- 1 The roof of the metal with their hands steps
- 2 The roof of the metal with their hands: a review of proper roofing pie + styling subtleties
- 3 Step by step instructions for installation of metal using a special technology from A to Z
- 3.1 Roofing of metal: waterproofing and vapor barrier
- 3.2 Required Tools and Equipment
- 3.3 Mounting and installation of metal - step by step
- 3.4 Installation of metal - step by step guide
- 3.4.1 Proper insulation shed roof from the inside with your own hands - what could be easier?
- 3.4.2 Professional insulation of a house roof technology: a detailed diagram and instructions for roof insulation with his own hands
- 3.4.3 Ondulina Comparison with other roofing materials: slate, ondulin Smart, ondalyuks, onduvilla, and soft tile Ondura
- 3.4.4 Installation and repair of the soft roof in winter - why is technically feasible but not economically viable?
- 3.4.5 Online calculator for calculating the metal roof - calculates the exact amount of material
- 3.5 Dimensions of the sheet metal (length, width, thickness, weight) and how to calculate the working area?
The roof of the metal with their hands steps
Did you know that even the simplest kinds of metal can make the roof of your home luxury and modern look? Because it is often the people who come to visit, paid their attention was on her. So why in such a low price does not get smart roof? And if this is your plan for the near future, in this article you can read how Roofing of metal steps with his hands, its types, advantages and disadvantages, and much more.
Types of metal and its protective coating
In the event of corrosion on the metal tile developers often blame the manufacturers for the poor quality metal, but should be understood that the sheet material produced according to the standards, which are subject to constant review by the building commission. Consequently, the problem most likely lies elsewhere - in the protective coating. It can survive as long as one year, and a full service life.
Therefore, if you are worried about the reliability of your shelter, you should think about buying materials that are more reliably protect your roof covering. Today, these products can be found in the construction market:
- Polyester. This material is universal, because it is suitable for virtually all climatic zones and can withstand a very wide temperature range. maximum resistance to corrosion. Different manufacturers of polyester price for it is different, but remains in the mean values. With self-sputtering is worth considering that the layer should be at least 25mikron
- matte polyester. As the name implies, is a spin-off from the standard. Its thickness typically is 35 microns. After spraying, paintable element becomes richer appearance of what, and increased aesthetic value. Matte coloring able to mimic natural materials. Corrosion resistance is at an average level, which is also a pretty good indicator. This material withstands the heat (up to about + 120C), but not tolerate low temperatures (up to 10C). Therefore, in the northern latitudes, apply a matte polyester is not advisable
Almost 100% protection against corrosion of the roofing material from corrosion may be achieved during deposition of the protective layer in 50mikron. Due to such a thickness as possible to get rid of noise raindrops and hail. A wide temperature range (from + 150C to about -90S a) allow the use of such a product anywhere. Ultraviolet rays do not affect the standing of the protective coating, so if you want to protect your roof for a long time, you should choose the thickness of the deposition.
- Pastizol. Is quite outdated material. Basically it is used in highly corrosive environments. The service life of such a protective layer is at least 20 years old, has a rich look that sets excellent competition with modern coatings. Direct sunlight over time, does not affect the functionality and color protection. The relative cheapness makes this material available to any developer
- Granite crumb. Stone as a protection - a bold idea. Prepare a protective coating on its own is not possible, but the store you'll find quite a wide range of such products. They are based, as a rule, consists of polyurethane and granite chips at a ratio of 1k1, and of course other binders. Positive aspects of this product is: an enormous resistance to physical damage, high protection against solar radiation, carries the large temperature differences. However, not a bad defense, but has a fairly high price
- The most ancient and protection is tested lids covering the base metal aluminum and zinc. It is believed that the coating 20mikron more than enough, however, to argue is not necessary because the average life of such parts - 25 years. One of the important positive qualities is the cheapness
Before you just purchase your favorite roofing ask the seller what type of polymer used as a protective coating. If you are satisfied with the answer, then you can with a clear conscience to lay purchased your roofing material. Otherwise, you pushed a low-quality product, which will eventually become merely a pretext for the repair for you.
Positive and negative qualities of metal roofs
Each material has its strengths and weaknesses, so in order not to make a mistake I have prepared for you a small list with the description of the properties of metal.
And let us start with the positive:
- Economic benefits relative to other types of roofing there. The fact that the stacking material has a low weight, therefore, the device complicated constructions truss system is required, which entails savings in materials, assembly work. When all of the same low price, the material has a relatively long service life - 50 years
- As already mentioned above, metal is relatively easy roofing material. Its load at the base is in 3,6-5,2kg / 1m 2 range. The use of protective layers of polyurethane only reduce this figure, but zinc and aluminum - enhance the whole kilogram. Never take loads of performance on the Internet. It is to learn from each vendor individually, because each manufacturer can implement the release sheets containing different metal thicknesses (from 0.3 to 1.2 mm)
- High resistance to corrosion. If you want to watch the process of corrosion on only laid the roof, then you will have to wait a little more than 25 years. In addition, the roof is protected from UV rays, moisture, temperature extremes
- Knowledge of physics lessons that the metal is not flammable material should be sufficient in order to declare the metal roofing fireproof. Tile is ideal as a fire resistant material, which makes it a cut above the same eco roofs of straw or other roofs with combustible materials
- Attractive appearance. Metal roof once was the indicator of the status of the host, and this trend continues to this day. Most likely, this is due to the fact that the metal is often used on the roofs of the complex, and they in turn are used only in the homes overall.
Due to its ease of installation of metal roofing can be easily stacked with their hands, by the way, about this process, you will learn below.
After looking at all the positive qualities of the material, one would assume that the negative aspects of the product have not, but still it is not so. And these aspects:
- If not acquire soundproof material, it can suffer from the noise or hail falling drops during rain. If your building a two-story or attic is, you're not going to be equipped with a living room, it is still possible to tolerate being on the ground floor, but otherwise this annoying noise definitely force you to take the necessary measures
- When incorrect calculations can get into an awkward situation when the material is required, and it has not. Often with such difficulty faced when making the purchase of metal on the nose. It is understood that the complex roof is not just a system, and, therefore, the moments will occur when the truncated portion of the material is no good. As a conclusion, I can say that the installation of metal forms a large amount of waste, which is the negative side
- Smooth roof surface during operation can play with you a malicious joke. The fact that the loss of a large amount of precipitation in winter can be a situation when they start moving. Typically, such a process does not bring anything good. After all, when the snow fusion from a building may suffer people passing at this moment beneath. The solution of this problem is - snegoderzhateley device and various types of fences, but this would entail additional costs, again minus
Most developers are not seeking to make out the roof intricate design is quite simple, but high quality, so it attracts metal, because the purchase of such material is expensive for everyone, and installation of all structures from the ground up can be done in the shortest period of time and that is about it I will consider in the following chapters.
Calculation of materials required to build a good roof can be done in just 30 minutes using a pen and a piece of paper, but it is rather frivolous pastime, if you do not know the process of laying of metal. In this case, it is best to trust the professionals.
calculation process starts with length measurement rays from the ridge to the bottom. Do not forget to include a small overlap, which usually amounts to 10-15 cm. For this is not a sly manipulation you will need to take 10cm of each sheet. As for the vertical joints, there will be overlap already 15cm, but the determination of the missing material equipment is exactly the same. The number of rows is determined by dividing the values, wherein the first will be the longest of the roof, and the second - the working area of the sheet (considering the overlap in 15cm).
The length of the roofing can reach 12 meters, which in most cases completely block chute single sheet. If it is possible for you, you will not only avoid the generation of waste, but also to win the roof waterproofing, for the smaller joints, the less likely the wicking of moisture.
For the device of truss construction and its elements you need some additional calculations and the cost of acquisition. Note that in addition to this, you need to equip your roof needs fences, gutters along the perimeter, holders snow, etc.
As you can see the selection of the required amount of material under the roof of the metal device is quite possible to implement your own hands, but it is the presence of certain knowledge. When knowledge is not enough - refer to specialists.
The apparatus and waterproofing vapor barrier layers
You've heard that too much moisture in the air can adversely affect the useful life of natural materials such as wood. Therefore, during installation of any roofing material is necessary to first take care of some protection device.
Work on the device of diverting water layers will not take a lot of time and money at the same time increase the service life of the entire roof in a few decades. So, what to do?
- Laying a waterproofing layer. This process is most easily done when you are at the top. In this case - on the ridge. That there are rolled coils waterproofing protection. You should understand that the waterproofing does not have a lot of holes, so it is best to strengthen the construction adhesive tape. Some developers even manage to use double-sided tape, but it is questionable alternative. The sagging of the material in the eaves must be about 30 centimeters
- Flooring insulation boards. Of course, you can use or tile material, but in general, I think the work is clear. In this work, I hope there are no problems, and where they come from? The only problem may be the time when you can not cram insulation boards between rafter. To do this, you will need to cut into the necessary parts (divide by 5 centimeters longer, so that when the device he could remain in place without fastenings)
- Installing a vapor barrier. If you decide to save it at this point, then you make a very stupid mistake. Vapor barrier materials are needed to remove moisture from the layer of insulation. Do not ask how it is there can penetrate. Moisture has three aggregation states and through one of them, it in any case find a way. It is worth noting that even a small water content of the insulation boards would negate all of its functional qualities. Fasteners tend to favor staples
In construction there is a term that brings together all these layers - roofing pie. The device of the cake should be carried out in the absence of large wind, because the work is carried out with a material of large area, and it may simply fly off from the base or the sudden burst of air.
Shut off the roof of metal tile is not difficult, the main thing to create the necessary conditions - quality batten.
Roof battens under the metal with their hands
Virtually any area of work, all is feasible with the help of its own forces, the main thing is practice and some knowledge. In the next section I will describe step by step instructions on how to carry out the construction of the roof of metal, but before that you should pay attention to another important installation process - crate.
Installing any element requires a sufficiently reliable basis. For roofing material they favor crate. It usually consists of small sticks of wood 5x5cm. Mounted vertically in relation to the rafters. It is worth paying attention to the installation of ventilation channels Intermedia roofing and waterproofing layer. As alternative materials used board 3h10sm: their attachment is made in increments of 0.6 m across the rafters. Eave boards equipped with slightly thicker, for example, 5h10sm. This is due to greater load. With regard to the opposite side, ie, skate, he upholstered two similar elements without clearance.
In some documents, you can find specific instructions, which state that the device Cornice strip - obligatory work. It provides a strong resistance, and strong gusts of wind hit excessive amounts of moisture on the crate. The use galvanized nails as fasteners. Their arrangement has checkerboard appearance, and the distance between them is 30cm. By the way, before the start of works on the device of a board should impregnate her with special solutions for protection against rot and dry thoroughly.
There are two types of crates:
The first of which is arranged around the perimeter of the plane. In elements such crates have a step, which is to adhere to. The second kind of looks like a solid shield. He arranged, usually in places high loads and joining elements, such as valleys, areas around chimneys, joints, eaves, etc. As fasteners often act screws or wood screws.
The roof structure is made of metal can have the following types:
As you may have guessed, this roofing material can be used absolutely any roof structures, perhaps with the exception of the dome. This is a good fact for producers, because the relative cheapness and wide range of application make this stuff so popular among developers of private homes.
When all is explained, it is possible to answer the main question: "how to close the roof with metal?"
The roof of the metal with their hands
Any self-respecting man wants to get a nice apartment or build your own house. If you go the second way and do everything on their own, then you should definitely absorb more information on how to shut the roof with metal hands. Just about this and will be discussed at this point.
Work on its own brings moral satisfaction, which then develops into a certain pride in the result. By the way, you can see how the roof is covered with metal with their hands in the video at the bottom of the article.
Roof metal tile roof with his hands step by step instructions:
- Purchase material. At this stage, according to preliminary calculations performed purchase the required amount of roofing product. Should choose high quality, the most inquiring with the seller. Pay careful attention to the coating material, find out which polymers made from a protective layer and make the appropriate conclusions
- According to the product brought to the facility should carefully examine it to mechanical damage. Then transfer storage place close to the installation site
- Further already proceed directly to the laying of a roofing material to the prepared substrate. Before laying the protective film is removed with a special sheet product surface. Destination device will be the first sheet edge eaves. Its location should have a slight overlap of 5-6 cm. The screws will be performing the role of fasteners. They're spinning right through the metal in the solid wood that goes around the perimeter. All adjustment operations are carried out by means of the construction of the roulette
- The next sheet of roofing material is laid just above, with an overlap at least 5cm and anchoring it. Self-tapping screws or screws are screwed from different sides of the two pieces to each. Arrange another two sheet and then check the flatness of the work
- Further, all of the work is moving in line with already clear. Apparatus according to blocks 2-4 of the sheet and subsequent calibration. Do not forget that the overlap should be at least 5cm
- After laying all the sheets are arranged on a plane face strips, in order to protect newly created roof from rain and wind. Their hardware is carried out in the rafters or crate by using long screws. By the way, there are not only the wooden end boards, but also PVC products. Their advantage is that they do not corrode and have a higher wood protection from moisture
- The device roof ridge. This element allows you to produce alignment of the joints of the upper sheet material, they will be hidden underneath. skate fasteners made on both sides with screws. In the space formed should pay particular attention to the waterproofing materials, the fact that it is here and will gather the greatest amount of moisture
- As a final finishing work is carried out of the chimney
That's all work on the device of roofing material can be said over.
All measurements and cutting metal for the convenience of the best produce on earth.
To cover the roof with metal worth it with your hands, if you want to not only save money, but to do this work for the sake of his own pride, I hope to realize our plans will help me vysheposhagovaya written statement.
If the text is not enough for you or you want to consolidate what they read, here are some videos on "how is the roof with metal roof with his hands"
The roof of the metal with their hands: a review of proper roofing pie + styling subtleties
Metal represents engineering "alloy" steel strength and aesthetics of traditional roofing ceramics. Light profiled sheets do not affect the weight of the structure and delight installers convenient size. Confident in the bank plus the priorities of the material - the ability to independently carry out the whole cycle of roofing without pay builders participate. Only pre-need to find out how is constructed from a metal roof with his hands, and learn about the rules and intricacies of the process of its devices.
Preparation for the installation of metal shingles
Corrugated metal sheets covering popular nowadays equipped with double protection against atmospheric attacks. Steel first profiled workpiece are immersed in a hot zinc vessel, whereby anticorrosive film is formed on the surface. Then the outside material is coated colored polymer shell performing the aesthetic and protective function.
However, both the degree of protection will not be able to resist the attacks of precipitation and evaporation of household, if a roofing pie arranged with irregularities and errors. In the space under the coating will accumulate condensate which slowly but surely gets to the metal. Humidify and heat insulation loses its insulating quality. Get wet wood elements, whereby zagniyut.
Rely on light weight and impressive area of the sheet material is not worth: and truss system should be strong enough and need a crate that each element was fixed in the required number of points. Therefore, to the self-assembly of metal should be well-prepared, ie familiar with the nuances of construction of truss construction, crates and roofing pie.
Truss system and crate
Metal is used in the arrangement of the cold and insulated roofs. Rafter system for cold type can be built from steel or aluminum components. But the priority of all the wood, because mount cover sheets to it easier. Warm designs require more powerful trusses, because the insulation is placed between their legs. The use of metal in these situations is impractical, so arrange a warm roof on wooden rafters with battens.
Note that the metal roof of the device may for pitched roofs with a minimum steepness ramps 14º. The optimum slope of the roof from 15º to 20º.
The construction of the roof system for warm roof with metal tile has its own rules, it is:
- Step between the rafter must not exceed 90cm. The minimum distance between the rafters 60cm. If step existing truss system more than the specified upper limit, additional purlins arranged transversely of the boards installed.
- Rafter system arranged out of the board of 50mm thickness. The recommended height of planks 100 or 150 mm, depending on the thickness of the insulation.
- Laid in thrust between rafter insulation must not come into contact with the traditional waterproofing. If the thickness of insulation equal to the transverse height of the board used in the apparatus of truss construction, the rafters along their destinations more counter-stuffed size of 30 × 50 or 50 × 50. It will create a gap in the 3-5cm.
In order to provide ventilation of timber elements preferably rafters side drilled holes Ø 2-2,5sm. Forming holes - the procedure is optional, but strongly recommended manufacturers of metal tiles. If there are concerns about the weakening structure, positioning them to the Council closer to the ridge in two or three rows with 30 cm increments.
Before the construction of crates, working as a basis for fixing sheets, check the geometrical parameters of the roof system. Measure and check should diagonal length of rectangular skates. In the dormer roof diagonal length of each part of the ramp separately. Check the amount of horizontal eaves and ridge, as well as the location of the outer surface of the rafters in the same plane. Timely detection of deviations in geometry exclude further errors.
After confirming the geometric integrity of trussed rafters, it is possible to start the construction of lathing, in a device which by analogy are clear rules:
- The first lath - the lowest rack in the eaves should be higher than the next ordinary rails. For its construction is necessary to take the bar is thicker than ordinary Reshetin. For example, for the bottom rail 50 × 50, and for all subsequent 30 × 50.
- Starting rake crates must be clearly parallel to the eaves.
- The step between the first and second lath 28 or 30cm. Step between successive racks 30, 35 or 40cm. step determined by the distance between the transverse waves metal tiles.
- In the process of lathing device recorded through penetrations through the roof and a set of fixing devices for pipes.
- In razzhelobki around skylights, chimney, fans and other pipes arranged from solid lathing boards.
- In the upper part of skates nailed to the rafters of the two boards to provide a secure fit precipitous strap. Boards are installed at a distance of 5 cm apart.
In addition, before lathing device all wooden components must be treated with antiseptic and fire staff.
Crate not only plays the role of a basis for fixing the sheets, but at the same time fulfills another very important work. It forms the ventilation channels through which the air flows are circulated from the eaves to the ridge, and provides a ventilation gap between the waterproofing layer and the coating.
Ventilation channels must remain free so that the air smoothly fed under the metal sheets and also out. On the part of the eaves and the ridge side, they just hide behind the perforated tape, prevents the ingress of dust and debris in the roofing pie.
Cornice boards are used to enhance the ramp and make it cruel if the roof is planned to equip organized gutter or vinyl siding overhangs hem. In situations where filing is done corny board, plank need to use no amplification.
Cornice boards stacked along the eaves of the slots, pre-selected in the rafters. Housing dimensions must correspond to the size of the board to overhang the plane remained unchanged and the height of the rafter system has not increased. If the planned installation of long hooks used to fix the gutter in the eaves board are cut grooves for their fastening. Hooks with short legs are screwed only to the frontal board. They are used when the unit of drainage system in advance was not planned, and in the repair of old roofs. Step installation of all types of hooks is a step rafters.
Frontal board used if the roof does not have an organized drainage. It is attached to the ends of the rafters galvanized nails. Element serves for fixing various roof parts and accessories, including suturing overhangs. End board serves as the basis for end plate, the latter closes postelennuyu over waterproofing boards. Furthermore decorative function plank, is nailed to the end board, it prevents rattling of the roof.
coating manufacturers strongly advise hemming overhangs specially produced for this purpose valves, e.g. KTV or Vilpe. For filing the eaves recommend siding, steel sheet or vinyl soffits. Transoms sold with full application of the fasteners and to the instruction. Economically hem board can be affixed with a gap for roof ventilation.
The composition and structure of the roofing cake under the metal depends on the design to be insulated or not. In the simplest non-insulated circuit uses only waterproofing film. Vapor barrier is used, if the attic space is supposed to hem.
Insulated roofing pie includes three standard layers are:
- Vapor barrier. Located by the future revenues of domestic vapors, ie inside the roof system. Its job is to protect the insulation from steam. Strips steam insulating material is laid parallel to eaves overlapping 10-15cm. To fasten the rafters stapler, and a single fabric are joined with adhesive tape. Between the inner lining of the attic and vapor barrier should be established by setting the gap batten.
- Thermal insulation. As the insulation plate miniralnovatnye most commonly used, the thickness of which is determined according to the requirements of SNP II-3-79. Material vraspor installed between rafter. In order to ensure the rigidity of the plate width on the installation cut 1,5-2sm greater than the distance between the rafters.
- Waterproofing. I need it as a barrier against atmospheric precipitation. Trail her on the outside of the rafter system before the groundworks, try to arrange immediately after laying the insulation, so as not to get wet. The waterproofing material is deposited as a vapor barrier, to the same strips overlapping and fastening methods.
Sealing layer trail so that the web overlaps the line of the walls around the perimeter of at least 20cm. In areas engages ramps, valleys in the styling is done with overlap in 20-30cm. By the ridge line waterproofing must have a gap to avoid impeding airflow.
An important condition: a roofing waterproofing as pie when installing roof of metal can not be used bituminous materials water repellent. Waterproofing is required to pass the steam and condensate accumulated in the insulation.
A process unit water repellent layer depends on the material used:
- Classical variant waterproofing - reinforced or unreinforced plastic film, which is necessary to provide two venting gaps. The first of them is formed truss system and stored between the insulation film and the second - and the crate is formed between the film and the roofing. The size of each of the gaps 3-5cm.
- Superdiffuzionnaya membrane may work fine with a ventilation gap width of 3-5cm. He created between the membrane and the metal tiles. When using the polymeric material in the gap of contact between the waterproofing and insulation does not make sense. After the membrane is able to pass out excess moisture, preventing ingestion.
- Materials with anti-condensation fleecy surface for accumulation of moisture. Their pile quickly aired during the washing of the air, which should provide a way. Because this option also requires a dual-ventilation, as well as classics. It is preferably used in the regeneration of cold roofs.
All types of insulation materials, other polymer waterproofing, laid with slack. So it is necessary that the film did not break under tension. The installation does not require a slack membrane only - it tends to stretch.
Around the through passage through the roof waterproofing is put on the walls of pipes in communication 5-7cm. Ideally around pipes and other weakened areas of the roof is recommended to arrange an additional waterproofing layer.
Setting items before placing cover
Before laying the metal compulsorily installed:
- Cornice strip, excluding penetration of roof space dust and debris. Mount their top ends attached to the belt and legs the vent drain hooks. Fasten straps to the front and curtain board with screws with a step 30cm. To gusts happened rattle, metal parts data set with an interference fit.
- Drip eaves, which are located under the waterproof film. They are necessary for the removal of moisture from the waterproofing.
- Lower valley, enhances the protection of concave corners of the roof. Is a metal angle which repeats the valley gutter shape. Mounted on top of a solid plank lathing. The lower corner of the edge is located above the eaves board. The almost flat razzhelobki boardwalk is equipped with an additional sealing strip. Lower valley screwed screws every 30cm. Over the bottom of the valley was covered with a porous seal.
- A protective perimeter around chimneys, crossing the roof. Performed by means of metal strips bypass, the upper edge of which is attached to the tube walls formed in Stroebe and processed sealant. Grooves in the seam is prohibited! The same rules apply in the regeneration of the adjacency to the walls.
- Lightning conductor required for safe operation of the metal roof.
The lightning rod system consists of three main parts. First - lightning arrester, which is a steel or aluminum rod Ø 12mm length of 20cm to 1.5 meters. The second component of the collector - is welded to the lightning arrester solid aluminum or steel wire Ø 6 mm. Paving the collector of the crate and on the walls, output to ground. Grounding the third component of the system, it is buried at a depth of 1.5 m 1.5 m long steel girder or steel plate area of 1m × 1m, for example.
Rules laying sheet metal
Before laying the profiled sheets have to arrange for the transportation of logs on the roof material. In order not to raise the cover sheet on top of one desirable to construct shelving for temporary storage. Another handyman need soft shoes, diligence and accuracy in the process of moving on the roof. The executor of work are allowed to advance exclusively in the depressions shaped waves.
When laying metal tiles can move leftward even though the right from the first fixed sheet. The main thing that overlapped sheet laid on top of the capillary groove. Landmark direction when stacking - convenience. However it is better to act so that the element laid on top to enclose the extreme right under the previous wave and snap the capillary groove. So it locks in place and not slide.
A typical sequence of installation actions
Indisputable rules of metal installation:
- The starting sheets are fastened to the lath via the first transverse wave top coating step. The lower edge of them goes to 5cm on the cornice.
- All subsequent mounting plates run in the bottom of the transverse waves downs stairs.
- Along the end profiled covering board is attached to all waves.
Before mounting it is necessary to carefully monitor the horizontal position of the sheet layout. Proved the perfect setting, it temporarily attach one self-tapping at the upper edge of the center. Then, the second sheet stack is aligned and temporarily fix it in a similar manner. Aligned sheets bonded together. Similarly fed with the third and fourth.
Attaching to the sheathing occurs when laid and temporarily fixed to a block of 3-4 sheets. Fix the unit in every position of the point. Not fastened to the sheathing only last sheet to remain possible to combine it with the following element.
Process metallocherepichnoy stacking sheets in a plurality of rows is different only in that the rows of material will also strengthen each other. The sheets are increased in height vertically.
The algorithm is laying on the triangular ramps
Profiled sheets suitable for pitched roofs of any configuration. However, you have a different way of metal for competent device gambrel or hipped roofs act.
Mounting of the sheets on the slopes of the triangular form:
- Find the center of the eaves and is drawn through the central axis.
- Take the first sheet and do the same with him action.
- Combine axis ramp and into the sheet, calibrates horizontally and vertically.
- Softwood sheet temporarily fastened in the center at the top edge.
- Set sheets on either side of the central body by conventional coating.
After attaching the corrugated sheets are trimmed excess.
Ease of trimming with a marking material for arrangement valleys, triangular, trapezoidal and skew rays, provide a homemade "Chertock". Constructing it from four boards 10 cm wide. Boards are arranged parallel in pairs and are interconnected by hinge lines. A simple device will help to delineate precisely trim a segment.
After stacking corrugated coating with a light heart can begin finishing touches:
- Set communicating elements around pipes, antennas, and other communications. All the components of roof pie at the intersection points are sealed with duct tape. Butt joints are filled with sealant.
- Screw the end plate to the end the board through screws 50-60cm.
- Screw top bar valley, before lay to cover self-expanding seal.
- Build a strong point. For this region of the ridge outside glued waterproofing brand Metalroll or Figarola. Ventilation ducts must remain open. Fixed with screws to the horse crate, fasteners should be tighten through a convex ridge. The ends of the ridge element closing plugs.
According to the laid covering water drainage system is installed, snow stop, stairs for maintenance and fencing, if planned.
Excellent fixation device information on a roof durable roof of metal with their master's hands will be detailed video instruction:
Nuances in the apparatus with metal roof tiles lot. However, something is not daunting in technology. Become familiar with the intricacies of the device and to comply with them is necessary to re-do not have to change the roof to the next option.
Metallocherepichnoy roof looks very nice. I decided on my house, when changing the cover, put a steel roof, imitating tiles. When fairly good skills and abilities, I was faced with the fact that this work is beyond me. Building material did not want to mess up, so I had to hire someone who can do that-knows-practices. The guys had some kind of calculations-Baby-measurements, and then quickly laying works. I do not know how much I'll allowance.
When 5 years ago I was in the roof of our country house, it was decided to use metallocherepichnoy coating. Her husband took to do with their hands, but the work is quite heavy, requires care and accuracy. But the result is worth it, looks nice, excellent thermal insulation and waterproofing. the area is now going to build another house, but with the question of metal stacking plan to turn to professionals.
Step by step instructions for installation of metal using a special technology from A to Z
Metal - a roofing material having the shape of profiled steel sheet with a polymeric coating. It is used to cover the roof with an angle greater than 14 degrees.
Outwardly, it looks like a classic ceramic tile, but surpasses it in reliability and ease of installation. In this article, we looked at what is best, soft roofing and metal?
Material stable to changes in temperature and other negative climatic effects. Its main disadvantage is the low sound insulation characteristics, but it is eliminated with proper conduct of the work.
In this article you will learn how to make a roof of metal with their hands, step by step from A to Z. If you do not know how to choose a metal roof tiles, then read this article.
This phase of work should be given special attention, as it was in the crate will be fixed tiles. Also, this design provides natural ventilation of the internal roof space.
- Metallocherepichnoy crate made of wooden beams. The relative position of the boards may be solid and thinned.
- The most commonly used sparse design, wherein the distance between the boards (Step furring) is strictly tied to the distance between the lower wave troughs tiles, since at these locations the material has the greatest strength.
- Distance between the first two bars from the slope should be about 70 centimeters less than the pitch.
- The minimum thickness and the width make up the batten boards 25 and 100 mm respectively.
- Width for kontrobreshetki boards can be twice smaller. The first side edge of the roof board should be thicker than the rest by 15-20 mm.
Installation design is carried out after complete installation of the waterproofing layer. The main lathing is fastened to kontrobreshetke that binds with rafter frame with screws. On the ridge of the roof under the metal stack additional support board.
Count the required amount of material for the construction of the roof is done so (or use the online calculator):
- calculated area each ramp.
- It calculates the effective size of the tile sheet, this of its total area is subtracted the area used in the overlapping.
- Count the number of rows of shingles on the slope. For this working length of the ramp should be divided by the width of the sheet.
- It counts the number of sheets in a row.
- The number of rows and the number of sheets multiplied.
When counting the number of sheets in a row to keep in mind the value of overlap, which can reach 15-20 centimeters.
To ensure that you avoid running out of the material, it is better to round all values in a big way.
Roofing of metal: waterproofing and vapor barrier
Before proceeding to the installation of metal with his own hands, care should be taken isolation roofing pie. Protection Internal spaces of the liquid It provides a vapor barrier and waterproofing layers.
Waterproofing is located between the rafters and kontrobreshetkoy and does not fall into the interior of the roof of the cake moisture from the environment. best common waterproof materials - it is made of polyethylene and reinforced film. They stretched over the entire area with a slight slope sagging. It is important to ensure that the waterproofing does not overlap with the insulation.
Vapor - a protective layer, impermeable moisture into the interior of the roof, formed on the premises. This lowermost ply roofing pie, it is under the rafters (to which it is attached) and the insulation, thus providing protection against its condensate.
Mansard roof of metal have to be qualitatively paroizolirovana, cold roofs without thermal insulation installation of a vapor barrier is not required.
Required Tools and Equipment
Coating metal tile roof begins with preparation of the necessary tools. For the installation of metal roofs will need:
- Plate shears or other device for cutting the metal, e.g., nibbler, saws and the like. D.
- Staple gun.
- Measuring tape and a marker.
- Constituent roofing and roofing pie: tiled sheets, screws, hydro-, steam- and heat-insulating materials for purlin beams and trusses.
Mounting and installation of metal - step by step
How to beat them with metal roof with his hands? Metal attaches to the sheathing on the screws with a gasket of ethylene-propylene rubber, which provides waterproofing fastener portions.
If the tile is installed with concealed fastening, the use galvanized screws to press the puck.
Screws need to tighten with optimum strength.
If the fixing force is insufficient, the moisture will fall under the bonnet and cause its corrosion. If you tighten the screws too strongly, the gasket is deformed, it will break its seal.
- Before you cover the roof with metal, ensure symmetry and reliability crates.
- Screws screwed in place of the lower tile trough, come they should be strictly perpendicular to the plane of batten boards.
- When two overlaps fixing is carried out in wave climbs using shortened screws.
- tile installation begins with the lower-left corner of the ramp, the subsequent sheets are stacked on top previous.
- Screws screwed into each tile wave of skate the perimeter and staggered in the inner regions. If it uses a screwdriver, it is necessary to minimize its impact on the rotary material.
Metal - installation instructions with their hands +
Now that you know how to put metal roofing and we offer you to get acquainted with the most important - instruction Installation of metal.
Installation of metal - step by step guide
How to cover the roof with metal with their hands? The first step is the arrangement of truss system.
It will be fixed on it all the other elements of the roof. The system is constructed of wooden beams, the their size exceeds the dimensions of the batten bars.
The most important elements of rafters are:
- mauerlat. This is the point support structure.
- rafters. They keep to themselves and are based on the crate mauerlat.
- Stands. Strengthen support rafters.
Fastening trusses to the wall by means of the so-called tavern. This strip of metal, which connect two construction nails or screws.
Next, set the main insulating layers: Heater, steam and water proofing. Waterproofing foil or membrane superimposed on the truss system and sealed her stapler. Thermal insulation is placed in cells, formed by the intersection of roof beams, and is fixed via conducted naperekrest cords in the lower plane of the rafters.
After completing the installation of protective structures, you can install crates, which, in consequence, we laid roofing. She is laid over rafters and waterproofing layer and is attached to the screws to these structures.
Installation of metal with their hands:
- Cornice strip is attached to the frontal board providing protection roof from the effects of wind.
- Always be sure you take into account the need to ensure good natural ventilation space. To do this, you need to leave a gap between all layers of roofing pie. The basis is the possibility of natural ventilation air circulation under the roof ridge.
- The last step is installation of metal. Keep in mind that the sheets must protrude the edge battens 5 centimeters and aligned horizontally eaves line.
- ridge lath attached to additional two boards, which are installed at the junction of the two ramps for mounting battens. Such measures are needed to ensure more stability an important structural component to negative influences.
stacking metal circuit
Laying metal around the chimney requires extra caution. Firstly, it must be pre plastered. Second, around the need to establish a board attached to the crate. Thirdly, shingles trimmed 15 centimeters on all sides, entering the chimney.
In addition to the above eaves and ridge brackets when mounting the roof of metal may need such products (Full list here):
- Snow stop. They loosen coming down from the roof of the snow masses, making them fall in a relatively safe for the structures of the building and for the person.
- strips of contiguity. These products are framed space tile joints with all the important structures, such as chimneys and vent pipes.
- Nooks and valleys. They protect all the corner of the roof structure.
- ebb. Used to redirect rain and melt water flows.
- A distance between the beams of truss frame should not exceed 60-90 centimeters, otherwise the roof structure can prosest.
- When the work is necessary to wear shoes soft-soled and walk on the tiles, stepping into her lower troughs. This will prevent the bursting of the material.
- The lack of contact between the protective layers is not only important for ventilation, but to prevent them mechanical damage by friction.
- To provide additional ventilation can arrange dormer windows in the attic.
- For a flat installation of elongated fixing elements you need to stretch a thread and fix it between two already established structures.
It looks like the technology of metal laying on the roof. This material has an approximate life of about 50 years, but without the need for repair operation will take place only if the correct operation of installation.
It is important to correctly calculate the amount of material, it is necessary to know the size of the coating, as well as all the dimensions and proportions. Even slight deviations from the required parameters can lead to a reduction in the service life of an order.
Laying metal with their hands in the video format:
Of course, it requires certain skills, so it is best to present man in the team with experience working with metal tile. Furthermore, it is important to calculate the required number of sheets, and also to select the desired sheet thickness. Needless mount tiles particularly complex causes, it is only important to have on hand the necessary tools - a ladder, rope, rail, hammer, tape measure them screwdriver. It is not superfluous to acquire special scissors for cutting metal, they are now available for sale ...
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