Laying the tiles in the bathroom with their hands - the procedure and steps
In a modern apartment tiles present in almost everyone. It is actively used in the decoration of the kitchen area, shower room, toilet and bathroom. Without unnecessary disputes should agree that ceramics is one of the most practical material, effectively protect the surface from the negative effects of moisture. It is easy to operate, and its service life is different durability. However, it raises a reasonable question as to put the tiles in the bathroom?
There are two ways to solve the dilemmas - is to hire a master or to lay the tiles yourself. Given the relatively high cost of a tile expert help will cost very expensive. In this case it is better to think how to lay tile in the bathroom, because the repair may not be very difficult if it sorted out. Moreover, today it is enough to buy tools, and can be tiled with your own hands. We will need:
- building level;
- electric drill;
- spatula with teeth;
- rubber mallet;
- microfiber or a sponge.
You need to read only certain features tiled material that should be considered when installing products in the shower room. Today, however, the presence of desire, and this question is quite decisive. Therefore, at the initial stage it is necessary to select the desired tile and raw materials for its installation, as well as to determine the colors of ceramics and its quality.
On the tile should be no chips, cracks or other defects. The coating must be different uniform layer without various bubbles of air pockets or streaks. It is best to take the examination for a few items, then you can make a conclusion about the whole lot. In order to know how to lay tile in the bathroom, you need to keep in mind that the number of purchased tiles should be about 10% longer be necessary volumes.
This is due to unplanned losses during repair. Otherwise, it may happen that the coming of the next batch of tiles, it will be slightly different from the previous one.
Such circumstances occur almost constantly, so in order to avoid unplanned losses is recommended to get a bit more products than necessary.
Begin repairs need to in order to make measurements of all surfaces on which tiles will be laid. Decorative tiles are usually purchased by the piece, and usually a square meter. Each product must be the same size, the shade, the article, as well as the pattern. It is necessary to dismantle outdated flooring in the room, regardless of whether it is tile, paint, or something else. The best foundation on which to lay tiles - concrete or brick.
During repair it is necessary to make the surface perfectly flat, so the walls and floors often progruntovyvayutsya and then conducted a thorough waterproofing. This will improve the adhesion between the surfaces, to protect against the negative impact of various microorganisms. Stick the tiles to need with a spatula, and then make a floor screed. For repair required:
- tile adhesive;
- crosses for joints;
- wooden or metal slats.
Laying the tiles in the bathroom with their hands - it's certainly not an easy process, but possible. The most optimum method is to provide a reliable moisture layer using silicon and smoothing the edges of the bath to the rim. Extension is best carried out in a certain sequence from the far corner of the room to the exit. This arrangement will make the space more attractive and at the same time it's more convenient.
Realize tile steps:
- We perform lining of all that is above the bath level up to the ceiling coatings. The first series does not need to be glued back to back, and a departure from the edge of the bath to 2 mm in the thickness of the cross. Before this can make for clarity Extension.
- If you leave a place in the suspended ceiling, it is necessary for the plastic edging around the perimeter. Installation is carried out by an arbitrary height that will make the installation easier, because they do not have to suffer with adjusting undercut.
- After carrying out these steps, repair continues laying out the bottom next to the shower room. This procedure enables even without desynchronization implement correct folding ceramics.
- The next step - is the construction of the frame under the bathroom, which must be installed and oblitsevat. It is necessary to make sure of a rigid metal and sheathed plasterboard sheets.
- Tile products have enough weight, so do not skimp on the profile and to acquire a cheap, thin-walled elements.
- At the final stage of repair gruntuem concrete surface, glue the tiles on the floor.
How to put a tile in the bathroom, that would be all well-turned out? In principle, everything is simple! The above tips will help you understand the rough plan of action, which may vary slightly depending on the specific situation. In order to lay out the tiles, we need a special adhesive. Usually it is sold in powder form, why it needs to be diluted with water according to package directions.
The resulting solution was thoroughly mixed by means of an electric until uniform. In the end, the tile adhesive does not get very thick or too thin. The desired consistency is obtained, like peanut butter, so it is easier to apply and does not drip. For application of the adhesive composition is excellent spatula with serrated elements. Tile is pressed firmly, but lightly, otherwise it may explode or crack.
Under the non-standard sizes better crop ceramics using Tile.
In exceptional cases the use of grinders. More delicate work is performed cutters or pliers. Extension doing together with special crosses for joints. They very much help to lay the tiles correctly. However, the products do not always have the correct form, so there may be some problems. Thus, it is necessary to regularly measure the width of vertical and horizontal joints.
To identify possible defects at an early stage it is important to check the level of each row after laying the first 3-5 tiles. Having completed a number of angles to complete, and only then move on to the other wall, for example, a reference number will be located strictly on the perimeter of the room. After that, everything is repeated again from the place of the vertical line marks.
Stack ceramics using adhesive masses must be strictly according to a certain pattern to tile width does not exceed the desired surface. Closes repair by gluing the bottom row, which is adjusted in length, and then cut off.
Now everything is clear as to put the tiles in the bathroom! But that's not all, as the glue ceramic products is half the battle, it should be properly treated, otherwise the repair will be considered incomplete. For this it is necessary to carry out grouting after 24 hours. Before this procedure should get rid of the excess glue left or leaked from under the tiles. Special dilute mixture which is applied to the inside seams of rubber spatula.
We are waiting for about half an hour, during which time the joints and can be zastynut them gently rinse water dampened sponge or cloth without washing solution of the interstices. The fabric used for cleaning must be kept clean, making it necessary to periodically moisten with warm water. After the raid appear to be white again with a clean cloth to wash all.
After the end of the previous stage is required to process the seams carefully with a special mixture. It aims to protect against the negative factors in the form of moisture, mold or mildew, and also serves a decorative role. For wide gaps perfect grout with sand, and in some cases do not interfere, and latex. This material will provide the elasticity and durability of the coating, and though somewhat complicate the process.
When adding dry latex powder is diluted with water, preparing the mixture, leave it for a while. Only after it reaches it can be used, however, should know that the best way to make it in small batches and use immediately.
Such smoothing is applied using a cloth or a brush, and then smeared across a rubber trowel surface. Apply it better diagonally at an angle of 45 degrees, as it allows you to more effectively fill all the seams. Only then you can proceed to the final cleaning, which need water and a sponge.
I can say that the wall must be checked for squareness, because even minor misalignment will be visible after laying tiles. If necessary, you need to carry out the alignment of the walls using plaster or moisture-resistant drywall. Apply a simple drywall or plywood can not be, as they are rapidly destroyed by water.
How to put your hands on the wall tiles in the bathroom
To cladding looked perfect, not cracked and collapsed in the first year after the repair, you need to prepare the base properly.
- Remove the baseboards and door casings, not to hinder.
- Banding, laid on the painted enamel wall bulges. Therefore, the paint must be removed and make incisions on the walls with an ax or chisel - they will increase adhesion.
- Loose or swollen areas thoroughly cleaned.
- You can put new tile over the old one, but it is wise to dismantle the cover.
- After preparing the surface must be dry and durable. Usually you want to align the walls before laying tiles. They do this by using special beacons plastering cement compositions. It is impossible to align the surface of the tile adhesive in the process of lining, they adjust only very minor differences. Smooth surface will facilitate the laying and save the tile adhesive.
To purchase the right amount of items you can come to the store to call the area a bathroom and the seller will tell you how much of what you need to buy. But it would be better to count on their own material, be taken into account when calculating the cost still some points:
- laying technique and embodiment: the type and width of the seam;
- possible fight that occurs in profile cutting or drilling holes;
- Color fugue;
- count the total number and to it add on 15% loss;
- four square average surface spent bag glue mixture and 1 kg of grouting.
The surface has been prepared, the estimate is prepared. Now you can go to shop for pottery.
Here are some tips for choosing the high-quality tiles.
- On the wrapper of slab products is marked with a lot number. Buying a product from several batches, you can get inconsistency in tone ceramics.
- Examine the tile: There shall be no splits, nodules or blisters.
- All acquired ceramics supposed to be one value, otherwise not be able to lay flat seams.
- Take two tiles and fold inside. The geometry of the tiles in the first grade must coincide perfectly. Typically such articles shift wax paper or wax is applied to protect from scratching during transport.
- Fold tiles obverse. there should be no gaps between the articles. The permissible gap 2 and 3 varieties of not more than 1 mm. More - marriage.
Council. Do not buy the tile with traces of the marker on it - as in the production of marked defects.
If the first thing you have arranged a quality finish floor, the tiles of the first horizontal row can be tied to the floor covering. This is an ideal case. Tile is placed directly on the floor with a certain gap. However, this option is often not feasible for several reasons:
- gender does not shift, and the only veneer walls. Besides floor rarely made strictly horizontal;
- Paul laid communication, you need to go around.
First calculate the number of tiles that will be included in a vertical row. Often it is necessary to lift or vice versa, lowering the reference number of the line to the whole ceramics went to the ceiling with a small gap (about 5 mm). Otherwise, you may encounter a situation code under the ceiling remains a distance of 2 cm, where it is necessary to squeeze the strip trimmed tiles. Make it easy and the general view is not so hot.
A fitting start to the ceiling, mark horizontal elements, taking into account the seams. Falling down, mark the level of the second row. The rest of the distance left to fit the tile size. So all the tiles will be clipped at the floor and will not spoil the appearance bathrooms.
At the level of the second row make a mark on each wall using a level. Connect together. Now the line drawn by mounted profile that lays out a series of support.
Perpendicular to the floor trying on rows individually for each wall. Calculate the number of members in a horizontal row of tiles together with sutures. In most cases, it turns out that the tiles need to be cut. A thin strip in the corner does not look very nice, but you can get around this by using a small trick:
- move the tiles in a row so that the corners of docked tiles identical in width. Tiles are arranged symmetrically, the wall will look harmonious. Decorative elements, if they are to be used, as well will look good;
- another way is to place a number of vertical being cut in the least conspicuous place: in the corner, which closes shower.
When finished with the calculation and fitting, mark the level of the vertical lines in the corners where the number will be located not being cut. The result is a drawn rectangle, which will be a guide. So you do not deviate when laying ceramic of the vertical and horizontal axis.
Preparing the layout, you can shut the tile adhesive and start facing works. Glue is applied with a trowel and level with a notched trowel to the height of "tooth". Irregularities corrected with a rubber mallet. Horizontal ensure nailed profile, and vertical level is checked during installation. In general, the sequence of work is as follows:
- and wall tile, a layer of adhesive. Pottery leaning first on the profile, and then pressed against the wall. Strongly do not need to press. Flick slightly rotate the tiles so that it tightly clutched the wall. Note that you should immediately try to put an element of the right, as consuming too problematic. You can slightly adjust the position of the shift to the side and succumbed to a rubber mallet. It is impossible to push the tile with such a force that acted solution clearances between elements should be as clean. After drying facing seams filled grout;
- spread first horizontal strip;
- tic inserted between the tiles, the seam was obtained the same width;
- putting the first few bars, check the level of the plane: there should be no gaps between the tool and tiles. Adjust the hammer;
- put all the tiles, except those that require pruning, they are placed at the last turn of;
- when laying a first row is finished, check the horizontal and vertical, as well as a laying plane;
- Tile grinder or cut strips which are laid in the corners;
- experienced hand, the adhesive may be applied on the wall for several tiles which are laid immediately, and after inserted between the crosses. The level is adjusted for the total number;
- if you decide to take a break, then remove the first solution on the edges of the ceramic and in areas that are left under the trimmed ceramic, otherwise then it will have to beat, and this may affect the laid ceramic, affecting the adhesive strength of the wall;
- after complete drying of the lining and the removal of all crosses begin to spray grout. When using silicone or epoxy fugue, ceramic paste over the edge masking tape. Cement requires no such scruples. Squeegee the grout is applied to the seams, slightly denting without creating bubbles or voids. Overwrites all vertical and horizontal seams already then. When the mixture is a little grab, it is necessary to smooth the seam jointing, slightly deepened it. Excess material is removed with a damp sponge.
Council. Not recommended at one time spread over four rows of pottery. It is necessary to wait until the grab solution to tile is not guttered.
Tile laying process is not fast enough and laborious, requires attention and care. Self-fulfillment will not only make high-quality trim, save money at work tiler, but most importantly - have fun with the work done.
- Technology grouting tile joints in the bathroom during the work with his own hands
In principle, if the walls are smooth, it is possible to dispense with a thin layer, not the solution, and tile adhesive, which is a big choice now, and use special tools to fix the tiles, you can, of course, and most. That's only if you want quality, then you should not be in a hurry - it is better a little at a time. So carefully consider the nuances - as a guide will fit not only this article, and you can see videorodiki.
The first time it will not do without a counselor. It is desirable that-be was an experienced counselor and explained at the slightest mistake. I remember the first time I put the tile in her bathroom and turned crooked. After I found out what was a mistake and a bathroom made perfect.
This article I have now come at an opportune moment. My husband and I are moving to a new apartment, which is in need of repair. He's going himself to put the tiles in the bathroom and toilet, so all of these recommendations will be very useful to them, I think it will turn out much better. Yes, and I can help with such knowledge)
Online calculators are very often guilty, so it is best to count the required number of tiles by hand. At first, we find out how many tiles will be needed to laying on the width of the wall (floor). Let's say, the width of 2.6 m size of our tile 33x33 cm (ie 0,33h0,33 m).:
For the convenience of laying tiles can be represented schematically in the figure
Option laying several types of tiles
Experience with tiled says its quality label on the paint surface is unlikely. So forget about the advertising appeals, telling about the super-glues intended for laying tiles on the paint, armed grinder and begin to clean the walls. Naturally, the presence of old tiles it should also beat off with a hammer and remove.
Equalize wall in the presence of significant differences using concrete or putty - too expensive. Experts say that even the tiles in the bathroom is quite possible to put on a high-quality water-resistant drywall. Naturally, to protect from moisture all the joints in the tile should be sealed perfectly. After hardening them better solution additionally lacquered.
To work with the tiles, we need:
Trowel, mallet and trowel
In principle, the tiles can be cut and grinder. However, it is more convenient to use a special tile cutter. Manual cutter for tiles inexpensive, and work with them quite comfortable:
There are several methods of tile installation:
Stacking modular grid
1. Lay the tile is better to start the second bottom row. In the first row we clipped tiles will be located. The top row in the ceiling tiles must end the whole - because the top is always more evident, and it is designed to be perfect.