- 1 Climbing rose, preparing for winter. Autumn care as cut and cover roses
- 2 Do I need to cut curly rose in the fall?
- 3 Basic rules of pruning roses in the winter to keep them pristine beauty
Climbing rose, preparing for winter. Autumn care as cut and cover roses
One of the most striking and elegant garden residents - climbing rose. Preparing for winter cropping and shelter to some growers seem so time consuming that they do not dare to cultivate this kind of roses. Others on the contrary autumn care not to cause any difficulties, because the climbing varieties hardy enough. But precisely because of this definition and takes place after the death of Flower of improper shelter for the winter.
Sometimes nature presents us such changes in temperature, with sudden frost down to - 20 and long thaws. Such differences can not withstand any, even the most frost-resistant varieties. But more often than not dying roses from freezing, from damping off, that's all it is our fault, we hope for a mild winter on varietal resistance to disease. And there is still much easier.
Most of our garden roses are in distant progenitors of southern species and they just do not know that the winter need to shed their leaves and go to sleep. They have no so-called standstill. And if not properly prepare for the winter, and even with the temperature jumps, then they go into "hibernation", then wake up, so something and there are fertile breeding ground for fungi and bacteria that can destroy the winter roses.
Preparing for winter climbing rose
Our beautiful climbing roses for the winter need to start preparing in the summer. In mid-July, they need to change the dressing. If the spring we entertained them with nitrogen fertilizers for good growth and development of new shoots, the closer to the fall they need potash and phosphate fertilizers. If the young shoots will continue to grow, they are at the first frost, freeze, thaw and they will begin to rot, creating a threat to the entire bush.
Potassium helps to ripen the wood to make it more robust, as it will strengthen the roots of the plants for the winter. Phosphorus - a tab for future rosebuds and kidneys, strengthen the root system. So we set up a plant in the growth of new shoots, and to strengthen the already emerged. This is the start of preparation for winter roses. The last feeding should be carried out in mid-September, during which time Rose will have time to prepare for the harsh conditions.
In addition to dressing the last September, to do a few activities that will slow the growth of shoots, strengthen the wood and slow down the growth of the roots for the winter.
- To no longer appear new buds and shoots, we stop to cut flowers. Kidney usually appears below the cut and the new growth begins.
- After the flower ottsvol in its place remains a box, which we are trying to remove, so it does not spoil the appearance of a bush. So, the closer to the fall do not need to, because the cropping boxes will trigger the awakening of the new kidney.
- If you have young bushes planted in the spring of this year, you probably cut all the buds to power plants went on building shoots. Fall leaves all the colors, even the smallest buds. Since everyone already appeared shoots ripen faster and spend the winter without problems.
In late autumn we will need to remove the leaves from plants, not necessarily all of it, but more and more. This should be done in a number of approaches, starting from the bottom and gradually reach the tops. What gives us the removal of leaves? Firstly, because the rose is part of the natural state of rest. Second, look at the leaves, they certainly found signs of some diseases. Especially, when a sharp change in temperature they begin to rot faster.
They grow quite large plants and shelter for the winter because of this always brings a lot of discomfort, especially if the variety is very scratchy. But we should not seek to cut off the rose at the root, just that she wintered. Flower all summer to expend energy on building up the shoots, and the next year, instead of lush bloom, it will again increase the shoots. Since the plant can severely weaken or even death.
Climbing roses pruned typically one-third of growth the most. In addition, cut old shoots with dark bark, broken, and the young did not have time to ripen in winter. When autumn pruning can be formed in the right direction of growth, depending on how you grow your rose, on a support, or arch.
How to hide the climbing rose in winter
In areas with mild climate climbing roses harbor directly on the support, or arch. Obkladyvayut shoots of spruce branches and primatyvayut twine so they stayed on top zamatyvayut lutarilom entire structure in several layers. So Rose is perfectly winters.
But in the mid-latitude winters harsh and unpredictable. Do not prepared for the winter plant with a strong frost, not only falls into a state of shock. Juice inside shoots freezes and crystallizes on the trunks are formed sometimes very large longitudinal cracks, frost-cleft. When they begin to thaw covered putrefying bacteria, fungal diseases appear and the bush dies.
Until the freezing, roses should be removed from the support and bend down to the ground. There are some varieties with a very rigid and thick stems, such need to bend in several stages, fixing metal hooks from thick wire. You need to bend down so that the top does not touch the ground.
If the bushes already grown up and shoots a lot, they can be in several places with string to pull, but not much, so that the studs are not scratched the surface of the trunks.
Some craftsmen doing supports removable, that is, in the winter they are placed on the ground, together with thongs roses. Top frame and is sheltered with waterproof material.
Quite simple way shelter climbing roses when the whip bend down, strapped, and stacked on twine lapnika layer. Top layer is also placed lapnika and then there is a non-woven coating, fortified on all sides.
If roses are planted in rows, it is convenient to do for the shelter huts made of wooden panels, a height of about 80 cm. This tent whips do not touch the ground or a tree, and therefore reduces the risk of disease development. Although this method is called air-dry, when the spring thaw melts under the boards, frost and due to the large space inside the hut, evaporates rather quickly, without causing harm to escape.
Such panels are set at zero temperature over a bent card, the top and reinforced pegs hide polyethylene film or any other material that does not transmit moisture. In this method, it is important that in the winter the roses are gone dry. The ends shalashika remain open until such time has not yet established a stable minus. Roses quite withstand -8, as long as they were not covered earlier, when there are a thaw.
In harsh winters shields over the polyethylene for higher reliability can be covered with roofing felt. If the top layer is a good snow inside the hut temperature is below -10. The convenience of this shelter also in the fact that when the thaw ends can be slightly open and ventilate the bushes.
Way to cover roses for growing certain bushes to build a rectangular frame with a good space that was there at-least some air circulation. Top hiding lutrosilom, or fiberglass, roofing material and is pressed on the edges or is sprinkled with earth.
More at zero temperature rose desirably sprayed with a solution of Bordeaux mixture or copper sulfate from a fungus. In winter, the shelter under a bush well decomposed several tablets of naphthalene to scare away mice.
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And I see a climbing rose for the first time, a very nice variety, we should see it in the market.
Harboring climbing rose coniferous boughs, like winters, has 3 zimu.Ochen beautiful blooms.
We live in the Far North in Arkhangelsk oblasti.Aot not sure perezimuet beauty!
Do I need to cut curly rose in the fall?
Climbing rose is cut is not as much as the usual tea and floribunda or hybrid.
This is due to the fact that it is growing very rapidly, and its main task "lezt9quot; po walls artificial stone elevations etc.
Once planted this type of rose in the first year is pruning the tips of centimeters in front of the shelter for 20 to bushes it better for next year.
During the summer, cut all the faded flowers so that it continuously blossomed and grew, not wasting time on the seeds that would have matured in flower "korobochkah9quot ;.
A shelter for the winter it, bending it climbing the stalks to the ground and covering, sawdust, spruce branches.
Be sure to autumn curly rose should be cut off, these roses need a shelter for the winter, and do not cut branches cover just is not convenient.
Therefore cut off just long branches, and moreover, it is sanitizing roses.
But how to cut curly rose in the fall?
Curly also rose pruning, but with the mind. Fall, I would not advise to cut a rose, it is better to do it early in the spring, when it is already clear what escape alive, and what not. In the autumn should be pruned only those varieties that bloom twice. Sometimes flowering is in late autumn. I have now (in October) just one rose bloom. That's it, and I'll cut. Only growers are cut to the kidneys. Thus secateurs should be sharp and cut must be inclined. Good slice sprinkled with ashes or pour paraffin with candles.
Pruning climbing rose has more to do with the formation of the bush and the direction of the branches. Some varieties are cut old branches, which 5-6 years. The following year, these bushes give the new shoots.
Some varieties of woody at the base. They almost do not need pruning. Only growers cut off the tops and branches.
Curly / climbing roses are cut very slightly and schadasche, Only after flowering, when it cut off the faded flower buds only some ruffled flower stalks, twigs, old and sick stems.
The purpose of growing a rose and the fact that she grew up as best as possible for us or the gazebo beautifully wrapped or climbed up the wall.
Here's a one-of-a-kind wall of the house of roses (the height of the house about 15 m) I photographed in Bamberg (Germany, Franconia region).
Trim is necessary, but not everything. Climbing roses should be pruned after flowering - it is only necessary to cut the damaged branches and flower stalks, sick and dead stems, buds and faded. Produce such actions should be very careful, so as not to overdo it and do not bring harm to the plant.
Basic rules of pruning roses in the winter to keep them pristine beauty
Who would not agree that roses have conquered the hearts of many gardeners. Unfortunately, they bloom only in the warmer months, so it is important to know when and how to cut roses for the winter. He depends on it their pristine beauty, and whether they will bloom again next year.
With what delight flower lovers watching how the bloom delicate buds. What a variety of shapes and colors filled the infield. A subtle scent of majestic colors, brings real satisfaction. And all this requires much labor and efforts.
Pruning rose bushes - a serious procedure garden
To constantly contemplate riotous bloom in your garden, it is required to carry out pruning roses for the winter. Initially, it may seem that the more branches, the more colors. But this is just an illusion. Good cleared bushes bloom much better.
Some types of roses bloom only once during the whole summer. Therefore, wood flower bushes have time to mature before winter.
Determine the resistance rose to colds, helps the color of its bud. Yellow flowers are the most delicate and fragile. White buds can withstand temperatures down to 10 degrees. Red or pink - survive at strong frosts.
This raises the question of when to trim rose autumn, so as not to harm the plant. The optimum period - in November, before the shelter of bushes for the winter. It is advisable to choose a clear calm day.
Such a radical procedure allows you to maintain inside the plant. Pruning the plant provides easy access to the light. In winter, cut the branches and buds are emerging uniformly ventilated. It also enhances the frost bush.
Getting rid of the old branches affects the formation of young shoots and new buds. With the arrival of the heat, they bloom with renewed vigor to please their fans. Shown in the video pruning roses for the winter allows you to make the procedure correctly, without causing harm to the plant:
Practice shows that the cut should not only perennial bushes, but newly planted rose. This approach provides a strong and growing succulent species of roses.
To have a good idea of when and how to cut roses for the winter, it is important to consider these points:
- remove from the bush all inflorescence;
- disrupt the buds that have not had time to mature;
- nevyzrevshie cut weak branches;
- get rid of the overgrown patients.
If these elements leave for the winter, the shelter they will rot. As a result, the bush can infect a fungus or other disease.
To protect the plant against various harmful germs, cut branches should not be left near the bush. It is advisable to remove them away or burn.
It is also important to disinfect tools that produce crop, a solution of potassium permanganate. This protects the bush from external contamination.
And, of course, the main principle of pruning roses in the fall for beginners - do not overdo it. It should be borne in mind that the volume rose rootstock should meet the ground parts of the bush. Otherwise, the main feeding system will suffer. Subsequently, the plant may become ill or die.
The main principles of pruning roses for winter
Experienced gardeners strive to ensure that the flower does not lose its charm and become even better. Therefore, how and when to cut roses for winter is the main principle of creating a beautiful garden.
Given the size of the bush rose variety and the growth rate of the plants used are cropping options:
- Short. It is used for roses are prone to increased tillering. In winter leave the base of the bushes as well as 2 or 3 dormant buds.
- Strong. When this procedure is done cutting almost all terrestrial shrub branches. It is suitable for adults tea rose bushes, miniature species, and some twine beauties.
- Average. Moderate pruning involves removing weak branches, to stimulate the growth of the young. At the same time healthy shoots are cut in half, and at the bottom left branches up to 30 cm. They must be 5 live kidney.
- A long. It is also called intrusive option, so it is important to thoroughly understand how to cut roses for the winter this way. The main principle - to remove only the tops of the shoots. After the procedure, remain high branches with 10 buds on it. This trim variant stimulates early appearance of flowering buds.
In order to qualitatively carry out pruning is necessary to prepare suitable tools. To protect your hands from thorns garden beauties come in handy long Teflon gloves. If you have to kneel down when working with a bush, you can prepare a special lining.
The basic tools - a saw and pruner. To successfully prune roses in winter it is important that they are sharp. Otherwise, get a ragged cut. Even worse, when the blunt shears gardener crushes branch. Mutilated stems long time to heal, and before hibernation is completely useless.
Slice escape make near the kidneys, which have not yet sprouted, at a distance of half a centimeter. Dense branches removed with a sharp saw.
Winter pruning roses is held by these rules:
- the stem is cut obliquely to fluid leaking, because the plant is not ill with it;
- that branches do not cross, sections were taken by foreign kidney, so the bush to get enough light and air;
- cut stem to operate white core;
- optimal weather conditions - calm sunny day.
First of all, it should be cut dry branches, the sick and the old. Then, remove those shoots that come into contact with them. Guided preferably on the outer stem buds.
Left on each plant does not need more than 5 young branches. If you want to give the original form of the bush, it is recommended to keep a nice, evenly-growing branches.
When the question arises: whether it is necessary to trim the roses in the winter, it is sufficient to look at the bush thickened and irregular branches. Would they be a garden ornament without proper care? A pruning in the winter - is caring for a plant.
Methods for cutting twine roses for winter
Some growers believe that the kinds of twine roses do not need pruning. In fact, if you do not, in a few years it does not come near. A shelter before the onset of cold weather, it is practically impossible. Therefore wise to understand how the twine cut roses for the winter.
To this end, it is desirable to take into account the variety of plant species. They come in two varieties: flowering once a season, on the old branches and flowering several times on the young.
By once flowering species belong Rambler. The first time they bloom one year after planting. Re-bloom does not happen, so last year's branches in the winter completely cut off at the root. Instead, they grow young shoots that will bloom next year.
Twine rose which blossoms presented several times to form a branch of about 5 meters from side shoots. These include such varieties as klaymingi and floribunda. Flowering bushes there for 5 years and then wanes. Therefore, the winter pruning is carried out at the end of 4 years of flowering. Shoots are removed at the root, and in their place new ones grow.
For the formation of clusters of beautiful roses twine, it is important to make regular pruning Trunk cleaner. Removed the old main branches. Those that prevent the flower grow, cut off completely. With last year's branches, ready to bloom, cut off only the tops.
In preparing plants for winter pruning is carried out very carefully. Permissible thinning thickened branches of bushes. Also, shortening particularly long shoots.
If on plants there are dead branches, weak or damaged, they must be removed. Dried buds better not to leave for the winter. Pruning is done with sharp tools so as not to damage the growth of the bush.
If the procedure done negligently, violating basic principles, the plant can suffer from severe frost.
Reliable shelter for the garden of the Queen
Protecting roses from the cold start from the end of the summer. During this period, should stop feeding, to suspend the development of a rose bush.
In early autumn, around the plant can not loosen the soil, so as not to appear fresh shoots. This is especially true if the air temperature is greater than 20 degrees.
Correct pruning roses helps to protect plants from frost. The main requirement - the height of the branches must not exceed cooked shelter. Also removed all the greens. Thereafter, in November bushes treated with iron sulphate to improve resistance to moisture roses.
Before hilling, from under the plant rake various types of garbage that had accumulated over the season. Then throw ground to the root system, making hill height of 20 cm. This air is retained in the soil which protects the root from frost.
Completely cover the rose bushes in the winter, it is desirable not earlier stable frosts of up to 6 degrees. If the procedure done before, may grow shoots and dormant buds wake up.
A refuge for the rosary to do better in dry weather, to protect plants from fungal infections.
Of course, the rose bushes will not be able to thank for a safe shelter from the winter weather. But in the summer, they again will delight lush blooms and its pleasant aroma unchanged fans.
Shelter for the winter climbing rose - video
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Roses - my favorite flowers, grow them for a long time, spread a few varieties. Always use a first cutoff method roses when retained about 10 kidneys. But read the article, it is better to shorten the bush half, leaving 5-7 buds. Now try this method. I also liked the advice, in November for the prevention of diseases to be treated bush five percent solution of ferrous sulfate.
Thanks to the author for the good advice of the circumcision roses.