A method of finishing walls under stone (marble, malachite, jasper or granite) called Venetian stucco. This refined and very elegant technique can be used in any home and in any method of decoration of premises. Perfectly combined it with even the most modern styles, such as for example the high-tech and techno. However, in this case for finishing is better to choose light pastel shades or almost white.
- 1 How to apply the Venetian plaster marble with his own hands
- 2 How to Venetian stucco: characteristics of the material, composition, manufacture, surface preparation technique, and deposition Venetian stucco wax
A solution for Venetian stucco
Since the time of ancient Rome in its art, little has changed: in the composition of the solution is also introduced slaked lime (it can be replaced by acrylic filler), stone powder and pigments. At the end of the work surface covered with a layer of natural wax. Expensive wax if desired, can be replaced with a conventional colorless varnish.
Before finishing the walls should be carefully prepared: putty and sanded. The surface must be perfectly flat - in fact it will be seen tiny bumps, holes and roughness. Skilled craftsmen before starting work, cover the walls with glass or wallpaper for painting. To obtain a smooth surface, the seams before it leveled.
Working with the Venetian - quite laborious and time-consuming activity: 1 square. m experienced master spends five to six times longer than using a traditional plaster. To get the hand, to develop this technique is better with small sections of the wall or the individual elements of the decor: paintings, murals and frescoes.
Each layer may have a different shade
Plaster randomly distributed over the surface
Colors are selected depending on the desired result
The main stages of
Wax for Venetian
Venetian plaster is not only attractive, but very durable coating
Exterior surface depends on the solution composition and methods of its application. Venetian plaster techniques set.
Imitation Venetian stucco with a sponge, brush or package
Create chaotic patterns on the wall and you can with the help of special printing
How to apply the Venetian plaster marble with his own hands
Select the material for the walls is not easy. It is necessary for it to be beautiful, practical, durable, and preferably inexpensive. Venetian plaster meets almost all of these requirements. She's beautiful - similar to natural marble, it is practical - coated wax surface can be washed repeatedly, it is durable - if not scratch specifically, it is not damaged, it can be applied to any surface - smooth, curvilinear. Just the perfect finishing material. But as usual there is a "but." She is expensive. This is the first minus. The second - to put her own hands difficult. Or rather, to put simply, is difficult without experience get a beautiful surface. But you can try and hire a wizard. But before you enter into a contract, ask for customer contacts. If it is possible - look at the work themselves, or call and ask about their impressions.
What is Venetian plaster and composition
If the wall in appearance resembles marble surface, but it has no seams, it is decorated with Venetian plaster. This finishing material was invented centuries ago in ancient Rome. When someone came up with mix marble dust and slaked lime. The result was a flexible structure, which is on the walls looked like natural marble. For a clearer picture to the mixture was added natural dyes.
Venetian plaster is applied to the walls, ceiling, column
The most popular was the clay. The walls had a pinkish or reddish (depending on the color of clay) stains, which gave a finishing great similarity to natural marble. The coating is durable, the rendered surface coated with wax, which is then polished. The walls were not distinguished from marble. Only there was no seams.
It was only centuries later, during the Renaissance, Venetian plaster came in Venice, where it began to be used instead of the marble slabs. Technology of its application has not been easy, but the work with Venetian plaster is much easier than trimming and polishing of marble slabs. Because this kind of finish has become very popular. She trimmed walls, ceilings, columns in the palaces. The finish was beautiful and durable, weakly react to changes in humidity and temperature, high humidity Venetian canals led literally to the rampant use of this material. It contributed to the popularity and the fact that the marble dust to bring easier, and it costs less. The remaining components were added in place extracted. The fame of the beautiful decoration materials distributed by merchants to quickly, and called it the Venetian plaster. Since then, and has become a tradition.
Italian Decorative plaster may be of a light color or saturated
The above-described composition Venetian stucco - marble dust, slaked lime and coloring additives - used up to now. Absolutely natural finish. But there are compounds in which add synthetic colors (acrylic) or modern communication is used instead of lime. Another may be the juice of rubber trees, pounded granite. All or some of the additives contain - depending on the manufacturer, but the name of this material, too, Venetian plaster, as the main component - marble dust - remains the same.
Applying Venetian plaster with your hands - a complicated matter. The problem is that it is a creative process and the methods of applying mass. From the various movements receive different in appearance to the surface. Without the experience to anticipate what you get is not possible. Learn how the movement will lead to any result, you can only experiment, that is, we must try. But. Venetian plaster is worth very expensive, so the experience turns costly. Although learning how it is necessary ...
application techniques are different, kind of get a very, very diverse
The only thing that can advise plaster piece of plywood measuring at least one of a square, and preferably 2, sanded and a primer coat applied to try Venetian stucco on that surface, polishing technique. Proceed immediately to the finish is not recommended. Most likely, it will have to be removed and re-remake, that is insulting, costly, long time. If you are lucky, you can get to the dealers who are trained to work with Venetian plaster. They provide material and stand for, show how to do it. However, this rarely happens.
The base on which is applied Venetian stucco should be perfectly flat. His pre shpaklyuyut to dub and absolute smoothness. Use latex putty. If you put structure on an uneven wall, it will only emphasize the shortcomings and increase the consumption of Venetian. It is possible to carry out the alignment of the base layer, but the cost is very expensive alignment.
That's such a wall, you can get
A flat cover wall primer deep penetration. It is desirable in two layers. This will ensure good adhesion of finishes, will remove any dust that remains after grinding plaster, will prevent the development of fungi. Once the wall is dry, you can begin work.
Venetian plaster is sold in buckets, the view is pasty. The basic version is white, the color is added to obtain color schemes for different effects there are decorative additions - pearl, glitter, etc. Zakolerovat composition can be in a store or on their own.
For self-tinting will need a drill with an attachment for mixing. In some cases, the Venetian plaster is covered with a layer of water - to prevent it from drying out. In this case, prior to use or tinting, water is drained. Then, by using the nozzle on the drill, the composition was stirred until homogeneous. Only thereafter poured dye, stirred for a few minutes (5-10) using a drill and the nozzle.
It is necessary to mix well until a uniform color. By the time it takes 10-20 minutes
While stirring, beware: next to the bucket wall structure is often not painted. After removing the packing, take a clean wooden block of a small section, slide it along the walls. Most likely, there are places where the dye is not ranked. Several times swipe bar, along the walls, having achieved so that the walls had been painted with the material. Re-mix composition of the drill until uniform in color. This procedure can be repeated once again - just to make sure. There is one more thing: some manufacturers recommend that after staining to wait 12 hours.
With self-tinting is necessary to remember that in some compositions by drying the color change (not all). Because to determine the future color of the sample needs to be done: to put a couple of strokes and wait until dry. According to the results, or to add a dye or - nezakolerovany composition.
Also keep in mind that repeat the same color will not be possible with manual tinting. The new party will be different. Because it is necessary to color the material in greater numbers than expected consumption: it is better that something will be, than not enough.
The layers of the substrate Venetian stucco may be from two to ten. It all depends on the desired result. And the corresponding "desired result" and real - this thing as time experience.
That's the beauty of this can be done by hand ... if in front of this train
The layers are applied in different ways, but each of them is leveled and polished to smoothness, each should be allow to dry. Only after the last application and drying, the surface can be coated with wax - beeswax or synthetic. Depending on the type of wax or a glossy surface is obtained (beeswax) or matt (synthetic based). Surface synthetic preservative walls are also waterproof and moisture resistant, so if you want to decorate the walls in the bathroom with Venetian plaster, wax take synthetic.
First layer - base. It is applied evenly on the rules of application of conventional plaster - it is necessary to make it smooth. It can be colored, it is possible - not. It depends on what kind of background you want to have - white or color. If applied are 2-3 layers of material, it will shine through. If the layers 5 and more than likely, it will not see (again, still depends on the composition of the type).
On the trowel to apply a small amount of the composition and pounded on the wall
To determine exactly read the manufacturer's recommendations, or see workshops on ways of applying Venetian plaster. And to see the difference, try on a piece of plywood to do so, and so. It is more reliable.
The second layer of Venetian plaster, and all subsequent, applied chaotic strokes. Composition take on a flexible thin metal spatula or trowel special Venetian. The composition is applied to the edge of the spatula / trowel, small strokes in different directions are applied on the wall. In this case, you should try to not visible trace of the first contact surface of the tool. Subsequent stroke, as it were, covers, lubricates this place. Moreover, it is not necessary to achieve uniformity. The whole essence - in chaotic directions, shapes, lines, curves. also about how in natural marble.
Applying a second layer - or chaotic in one direction - depends on the willingness
Dries Venetian stucco 1-10 hours - depending, composition, manufacturer, temperature and humidity. The exact time looking at the packaging. After drying, a dry surface is overwritten with a trowel. Thus smoothed all variations which remain after application of the layer. On the cleaned surface of the next layer is applied, dried, smoothed. And so until then, until you get the desired result. The result - usually a - through thin layers of translucent darker band in areas where, during application, the composition of lay more tightly. The depth and brightness, which "shine" bandwidth depends on the number of coats applied.
The last layer of plaster is applied to a Venetian necessarily thin metal spatula. Technique called "stripping on" and turns almost transparent layer. On spatula take slightly composition is applied to the wall, tightly holding the blade structure is collected from the wall back. Thus the wall is very thin layer of material. Here at this stage it is necessary to try to ensure the surface is flat. Minor irregularities will be removed when grout, but we must try.
It is a tool for applying Venetian plaster - a special trowel
Last thin layer Venetian stucco finally dried not to end. 20-50 minutes after start cement surface. Please note that some compounds have to iron a small area. Venetian plaster was applied to a small area (about half a square meter), jammed. Other vendors allow a longer period of time. Similarly, we must look on the packaging or ask the manufacturer.
Zheleznenija process itself - a floating dry clean metal surface. Take a clean, without stripping, scratches or other defects Venetian trowel and smooth down the surface in a circular motion. In the process of drawing is shown, there is gloss, Venetian plaster gradually acquires a "depth" and bedding, which is different and natural marble.
After zheleznenija shown drawing, the wall becomes like a marble, it has a light silky shine
When cement Venetian plaster should be closely monitored to ensure that no scratches were formed, stripping. For this purpose, Kelme should be grains, grains of material, etc. It should also be ironed wall plane trowel without affecting its edges. Treat at one time a small area when the tread pattern on it, to move to another site, do not forget to pay attention to the borders of the two sites.
Venetian plaster with cement may be the last step. In this state, you can leave the wall or ceiling in a room. For corridors, bathrooms, kitchens, require protective wax coating.
The wax is applied after completely dry Venetian stucco. To be sure, better to wait a day. The wax is applied a thin layer of a wide spatula "to tearing." A thick layer starts to flake off and eventually peel off, so leave at least the wall.
After applying beeswax wall becomes glossy
After about 30-50 minutes after application, starting polishing wax. For this fit fleecy attachment on a drill or grinder. Worth nozzle should be short and soft, does not crumble. Turnovers are putting no more than 3000 rev / min. At higher speeds the wax is erased, not polished. Polishing continues until until you get the desired gloss level (depending on the type of wax).
If needed dim matt protective layer, use synthetic wax
Complete drying wax - about two weeks. Only after this time you can wipe / wash / rub. When it comes to the bathroom, it is best not too exploit it (if possible).
Independently fill the cones with the case of Venetian plaster - it is expensive. At the same time understand the description of what and how to do it is practically impossible as overlay strokes - is unclear, the phrase "in a chaotic manner" does not explain precisely nothing, because complete chaos anyway. There is some kind of order or the application of bias. So, to make it easier to find your way to tell what angle to cause strokes in each layer. So chances are that after a couple of samples "on fanerku" self-laid Venetian stucco will please you.
The bathroom looks great Venetian
Method one: figure is not too bright, not very clearly expressed, flowing lines, seamlessly. Apply layers as follows:
- Base - can be untinted, white composition evenly, good leveling surface. Flow rate - 500-600 mg / m2.
- Second layer - Coloring material. Tilting motion of the trowel - about 30 °. May be more dark and light stripes. Consumption of 220-250 mg / m2.
- Third layer - tinting. Pretreat edge trowel small Venetian sandpaper grain 600, to remove the dirt. Apply the composition at 45 ° of the trowel. Consumption of 80-100 g / m2.
- After 20-30 minutes, hold cement, wax and polish applied if necessary.
Venetian plaster in any interior looks rich
A good option with good effect. Not too heavy machinery gives hope that the Venetian plaster will look normal, even if it is applied without a beginner skills. But all the pre-test to "fanerku".
Method two: with a colored base, multidirectional strokes in each layer. The order of application is as follows:
- Base - even layer, color tint in the main material flow - 500-600 mg / m2.
- The first layer. The composition of the same color. Smears thin, virtually "on stripping", alternately in three directions - vertical, horizontal, obliquely. By alternating the direction of gradually thin strokes fill surface.
- The second layer. Another color of the material, can be a little lighter. Multidirectional strokes, too, but a little smaller in scale.
- Spend with cement, wax wipe.
Venetian plaster in the kitchen must be protected synthetic wax
This method is also good, if you can master the multi-directional movement. We should not forget that the swabs must be thin. In general, we try.
How to Venetian stucco: characteristics of the material, composition, manufacture, surface preparation technique, and deposition Venetian stucco wax
Use as a fabric a Venetian stucco allows the creation of unique coating, which feature is their individuality. Despite the general opinion that the application of Venetian plaster is a laborious process, we will tell you how to make a Venetian plaster with your hands in your own apartment or house.
You can choose to create such beauty - Venetian plaster.
This plaster coating technology used since the days of ancient Rome. The composition of the material present flour and marble chips, which were deposited on the walls of palaces as a base under the frescoes.
While finishers used as a matt white stucco and colorful, the color of which was formed by the addition of natural pigments. Now it is possible to use synthetic and natural compounds.
We will understand what it looks like Venetian plaster. This material is a clear composition which after application unusually refracts light rays. Outwardly, it resembles a natural stone, and in exactly the same shades and texture.
Sample Venetian stucco.
To this day, the plaster has maintained its popularity thanks to these properties:
- Wear resistance, durability. Typically, the coating a service life of 20 years. During this time, the plaster will not lose its brilliance and performance, but on the contrary, will become even stronger.
- Environmentally friendly material. When finishing mineral plaster fear for health is not worth it. Stucco is completely safe, so it can be used in hospitals and children's rooms.
- Ease of maintenance. The surface is easy to clean, well tolerated both dry and wet cleaning, detergent may be used if necessary.
- Great choice of textures and colors.
Plaster has one significant drawback - a high price, which includes not only the material, but also the cost of masters services.
The composition of Venetian plaster
As in ancient times, the basis of plaster is a natural baby from quartz sand, marble and granite. The difference is that earlier in the binder used slaked lime, Now this is the role of synthetic additives.
In specialty stores, you can buy ready-mix in the composition of which there are:
Venetian plastering mix of marble flour.
Having studied the composition of the material, you can try to knead it by yourself.
Make a "Venetian" with his own hands, will help the following recommendations:
- The dry mixture was diluted with water in the amount indicated on the package.
- Carefully stir with a drill with a special nozzle to the consistency of sour cream.
- After enduring structure for some time, repeat the procedure and add dyes.
Stir the mixture drill.
Much attention should be given to the preparatory phase, comprising alignment surfaces. It is necessary to achieve equality and the smoothness of the wall so that it can withstand the weight of the applied material.
As a basis can be used concrete, brick or stone walls, primed.
Even if the walls have a paint or whitewash, before putting the Venetian plaster, it is important to clean the surface from dirt and dust.
Pre-clearing the wall, begin to equalize, the primer.
Tip: Technology of preparation is similar to the providence of the same activities as in the lining of the wall before pasting. If you had to glue wallpaper, difficulties should arise.
- The surface of the exposed primer deep penetration, and all the bumps carefully zashlifovyvayut. This will prevent the development of mold and mildew, as well as to improve the absorption of the wall. After that, the primer is allowed to dry for twelve hours.
- In the next step the wall progruntovyvayut again, only this time harboring composition. This will improve the adhesive behavior surface. To make the first color layer of plaster, in dye primer added, stirring it using a drill and the nozzle.
Gruntuem re-painted with primer.
- Colored primer to dry for about two hours, after which a spatula smooth out any unevenness.
Venetian stucco coating technology
Instructions of this technique consists in applying finish plaster in several layers, which are randomly distributed spots material. It smoothly applied with varying thickness, which results in a change of tones in spots that forms an imitation texture depth.
Tip: Work carried out in a dry and clean place. It is important to closely monitor so that dirt and dust particles did not get to cover. Upon completion of works should close all windows to prevent drafts.
After surface preparation and preparation of the solution begin to milestone.
Let us consider in detail how to make a Venetian plaster:
- Apply the mixture on the grater in small portions using a small spatula. It is distributed chaotically short arcuate strokes equal in value size grater. The remaining nodules plaster smear in a straight line along the surface. The length of the strokes in this case can be absolutely anyone.
Apply the mixture with a spatula.
- First carried finishing surface area of 1 sq Damage composition is distributed over the wall in different directions, trying to achieve a thin and even layer. The angle of inclination is 25 degrees grater.
In this sequence legalize Venetian finish.
- After 3-4 they will be executed movement, clean off the plaster with the float, which is then wiped with a damp cloth. The surfaces were allowed to dry for fifteen minutes.
- Then a large spatula smooth layer of plaster in the downward direction cross movements. As a result, the friction appears gloss, but should not press too hard to avoid damaging the crust.
- The next step is secured gloss purified float. For this grater tightly compressed in the arms and at an angle of 10 degrees to the wall is carried out over the entire surface.
- In the treatment of surfaces in the corners, Bose doors and windows, start the movement of the line of the border obstacles in the direction of the treated wall.
- When finishing work bottom wall movements performed in the upward direction crisscross strokes.
Technique you can see in the photo.
Having dealt with how Venetian stucco is necessary to consider the final step comprises treating the surface with wax.
Use of wax necessary to protect the coating, to impart a particular surface depth. Adding in a transparent wax silver or bronze powder creates a metallic gleam.
On drywall smear wax
Independently applied wax is not recommended because it can ruin all the work. It is better to entrust this work to a specialist.
The liquid wax is applied to the wall cloth towel or soft cloth. For processing thick wax using the spatula. After the solution is applied to the wall, it gently rubbed with a cloth until the wall acquires gloss.
Completed application process Venetian mixture.
Venetian plaster perfectly fit into the most refined interior. This technique provides a unique surface texture and give it depth.
Because of its naturalness and high performance coating it is becoming more popular. Of course, it has a major drawback - the high price, however, doing the work with his own hands (which will help the video in this article), you can significantly reduce costs.