- 1 Convection heaters
- 2 Convector heater - what is it? Working principle and the main types of heaters
- 3 The converter heater
In order not to freeze in a country house or apartment when cold weather outside, you can use the convector heater, its pros, cons, and best models of these devices will be described in this article. Such devices may be used not only for heating premises in wet cold weather, but also as an alternative source of heating, and to give a country house in the winter under the condition that the building has no central heating.
convector work is done by a simple algorithm. At the bottom of this device is a heating element (it is called a heat exchanger). To increase the volume traversed by the air, this item is performed in the form of a radiator with several flat edges. The angle of inclination adjusts the direction of heated air streams. Exchanger closes protective metal casing.
According to the energy carrier used by all the heaters can be divided into the following types:
- Devices running on electricity;
- Gas convectors;
Apparatus convector heater
At the top and on the bottom of the convector has several openings for the suction of cold and heated air transportation. Structurally it made so that the body of our device has no direct contact with a heat receiver, so the housing is not heated and does not transmit heat. Such transfers TEPLORESURS occurs in water and oil radiators.
In life generally use electric type convectors. Water devices have smaller performance indicators, they differ from analogues considerable dimensions, so they are placed in places of installation of traditional water heaters in niches under the windows. Gas equipment, despite the opportunity to save energy, for some reason, is not popular among consumers.
All models are considered heaters, regardless of the type may have different dimensions. Some of them are equipped with built-in sensors and a variety of additional functions. The main advantages of convectors are:
- Quiet operation. This characteristic is related to the absence of a fan unit that hums;
- Possibility of installing the device on different surfaces (on the floor or the wall, there are models which can be set even on a windowsill);
- Beautiful design that will "fit" installation in any environment;
- Low temperature heating housing, an average of 60 degrees, the maximum parameters - 90 degrees;
- The overall model contains wheels for easy movement around the room, light devices can be mounted on a wall;
- Convector for heating the room there is no burning of oxygen;
- Devices can be left unattended;
- Continuous operation. Many manufacturers offer a 10 year warranty on the product.
The principle of operation of the convector
Despite the huge number of advantages, the negative qualities in convectors too. The disadvantages of these devices include:
- A small noise during heating;
- The impossibility of replacing the heating element in the home;
- Fanless affects the warm-up rate of the room.
Which is better: the oil or convector
The principle of operation, advantages and disadvantages of convectors we have already described, but now take a look at the main technical characteristics of the oil cooler. Such devices are often used for heating air in a private house, in the country or in a city apartment. To start the device must connect to a power source and the desired temperature set on the thermostat.
Such a heater comprises a metal body formed in a radiator. In the middle of the tank filled mineral oil, which is heated and transfers heat from the heating element. The device is mounted dimmer, which allows you to disable the device when dialing a certain temperature.
The heater is equipped with protection against accidental tipping. In this case, the heating element is shut down.
The advantages of oil coolers are:
- Low cost;
- The ability to move the device in the apartment, to warm up the desired room.
When choosing a radiator heater in the store, pay special attention to the power of the device. In this case, 1 kW of electricity consumed is designed to 10m2 of useful floor space. power consumption is within the range of 1 to 2.5 kW. Some models have a timer on that allows you to warm up the room at the right time.
A variety of oil heaters
Now take a look to the comparative performance of the two heaters:
- The first choice is an important nuance - efficiency. Here it is necessary to give preference to the convectors, because they consume 25% less electricity;
- The second option - the warm-up. When the convector immediately heats the air, its efficiency can exceed 95%. The second heating element of the device is first heated, then the oil, and finally the metal housing indoor air;
- The next important feature - ease of use (move). Convectors have a small size, they can not just put on the floor, but hang on a wall. Oil coolers are massive, their weight can be up to 25 kilograms, they are unsuitable for mounting on a wall. At the unit has wheels for more comfortable travel, and if you want to place the unit on the 9th floor in a building with non-working elevator;
- the period of operation. According to the specifications, the convector will last at least 5 years, but in practice it turns out more. Quality oil coolers also have a huge lifespan, but cheap Chinese models can produce cracks in the metal, resulting in oil leaking from the housing;
- And the last feature - the unit price. Here, the undisputed leader will be oil heaters.
Convector - a better option as compared to the oil cooler
Which is better: an infrared or convector
Infrared heaters are relatively new in the domestic market. These devices operate on the principle of the transfer of heat waves. In this case, infrared radiation heats no air in the room, and the surrounding objects. Subsequently heat is transferred from heated surfaces. Described heaters can be mica, gas or the lamp.
The most popular variety is considered to lamp installation. Such devices can be mounted on the walls or ceiling. Gas products heated metal body as long as it does not start to transmit thermal waves into the surrounding space. The mica models considered overall heating source metal plate whose surface is coated mica.
With dignity convectors, we've already figured out, and now we will talk about the advantages of infrared heaters:
- Quiet operation;
- Rapid heating of the surface of objects;
- Economical power consumption;
- Safety for human health, except for gas appliances.
When comparing the two heaters should pay attention to similar qualities, such as silent operation, the ability to secure the device on the wall. And those and other models perfectly fit into the design of any room, but there are differences in them:
- For small rooms with good thermal insulation is an ideal option convector;
- IR heater can be used in large-volume rooms that are warm completely impossible. Using such a device allows to localize heat in certain areas.
When choosing a heater under consideration for use in the country, should pay attention to the following parameters:
- Safe use of the device;
- Performance durability;
- Economical use of electricity or other mediums.
Convector heater in the room interior
When choosing between the wall and floor model is necessary to take into account the fact of using the device. Many types of electric heaters are attached to the wall surface, if there is a need to move the heater will need to purchase additional equipment (wheels, protection from heat during accidental tipping).
The height of the floor convector is not more than 20 centimeters, they are narrow and long. Wall models reach 50 centimeters in height. According to the experts, have maximum efficiency devices that are as close as possible to the floor surface, since the heated air moves downwards. In this regard, it is better not to buy wall equipment, or install such devices as close as possible to the floor surface.
When buying such devices need to pay special attention to the material and manufacturing quality of housing, its dimensions and design. Here it is necessary to take into account the height of the body: the larger it is, the greater will be the speed of the airflow or convector heater properties.
Baseboard heaters up to 20 centimeters in height well heated air due to the large size, their length can be up to 2.5 meters. More compact is high (60 centimeters), the heater, wherein the air flow rate increases.
It is better to install the convector to the floor
Next, we describe several popular models of wall and floor convector heaters. Particular attention is given to their technical characteristics, advantages and disadvantages that are taken from real customer feedback.
Heater Ballu BEC / EZER-1500 with a two-level power control integrated display and efficiently warms to room 20m2. Such a device is on timer, built-in protection against tipping. If necessary, the manufacturer may include in the special wheels supplied for use on the floor convector.
Convector heater Ballu BEC / EZER-1500 complete with wheels
The main advantages of Ballu BEC / EZER-1500 are noiseless operation, rapid heating of premises, convenient operation, reasonable price. Disadvantages: clicks controller, hard buttons, the inability to warm the room is above 20 degrees Celsius. There are defects: incorrect assembly of the heating element. Price Model 2500 rubles.
Wall convection heater Stiebel Eltron CNS 150 S It has been praised by consumers. This device works by PETN 1.5 kW, its control operation is carried out manually. The humidity thermostat housing is present. The heater is equipped with overheating protection and effect of negative temperatures. The cost of 6330 rubles
The main advantages of the convector should include: silent operation, muffled clicks of the controller relays, high speed space heating. Deficiencies were found.
Stiebel Eltron CNS 150 S
Another model wall convector Timberk TEC.E3 M 2000 designed for heating 24 m2. This device operates on a 220 volt, three-level here present power control by including multiple heating elements 2, 1.15 and 0.85 watts. The convector has a waterproof case and weighs 5.3 kilograms.
The advantages Timberk TEC.E3 M 2000 considered reasonable price in 2912 rubles, small power consumption, the ability to quickly warm the room, silent operation. Disadvantages: a short cable, poor build quality, the heater dries the air.
Timberk TEC.E3 M 2000
Heater Ballu BEP / EXT -1000 a three-level power control. This compact unit has a weight of only 5.8 kilograms, there overheating protection and exposure to adverse temperatures. Convector for heating small floor area of 15m2. Unit Cost - 3300 rubles.
The main advantages of Ballu BEP / EXT -1000 are: remote control of the instrument, small size, functionality, rapid heating of the premises. Some buyers point to the lack of this model - is to create a low temperature in the room.
Ballu BEP / EXT -1000
convector Ballu BEP / EXT -1500 designed for heating an area of 20m2. This device is powered by a 220 volt power switch has several modes that allows for optimal space heating temperature. The model is equipped with special wheels for ease of movement around the room, there is protection against overheating and accidental tipping, there are remote control and timer. Price models - 4220 rubles.
The advantages of the model are: beautiful appearance, the presence of a 3-year warranty on the product, a small power consumption. Cons: audible clicks when the thermostat, unpleasant odor in the first heating, a bright display.
Ballu BEPEXT -1500 differs from the previous model, size and power
convector Electrolux ECH / AG-1000MFR with 1 kW is designed for heating small, including wet rooms with an area of 15m2. Management in this device mechanically, it is possible to control the temperature, there is a dust filter, as well as protection against overheating. The heater has a waterproof case, the model price - 2450 rubles.
The advantages of Electrolux ECH / AG-1000MFR include a great functionality, a fast heating of the room, small size, no foreign odors when using the device. Deficiencies were found.
Convector Electrolux ECH / AG-1000MFR
Thermor Evidence 2 Elec 1500 designed for heating an area of 15m2 with a capacity of 1.5 kW. This model has an electronic control, it is possible to control the temperature automatically. The device has a housing Weatherproof present overheating protection and frost. Price Thermor Evidence 2 Elec 1500 is 4400 rubles.
The main advantages of the convector are: beautiful appearance, ease of use, rapid heating of rooms, can withstand significant voltage drops. The disadvantages include high cost of additional equipment.
Thermor Evidence 2 Elec 1500
Heater Hyundai H-HV14-20-UI540 Two heating elements of 1.25 and 0.75 kW may operate in three modes. When the maximum power possible heating of premises with an area of 24m2. The device is connected to a household power 220, equipped with digital display, a mechanical control. The device has built-in protection against overheating, its price - 1590 rubles.
The advantages of Hyundai H-HV14-20-UI540 should include an affordable cost, the ability to save energy due to the shutdown of the temperature relay intense heating of the room, fast heating, small size and weight. Disadvantages: odors at the first start of the device, a heat body clicks thermostat.
Copying site materials is permitted with active checkboxes indexed backlink.
Convector heater - what is it? Working principle and the main types of heaters
For a better transmission of heat from the heat source air in the room is required constant circulation. This feature has some heaters, which differ from the standard design and performance characteristics. To analyze the efficiency of use of convector heaters, you must first find out the specifics of their operation.
The operating principle of the converter-type heaters
The operation of heaters of this type are based on the principle of circulation air masses due to the temperature difference. Those. Heated air rises and falls after cooling down.
For practical realization of the heater design shall consist of the following components:
- thermal energy source. These may be electric heating elements, hot water pipes or gas burner. It is important that their temperature has been higher than in the room.
- Air channels. They are formed when connecting the heating elements to the housing structure. Above and below must be slit for entry of cold and hot air outlet.
A feature of the convectors is the source of thermal energy. It defines the specifics of the design and operating features. Another important factor is considered to be the correct installation.
For the organization of a truly effective heating should be to choose the right convector heater. Selection is determined by the type of heating system, the characteristics of heated space and the required functionality.
The key parameter is the rated power of the device. It determines the amount of heat transferred to the room. In addition to consider such characteristics of the heater.
- Kind of used energy source.
- The degree of air convection. In some models, the fans may be provided for the improvement of this indicator.
- Functional features - the possibility of varying the degree of heating, safe operation, ionization, etc.
For a complete analysis of the market proposals, consider the basic types of convector heaters.
The construction of these heat sources as the primary source of thermal energy is provided an electric heater (spiral monoblock). The vast majority of them work on the principle of resistance heating: the transformation of electrical energy into thermal energy by passing current through the coil (monoblock) with a high resistance.
The heating unit is located inside the structure. To transmit the front panel of heat exchanging plates are provided. Additionally, the top and bottom of the front cover are openings, which enable air to circulate.
Outdoor water convector
These devices for heating the heat source is heated coolant. It occurs on the internal system of tubes that are connected to the outer casing by means of heat exchangers.
There are several types of convectors for hot water heating. The main difference is the type of housing - one-piece or sectional. The latter type of structure is used for the production of bimetallic and aluminum radiators convector type. Steel heaters have an integral body. It is important to consider when selecting an instrument of power parameter.
This is the most efficient and inexpensive to operate models of thermal convectors. For heat applied gas burner, which is located in a separate chamber. It has no direct contact with the air in the room.
The principle of operation of the gas convector
To maintain the combustion process in gas convectors provided coaxial chimney. It passes through the outer wall of the building and the air flows therethrough into the burner region. Thermal energy is transmitted through a steel or cast iron heat exchanger. He is for decorative and protective cover, which functions as an air convector.
When choosing a convector heater it must be remembered that for the efficient operation of any heating device is necessary to calculate its parameters. Only in this way can be made efficient and reliable heating your home or apartment.
The converter heater
I have read a fiction story, where the furnace spacecraft engine called converter. To cast what could be, including the bodies of the dead people and heretics. The fact that no one living in this gigantic object consisting of a subset of the levels did not remember and did not know where he was. It has long had a riot, and the ship's magazine scraps become something of a Bible (God and the devil captain - leader of the rebels). Inside was everything - houses, fields, cattle pens, own sun, which took the basis of the principle of virtually infinite thermonuclear reaction. And it was considered blasphemous to penetrate the upper levels in a mysterious place called the captain's cabin ... Requests Yandex on the converter heater vividly reminded of a fantastic story. The fact that in nature there is no such devices, except that the foundries, where firemen are heated, and because the very interpretation causes sensation of something unreal ...
Converters, heaters: Theory and Practice
This review will focus on the fact that the heater converter type today is not naturally conceived. But who knows, maybe soon nuclear fusion put on stream, and get a real home Converter (from the English. Drive) where we throw objects for energy. As in the movie Back to the Future, where the white-haired old man ran the car utter bagatelles. Returning back, sported curious fashionable things. Incidentally, the year of the movie coming soon, if someone meets apparatus unsubscribe in the comments.
Today we will talk about curiosities, often directly unrelated to the heaters. The purpose of the event - to talk about various things, simultaneously creating colorful images in combination with the word converter. Then the next time you get on eyes to this term, immediately recalled the meaning of written and our examples. Flocked to the factories, we take a walk on the spaceship and look inside electronic devices, showing that there is not in the nature of converter heaters and invented only Convection.
Why on a spaceship from a science fiction novel called burner it is so and not otherwise. Remember the word converter translated from English. It is understood that the device is engaged in transformation. The transformation of some things in others. In the book, insert converter able to convert into hydrogen thrown into the subject. nuclear decay processes were so long has not yet received a combustible gas, which move the ship forward. chemical element nucleus decays as long as there was only one proton. Substances converted into hydrogen.
Why foundry special furnace called a converter. Because it poured into cast iron, and then pure oxygen or air is blown over the melt. Thus sulfur impurities and turned into carbon oxides, burning out. Percent impurities decreased until until solid was obtained steel (carbon fewer than in the iron). You feel? Again word converter due to the conversion process.
Where else can meet these devices:
- In Electronics special devices that are engaged in the transformation frequency, also called converters.
- Converters will find in the world serving software to convert one file format to another.
- The English power adapter called a converter as converts one type of voltage to another.
- The computer world is built on the analog-to-digital converters, which are also referred to in the literature converters as convert analog signal to digital.
- In the world of television converters convert one range to another, so that the program could look at the equipment not specifically designed for this purpose.
In combination with the word converter goes hand in hand meaning of the transformation of homogeneous items. When nuclear fusion changing the number of protons in the foundry impact being on a percentage of impurities, the parameters of the signal is converted in the electronics, in television - ranges. Converters - and call this word the heater correctly. You argue that the energy of an electric current is converted into heat, but then any heater should be called converter.
That's when distribute into unimaginable trash and produce hydrogen, which, burning, will give warmth, then you can apply to the heater that word. So it could look like the principle of operation of the converter heater. But today, these arguments relate to the realm of fantasy. What we see on the shelves - no converter; electric heater it is called, and nothing else. Sometimes, there are still gas. But rather belong to a class of infrared heaters.
Converter or still convector
The difference between these two adjectives that pair of letters, but the meaning is changing radically. And that's why. Convection - the phenomenon of traffic flows in general. The term implies the transfer of energy jets any environment. This word is applied to the liquid lava, gas and, of course, the air. So, action convector heaters based on the principle of heat transfer is specially organized flow of air. To molecules move in the proper direction using two basic techniques:
- Convector heater casing is the same as that of the oil with a chimney effect. And the principle of operation is similar. Smooth vertical walls of plastic begins at the bottom of a number of slots (sometimes at the bottom) and end in the same manner above. This creates a vertical air flow channel, and move on it makes the jet heating element.
- The heating element in modern convector heater has a special configuration of the profile of the letter H. pressed through specially shaped vertical grooves that make the air with maximum efficiency heat gain, the motion of the molecules that did not interfere. In this technique the surface of the heating element is increased by 25%, and thus, further increases heat transfer. At the forum, even given a hint about the use of nanotechnology in the convector heaters Electrolux.
The heating element is protected by an inert material to avoid oxidation. Also due to irregularity in surface temperature rarely exceeds 60 ° C. This is a valuable achievement, and if there was a heater Converter today definitely would want to adopt this quality. The fact is that the dust falling on the heating element does not burn convector heater, so no oxygen is burned and no odor in the air.
There was information that some Convection heaters operate on the principle of forced ventilation and are equipped with fans, but most of the works on the basis of natural impulses. In this case, the design goes to the mode for 40 seconds. If the walls hang convector heaters, the unit to warm up the room in minutes. Rooms for workers (and not only), this is probably the quickest way to warm up. And not to step over the right line, it is recommended to get a thermostat and hang him convectors.
Interestingly look devices with built-in filters. Designers noticed that inside settles a lot of dust, and decided to fix it. At the entrance (in the lower slots) put special filters. As usual in the modern world, a multi-layer device.
More precisely, there are four steps:
- Mechanical hold pre flow cleaning of coarse dust, hair, hair.
- Then comes the turn of the activated carbon. The air leaves the unpleasant odors.
- Finally, the third stage, which includes natural vegetable ingredients, in charge of destroying microbes. Here, most of the bacteria are killed.
- The fourth stage will nanosilver particles by grinding the result, finishing off the survivors microbes.
Convection heaters are not the only devices where versatility in use. Since air cleaning is carried out with ultraviolet radiation some dehumidifiers, humidifiers and ionizers. Designers have realized that adding functionality, increase the marketing appeal of the product (and his own salary).
Where did the word converter, and how to speak
Dictionary text editor such as Microsoft Word tells us that the adjective convector in nature, although available convectors. Perhaps it would be better to speak and write the convection, but the authors prefer the first option pronunciation. It sounds attractive and reminiscent of another adjective - defective. Convection is the exchange, but not the device.
Text editor and suggested writing a word converter. Someone somewhere and heard the word convector, but learned properly. I began to look in the dictionary, and without thinking, took for granted that there was a first. People read reviews of repeated mistakes, looking for flaws converter heaters and advantages of converter heaters. And thrown away by the search engine on the convectors.
We hope that gave a solid idea of what the converters, and that to construct a heater today, it is not possible based on the methodology. Well, except that the firemen in the shop decide to rest ... And the accent put, please yourself. Or let it do it yourself firemen that no one was hurt.