- 1 Door Closers: how to install and adjust features
- 2 Self-installation and adjustment of door closer
Door Closers: how to install and adjust features
Closer - a special device that provides a smooth closing doors. And if until recently its role performs a normal spring - today it is an inherent part of public institutions, shops, offices and access doors equipped with an intercom. He makes closing softer, smooth and silent. How to set closer to the door?
Smooth running mechanism provides gidrodempfirovaniya principle. Thus, when opening the entrance gate of the spring occurs clenching, which uses the stored energy for closing them and return to the original position.
This device is widely popular due to various methods for installing the manifold and the input gate, at which they can be installed.
The range of this mechanism on the market today is quite broad. Wherein the apparatus is subject to a classification:
- Overhead door closer. Such a device may have two variants of execution rod - the knee and moving the tire and mounted on top of the web;
- the need to install outdoor units are thinking at the design stage and construction of the building. They are installed on the entrance gate, which is not planned to make holes;
- closers are equipped with flush mount ready entrance gate. This type of device can be found only in canvases of a certain thickness, and they are relatively new to the market. Here the main thing - to make the right choices and set a canvas that would have opened up quite easily and close easily.
Talking about how to install door closers, refers to two types of installation: outside and inside the premises. If the device will be fixed to the web Internal stop at a standard installation method, wherein the mechanism housing is fixed to the web from the opening, and a rod mounted on the shoe box.
Entrance gate from the street is better to equip a door closer on the inside, otherwise it will be continuously exposed to dust and moisture. In addition, in the cold engine can be frozen and then the door will not close at all.
Therefore, in most cases on an inner stop the installation, and further already operate in accordance with design features and the direction of opening the entrance gate. According to the rules of fire safety, exterior doors should be opened to the outside, which means the housing unit must be mounted on the jamb or on an additional mounting bracket.
Install automatic door closers on stages with his own hands
First of all you need to select the device, which would correspond to the width and weight of the door. With this there will be problems, since his class specified in the documentation. Now you need to decide on the venue and the type of installation.
Assessing the opening direction of the web, to make a choice when you open "on" to set the cabinet on top of the blade on the hinge side. Otherwise, the product is mounted on a box, and attached to the blade lever. Mechanisms overhead mounted equally regardless of execution of the bar.
Any such device is equipped with a mounting scheme which allows to partition space making holes. The only condition - the scheme must comply with the selected type of installation. Now you need to drill holes in the canvas.
Installation for metal door latching arm need special fastening devices - Bonk that protect the metal from deformation at the place of installation elements. The housing unit and lever shoe attached with screws.
Bundled screw for fastening mating parts of the lever to the housing. At the end of the lever is connected in a knee.
Adjust the door closer on the steps with his hands
Now you need to adjust the knee lever so that it stood perpendicular to the plane of the web. As otre gulirovat door closer? To adjust the closing force of the entrance gate, they need to be open, to assess the closing speed and wielding adjusting screws to bring it to the desired.
If required to set the mode to the "latching action" used in the door with combination lock or latch, it is necessary to make precise adjustment speed and closing effort blade in two areas: at the starting, wherein the range varies from 15 to 180 degrees and the end - in the range from 15 to 0 degrees.
adjustment features are to be installed in the end zone a little more speed and force to slam the door, but the speed of the two zones should not be substantially different from each other.
When you adjust the door closer with his hands is important not to overdo it with a twisting screws, as this could lead to the enclosure seal failure and leakage of oil, which will lead to the exit mechanism of action.
Some models are equipped with additional options, such as inhibition of the opening. Implementing regulation, they also need to bring to the desired level.
Custom installation methods
If you can not install the device under the standard scheme, the installation is carried out with the use of additional elements - strips or corners. The design of each of the fastening element is selected on an individual basis taking into account all the nuances.
Custom installation provides the following:
- if it is impossible to fix the lever on the box, have resorted to mounting bracket that is fixed with screws in a horizontal plane. The lever is mounted to the inside corner;
- the housing is mounted on the construction machinery area, whose attachment point is the upper slope of the box, and the arm is fixed to the blade itself;
- Door equipped with a mounting plate, projecting from the top portion of the web, and the housing mechanism is mounted on it. Spot fixing lever acts box;
- Suspension mounting plate mounted on a box, itself fastened thereto closer and the arm is mounted to the blade;
- is set closer to the web by conventional means, and the lever is mounted to the plate, increasing the size of the slope.
The above methods of mounting is not to detract from its functionality and reliability. However, to extend its service life, affect the operation of the mechanism is not recommended.
If you want to lock the entrance gate, for example, when moving house, it is better to disconnect the lever of the device, not the stopper of various heavy elements.
If the mechanism had to be installed outside, it is necessary to provide protection from rain and frost.
By following these simple rules setting, closer will serve its owner for many years.
These devices vary in steps methods, adjustment, etc. But the most common classification of them is a unit of the installation type to:
• top: Attach the top of the door leaf or boxes;
• floor: Mounted in the floor, often mounted on glass constructions;
• hidden: Embedded inside the door leaf.
Installing the top of the door leaf
The most common closers in which the smooth movement of the door is ensured by a gradual tightening of the spring via the gears moving on the rack in oil solution. In such devices can be mounted tire rack (providing better traction) or sliding channels.
The more massive and heavier door, the higher parameters must possess closer. The selection mechanism is made by a special table in exact accordance with the doors wide and its weight. European standard products of the first class (EN1) are mounted on lightweight doors width not exceeding 0.75 m and weight 20 kg. seventh form closers are respectively set on the door width 1.6 m and weight 160 kg.
Types top finishers
1. Mount Technology closers of all types is similar. When the door is opened inwards (On) of the housing must be located in the upper part of the web. If she opens out (By itself) closer, on the contrary, is mounted on the jamb, as it is fixed to the blade lever.
Door equipped with such a mechanism should be possible to move smoothly, without jerks. closing-opening speed is controlled with two screws that are in the body. Most often, they are covered with a decorative panel, but may be located at the end of the housing on the side facing the hinge. Unscrew the screws are not fully recommended.
The circuit arrangement of the door closer tuning screws
Adjusting the closing speed and latching action
To extend the life of this mechanism, it is necessary to follow a few simple rules:
• since during operation the screws may loosen and viscosity of the oil in the housing to change under the influence of temperature fluctuations, for reliable operation of these adjustment mechanisms must be carried out per year for at least 2 times;
• all rotating parts and sliding door closer They need regular lubrication;
• To prevent premature failure Do not leave the door open for a long time; with the exception of the mechanisms that have the function of fixing.
Self-installation and adjustment of door closer
The doors are not left open, previously used a banal spring today put door closer. The basis of its structure also lies a spring, but it is more powerful, hidden in a metal casing and filled with oil - for "inhibition" upon closing. Install the door closer to the door - the task is simple. Self-installation takes 20-30 minutes. It is unlikely that any more. So we take a drill and put his own hands.
The most popular model is
According to the international standards EN 1154 door closers are classified according to the closing force, they may create. They are divided into 7 classes, which are designated EN1- EN7. When you select a class paying attention to the inertia of the door, that is, the width of the fabric and its weight at the same time. If different parameters correspond to different classes of the door, put the device is of a higher class.
For example, the width of the door corresponds to the class EN2, and the mass - EN4. Put the 4 th grade, as a weaker force can not cope with the load.
There is a door closers, belonging to the same class. The characteristics indicated then a class with one digit - EN5. They have a small range of adjustment efforts - within the same class. There are devices on the closing force are regulated within several groups. In this case, in the marking range give hyphenated - EN2-3, for example. The latter are more convenient to use - you can adjust the speed of closing depending on the weather. But the cost of such models above.
The main design element is closer to the door - spring, which pushes the lever. By way of force transmission from the spring to the lever devices are of two types:
- With arm. Such models have a characteristic appearance - perpendicular to the door leaf protrude levers surface. Those closers also called a knee or a hinged rod. The design is reliable, but the protruding levers unattractive, besides, if you wish, they are easy to break. There is one drawback: at least open the door need to put more efforts. For children and elderly people it can be a challenge.
With slide channel
Both of these types consist of two parts: a housing, wherein the spring is hidden and force-transmitting mechanism and a lever. They are mounted at the top of the door: one part of the canvas, the second - on the box. Which-which depends on the direction of opening. When the doors open, "the" on the door leaf mounted casing with a mechanism at opening "on themselves" - mounted lever. The picture shows a closer linkage type, but similar rules for installation and for the models with the sliding channel.
Install the door closer to the door, depending on the opening direction
As you know, they are not suitable for all types of doors - with glass put them problematic. For them there is another structure - floor. Corpus mechanism is mounted on the floor, on top of merely acts plate holder. A similar holder is set and the top, but the mechanism is there not always, only for heavy door leaves.
Floor spring glass door
There, by the way, floor standing models for wooden and metal doors. They also have a linkage or a sliding channel. They are less conspicuous, but such an arrangement often damaged.
Floor spring glass door
Basically closers put on the external or exterior doors, they can be mounted on the gate or gate. In the case of the doors they are placed so that the body was in the room. Though there are frost-resistant model designed for the operation of the cold, it is better that the body is protected from the effects of weather conditions. Also, such an arrangement ensures greater safety.
Install door closer on the door: guide with photos
Only drill, ruler, pencil and screwdriver for mounting the door closer on the door are needed. The drill normally required "3" (triple), but it is necessary to look at the fastener diameter, which is usually attached.
What is needed for the installation of door closer
Most of the manufacturers, to facilitate self-installing door closer on the door, hardware installation templates. These templates are schematically illustrated parts of the door closer in the full-size photo. As they plotted the mounting holes for each element. The models, which can create stress on the opening of a different class, the holes are drawn in different colors, in addition they are signed - next class of door closer is put.
EXAMPLE template for mounting the door closer
Pattern printed on both sides of the sheet. On one side - opening doors "on" - the hinge side (pictured above), on the other - "by itself".
There are two perpendicular red stripes on the template. Combine with the horizontal upper edge of the door leaf, the vertical - axis to the line loop.
On the upper edge of the door leaf all clear, but to avoid mistakes during assembly, the axis line must draw the loops. If you are installing door closer on the hinge side, there are no problems - with a long ruler and pencil carry the line up the middle of the loop. If installation will be carried out on the other hand, measure the distance from the blade edge to the middle of the loop. Mark this distance on the other side and draw the line.
Mark on the template find a hole according to the selected class. By means of a drill or an awl transfer them to the door leaf and the frame.
We transfer mark under the holes in the web and the frame
Typically included are two types of fasteners: metal (metal and plastic), and wood. Choosing the appropriate size drill bit and a drill to drill holes in the marked locations.
Door closers are equipped with two types of fixing - for metal and wooden doors
The mark drill holes
Next the actual installation begins, and the closer to the door. Please note that you need to mount the body and arms were severed. If they are collected, they are separated (unscrewed the washer, the screw is removed, connecting the levers and the housing).
Are putting parts to make a hole, install fasteners. In the diagram, we find the class efforts on opening, which we need (in this case, EN2) and set the part as shown in the figure.
Installation diagram door closer on the door
To open "the" body put on a door cloth, a box set cravings.
Now to the body it is necessary to connect the thrust lever. At the bottom of the housing has a special guide. We put him arm, tighten the screws.
Install the thrust lever
Now we have to connect with the thrust lever. There are two options.
The connection itself with the thrust lever is very simple: combine the two parts are pressed down a little bit with your fingers. With an easy click, they are fixed. The trick is how to position them relative to the door. On this depends the rate of movement of the door leaf at the final closing stage. The position can vary due to the fact that the rod consists of two parts and can be adjusted in length - one of the parts of traction - long threaded pin. Rotation pin and shorten or lengthen it.
If you need a smooth finishing, putting traction so that it is perpendicular to the door leaf. To do this, a little bit reduce its size (pictured left).
Location of the lever and traction force to be placed finish
If the door latch is set, you need a solid effort to overcome her resistance. For this variant the door perpendicular to pose arm (traction unwind, making longer).
Exposing part appropriately combine and connect them. Actually all the closer to the door installation is complete. And it is possible to cope with their own hands, and without much difficulty. Stayed finishing stage - closing speed adjustment. For this we need to understand the adjustments door closers.
For installation on a gate suitable cold-resistant models that can be operated from the outside. But not all the gates have a top bar. But the side plates are at all. In this case, the thrust is fixed to the side stand, deploying a fastening plate along the rack.
Install the door closer to the gate without a top crossbar
But hydraulic devices (about them discussed in this article) is not very well feel the cold. The oil which is poured into the housing and serves for the "inhibition" of the door leaf becomes more viscous, the gate is closed slowly. From this point of view, better to choose a gate pneumatic model (on the selection and installation of reading here).
How to install on a metal door
Installation of the door closer to the metal door is different only in the type of fasteners used and the size of the drill. Since the web is typically heavier selected powerful models not lower than class 5 (view is necessary on the table). Accordingly, the mounting template markup will need for another class.
Closer to the front metal door set similar
You may also need a more powerful drill, but that's all - the details. As for the rest, set closer to the metal doors, it is necessary just as well as wood or metal and plastic.
Adjust the door closer to the door
Closers, which are mounted on the doors have a different design and the adjusting screws are located in different places. Similarly, all specified in the data sheet or installation instructions. But, in general, the technique is the same:
- turning clockwise screw speed / force increases;
- turning it counterclockwise - Brake / reduce the force.
When you adjust the door closer, do not twist the screws just a few turns. Quite often just a quarter of a turn, maybe a little more. Knocking balance too screwing or unscrewing screws, adjust all very difficult again. You can even break the device or to ensure that the inside of the oil flow.
Adjust the speed of the door opening and "prihlopyvaniya" are on the case. In most cases, they are either on the front of a protective cover or on the side surface thereof.
Move aside the cover, we find the screws
The housings of round or polyhedral adjustment on the housing side are