- 1 Step by step leveling plaster walls with his own hands
- 2 How to align the wall plaster
- 3 How to align the walls plastered with his own hands?
Step by step leveling plaster walls with his own hands
Preparation for major overhaul
Today it is fashionable to live a nice and respectable, so no skimp on generous investment in the improvement of their own homes. Particularly economical inhabitants tend to do everything with their own hands, learning the basics of construction and repair work. Any expert will tell you that the success of the enterprise depends on careful preparation. Having defined the interior decor by purchasing the necessary building materials, you need to carefully align the wall, floor and ceiling. This is a complex, time-consuming process that requires certain skills. But not so scary as it seems at first glance, leveling plaster walls - a complicated and dirty job, but it definitely need to perform in order to not wasted any further effort. Smooth walls as a canvas - the paint will fall perfectly only to the prepared surface.
It sets out major repairs, it is necessary to eliminate all irregularities wall, then any finish will look perfect on them. If you decide to make the alignment of the walls plastered with his own hands, you need to take care of the preparation of the next inventory. You will need:
- Construction trowel;
- majachnyj profile;
- Leveling plaster;
- mixer for mortars;
- level and a plumb;
Step by step guide for beginners
The first thing to do - remove the old finish, removing not only the wallpaper, but also the top layer of plaster. Construction trowel cleared away all the cracks and chips, are eliminated resulting voids in the wall.
Important to remember! Before starting work, you need to de-energize the room, remove all the switches and sockets, carefully insulate the wires and hide them in the recesses.
Then, using a roller applied generous primer layer that will provide a better grip of the new layer of plaster. Today on sale there are different types of primers, they are classified depending on the intended coverage before buying pay attention to the fact, for some coatings designed primer: concrete, brick, plaster layer. Why do I need to put a layer on the wall? A reasonable question for those who are not aware of the properties of the soil mixture. They reinforce the starting material layers improve their vlagottalkivaemost. Therefore, the walls before the plaster is required to handle such mixtures.
Before installing beacons is determined by the curvature of the walls. For this it is necessary to make the level of the wall in a vertical position and measure the difference existing between the upper and the lower touch point. The level should be large, not less than one and a half meters, but this length will enable a correct picture of the curvature of the surface. If differences of the wall is less than one centimeter, there is no need to plaster it. Such a surface can be leveled with generous fillings layer. But more notable differences are eliminated only by means of plaster beacons. Vertical differences are measured using specific pitches.
Once applied the necessary cutoff set the flashing rail, the height of which indicates the upper drops indicators (6 mm, 8 mm, maximum 10 mm). They are fixed in a vertical position over the entire length of the wall and attached to it with the help of plaster.
Important to remember! Installation designated sections must begin with securing the first two: the first at the beginning of the wall, the second end thereof, controlling the correct vertical position with the level.
Now we need to pull the thread between the two profiles above and below, and have put on it the other profiles. What is the distance should be between them? Others, it depends on the width of the rule, which will be aligned topcoat.
For premises alignment of the walls with gypsum plaster - an ideal option. It is harmless, it helps to keep a favorable microclimate in the room cleaner. Prepare gypsum plaster is easy. On the packaging is always written as her divorce, in what proportions to take water. Easy bucket and mixer construction - is all that is necessary in this case. The mixture is poured into a bucket, diluted with water and stirred, then leave it on for fifteen minutes, then stir again.
Then, using a spatula construction mixture casts applied to the wall from one beacon to another, moving from bottom to top, then using generally aligned surface. Do not try to smooth the surface at a time, it is possible to apply several layers, waiting for the first one has dried. On the package indicated the maximum thickness of a single layer, it may be different for each manufacturer, so you need to closely get acquainted with the existing instructions. The sequence of operations is repeated, moving from one space to another between beacons.
Those who decided on their own to master the wall alignment - video posted on this page will help in this bold experiment. All show and tell is very accessible, clearly illustrating the main stages of work. After the new plaster has dried, it will have a rough surface onto which will be very difficult to apply finishing, so the final stage of leveling walls - they Shpatlevanie. Trowel applied to a leveling layer, which in turn has overwritten sandpaper. This is the final stage of leveling, which helps get the surface on which you can hang wallpaper, paint walls, to put other finishing materials.
After such an educational program is easy to master any wet laborious construction work that will save significant savings on the repair work. Whoever did in his apartment perfectly smooth wall, can for a long time easy to manage a facelift in all subsequent years.
How to align the wall plaster
Repair in a private home or any other room upgrade involves covering the walls. Part of the wall surface is less than ideal. Such a defect, it is imperative to remove, because the irregularities in the substrate can affect both the aesthetic side of the subject, and the durability of the coating. For those who do the repairs yourself, the question arises: how to line the walls with plaster on its own.
As in other procedures associated with the repair, then the important role played by pre-treatment. Surface leveling responsible enough job that requires some skill, but it can perform almost everyone. It is important not to neglect this stage, and in any case do not do the job poorly. Smooth wall becomes an ideal surface for further coating it.
To align the wall surface on its own requires a number of tools and materials:
The first step is to thoroughly clean the walls of the old coating. This includes and Wallpaper (or dye) and a top layer of plaster. Available chipped or cracked should be carefully cleaned off using a spatula construction. If the wall of the void, they also should be cleaned.
At the stage of the preparatory work should take care of safety: to remove all the sockets and switches, hold the insulation of wires and hide them in the recesses previously de-energized the room.
Freeing the walls of the old coating, you need to cover them with a layer of primer. This material is designed to improve the bonding effect. Choosing a primer that modern manufacturers produce in abundance, should take into account the type of wall covering, on which it is planned to apply. This can be brick, concrete or plaster.
In addition to improving adhesion primer material is firming embodiment, and is capable to reject excess moisture. Application of the material layer is performed with a brush, roller or special gun.
To improve the quality of the surface of walls made of bricks, you can simply cover them with water. Saturation moisture pore bricks will help lower the moisture absorption of the plaster.
Should refer to the instructions supplied, to see if the preliminary layer dry out need. If no such indication, it is possible to continue working without waiting for drying.
Leveling plaster walls on beacons involves pre-screen wall from the vertical. It is possible that use of beacons and aid will not be necessary.
Testing is performed using a level, whose length should be at least 1.5 meters. This is required to ensure maximum accuracy of measurements.
By setting device vertically pressed tightly against the wall to be measured between the points of tangency between top and bottom of the device. Deviations lead to a difference of one centimeter, can be considered insignificant. Can eliminate such unevenness, causing the surface of the filler in the desired amount. Inconsistencies greater level should be corrected using the beacons.
To begin to apply the cut-off, with which you can install rails Beacons. Fixed rack with alabaster and evenly distributed along the entire length of the wall. The height of the elements depends on differential substrate unevenness.
Installing rails sequence is as follows:
- First, upper and lower, and then, pulling the thread to install the remaining therebetween. During installation to control the vertical level.
- Step settable between the profiles is dependent on the width of the rule applied for leveling a finishing layer. For example, using typically 20 cm long, to be observed between beacons step equal to 17-18 mm.
- For further work should allow the pour plaster solution. Given that the plaster dries out quickly enough, the work should be carried out in an appropriate pace.
- If the fixing of beacons used plaster, it will take a little more time for its setting. It is important to remember the material compatibility. Application of plaster on the stage of mounting the beacons must be accompanied by a further application of plaster based on gypsum.
There is an alternative method of mounting the beacons - on the screws. Steps in this case does not change. This method, though longer, but it provides a high alignment accuracy.
Put all the screws on the same level by screwing or unscrewing them is not difficult, even an inexperienced person. After screwing the elements to fix them and rub mortar molding profiles.
Plaster and features work
Mixing takes place with a drill, onto which the special nozzle for mixing. You can also do this manually.
The composition of modern blends plaster requires accurate proportions. This is due to the presence of special polymers whose properties are manifested only in compliance with the conditions of preparation. The whole volume of the dry mixture is poured into a suitable container and dissolve strictly necessary quantity of water. Stirring takes place in two stages. Between the first and the second solution should be left to swell for some time.
Report the batch method often happens. Thus, builders are trying to modify the properties of the material. Maybe sometimes it is possible, but in most cases it contributes to the low quality of the coating.
It is recommended to achieve the desired coating thickness to cover the walls of two or three coats of plaster. Before applying each subsequent layer must be given the previous dry, then moisten it with water. The lower layers are left without leveling and the upper layer should overwrite sponge trowel after drying.
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How to align the walls plastered with his own hands?
Repairs - a delicate matter and requires a responsible approach. That it long remained fresh, while it was running to do everything efficiently. Alignment of the walls - one of the most important and complex works of repair. This is typically done with plaster. But if you do not want to invite a wizard, it is first thoroughly to find out how to properly align the wall with plaster. To do everything exactly, you need to carefully consider and consult with knowledgeable people. For information on how to align the walls with plaster, describe in the article.
Plaster - a mortar based on gypsum, lime or cement with sand. It is white and color. Used for finishing. If it is decorative, it is the last stage of repair.
If it is noise or waterproofing, thermal or special, then it is necessary to glue the top of the wallpaper or paint finishing paint for the interior or exterior surfaces (highly resistant to humidity, temperature, ultraviolet rays and wind).
Before you align the wall plaster, you need to decide which is right for your work.
Decorative plaster has several varieties:
The first two species form a rough surface, for this they are called "relief". And the latter covers the wall perfectly smooth layer and makes it smooth.
According to the applicable binding substance plaster is divided into:
- acrylic (Main ingredient - acryl resin, a building material has high elasticity, it can be painted in any color, but it is only sold as a finished product, and from exposure to UV rays rapidly tends to crack);
- mineral (The cheapest form of a mixture, based on cement, it is well tolerated by the sun's rays, it is suitable for rooms with high humidity and streets, but is afraid to mechanical damage and strong water pressure);
- silicone (Forms a durable layer therein binder component is a synthetic resin produced in the form of a ready mix and different colors, is resistant to damage and radiation, is used to cover the walls in any premises and outdoors, t k..);
- silicate (Water glass which underlies it improves water repellency and resistance to mildew and rot, is the most reliable type of coating can last without overhaul over 30 years).
What plaster to align the wall, everyone decides for himself on the basis of the characteristics of the surface material, as well as rooms. Any of the above is environmentally safe.
Advance preparation of walls
Work on the alignment performed after you have made all the work on laying electric cables, pipes and other materials. Before you align the wall plaster, you need to clear them from the old layer of wallpaper, paint and other materials, and smooth the surface. This can be done by means of special solutions and spatula as well as building skins.
Next, you need to check the walls for any irregularities and verticality. To eliminate the roughness can resort to a metal grid, which is attached to the surface by means of nails. Also, it is first necessary to clean from dirt and dust, otherwise the mixture will simply not hold.
If the wall was covered with plaster, you need to tap it with a wooden hammer, to identify areas where it has lagged behind the wall, and remove it in these places entirely. If the surface coating is cracked, they can be cleaned with a damp brush. But the entire mold (if any) must be completely removed along with part of the coating, because otherwise it will continue to grow, destroying the coating.
After that you need to treat the surface with primer, which does not allow the first to absorb moisture from the plaster. After the primer has dried for a complete and high-quality finish should be covered with wall putty to fully align the wall with plaster. It is sold in powder form for constitution with water or as a ready-mix, which is applied directly to the wall with a spatula. Particularly important to observe all stages of preparation, if the final layer -.. Decorative covering, ie it is not to hide surface flaws, if that was not treated.
Plaster and putty - are two different mixtures. Many people confuse them or do not see the difference. The first is intended to process a large surface area, and the second - to correct small defects (cracks, seams, etc...).
Before you align the wall plaster, you need to find out how smooth vertical surfaces. This is done in many ways, from professional builders and decorators there are special sophisticated tools that provide accurate results. At home, you can use a straight rail length from floor to ceiling or plumb. Such a tool should be perfectly straight and not bend. Rake applied parallel to the wall, and the maximum gap between them will mean maximum desired alignment layer material.
The method with a plumb line is somewhat more complicated. It is necessary to hammer a nail near the ceiling, tied to lace it with the load and visually or using instrumentation to determine whether a wall and a line parallel to each other.
When all of the previous work has been completed before align walls with plaster, it is necessary to prepare a mixture. How to plant the plaster, which is sold in powder form, it is written on the packaging. If you have bought ready-made, then follow the storage conditions, otherwise it will quickly wither. Further spatula inflict casts downward and tool called "rule" align coating. If not, you can do it the other instruments, but will not exactly.
During the works, it is necessary to use protective equipment - a mask and goggles to avoid inhaling dust or fumes (may be an allergy). And also to consider the maximum thickness of the applied layer - it is listed on the packaging, and different brands may be different.
There are several ways to align the wall without plaster. Often resort to a method consisting in using drywall. Plasterboard - a cardboard sheet 2, between which the dry gypsum. He does not let moisture and keeps the shape well for a long time. Mounted on metal profiles or a mounting glue. Seams between sheets obscure mortars. It is usually easier glued wallpaper than other surfaces, especially concrete. Advantages of this method are lower costs over time, slightly contaminated apartments, and the possibility to align the wall with any irregularities.
But it also has disadvantages: the drywall can not be used for wet rooms and outdoors, it is difficult to lay tile, that is to he too smooth, and cementitious adhesive may be difficult to hold on to... There is also better not to use drywall in a small area of the premises, because it takes over the space.
Walls can be aligned visually. In this case does not require a global operation, it is possible to align the surface with a construction mix and only in the corners of the ceiling. And when finishing plinths are glued at the correct right angle that visually aligns walls.
How to align the wall after the plaster, if necessary
Drying time depends on the coating thickness. Thus, a layer thickness of about 1-3 mm dry for 1-2 days, but the finishing plaster exterior walls of 5-10 mm may be delayed for a month, during which the coating is completely dry.
If plastered wall was finishing step prior to painting or gluing wallpaper, then after drying it is possible to clean up the construction sandpaper (sandpaper). It will remove all the flaws and make a perfectly flat wall, if that was not so. The main thing - do not overdo it, so as not to erase too much.
If decorative plaster, the sweep can perform sandpaper, but very carefully and only at great need, t. To. You can erase the color layer and have to cover again. If the material contains the marble chips and other additives to create irregularities, the additional processing is not required.