- 1 How to make a sound insulation wall in the apartment from the neighbors
- 2 Options than soundproof wall from neighbors for noise reduction
- 3 Soundproofing walls: how to dissociate itself from its neighbors and ambient noise
How to make a sound insulation wall in the apartment from the neighbors
Avoid extraneous noise entering your apartment complex will help soundproof the walls, ceiling and floor. But do a complete soundproofing apartments are very expensive and are not always appropriate, especially in cases where the source of annoying noise is some definite apartment. If you get a neighbor on the floor, you can get rid of noise in their apartment with the help of sound insulation of adjacent walls. In this article, we shall understand how to make the sound insulation of the walls.
Soundproofing walls is carried out using the following materials:
- Self-adhesive sound-proof membrane.
For better sound insulation, recommended a combination of materials, for example - the diaphragm and the plate.
In addition to the basic materials, depending on your chosen method of soundproofing, you will need:
- Metal profiles or wooden blocks, the carcass rails.
- Drywall, particle board or other decorative covering for walls.
- Fasteners for plates.
Each manufacturer has its own acoustic assembly technology, so you may need additional supplies that were not included in the list.
Before proceeding with the installation of sound insulation, you must perform a number of preparatory works:
- Remove the old coating walls (wallpaper, decorative panels).
- Remove the sockets and switches. If the wall has a junction box for wiring, remove it from the cover. Do not forget to disconnect the wiring.
- Pull the wires out of the box and nests for switches and sockets.
- GROW wire for switches and sockets, to the length of the size of the future of insulation.
- Temporarily insulate the bared wire ends.
- Fill the nest box and cement mortar or with foam.
- Inspect the wall and the joints between the plates for the presence of cracks.
- Seal the cracks with cement mortar.
If you have little knowledge of electricity, for the work connected with the wiring, invite a professional electrician.
The best way to block sound, a way to frame soundproofing, so we consider it in our article:
soundproofing ways without frame
To save space, many people prefer to use a method for frameless soundproofing. This method actually reduces the insulation thickness of 2-3 centimeters, but this significantly reduces the quality of the noise insulation.
For insulation without frame, mainly using the combined panels, which are glued directly onto the wall. Thereafter, panels plastered or wallpaper. Also sticking, insulation panels and plates, which can be installed on the wall by means of special mountings, arranged at the corners.
In addition to rigid boards and panels, without the carcass produce soundproofing can roll with a soft material, for example - a self-adhesive membrane. The membrane is glued to the wall and closed finishing panels. True acoustic quality with this method leaves much to be desired.
How to make sound insulation without manufacturing the frame, you can see in the video:
Whichever method you choose, remember that a hundred percent to get rid of the noise only provide sound insulation of apartment complex, which includes a floor insulation, ceiling and walls.
How to make a soundproof floor apartment. Modern materials for sound insulation.
How to make sound insulation of the ceiling in the apartment with his hands. Materials for sound insulation ceiling. Mounting methods.
As a self soundproof apartment. Technology soundproofing walls, floors and ceilings with modern materials and non-standard ways.
RemBoo »Insulation» How to make a sound insulation wall in the apartment from the neighbors
Options than soundproof wall from neighbors for noise reduction
In urban apartments is very good audibility, particularly at night. Sometimes annoying to hear what is said in a neighboring apartment. Once there is a need for soundproofing a wall from neighbors.
It should be remembered that insulation can perform two functions:
- The first functional feature - a sound insulation. Cries, which are published for the wall, will be reflected from the walls. In this regard, there will be squeals penetration into the apartment;
- The second functional feature - is sound absorption. Sounds coming from your apartment will not penetrate through the walls, as will be absorbed.
Types of Noise published in apartments
Any existing noise characteristics can be divided into:
- Noise arising from the strokes. It is enough to drive a nail into the wall, to form this type of noise;
- Air noise. These noises occur due conversations or TV operation;
- Noise reflected from objects, in connection with which they are amplified;
- The structural noise. This noise arises from the ventilation systems, elevators, which are located in the entrance, and so on.
If tired of the noise, constantly wafting from neighbors start manufacturing soundproofing. It should immediately understand that this is a very complicated process that takes a lot of time and effort. Instructions described below will help you to perform all the tasks.
First of all proceed to the surface preparation of the walls. Old wallpaper removed and the wall surface is inspected for holes or cracks. Sound is able to penetrate even into the microcrack. Finding holes from nails or something like that, you need to putty the wall immediately. Once the work is completed, the sound will be less penetrating in another apartment. This means that the part has been improved sound insulation.
Finished with caulking, you can go to the next step. Now we isolate yourself from the outlet penetration unnecessary bells. It is not surprising, since the sockets are located in the wall, through which passes the sound. In some houses, between apartments through-socket. This means that the sound penetrates very well.
Before you start to work with sockets, turn off electricity costs. When the electricity is turned off, fill the space with foam or fiberglass. Then you need to process a closed space with plaster. This helps to improve noise insulation.
When finished with sockets, you can move on to the pipes through which the heating. These tubes extend through openings in the partitions, and hence, at this point there is a gap. It is best to use a material such as polyurethane foam. you can use something else if you wish. Such treatment will fix the pipe that could periodically vibrate, creating additional noise.
For residents who live in old houses, perhaps this can stop the work, but those who live in new homes, it is not enough. This is due to the fact that in the new constructions sufficiently thin walls. Most often they are made of plasterboard.
It is also worth remembering that too compacted walls also does not make sense, as it will take away the living space, which is so lacking. To make a good sound insulation, you must carefully select the elements used in the work.
Best of its kind sound insulating building element - Maksforte. He produced in rolls. The thickness is 1.2 cm. The subject is able to contain sounds that do not exceed 65 dB. Thus Maksforte subject is environmentally friendly.
Zvukozil, as well as Maksforte often used for sound insulation. The thickness of such material is 4mm. Zvukozil able to contain sounds that do not exceed 30 dB.
Also, many builders termozvukozil prefer to use a thickness of 1.2 cm. Building element able to restrain the vibration and sounds passing through the septum.
In the construction world, there are many things that can prevent sound penetration. Next in popularity are Softbord, Shumanet and many others. Each of these materials, is attached to the partition in the same manner as plasterboard tile. The first set of frame profile. The profile must be metal. As for the fixture, it should not miss the noise. A sound-insulating material is laid over the metal structure.
When the walls are plastered, and the pipes are fixed, you can move on to the next stage of work. To fix the sound insulation material to the wall, it is necessary to produce a framework that will be attached to the wall surface. It is strictly forbidden to fix the profile to the wall. Otherwise you need to soundproof a back wall from the neighbors, after all of this work.
It is best to retreat from the wall approximately 2 cm. Under the profile element to be installed, which will absorb the sounds emanating from vibration. An ideal variant is rubber.
When the frame is ready and installed, it can be placed mineral wool. Such wool will prevent the penetration of sound through the wall. Thanks to wool, insulation will increase by several times.
The next step is to bond with their hands plasterboard profile. This is best done with the help of screws. Plasterboard is suitable element which will prevent penetration of noise.
Joints formed between the plasterboard sheets, it is best to glue a special net. If such a network, you can simply glue the joints wallpaper.
The cost of creating a soundproofing wall
Now calculate how much will cost the production of sound insulation in the apartment. You can make only rough estimates. One square meter of drywall costs about 90 rubles. Mineral wool is placed in a frame, it costs about 400 rubles. per square meter. These costs can add the cost of self-tapping screws, as well as the value of the profile used to create the frame.
If this method of insulation do not like and you still have not decided what to soundproof a wall from neighbors, then why not consider ready decorative panels. In our time, the construction market developed well enough, so will not be difficult to find a ready-made panels by customer interest manufacturer.
This kind of panel is best attached with the help of liquid nails. Using this method of soundproofing, you can save your time as well as to create the beauty of the room. Some panels have a decorative finish. That is such panels only need to be attached to the wall.
Unfortunately, these panels are more expensive than drywall. The cost of one panel exceeds 700 rubles. Ready for soundproofing panels are not inferior drywall. One panel weighs about 4 kg, which means that they can be installed without any assistance.
Also, using this method of insulation, can save expendable space of the room. You can pick up such panels, which will fully comply with the already given interior.
Budget option of creating a soundproofing sticking to the walls of the web zvokoizolyatora. Compared with other options of creating sound insulation, in this case the efficiency is lower by about 60%. It is best to use in this way in a rented apartment, which may soon have to move out.
In the event that you do not want to use workspace premises, and to isolate the room from the sound penetration is necessary, it is best to use a special wallpaper.
These wallpapers do not differ from the appearance of ordinary wallpaper. The difference lies only in the mass. Acoustic wallpaper is thicker, and therefore heavier. To these wallpapers do not fall off the wall, you must use a special glue.
Before you get started, it is best to carry out preparatory work. To carry out the work will need a medium-sized brush, roller to smooth the wallpaper, kleysternaya brush, as well as a great ruler, scissors and a table on which the paint on the Mural will be applied.
While the wallpaper was not glued, it is necessary once again to check the surface of walls. Finding uneven or bulge must use sandpaper, using which it is possible to align the wall. If the wall cracks, using putty from them to get rid.
Also, all the walls are dry, otherwise wallpapers will simply not be glued to them. If somewhere there remained the old wallpaper, you need to get rid of them. From old wallpaper, you can get rid of a number of ways. The first option is to wet the wall, and then tear them. The second option is to use sandpaper, with which you can schesat remnants of old wallpaper.
When the preparatory work will be finished, you can proceed directly to doing things. Any wallpaper, including soundproof best glue from the window. Since the sound-tight element, it should be to glue joint to joint, not at each other. Otherwise irregularities are obtained, which will be visible to the naked eye. When it comes to angles, use the reverse process, ie, the wallpaper will be glued overlapping. In the corners it will not be noticeable.
Once the wallpaper will be glued to the wall, you need to work with a roller. This is necessary in order to get rid of air that remains between the wall and the insulating building element.
- Detailed installation of the TV on the wall with the recommendations
- tiling technology to the wall and tips
- Laminate stacking technology wall and methods
- Terms of ceramic tiles on the wall from the professionals
Good article, thanks! And what to do if no sound insulation frame? Very sorry place. Just obbit soundproof wall panels, for example, SoundGuard, will be the effect?
Good article. Useful.
Alex, type soundguard can use the panel, but you need to realize that without making the frame you will remove 100% of noise, it is better to nail the same panel, but on the frame on vibropodvesah!
The ceiling is also necessary to sheathe? Or just a wall, behind which the restless neighbors mad with kids? Expensive it turns out 20 thousand jobs. We bought a door at an average price, nothing special, but it was such a sound insulation that can not hear me when I ask, "Who's there?". And I can not hear what is said behind the door. Miracles!
Soundproofing walls: how to dissociate itself from its neighbors and ambient noise
Sound has a significant effect on our psyche, emotional and physical condition. If you work, rest or leisure, you are accompanied by even a slight noise, this leads to stress, alleviate the perception and premature fatigue. Therefore soundproofing homes from the street sounds and noise that is heard from neighboring apartments, in the regeneration of the interior is perhaps the most important task of the homeowner. Ensure an adequate level of acoustic comfort in your own home under force anyone. And for this it is not necessary to use the expensive services of experts in the field of sound insulation. It is enough to study the properties of materials that are used for these purposes, then it remains to choose the best option for your situation and proceed with its implementation.
Question soundproofing is highly desirable to be engaged in the stage of repair or arrangement of new apartment. If this moment you are for whatever reason missed with time to it will still have to go back. Only now it will cost much more expensive, because the repair will have to do again.
Soundproofing is very expensive, however, to perform the cover of the whole apartment is not necessarily. It is sufficient to insulate the room, where silence is vital. It has a bedroom, nursery, living room and other rooms where you sleep or rest.
Internal soundproofing apartments
There are three types of noise:
Aerial noise pollution occurs when the emission of sound waves in the air space. Reaching obstacles - walls, partitions and floor decks - their sound is vibrations and passed to the premises located on the other side of the building structures.
"Air" noise pollution
This kind of noise is formed in the fall of various objects on the floor, walking or other activities that cause vibrations of building structures.
Sources and distribution of impact noise
Sound has the property to be distributed on the elements of the building structure. A classic example is the repair of structural noise from the neighbors, which you will of fate to hear, usually at the worst possible time for this.
Structure-borne noise in the building
This noise pollution differentiation allows us to speak about the three types of insulation:
- the original - formed by building structures;
- additional - achieved at the expense of some modifications of the elements of the building frame;
- special - Provides a number of sound-absorbing and sound-reflecting materials.
Types of sound-insulating material in the photo
The most important thing in the regeneration of insulation at home - to set priorities. Otherwise, it may happen that, for all your efforts and costs the noise came from the street or neighbors from the apartment, will continue relentlessly to poison your life.
Sound insulation and sound absorption: what is the essence?
Noise insulation properties have any construction material, be it brick, wood, concrete or metal. In addition, any object located in the room is also able to absorb sound. This is the basic difference between the concepts of sound insulation and sound absorption - the first is the ability of the material or structure to reflect sound without absorbing it.
The more massive wall of the house is, the more powerful it is able to reflect the noise. However, if you increase the thickness of the walls, or other single-walled building structures in order to improve performance sound insulation, it is noticeable impact on consumption of materials, load on the foundation of the building and free space (if the sound insulation is performed from the inside) inside. That is why it is advisable to use a lightweight multi-layer materials for acoustic insulation. An example would be the combination of plasterboard, which line the walls, and mineral fibers (rock wool) to be laid between them and the main building structure.
Noise outer (bearing) wall
There are other insulation systems - sandwich panels, acoustic plasterboard, noise-insulated exterior sheathing joints fillers, etc., which, however, is still not able to give 100% result. By the way, it is necessary to pay special attention to the regeneration or repair of the premises. After all, what sense to pay more if the result is slightly different from the progress at the expense of less expensive materials?
On the other hand seek more effective in terms of sound insulation option is still worth it. But he is not dependent only on the properties of materials used for this. For this it is necessary to understand the nature of the sound, and the mechanism of its distribution in building constructions and voids therebetween.
The propagation of sound through the building construction
Massive outer walls of buildings, performing the function of a carrier have good indicators of reflection and absorption of sound. However, there may be insufficient to provide an adequate level of comfort indoors.
Improve the sound insulation performance of external walls in various ways. The main thing to remember is that they depend largely on the size and design of windows window frames. So, if the latter have a rectangular shape, provide a tight closure around the perimeter and do not contain ventilation valve, it is more reliable than an acoustic screen. At the same time, when you purchase windows should check the quality of the certificates and the manufacturer's reputation - often one and the same design concept for several reasons (profile material thickness of the glass and the air space between the inner and outer panes, etc.) has significant differences on sound insulation parameters.
Even if the windows you have acquired normal acoustic insulation performance, by itself it does not provide the normal background noise in apartment buildings. The essence lies in the method and the quality of their installation.
Modern window frames mounting technology involves the use of anchors and installation foam, which is a rather weak sound insulator. Thus, even in the presence of expensive windows the noise from the street will make its way into your apartment. An effective solution to this problem - internal and external sealing of slopes, which will hide the layer of foam, and in addition provide additional insulation of the opening. Finally, trim the outer walls of the plane of the foam or other insulating material is able to significantly improve its sound-absorbing qualities that once and save you from the street noise in the apartment.
Competent outer window unit soundproofing
Soundproofing in panel and block houses
block-type buildings have much lower sound insulation than brick or brick-and-concrete building. Despite the fact that the acoustic performance of constructions are regulated by legislation, in most cases compliance with commissioning the object turned a blind eye. The reason for this is the complexity and ambiguity measurements allowable noise level in the premises.
Effective sound insulation of adjacent sections of the building block-type arrangement is provided by the expansion joint. It runs from the foundation to the roof ridge and filled with material with high sound absorption, for example mineral wool. The wall between the sections, equipped with expansion joint, is capable of reducing noise to 50 dB, This is sufficient in order not to hear the neighbors, or at least substantially reduce the noise load in the room.
Expansion joint for insulation panel building sections
A distinctive feature of the panel buildings is the presence of cracks and gaps between the walls and floor slabs. By the way, this problem often faced by residents and brick houses. The solution in both cases one - before installing sound insulation boards should perform sealing cracks and gaps through which sound propagates. You should also pay attention to the area of electrical switches and sockets - are wall design is more narrow, which promotes penetration into the room of unwanted noise. Therefore, all the built-in electrical equipment is highly desirable to be replaced by one with an open design.
Among other things in the sound insulation in the panel house in dire need any elements of the plan are made of lightweight materials. These include walls made, for example, aerated concrete and wooden partitions, the panel frame building structures, etc.
Soundproofing interior walls
Internal partitions and ceilings
To get rid of noise penetrating into your apartment through a wall or ceiling of the neighbors from the side, top or bottom, is not so simple. Isolation it one can not bring results because of the characteristics of the sound wave propagation in structures.
Typically, sound insulation space is not limited to a stub wall or ceiling, which you share with your neighbors. Remember that the sound gets to you through a brick or other material from which made the building structure, and through the cracks and joints between the other elements of the building frame. That is why you are likely to have to deal with noise insulation not only walls, but also the ceiling and floor in the room. This often applies skeleton lined with a covering under which fit sound-absorbing material. But before that, to be carefully repaired with cement mortar visible cracks and joints between walls and ceilings.
Soundproofing wood floor decks
It is noteworthy that most of the complaints from the owners of neighboring apartments for the noise that gets them through the intercommunication ceilings. Therefore, if you want to ensure proper acoustics in the premises of his apartment and do not want to become a source of irritation for the neighbors, you should think about laying a floating floor and the additional insulation of the ceiling.
Construction of a floating floor in the photo
Exterior and screed floating floor must not come into contact with the side walls. Otherwise sound bridges are formed and all efforts to ensure sound insulation, are useless.
Finally, for additional sound insulation you can install sound-proof ceiling suspended type. It will reduce the energy of the reflected sound at the same time absorbing it, which will significantly improve the acoustics in a finished room.
Quality soundproofing certain rooms only competently to the properties of the sound waves and building structures can be made of an apartment or private house. In fact, this is no big deal - just hover appropriate help and choose suitable for proper acoustics in your home materials.