- 1 Euphorbia: description, cultivation at home
- 2 Proper care of the indoor poisonous spurge and what he is dangerous
- 2.1 What are the dangers, harm and benefit?
- 2.2 Features milkweed growing in the home
Euphorbia: description, cultivation at home
Indoor flower spurge is as familiar in the interior, as well as many other succulents unpretentious. Depending on the location and intensity of illumination, he can at least change the shape of growth. For example, if placed in full sun spurge, flower leaves are large, with bright streaks. And if you put it in the shade, the leaves will not exceed the size of a coin, but this plant does not lose its decorative qualities.
Spurge, Euphorbia (Euphorbia) It belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae.
In the wild it grows in the tropics of the globe: in South Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, Socotra, the Canary Islands and Madagascar. The Euphorbiaceae family, there are a large number of perennial and annual species with a poisonous milky sap. Most species of cactus spurge is not similar to each other, and the cactus can be called a stretch.
It is a beautiful ornamental plant, some species are considered prestigious. Euphorbia got its name in the Russian language because of the milky juice, which is considered a distinctive feature for this type of crop.
Below you can see the photos, names and descriptions of species of milkweed room.
It looks like a flower spurge: Description of a cactus
Many species of plants Euphorbia are succulents, most of which in appearance resemble cacti. Stems, like cactus, spherical, rounded or ribbed, in many species with spines. The leaves are alternate, can be assembled into the socket. The flowers are small, mostly without perianth, often with small bracts.
For medicinal purposes spurge used in different countries. Since it is very unpretentious in the care of the culture, this plant can be found very often in residential areas.
Species and varieties. The most popular among gardeners:
M. sparkling (E.fulgens)
Barnhart M. (E. barnhartii)
M. leafless (E. aphylla)
M. shiny, or "crown of thorns" (E. milii)
M. Excellent (E. pulcherrima)
Flangana Euphorbia (E. flanganii)
M. krupnorogy (E. grandicomis)
Candle-AM (E. cereiformis)
M. chetyrehreberny (E. tetragona)
M. resiniferous (E. resinifera)
M. tirukalli (E. tirucalli)
M. fat (E. obesa)
Euphorbia bubalina. A low-rise is a perennial plant height of about 30-40 cm. It belongs to the succulents. The leaves are thin, soft, lanceolate. Stem erect, light green color. When flowering stalks reach up to 20 cm long, small flowers.
Euphorbia head of Medusa. The plant has a strong stem, from which depart in all directions are long, thick shoots, like snakes.
Euphorbia dyneobrazny. The shape of this plant resembles a miniature cactus. Stem globular, bright green shiny. In sunlight sometimes blushes. The diameter of the stem can reach up to 10 cm. The edges of the indoor flower spurge divided into tine 3-4 cm height. The flowers of this plant milkweed home very little. Propagated by means of cuttings. In winter watering should be moderate.
Euphorbia plump. This type of plant also has a spherical shape, but with age a bit stretched. In contrast to the previous species, no branching. The stem is divided into 8 flat shallow grooves, ribs slightly rounded. The teeth are barely visible and have a brown color.
Here you can see photos of milkweed species, which are listed above the title:
Appearance of this plant is very attractive. On a light green background, as it were painted red cells. Reproduce using seeds. In winter, watering should be very small.
Euphorbia papillary. The main stem of the plant species in the same round, but at the base lignified. The diameter is 3.4 cm thick. The main stem 10 is divided grooves edges, and the side branch 6-8. The ribs also transverse grooves are divided into separate lotions. View this milkweed highly branched. Propagated by means of cuttings. Care of these houseplants are not complicated - Euphorbia Mammillaris feel very well in indoor conditions.
Euphorbia spherical. The stem of the plant species have covered with tubercles consisting of spherical or elongated segments which extend in different locations. At the ends of the shoots are underdeveloped scaly leaves. Propagated by using stem cuttings.
Euphorbia virosa. Stems are gray-green color, four-sided, with whorled branching. The ribs have a rectangular shape, which are interrupted by tubercles, which are growing strong black spines. Propagated using cuttings.
Here are the photos and names of other species of Euphorbia.
Other species of milkweed room: photo, name and description
Euphorbia bright. The stem and leaves of this plant species are covered with large spines straight, have a brown color with gray bloom. The leaves are thin, oblong, are located at the ends of young shoots. At the bottom of a small narrow stalk. The flowers are collected umbrella. Since this shrub to form a crown advised top pinch shoots. Propagated by using stem cuttings.
Euphorbia Pallas It named after the scientist and naturalist Pallas, who has long studied the characteristics and properties of the plant. Of all types of Euphorbiaceae is the most valuable medicinal plant, which is used in traditional and folk medicine. Pallas spurge different from their relatives. It is a perennial plant, which has broad leaves planted on low bare stem, which reaches 25-25 cm in height.
As seen in the photo, plants of the spurge (Euphorbia) of this kind has umbellate inflorescence:
The whole plant is abundant milkweed.
Main place of its habitat - the Eastern Siberia, Mongolia, China. It is possible that it can be found in other places, is no exception and Bashkortostan. After all, how many other inhabitants of Siberia and the Far East suddenly meet, at least sporadically, in our mountains, taiga forests, steppes and forest-steppe.
Nickname milkweed Pallas - "man-root". Indeed, none of the other milkweed is no such powerful roots.
Euphorbia Mile Euphorbia or brilliant. Succulent shrub with woody and intricately curved spiny stems has oval leaves, narrowed at the base, which are stored only at the tips of young shoots. In the description of the plant Euphorbia this kind is certainly worth noting the presence of sharp thorns up to 2 cm, on young shoots dark purple, blackened with age, are bent downwards.
Themselves flowers are small and inconspicuous, collected in small umbellate inflorescence. This kind of glamor attached to a pair of bright red bracts. They remain on the plant and after flowering, a long time while maintaining its decorative effect. Euphorbia blooms from spring to mid-summer. The plant can reach 1 meter, but remain compact for many years. The juice is poisonous.
Euphorbia fat. Unusual form in the dark green light green succulent stem cell in the form of spheres with eight flat faces and edges, dividing it into sections from top to bottom. In summer there is the crown of the bowl-shaped, greenish-yellow flowers.
Poinsettia. Upright, bushy plant, grown for its colorful red, pink or white bracts (bracts). These flowers of this home milkweed inconspicuous. Blooms in winter. Most plants purchased in a flourishing condition, compact (30-60 cm) due to chemicals, overwhelming growth. If you leave the plant until next year, it will be higher.
Euphorbia Trigona. Succulent as a candelabrum with trihedral or winged stems coated pale green spots. Small oval leaves fall off over time.
See what it looks like euphorbia flower of various kinds:
Houseplant euphorbia: care for growing flowers at home
Accommodation. As in nature, this plant grows mainly in steppes, deserts, in the hills, it tolerates drought. Available rooms tolerate dry air. If you are caring while growing milkweed do not forget that it photophilous plant that should be placed in a bright spot in your apartment. He likes warm his favorite place - of the central heating radiator. It must be protected from rain. When caring for a potted spurge in the home in the summer the plant is recommended to make the garden or balcony.
Euphorbia year round must be a bright, sunny location (south-western and south-east of the window).
Temperature. In winter, depending on the temperature should be 10-24 ° C. Require heat Mile M. and M. finest ( "Christmas Star").
Substrate. For cultivation in the home milkweed substrate prepared from turf and leaf earth, peat and sand (1: 1: 1: 2). You can use ready-made substrate for cacti.
Transfer. At the end of the spring, as required.
Watering. Watering temperature depends on the content. During the growing season watering is moderate, in winter it is considerably reduced.
Fertilizing. From spring to autumn flower spurge in the care home are fed fertilizer for cacti.
Pests and diseases. Quadraspidiotus perniciosus are the main pests, thrips, and eriococcidae mealybug.
Spurge is poisonous. Appearing on a section of the plant juice, wash them with warm water.
Reproduction. Propagated by means of cuttings. Sharing a few minutes dipped in warm water, washing the latex to avoid the clogging of blood vessels * plant. Then, it should be dry. Rooting lightweight, sandy substrate at a temperature of 22-24 ° C.
Medicinal properties. Euphorbia Pallas from all Euphorbiaceae most has medicinal properties that are used in traditional medicine. It has antiinflammatory, antibacterial, laxative, an antitumor effect.
In folk medicine used in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia, chronic prostatitis, regulates the exchange of female sex hormones, treating myoma uteri and mastopathy.
Stimulates the blood, it helps to restore the blood after chemotherapy. One of the few drugs that is able to stop the growth of metastases in cancer diseases, leukemia. Also successfully treat kidney disease, epilepsy, tuberculosis.
Proper care of the indoor poisonous spurge and what he is dangerous
Spurge - it is popular today houseplant, even though that is considered toxic and dangerous. He loved florist for their simplicity and original forms. A huge number of varieties of culture allows everyone to choose to your taste.
Euphorbia has about 2000 species of the family. Among them we can meet and succulent forms, shrubs, trees and leafy specimens. They differ in the shape of leaves, stems.
At the same time caring for them there is no fundamental difference. Care is simple. Grow it under force, even for beginners in floriculture. plants feature consists in the fact that he lactiferous. Culture is often used in medicine. Wherein It is poisonous.
Spurge also called Euphorbia. His name has received from the plant Euphorbia doctor who first discovered the healing properties of culture.
Most species have thick fleshy stems and leaves. The stems can have thorns. kind of grown most often in the home, which has the name Euphorbia fine. This plant is also known as poinsettia.
Also popular are the indoor Euphorbia Mile and Triangular.
Room spurge rarely gives problems to their owners. Therefore, it is called a low-maintenance. However, a number of rules will help to grow beautiful and healthy flowers. So that the flower can look good, it is necessary for the care and time to transplant, if necessary.
During the summer, Euphorbia It needs regular and abundant irrigation. In this case, pour the plant can not be, it is dangerous stagnation of water.
With the advent of autumn, the number of irrigations is reduced. Winter culture watered only as needed. However, we can not allow the soil to dry out much. However, some types of indoor spurges do not need watering in winter.
In very humid air culture is not needed, however, and does not like to dry. It is therefore important to follow the moderate humidity.
During periods of heat leaves It recommended to spray water room temperature and periodically aired. Winter spraying is not needed. However, the plant should keep far away from radiators and heaters are turned on.
Spurge prefers warm. Therefore, the culture must contain at temperatures from 18 to 25 degrees.
In hot summer it is desirable to make the plant into the open air. Suitable courtyard, outdoor balcony or terrace. As the temperature is lowered to 15 degrees it is required to return to the apartment.
Some varieties of crops can tolerate very low temperatures up to 4 degrees Celsius, but at the same time, they need good lighting.
Flower love light. Some items are not averse to bask in direct sunlight. Another preferred as much scattered light. The latter include, for example, refers paunsettiya.
Soil and fertilizer for euphorbias
For milkweed can be purchased ground in specialized flower shops. Euphorbiaceae suitable soil for succulents or cactus. At the same time experienced growers prefer to cook their own ground.
For planting milkweed suitable soil for succulents
To prepare you need the following components:
All components are taken in equal proportions.
Also you must do the drainage layer. The drainage can be used as pebbles, polystyrene or expanded clay. Drainage is required to have not occurred in the soil moisture stagnation. It is fraught with rotting of the root system of the plant.
Despite the overall simplicity, fertilizing it still required. Normally, fertilized every two weeks during the period of vegetative growth. As a fertilizer, you can use a fertilizer designed for succulents and cacti cultures. For flowering spurges necessary to make fertilizer with potassium content.
By the choice of the pot should be approached responsibly. It is advisable to choose clay pots. However, the fit and plastic containers. The pot should be shallow, since the root system is poorly developed and located near the soil surface.
When transplanting culture selected pot is somewhat wider in diameter. Enough difference of 2-3 cm.
It is important that at the bottom of the pot were the drainage holes to drain the excess moisture.
Euphorbia plant diseases and pests
Sometimes the owner has to face some problems. Usually they arise when the wrong care.
- Leaf fall - this sign phosphorus shortage. To solve the problem superphosphate applied as top dressing;
- Falling off the lower leaves of the plant signal the insufficient irrigation;
- To cause rotting stalks excessive watering coupled with the low room air temperature. In addition to increasing the temperature and reducing the irrigation plant fungicide formulations to be processed;
- Darkening leaves - is a consequence of lack of coverage;
- Spots on the leaves of black and brown - it fungal disease. The plant to be processed immediately fungicides;
- If the leaves wilt, then a flower to be watered frequently and abundantly.
The most common pests:
Signs of a flower mealybug is a white coating on the plant. Get rid of the pest will soapy solution. It is not superfluous to add a little lube. Also mealybug not tolerate infusions of calendula and garlic.
scale insects leaves on white leaves and brown spots. Fight it will have in using insecticides, such "Aktar".
Akhtar drug helps to cope with pests
Plaque white on the underside of the leaves - it defeat spider mites. From helping wiping it with soap and water;
detect the presence root mealybug It can only be for the transplant the milkweed belozhilchatogo. They require hot water wash. And after transplanting new substrate is recommended for a month once a week to water culture "Akhtar".
flower trimming at home
The purpose of trimming - is giving the plant a beautiful shape and rejuvenating. Lead pruning is required either at the beginning of the growing season or in July when flowering ends.
Initially dry and removed old shoots, and then give the plant a beautiful shape.
Euphorbia room can be expanded in three ways:
to multiply the seeds can be collected independently. Thus it is necessary to wrap the pods with seeds woven material in the form of a pouch. This is to prevent spillage of seeds that are ripe pods. Store such seeds can be no more than one year. In this case, better to sow fresh seeds.
For seed planting It requires soil, which is composed of peat and sand. Before sowing the substrate is not more than would be ignited in the oven. This will reduce the likelihood of infection.
Before sowing the seeds need to be soaked in water for 24 hours. Even then they are sown in the ground in the wet state. Top crops need cover with plastic wrap or glass to create a greenhouse effect.
propagation by cuttings held in the autumn. As the cutting process using the leaf node of about 10 cm. With process to delete all the lower leaves. Then, processes are lowered into the water for washing juice which allocates spurge. Places slices to be processed using the crushed coal.
The treated and dried sprouts placed in the soil in the form of sand. On top of seedlings it is recommended to hide cut plastic bottles. It is not recommended to allow direct sunlight. The soil is necessary to keep moist.
Produce reproduction milkweed belozhilkovogo using bush division necessary during the rest of culture. Euphorbia is fully removed from the pot. Rhizome plants should be divided into several parts. It is required to make sure that on the rootstock was not rotten roots. Then ready processes are seated on separate containers.
The basic rules of milkweed transplant:
- Culture change is carried out in the spring;
- Young plants should be transplanted once a year in the period of active growth;
- Adult specimens of transplant required only once in two years;
- Pot transplanted flower should be slightly wider in diameter.
What are the dangers, harm and benefit?
The plant is poisonous, so you must use it very carefully. If the home has small children, the milkweed is required to keep away from them - they can cause harm.
All kinds of milkweed can select a milky sap. He is very toxic and dangerous. This juice is on the first line of toxic products allocated to plant crops. The milky sap is dangerous not only for young children but also for adults, and people with allergies to pets.
Milkweed juice is extremely dangerous
Hit the harmful latex on the skin It can cause severe burns and inflammation. Probably formation rashes and allergic reactions.
If the juice gets on your skin, it is recommended to thoroughly wash the burned area with water and apply a piece of ice. Also recommended take antihistamines (allergy) drug.
Getting poisonous juice in the eye
Contact with latex in the eye very dangerous to temporary or permanent blindness. If this has happened, you should immediately consult a specialist. Before taking a doctor should be washed and drip eye allergy drops.
"Kromgeksal" fit for the purpose. These drops are effective against redness. "Albucidum" will not be superfluous to drip to prevent infection. You can also lubricate the eyelids erythromycin ointment. In any case it is necessary to be very careful with the culture.
Drops eyewash in contact with the latex
Contact with the mouth or inside
The milky sap is very dangerous in these cases. Apparently the following symptoms:
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Respiratory disorders;
- Lowering the body temperature;
- swelling of the tongue;
- The appearance of seizures;
At the first signs of poisoning, required to immediately call a specialist.
Before the arrival of the doctor recommended:
- Take activated charcoal. For qualitative gastric lavage it can be dissolved in sodium hydrogen carbonate;
- If there is vomiting, it is recommended to ingest pieces of ice;
- Shelf inwardly laxatives based on sodium or magnesium;
- Do an enema.
Euphorbia has a number of useful properties. In view of this plant is often It is used in alternative medicine.
Spurge It is able to exert a tonic and stimulating effect. It is also an effective means for purification of blood vessels.
Spurge effective for constipation and will benefit in diseases of the digestive tract. Also exert an antitumor effect. Milky juice is often used to remove warts and corns. Effective for cleansing the face from spots.
Lotions juice milkweed effective in treating burns and boils.
The composition of milkweed includes the following components:
Tincture milkweed effective for blood cancer, for the treatment of metastatic tumors in cancer diseases. Also tincture is very effective to improve immunity.
To prepare the tincture will need:
Consume tincture required three times a day 15 drops.
This recipe also effektnosti impotence, uterine fibroids, stomach diseases, fungal infections, whooping cough. Small doses juice milkweed effective to strengthen the body and rejuvenation.
Milkweed seeds for medical purposes not apply.
milkweed roots going as fade ground part of the culture. Once rinsed and dry the roots can be used for the preparation of infusions, tinctures. Broths from roots effective in vomiting and diarrhea.
honey spurge - a unique view of the composition of honey. Syrup is a brown color. The brown color is due to a high content of iodine. It is used to treat thyroid disorders, gastritis, insomnia and varicose veins.
Euphorbia - original and ornamental plant. It differs unpretentiousness. Care spurge can afford the most inexperienced grower. Spurge produces a toxic and dangerous to humans and animals juice. When this plant is often used in folk medicine.
Spurge (Euphorbia) - succulent family Euphorbiaceae distributed almost all over the planet. 20% of all spurges found only in Africa, but many species grow in different climatic zones. In Russia spurge grow everywhere on the roadsides, riverbanks, in the fields.
All kinds of Euphorbia virosa - their sap causes burns, and, getting into the stomach, leads to poisoning. Hunters African tribes actively used mammalian milkweed, lubricating them arrowheads. Traditional medicine uses wild spurge as anthelmintics, analgesic, laxative. Milkweed sap has found application in perfumery, where it learned to help whiten your freckles and age spots.
Features milkweed growing in the home
Describe what it looks like euphorbia easy - unlike species too: there are thorny and smooth-grade, completely sheltered foliage and almost naked, cut and smooth.
With all the external differences between the general requirements for the care of these homemade flower can be summarized in the formula:
Houseplant euphorbia looks original and does not require any special attention to him, which explains its popularity.
All kinds of indoor spurges easily take root and grow without any whims. These relatives of cacti are very hardy, naturally reproduce by seeds and can appear in the most unexpected places. Pets spurge too often grows in pots with new seedlings obtained from the parent of a flower seed, so breeding is no problem.
Euphorbia is desirable to plant in early spring, when the natural vegetation begins. But these indoor plants will forgive you some liberties and settle you at any time, subject to the right to do with them. If the pot with spurge you find a young sprout, you dig it and determine in their "place of residence". These flowers grow very quickly, so wait for spring is not always advisable. Seedlings spurge necessarily take root, if you create them minimum conditions, and will not take specific actions to ruin the young succulent.
Before transplanting seedlings sprinkle flower pot for drainage (crushed tiles, pebbles or expanded clay). In the drainage layer is desirable to lay slightly rotten bark. Soil composition for milkweed consists of equal parts of peat, leaf soil and sand. A third hole for planting should be filled with drainage.
Euphorbia adapted to life indoors. Many home flowers suffer from the fact that the air in the apartments in winter is too dry, and African euphorbia feels great and without humidification.
To develop normally, spurge needs sunlight. Flower accustomed to the south window, but in order to avoid burns pritenyat it from the scorching sun. If you choose too shady place your spurge will be pulled out and lose decorative. With a deficit of world growth may cease entirely, scattering leaves.
Humidity and air temperature
Spurge does not need to spray, as they are adapted to the almost desert life and are able to maintain the life-giving moisture.
air temperature for this flower coincides with the room - + 18-20 ° C. Summer spurge can lodge in the street, have a balcony or outside, but if the temperature drops below 15 degrees, it is desirable to bring him back into the house. Succulents are very viable, as a rule, do not die even at 5 ° C, but it is better not to experiment.
Relatively regular watering is needed during active growth (spring-summer). Watering is needed infrequently, but so that the land in the pot completely soaked. Allow the water to settle until erode chloro. It is useful to soften water for irrigation, adding a pinch of citric acid. With the onset of autumn reduce watering, the ground should not dry thoroughly. Summer spurge sufficiently watered once a week in the winter - once in 15-20 days, and for some varieties only one irrigation per month.
No need to wipe the leaves with a damp cloth milkweed flower does not like such "niceties". Suffice it to smack him with a brush dust.
The choice of fertilizers depends on the type of milkweed. When the plant blooms and actively growing, fertilize every two weeks it means for cacti. Flowering varieties of potash fertilize tools like "suite Fertikov". When making feeding for flowering potted plants should be cut in half by the concentration prescribed in the instructions.
Euphorbia cut costs if it grows too tall. Every 2-3 years flower tops removed well Edged knife. Slices pat, to stop the outflow of latex. Clipped fragments may be rooting.
Blooming types are pruned in mid-summer. Shoots winter varieties such as a Mil drawn, therefore it is desirable to trim them and form a crown. You also need to remove the dried up stalks. It is undesirable to remove viable shoots intending to bloom the following summer. If a flower needs radical haircut, you can at the end of winter to shorten the renewal shoots. Next summer spurge is not bloom, but a year later updated bush bloom fully and densely.
Adult plants allowed transplanted no more than once every two years, the young spurge is desirable to move to larger pots every year. Transplantation is carried out in the beginning of the growing season - spring. When choosing a pot, consider the characteristics of the root system of each species of milkweed. Flowerpot for transplanting selected on the basis of growth, that is a couple of centimeters wider than the previous one.
The soil should be breathable, so lay on the bottom of the pot drainage. Make the soil and of the same size:
It is suitable shoplifting land for succulents.
Knife separate the soil from the edge of the pot and gently remove the flower. Shake off the soil from the roots, but it is not removed from the effort - the extra land osypletsya itself. Place the plant in a pot and sprinkle with prepared zemlesmesyu. Pour adding fertilizer to the water.
Large spurge will feel better if you add a little zemlesmes rotted compost.
All spurge multiply quite simply, often in a flower pot sprout shoots, which can be to transplant and get a result of the new plant. Euphorbias propagated by cuttings, leaves, seeds or dividing the bush.
The top spring is cut stem with leaves, the length of the cutting -. About 10-12 cm slices Designated soak warm water to stop the selection of juice, sprinkle slices powdered charcoal or black pepper. A few days later the film will be shown on the cut. Process stalk kornevinom and put in a peat sand, pour, cover jar or wrap. Put the pot in a bright warm place for 14 days. Cuttings rooted without problems at room temperature.
Otschipnite of milkweed leaf. When drained juice, sprinkle kornevinom and landed in the mineral wool. Kubik put cotton in coarse sand, pour a jar and cover. Remove the jar every day for a couple of hours to stalk breathed, and it would not start fungi. The sheet take root in about a month. This method can be propagated belozhilkovy and triangular spurge.
A mixture of leaf soil and sand ignited in the oven, moisten and landed fresh seeds. Cover the jar pot, and seeds of Euphorbia germinated at + 25C with sufficient lighting. Maintain a constant humidity of the soil. In 2-4 months will rostochku. When the shoots grow back two pairs of leaves, transplant them into a permanent pot.
Share bush can be in early spring or autumn. Carefully remove from the pot euphorbia, inspect the roots, remove damaged and divide the bush, alternately in the above-ground and underground parts. Preferably all manipulations were carried out without the use of cutting tools. If this is not possible, place slices bathe with warm water to stop the allocation of milky juice, and sprinkle with charcoal powder. Seedlings into individual pots with good drainage. So divide Euphorbia Mile. Reproduction by dividing the bush - traumatic way so spurge completely restored only a couple of years.
Inflorescence called milkweed Ciatim. Unisexual flowers are collected in complex inflorescences, which are located on top of the plant, on the edges of shoots or in the hollows of the leaves. Spurge varied and not all of them bloom. Most flowering species the inflorescence is quite unimpressive, but some, such as Mile or spurge polyanthous, charming flowers bloom each summer. Most varieties attract decorative leaves and shoots of unusual shape.
Euphorbia is not demanding, but at the wrong care they get sick. Natural colors habitats - dry areas, so moisture accumulates in the parts of the plant. Lack of water spurge experience much easier than its surplus. Excessive watering yellow flower, dying leaves, and roots rot.
spurge in the lack of light also reacts painfully, in the shade of a flower becomes a pale and distorted.
Sometimes spurge damage the spider mites, whitefly and Jose scale.
On spurge can live aphids. The signs are discoloration, twisting of leaves and abscission. Pests must be removed from the plant and remove the affected parts. Flower treat drugs with permethrin, derrisom or aktellik.
Whitefly is visible, and its larvae settle on the wrong side of the leaves and suck sap from plants, leaving whitish stains. Leaves turn yellow and overfly. Flower spray insecticide every three days, remove the dried up leaves.
Because of the root mealybug spurge stops growing, dying leaves. Without timely measures flower dies. Remove the pot from the spurge, inspect the roots. If there are signs of the pest, disinfect the pot, clean the roots in insecticide and plant a flower in a new land.
- Euphorbia belozhilchaty
Very fond of growers for the originality of shapes and decorative sheet. It grows up to two feet. Unbranched stem thickens up and crowned by beautiful elongated leaves. Indoor flowering spurge and fine breeds self-seeding.
Prickly plant with bright white, yellow or pink bract. Room Mile begins to bloom when it reaches 25 cm in height. Growers call this spurge "crown of thorns". It propagated by cuttings and seeds.
Euphorbia milii or brilliant
This elastica succulent, naturally reaches 10m growth. In the indoor environment grows up to three meters. Easily propagated by cuttings and perfectly adapted to life in the penumbra.
It grows very quickly - within three years is extended to 1 meter in height. This requires a high weighted flower pot with good drainage. To propagate this spurge can cuttings.
Blossoms bright yellow bract with green or red bracts.
The most beautiful representative spurges. This flower is often called the "Christmas Star". The flowers are not bright, but prisotsvetiya bright red that adorn the plant in the winter, make it a desirable by many.
What is the life expectancy of milkweed?
Potted Euphorbia live a long time - with proper care they maintain the attractiveness of more than 10-15 years.
Yes, the milky sap can cause burns, skin irritation and itching. In severe cases of contact with the juice leads to vision loss and to the formation of ulcers. Therefore, start spurge in the home, where children and animals is not recommended.
Why turn yellow and fall off the leaves?
So many spurge preparing for winter. Certain types of dump almost all the leaves, leaf fall begins from below, from old leaves. Autumn leaves reset is not terrible, but if the leaves fall off in the summer, most likely, and flower too generously watered. Keep track of the state of the plant and the water it when the dry upper layer of soil. Does not like this flower too big pots, as accumulated a lot of moisture in them. A draft Euphorbia can also lose leaves.
How is the wintering plants?
Euphorbias hibernate at room temperature, and they do not require spraying. Water the flower once a month and take it away from drafts - that's enough to make your flower properly developed.