- 1 How to grow buckwheat
- 2 Where and how to grow buckwheat? its benefits
- 3 How to grow buckwheat - our favorite cereals
How to grow buckwheat
Anyone who has ever seen, it looks like buckwheat, when growing, will never forget that sight. Rippling under a light summer breeze juicy green material, covered with a cap of flowers of all shades of pink, reminiscent of a living, breathing creature. Over fragrant sea buzzing toiler-bee collecting nectar from which the curative buckwheat honey. Looking from the outside, as a growing buckwheat, you would never think that this is a difficult process of Agronomy. However, the cultivation of buckwheat - is really an art.
Who saw the growing buckwheat, will never forget this.
Buckwheat - capricious plant, but is popular with farmers. First of all, because of buckwheat in Russia is always a high demand.
Buckwheat cultural demanding on the temperature and water cultivation regime. It is sown in warm soil, at a stable temperature not below 8 ° C. At a temperature of about 15 C there are the first shoots from which plants grow quickly erect stem, as maturation changes color from green to bright gentle red. Triangular leaves it always remain green, which in combination with pink flowers, gives the field of buckwheat is very spectacular view.
The air around the blossoming fields buckwheat filled with sweet flavor.
Flowering begins at a temperature of 25 ° C, in 3-4 weeks after emergence. Frozen during the entire growing season, especially during flowering, for buckwheat disastrous. Any sudden changes in temperature can lead to crop failure.
The cultivation of buckwheat, as a rule, takes place under the forest protection. Trees protect the field from the drought and cold snap, from drafts, undesirable for sensitive plants. If there is a body of water - buckwheat will grow even better. This culture is responsive to the application of potash, phosphate and nitrogen fertilizers. But buckwheat pesticides can not stand, as well as does not suffer over itself and genetic experiments. That is why the buckwheat can rightly be considered one of the most environmentally friendly products.
Flowering buckwheat field is colored in all shades of pink.
Amazing flowers of buckwheat. One after the other, starting from the bottom, bloom small pink flowers with five petals, forming a lush, rich brush. Each of the 600 and even 2000 of flowers in the inflorescence blooms just for a day, and the entire brush blooms continuously for two months. Therefore matures buckwheat gradually upwards. Wait for the full maturation of the hands is simply unrealistic, so the harvest begins when poured and turn brown bottom, most large and filled with grain. At this point, the technical maturity reaches about 70% of the grains formed.
The brush is going from 600 to 2000 small flowers.
The flowering period experienced farmers put along the field buckwheat hives. Pollination by bees increases the yield of buckwheat by 50-60%, which can not be achieved by any other, even very expensive techniques. Useful and tasty buckwheat honey, famous for its quality, further increases the attractiveness of the "cooperation" of farmers and beekeepers.
Bees pollinating the buckwheat significantly increase its productivity.
To buckwheat was not showered, mow it early morning or late evening, when the air humidity is higher. Special processors produce not only the collection but also the initial processing of the buckwheat kernels. But how are buckwheat, - a topic for another discussion.
The first to ripen lower, most filled with grain.
If you do not live where cultivated this valuable culture, and not seen as a growing buckwheat, photo of her blossoming fields will be of interest to you. Of course, even the best pictures give only a small idea of their alluring beauty. Do not give them and the enchanting aroma that fills the summer air. Feel it fully possible, but in reality been in places where growing buckwheat.
Where and how to grow buckwheat? its benefits
Buckwheat - an environmentally friendly product. It is very nutritious and healthy. This semolina is ideal for diabetics and fans of diets for weight loss. Buckwheat is a national Russian dish. Although the first to cultivate it began about forty centuries ago. And not in Russia. In our country buckwheat it was introduced much later. Since then, Russia has always been grown this barley as a food. And in most countries, it is considered as food for animals (deer, horses and others).
As buckwheat got on Russian fields?
The history begins with buckwheat India and Nepal. That's where it started to grow for the first time. Then the seeds of this culture was brought to China, then to Korea and Japan. It was only after these countries buckwheat hit in Russia. First, to the Far East. In Russia, the evaluation of the usefulness and nutritional value of buckwheat for human was above all. As a result, the most widespread, this culture was obtained on Russian fields.
In some countries is grown buckwheat?
Where buckwheat is growing in the world? As already mentioned above, to cultivate this culture began about four thousand years ago in India. In Russian field buckwheat seeds were much later. They were brought about in the seventh century. Now, almost half of the harvest of buckwheat in the whole world falls on Russia. This culture is grown in large quantities in several countries: Belarus, China and Ukraine.
In small quantities, buckwheat sowing in several countries. For example, in the United States, Tanzania, Poland, France and some other countries. In ancient times, buckwheat planted in England and Wales, but attitudes have changed a long time. It was seen as forage crop. And so in the UK is no longer buckwheat is grown at all.
Where buckwheat is grown in Russia?
Where buckwheat is growing in Russia? The main regions that are engaged in the cultivation of this crop - Trans-Baikal, South Siberia and the Far East. But the best this culture grows in the Volga region and the Urals region, in the south of Russia.
What is buckwheat during growth?
The spectacle of flowering fields sown with buckwheat, impossible to forget. How to grow buckwheat, photo demonstrates. A field of blossoming culture looks like a juicy green mass, the tip of which is covered with pink flowers. Moreover, the full range of shades. As ripening buckwheat its stems and leaves are becoming more intense green and the buds themselves can reach up to a bright red color.
How to grow buckwheat? This somewhat capricious culture. She is afraid of cold weather (although there are cold-resistant varieties). With this feature, buckwheat learned to fight for a long time. Firstly, it is grown where the climate is warm. Secondly, this crop is sown later than everyone else. When the set is guaranteed to warm weather.
Buckwheat grows only in wet soil. And the field must be surrounded by woodland. It protects culture from the cold snap, strong winds and drought. Around the field you need to find a river or a stream of water, which is growing buckwheat. In this case, there will always be abundant harvests.
A very high temperature (thirty degrees) does not like buckwheat. The ideal temperature at flowering - from fifteen to seventeen degrees. Land should be well heated and fields - to obtain adequate coverage.
Buckwheat - a unique honey plant. It is most useful than that obtained from any other plants, honey. In addition, when the fields bloom is always a lot of bees, which can help with pollination, increase yield by more than half. Therefore, on the edges of buckwheat fields often hold apiary and put hives with bees.
Many beekeepers are trying to grow buckwheat and at their sites knowing that honey turns out very tasty and has special useful properties - disinfecting and healing. In France, buckwheat in the food consumed little. But grow it more for the sake of honey, which is very much appreciated.
If all favorable conditions for the growth of buckwheat, it shoots appear at the end of the first week after planting. How to grow buckwheat? First, there are small green shoots. first leaves are formed on the second week. Twelve days later - the second.
Branches are simultaneously formed with buds. Flowering buckwheat starts in three weeks. At first her colors - pale pink or white. During the ripening period they are gradually becoming more and more saturated colors. Also stems with leaves become darker.
How to grow buckwheat, whether it need fertilizer? Buckwheat is unique not only for its usefulness and honey, but also the fact that this culture does not need fertilizers. They can even ruin it. Especially capricious buckwheat to chemical fertilizers. Although they are sometimes used to obtain high yields.
Fertilizers are made for crops during flowering of culture. Nitrogen should be accurately calculated and used with great caution so as not to lead to a sharp rise in Greek. This culture, unlike the others, and so has a solid vegetative mass.
Grech is different from many plants their growth - the process occurs constantly, until fully ripe seeds. This culture is positive about the phosphorus and potassium fertilizers. A pesticide buckwheat does not recognize. Adversely applies to the gene experiments.
What is buckwheat during growth?
It looks like buckwheat, when growing? In buckwheat - erect green stem. When the plant matures fully, its flowers are painted in bright red. At the heart of downy leaves, triangular, partially painted green. Upper - sessile, and the lower - petiolate.
Shades inflorescence - from white to pink (of any intensity). The flowers have five petals. Inflorescence - in the form of a brush, numbering about two thousand flowers in the same plant. Buckwheat can over the summer to give even two harvests.
Buckwheat kernel immature green. The taste they resemble the hazelnuts. Brown (what people are used to seeing in the stores buckwheat) acquired in the intensive industrial processing. Grech going still wet, and then thoroughly dried. This is done to increase the shelf life of the Greek. Part beneficial properties while unfortunately lost.
This culture is absolutely not afraid of weeds. And a plant only in agriculture. Where buckwheat is growing, there is practically no weeds. It suppresses them, displaces and destroys already in the first year, as soon as the crop was planted. And on the second weeds do not grow at all. And a person does not even need to be engaged in weeding.
How to grow buckwheat? Despite the fact that it is quite whimsical to temperature changes and cold, but almost is not demanding to soil. The only condition - that the ground was wet.
Grech - not grain. This plant of the rhubarb family. In Europe, buckwheat is not known in all countries. For example, in stores in many countries it is sold in small packs of two hundred grams with the summary of its properties and methods of preparation.
Of buckwheat husks are sometimes used as a filler for orthopedic cushions. They can be found in many shops of the People's Republic of China, South Korea and Japan. Orthopedic pillows can be made and at home on their own.
How to grow buckwheat - our favorite cereals
Buckwheat belongs to the family Polygonaceae. The family includes several species. In the European part of the continent spread only 2 types: cultural buckwheat and buckwheat Tatar. In the industrial production of cultivated buckwheat cultural and Tatar buckwheat is a weed. Weed growth is low, a thick branching, broad leaves and petioles fine yellow-green flowers, odorless.
Physiological features of plants
Buckwheat has a cultural erect slightly colored stem. When fully ripe stalks of plants acquire an intense red color. Medullary leaves have a triangular shape with a partial green color. Leaves glabrous, the lower petiolate, and upper - sessile.
A plant root system has a stem length of 50 cm. A characteristic feature is that the weight of the root system is only 10% of the total weight of the plant.
Five-flowers, various shades of pink. Inflorescence in racemes. There are from 600 to 2000 bisexual flowers in one inflorescence. Flowering buckwheat under favorable weather conditions, it can last up to 2 months. Remontant plants. One plant can observe all phases of development and formation - to fruit buds from varying stages of maturation. The plant is pronounced sexual dimorphism.
Buckwheat - Cereal crops, grown by many farmers. Buckwheat groats are in great demand among the population. For its cultivation and harvest, a special agricultural techniques.
Temperature conditions for growing buckwheat
Buckwheat culture is very sensitive to temperature indicators. Large temperature differentials detrimental effect on it. For seed germination the soil layer to be well warmed, and the temperature elevation rate be at least + 8C. The vegetation period included in the active phase at + 15C. Frosts are dangerous, so buckwheat seeded with stable positive temperature characteristics.
Optimal flowering temperature + 25C. Higher temperatures lead to deterioration and death of pollination ovaries.
The choice of land for planting buckwheat
More and better crops buckwheat culture produced in well-lit areas adjacent to forests. It is these lands have a light soil aeration, and the forest protects the crops from strong winds. The proximity of water bodies and play a positive role in getting high quality and abundant crops.
As a rule, on the perimeter of the field of buckwheat installed hives. Buckwheat - a great honey plant, and buckwheat honey has special qualities. Bee colonies are able to increase the yield of buckwheat to 50, sometimes up to 60 percent. Beekeeper to collect honey just need to know how to grow buckwheat.
The application of mineral fertilizers for crops of buckwheat
Mineral fertilizers are under crops of buckwheat throughout the growing season. Especially responsive buckwheat potash.
Nitrogen and phosphorus, provide high culture harvests for crops made only at the time of flowering in a ratio of 1: 1. Nitrogen fertilizers are carefully and precisely calculated so as not to lead to a sharp increase in the vegetative mass of plants.
Buckwheat endowed with high vegetative mass, unlike other cereals. A distinctive feature of the plant is its growth. Buckwheat growing all the time - from the beginning of development of flowers to full maturity of grain. Grow high yield buckwheat culture, it is considered highly art from agronomists.
Features of cultivation of buckwheat
Under favorable weather conditions, buckwheat germinates 6-7 days after sowing. During the following week produced the first true leaf, and for another 12 days - second. In the same period in the axils of the leaves begin to form branches from the apical bud - buds. Flowering from early ripening varieties comes three weeks after the seedlings appear. In late-ripening varieties - in a month.
Each flower blossoms - day, and the entire brush continues to bloom almost two months. The flowering period is very extended, as well as during the formation of the fruit. The maturation process occurs in the direction from the bottom - up. The resulting grains located on the lower tier, most filled.
In conclusion, we can conclude that all the products that gives us buckwheat culture are unique gifts of nature.
Buckwheat contains in its composition lysine - the most important amino acid for the construction of proteins. The lysine content of buckwheat is many times greater than any other cereals, which is much closer buckwheat consumption of food to consume animal protein. Buckwheat contains a rich complex vitamins (B1, B2, B6), P, PP, E and macroelements kroveobrazuyuschego complex (iron, cobalt, nickel, copper, manganese, chromium).
Buckwheat culture - an excellent honey plant. Buckwheat honey has special healing and disinfectant properties.
In the form of a green plant is used almost entirely. From the leaves and flowers make infusions. Waste grain and straw used as animal feed livestock and poultry.
When burning straw obtained particularly valuable ash containing a large amount of potassium carbonate and potassium, which is an excellent soil fertilizer.
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Why do not secrete nectar of buckwheat
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Buckwheat is our everything! My grandmother told me that my grandfather came back from the war could not tolerate any porridge except buckwheat. I ate for the war, and only buckwheat loved. And when driving past a flowering buckwheat, field - open the window in the car and enjoy the intoxicating smell of honey. A honey gorgeous, it's true! Speak before the beekeeper was a friend of the peasant growers buckwheat. Bees pollinate, and collecting the sweet nectar!
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I remember this plant since childhood. My grandfather was a beekeeper and his bees every year sown a small piece of land our garden buckwheat. I will say that she is very beautiful blooms.