solve this problem, in the olive oil, hemp or sunflower oil add chemical components that accelerate the drying process.
Working with oil is quite simple and requires no special skills. You will need a broad brush, cloth napkins, sandpaper. Selection of a particular device depends on the method: rubbing or soaking.
- The first is the most popular. It is applicable in cases when you need to cover a large surface. Wooden board with a brush coated with oil. For better effect gradually rubbed solution via napkins or nazhdachki. The procedure is repeated several times, alternating between the application and wait complete drying of each layer.
- The second method is more suitable for small parts. They are immersed in a special container filled with oil, and soaked for several days. After that, the item must be well sanded.
Oiling is fairly simple to use, but it is indispensable for finishing work. It will help save the life of a wooden structure. The main thing - to take into account all the features. Mineral wood processing oil may contain toxic substances, but the drying time is minimal. A natural oil cleaner, but it will take more than one hour of drying.
Oil for wood impregnation: application methods. Rubbing and digestion
Despite the fact that at present the construction market is literally saturated with synthetic or mineral materials for roughing and finishing work still Oiling wood remains relevant to this day. After all, in our house or apartment there are always design components, furniture and various utensils that are made from solid wood or other types of lumber chipboard, OSB or plywood.
Therefore, we now talk about what compositions are suitable for the impregnation of how it is done, and in addition will show you the video in this article.
Impregnation of wood with machine oil (mining)
What is it for
Note. The main purpose, which is achieved in the final result, when used for impregnating wood oil, is to extend the life of the product.
The handle of the knife is treated with linseed oil
- Let's start with the fact that the impregnation of wood waste oil, and even better - flax, is much more effective than varnishing since paint may crack and the cracks will be sure to enter the water, besides, he quickly erased under mechanical loads. In addition, the structure of the oil-treated wood does not change, for example, if the handle of the knife or the butt of a rifle, they will not slide - they remain inherent in wood light roughness.
- Opened oil products have a soft sheen that does not pass with time, even at partial attrition - the fact that the composition penetrates deep enough and the constant grinding of the touch of the hands did not it would not hurt.
- In addition, the guide recommends different process wood preservatives, but in this case it is not necessary, since the impregnation tightly clogs the pores and the formation of all micro-organisms that cause rotting and moldy.
Methods of application - massaging and digestion
Method one - Massaging
- One of the most common ways in which impregnation is carried wood transformer oil or linseed (hemp), it can be called a massaging surface and this is done using fine sandpaper (P400) and cloth wipes made from natural fibers. This procedure is carried out 3-4 times in between to complete drying of the surface, which may require 1-2 days.
This is of course a very long time, but the effect is excellent. Cloth used first to apply the liquid to the surface, and then to the final stage - grinding and it is possible to cover a large area.
Note. There is also a way to promazyvaniya surface paint brush or maklavitsey, but this technique is used except for painting. In such cases, the surface of the applied varnish.
The second way - digestion
- For small wooden handicrafts such as pens, sticks or toys can be used soaking method. Everything is very simple - the product is immersed in a pan for 2-3 days, then stretched and polished cloth napkin to a mirror finish.
In addition, you can use in such cases, natural Drying oils (flax, hemp, sunflower), or adding a desiccant - so the drying process will go much faster.
- But the impregnation of wood with sunflower oil (linseed, hemp) is also carried out by digestion of finished products at a certain temperature. digestion time - one day at a slow fire.
Table for digestion
Photo: linseed oil
Perhaps the first question that may have arise in such situations, is how the oil soak the tree, ie, here come to the fore two main criteria of any product - its price and quality after treatment (see also the article "Treatment of wood from rotting paints, antiseptic solutions, protective oils ").
Of course, the best are the natural materials that are made of flax and hemp, hemp, olive, soybean and sunflower, but the undisputed leader among all the plant still is flax - such impregnation or provarkoy get the highest quality.
The most ineffective can be called the sunflower, as there are not enough of polyunsaturated fatty acids, as well, working out, of course, is last on the list for obvious reasons.
Let's look at the simplest and most common method of treatment - is impregnated wood, oil-based, which can be used for large and small objects, as well as ceilings, floors and walls.
The present process goes back far into the past, and there is probably as much as itself joinery and carpentry craft - the good, to produce components has always been where, for flax and hemp grow in abundance not only in Russia, but also in much of the world .
The main purpose of this action is the waterproofing of lumber, ie, impregnated upper part of the workpiece, where all clogged pores and cracks (they are obtained hydrophobic), making it impossible for moisture penetration, and thus eliminates the decay and the emergence of the conditions for the microorganisms.
Let's see in detail how to impregnate wood with linseed oil and take it to the four boards of oak, maple, ash and beech - here we can see how, after treatment appears different tekstura.Konechno, apply linseed oil (that is what we will use) easier just a paint brush, not a cloth napkin, which is what we will do to save time - in practice, too, can act in exactly this manner.
Liberally lubricate each of the plates with a brush, not trying to rub extra fluid in the surface, and after we have covered all the planes, beginning to rub the contents of cloth made from natural fibers (wool, flax, cotton) or a fine sandpaper (nulevku).
While such a process is not limited - it all depends on the porosity of the structure - the pores are larger, the faster their ability to absorb the liquid, and rubbing process simply accelerates this process. It turns out that one tablet you can spend 20-30 seconds, but you can, and 2-3 minutes - here duration only increases the quality, as a simultaneous grinding timber.
We use a cloth napkin
It is important to consider one caveat - when rubbed you do not need to just remove the excess oil from the surface of the material being processed, and try to just rub it into the wood - it is somewhat reminiscent of a back massage using a cream or gel, where it is desirable to spend the entire composition.
Therefore, you need to continue treatment as long as the surface of the timber will not appear nearly dry. As we have said, for high quality wood processing need to repeat this process three or four times, but it needs to wait for the final drying of the previous layer, which may take from one to two days at room temperature and moderate humidity in the room.
Texture after processing in the wet state
If rubbing impregnating the first and second layer can be used fine sandpaper, it is not permissible for the latter covering - here only used napkin from a natural material (preferably hair). That napkin you shlifuete final product and the longer you do it, the more beautiful will look surface.
As you can see, the automation of oil-impregnation process is completely absent here, everything has to do with their hands. But it is no secret that manual work is always appreciated more than the mass-produced (see also the article "What is the need for the impregnation of the wooden floor in the bath or in the house").